Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Vadito, New Mexico
Vadito is a census-designated place in Taos County, New Mexico, United States. It is on the scenic High Road to Taos; the population was 270 at the 2010 census. Vadito is located at 36°11′26″N 105°40′8″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2010, there were 270 people, 108 households, 74 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 300.0 people per square mile. There were 133 housing units at an average density of 147.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 60.0% White, 0.7% Native American, 28.5% from other races, 10.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 92.2% of the population. There were 108 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of lone individuals with half, 12.0%, being 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01. The percentage of renters was only 15.7%, with the rest of the householders owning their own homes. 18.8% of the available housing was vacant. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.3% aged 19 and under, 22.2% from 20 to 39, 29.6% from 40 to 59, 24.4% who were 60 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years; the median age for females was 3.5 years older than males. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. As of 2000, the median income for a household in the CDP was $16,875, the median income for a family was $20,625. Males had a median income of $31,875 versus $4,375 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $9,481. About 41.1% of families and 35.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 52.8% of those under the age of eighteen and 8.1% of those sixty five or over
Talpa, New Mexico
Talpa, New Mexico is a settlement in Taos County, New Mexico, 6 miles south of the town of Taos along New Mexico highway 518. First named Rio Chiquito for the river running through the area, Talpa was settled during the early 18th century during the time that nearby Ranchos de Taos began to be settled; the settlement is on the old Spanish land grant of Don Cristobal de la Sena. The name of the town may have been derived from the town of Talpa in Jalisco, Mexico or it may have been named for Señora Talpa Romero, of a prominent Taos family. About 1820 a private chapel was built for the Duran family in Talpa along the Rio Chiquito. Juan Pedro Cruz was a well-known weaver who supplied sarapes, embroidered bedspreads, rugs to residents of the Taos Pueblo and local villages. Ponce de Leon Hot Springs, used by Native Americans and early Spanish settlers, are located near Talpa. High Road to Taos, New Mexico Pot Creek Cultural Site, located just south of Talpa
Red River, New Mexico
Red River is a resort town in Taos County, New Mexico, United States, located in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. The population was 477 at the 2010 census. Red River is a prime spot for tourism on the Enchanted Circle Scenic Byway, is 36 miles from Taos, New Mexico; the town of Red River began in late in the 19th century, when miners from nearby Elizabethtown in the Moreno Valley were drawn in by gold strikes in the area and trappers sought game. It was named after the perennial stream, