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Chamaeleon is a small constellation in the southern sky. It is named after a kind of lizard, it was first defined in the 16th century. Chamaeleon was one of twelve constellations created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, it first appeared on a 35-cm diameter celestial globe published in 1597 in Amsterdam by Plancius and Jodocus Hondius. Johann Bayer was the first uranographer to put Chamaeleon in a celestial atlas, it was one of many constellations created by European explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries out of unfamiliar Southern Hemisphere stars. There are four bright stars in Chamaeleon that form a compact diamond-shape 10 degrees from the South Celestial Pole and about 15 degrees south of Acrux, along the axis formed by Acrux and Gamma Crucis. Alpha Chamaeleontis is a white-hued star of 63 light-years from Earth. Beta Chamaeleontis is a blue-white hued star of 271 light-years from Earth. Gamma Chamaeleontis is a red-hued giant star of 413 light-years from Earth.

The other bright star in Chamaeleon is a wide double star. The brighter star is Delta2 Chamaeleontis, a blue-hued star of magnitude 4.4. Delta1 Chamaeleontis, the dimmer component, is an orange-hued giant star of magnitude 5.5. They both lie about 350 light years away. Chamaeleon is the location of Cha 110913, a unique dwarf star or proto solar system. In 1999, a nearby open cluster was discovered centered on the star η Chamaeleontis; the cluster, known as either the Eta Chamaeleontis cluster or Mamajek 1, is 8 million years old, lies 316 light years from Earth. The constellation contains a number of molecular clouds; the cloud complex lies some 400 to 600 light years from Earth, contains tens of thousands of solar masses of gas and dust. The most prominent cluster of T Tauri stars and young B-type stars are in the Chamaeleon I cloud, are associated with the reflection nebula IC 2631. Chamaeleon contains one planetary nebula, NGC 3195, faint, it appears in a telescope at about the same apparent size as Jupiter.

In Chinese astronomy, the stars that form Chamaeleon were classified as the Little Dipper among the Southern Asterisms by Xu Guangqi. Chamaeleon is sometimes called the Frying Pan in Australia. Chamaeleon Ridpath, Ian. W; the New Patterns in the Sky: Myths and Legends of the Stars, The McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company, ISBN 0-939923-04-1 Luhman, K. L.. "Spectroscopy of Candidate Members of the η Chamaeleontis and MBM 12 Young Associations", The Astrophysical Journal, IOPscience, vol. 609 no. 2, p. 917–924, doi:10.1086/421291 The Deep Photographic Guide to the Constellations: Chamaeleon The clickable Chamaeleon "The eta Chamaeleontis Cluster: A Remarkable New Nearby Young Open Cluster" "WEBDA open cluster database entry for Mamajek 1" Star Tales – Chamaeleon

Robert G. Wehle State Park

Robert G. Wehle State Park is a 1,067-acre state park on the eastern shore of Lake Ontario in the town of Henderson in Jefferson County, New York, United States. Between 1895 and 1947, the property was used by the United States Armed Forces as a training grounds, was known as the Stony Point Rifle Range; the rifle range was used by Madison Barracks, Fort Ontario, Pine Camp, now known as Fort Drum. The site was used for artillery training, anti-aircraft training, temporarily used as a landing field. Remnants of the site's military history are still visible at the park today; the property was purchased in 1947 by Rochester car dealer Thomas Nagle and Genesee Brewing Company owner Louis A. Wehle for use as a Hereford cattle ranch. Louis Wehle's son, Robert G. Wehle, acquired the property in 1968. Robert G. Wehle was an avid conservationist and breeder of English pointers, founder of Elhew Kennels. Wehle used the property as kennel. Several of Wehle's pointer sculptures can be found in the park, as well as dog kennels, a dog cemetery.

Prior to his death in 2002, he arranged for the property to be sold to the New York State Office of Parks and Historic Preservation, who purchased the parkland for $2.8 million. The park was opened to the public in 2004; the park features multiple use trails for hiking, mountain biking, cross-country skiing and snowshoeing. Fishing is allowed in the park. Facilities for tennis and volleyball are available. Hunting is permitted in limited areas of the park. 17,000 feet of Lake Ontario shoreline, some of, fronted by limestone cliffs up to 80 feet high, is accessible within the park. The park has an area for picnicking with ten picnic tables; the facility is not accessible by car. In addition to picnic tables, there is an on-site outdoor grill, as well as a composting toilet, beach access. Several buildings, including Wehle's former summer home and studio, are available as short-term rentals. There are a total of thirteen trails in the park and all are named after Wehle’s Elhew Kennels pointers; the longest trail, Snakefoot Trail is 4.9 miles, the shortest, Jubilee Trail, is.12 miles.

The trails are easy with little to no elevation gain, well marked. Trail markers are color-coded, illustrated with a pointer, the name of the trail. Dogs are allowed on-leash on the trails; the trails are: Bobolink Trail-blue-.64 miles Dancing Gypsy Trail-green- 1.87 miles Huckleberry Trail-purple-.64 miles Jubilee Trail-pink-.12 miles Jungle Trail-brown-.86 miles Kiwi Trail-dark pink-.42 miles Knickerbocker Trail—black-.51 miles Marksmen Trail—red-1.4 miles Midge Trail-dark green-.98 milesMisty Trail—white-.32 miles Snakefoot Trail-yellow—4.9 miles Tut Trail –light green-.32 miles Zeus Trail—light blue-.51 miles The bedrock of the park consists of Ordovician Period Rocks, as well as Lorraine and Black River Group, which can be seen in the dolomite and limestone shoreline. Other rocks in the park include siltstones and shale. Areas on the Snakefoot trail offer a good example of the limestone shelves on the shoreline of the park, as well as the limestone cliffs; the park has a large-scale infestation of pale swallow-wort that it maintains via mowing to limit spread.

Pale swallow-wort, from the milkweed family, is considered an aggressive invasive that out-competes native flora and alters the environment that it impacts. Users are encouraged to check their shoes and pets for seeds to help prevent the spread of pale swallow-wort. List of New York state parks New York State Parks - Robert G. Wehle State Park Robert G. Wehle State Park Trail Map

Fédération de crosse du Québec

The Fédération de crosse du Québec is the governing body of lacrosse in Quebec, Canada. Its purpose is to encourage the development of lacrosse in Québec and to contribute to the sport's growth internationally; the FCQ governs all box and women's field lacrosse in Québec. The Fédération has 2,000 members including players, coaches and others; the Fédération has two teams registered in the Ontario Lacrosse Association JrC league. The Fédération de crosse du Québec has a SrB league, considered semi-pro as some players are paid, it is not uncommon for National Lacrosse League professionals to be signed to a Quebéc SrB team, or teams they encounter in league crossover games. Field Lacrosse is played in high schools and universities, either at spring or at fall. There are a few club leagues for field lacrosse in the Fédération de crosse du Québec. Many lacrosse programs in the FCQ only start in high school. 20 high schools, 5 colleges, 10 universities register field lacrosse teams with the Fédération.

Ligue de Crosse Senior du Québec/Quebec Senior Lacrosse League Circuit québécois de crosse senior Ligue de Crosse Junior du Québec/Junior Lacrosse League Quebec Ligue de Crosse Junior du Québec/Greater Montreal Lacrosse League First Nations Junior B Lacrosse League - members: Montreal Jr. Shamrocks and Vermont Jr. Voyageurs Ligue senior de crosse au champ du Québec Canadian University Field Lacrosse League Ligue universitaire de crosse au champ du Québec [ Fédération de crosse du Québec

Funnies on Parade

Funnies on Parade is an American publication of 1933, a precursor of comic books. The eight-page publication featured reprints of such popular syndicated comic strips as The Bungle Family, Joe Palooka, Keeping Up with the Joneses and Jeff, Reg'lar Fellers, Somebody's Stenog. Creators included F. O. Alexander, Gene Byrnes, Al Capp, Clare Victor Dwiggins, A. E. Hayward, C. M. Payne, Al Smith, Harry J. Tuthill; the creation of the modern American comic book came in stages. Dell Publishing in 1929 published a 16-page, newsprint periodical of original, comic strip-styled material titled The Funnies and described by the Library of Congress as "a short-lived newspaper tabloid insert". Comics historian Ron Goulart describes the four-color, newsstand periodical as "more a Sunday comic section without the rest of the newspaper than a true comic book". In early 1933, Eastern Color began producing small comic broadsides for the Ledger Syndicate of Philadelphia, printing Sunday color comics from 7" x 9" plates.

Eastern Color sales manager Harry I. Wildenberg and his coworkers — salesperson Maxwell Gaines and owner George Janosik — realized that two such plates would fit on a tabloid-sized page. Soon after, in April 1933, Wildenberg created the first modern-format comic book when idly folding a newspaper into halves and into quarters and finding that a convenient book size, which led to Eastern Color publishing Funnies on Parade. Like The Funnies but only eight pages, too, was a newsprint magazine. Rather than using original material, however, it reprinted in color several comic strips licensed from the McNaught Syndicate, the Ledger Syndicate, the Bell-McClure Syndicate; this periodical, was neither sold nor available on newsstands, but rather sent free as a promotional item to consumers who mailed in coupons clipped from Procter & Gamble soap and toiletries products. Ten-thousand copies were made; the promotion proved a success, Eastern Color that year produced similar periodicals for Canada Dry soft drinks, Kinney Shoes, Wheatena cereal and others, with print runs of from 100,000 to 250,000.

The names of those associated with the project read as a who's-who of early publishers in what comics historians and fans call the Platinum Age and Golden Age of Comic Books: Max Gaines, Leverett Gleason, many other future industry creators are all brought in to work under Wildenberg's supervision. In 1933, Gaines collaborated with Dell Publishing once again to publish the 36-page one-shot Famous Funnies: A Carnival of Comics, followed in 1934 by Famous Funnies, which ran for 218 issues and is considered the first true American comic book. American comic book Famous Funnies All in Color for a Dime by Dick Lupoff & Don Thompson ISBN 0-87341-498-5 The Official Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide by Robert Overstreet — Edition #35 ISBN 0-375-72107-X The Steranko History of Comics, Vol. 1 & 2, by James Steranko — Vol. 1 ISBN 0-517-50188-0 CBW Comic History: The Early Years...1896 to 1937, Part II Coville, Jamie. The History of Comic Books: Introduction and "The Platinum Age 1897 – 1938",, n.d.

Archive of original page published at defunct site Quattro, Ken. "The New Ages: Rethinking Comic Book History". Archived from the original on June 28, 2011


Frøylandsvatnet is a lake in Rogaland county, Norway. The 4.83-square-kilometre lake is located in the district of Jæren. It forms part of the municipal boundary line between Time; the lake is quite shallow, with an average depth of 5.5 metres. The town of Bryne is located at the south end of the lake; the villages of Klepp stasjon and Kvernaland are all located around the northern end of the lake. The origin of the name is from the Norse god Frey; the lake is located in an area with intensive agriculture. Early in the 1980s the lake was identified as being one of the worst cases of eutrophication in Norway. Algal bloom was a widespread problem, there were cases reported of poisonous algae causing cattle to die from drinking the water; the release of substances containing nitrogen and phosphorus has since been reduced, but large collections of sediment in the shallow lake cause the problems to decline rather slowly. List of lakes in Norway

Last Stop on the Night Train

Last Stop on the Night Train is a 1975 Italian revenge horror film directed by Aldo Lado and starring Flavio Bucci, Macha Meril, Irene Miracle. Based on the plots of Ingmar Bergman's The Virgin Spring and Wes Craven's The Last House on the Left, the film follows two girls riding a train through Germany on Christmas Eve, who are brutalized by three criminals who end up lodging in their parents' home, it gained notoriety. Two young women and Lisa, are set to take the overnight train from Munich in Germany to stay with Lisa's parents in Italy for Christmas. On boarding they find the train are forced to sit in the corridor. Meanwhile, two petty criminals and Curly board the train as it is leaving Munich to escape from a pursuing policeman; the two thugs come across Lisa who help them hide from the ticket collector. Blackie encounters an upper-class blonde older woman whom he attempts to molest in the toilets only for her to aggressively seduce him; as Curly gets into a fight, the girls become wary of the two thugs' behaviour and make their way further down the train to escape them.

Arriving in Innsbruck in Austria, the train is stopped and searched following a tip-off that a bomb is on board. The girls can't get through. Meanwhile, in Italy her parents are preparing for Christmas and hosting a dinner party for their friends where Lisa's father, a doctor, decries the growing violence in society. Back in Innsbruck the girls board a different train which will take them directly to their destination. On boarding the new train, they find it is old, run down and empty. Finding a compartment in the last carriage, they settle down for their trip, happy to have seats at last, begin to eat a packed lunch by candlelight; as the train travels into the night the girls are alarmed to discover that the two thugs and the blonde woman are on board as well and the three soon force their way into the girls' compartment. Blackie and the blonde engage in various lewd acts while taunting the girls. Curly beats Margaret into submission, forces Lisa to masturbate him; the blonde woman spots another passenger, a peeping tom, watching them through the compartment window.

Grabbing the man, the two thugs force him to rape Margaret, but they are distracted by Lisa vomiting, he escapes. The blonde encourages Curly to rape Lisa. Although Blackie is growing concerned at the way events are heading the blonde holds down Lisa while encouraging Curly to cut her with his flick knife to help him; the blonde enthusiastically grabs the knife and forces it deeper into Lisa causing her to hemorrhage and die. Margaret manages to lock herself in the toilet while the blonde orders the two thugs to bring her back. Frantic, Margaret climbs out the window and flings herself from the train only to be killed in the fall; the men throw Lisa's body out the window followed by their victims' luggage, stealing their tickets and other items. Arriving at the station to meet the girls, Lisa's parents are alarmed; the stationmaster tells them that their train had been delayed, so the doctor and his wife elect to return home. As they are leaving they come across two thugs. Lisa's mother becomes suspicious of her houseguests when she spies Curly wearing a tie like the one she was told Lisa had bought for her father as a Christmas present.

The trio continue to act suspiciously and Giulio elects to take them back to town and goes to fetch the car. While in the car he hears a radio report naming his daughter as a body, found near the train track. Realizing his houseguests are responsible, Giulio confronts the blonde outside, but she convinces him the two thugs had killed the girls and had threatened to do the same to her. Believing her, Giulio leaves her with his wife before heading off to find the others, he discovers Curly in his surgery room injecting heroin. He repeatedly beats Curly with various furniture and surgical instruments. Spying Blackie trying to flee, he pursues him through the gardens. Curly manages to crawl into the driveway and tries to grab the blonde only for her to kick him to death. Giulio wounds Blackie in the leg before shooting him at point blank range; as the police arrive, the blonde woman's fate remains uncertain. Flavio Bucci as Blackie Macha Méril as Lady on the Train Gianfranco De Grassi as Curly Enrico Maria Salerno as Professor Giulio Stradi Irene Miracle as Margaret Hoffenbach Laura D'Angelo as Lisa Stradi Marina Berti as Laura Stradi Franco Fabrizi as Perverted Train Passenger Dalila Di Lazzaro as Party Guest Adam Tyner of DVD Talk wrote, "Night Train Murders has a few redeemingly uncomfortable moments that make the numerous comparisons to The Last House on the Left seem deserved.

Still, it suffers from so many flaws—poor pacing, an anemic screenplay, weak overdubbed dialogue, a tendency to flinch during the sparse brutality—that I can't recommend the movie on its own merits with any great enthusiasm."DVD Verdict said, "If Wes Craven's train leaves Connecticut traveling east at 25 mph and Alan Lado's train leaves a station in Verona traveling west at 35 mph can a cheap imitation of a film be better than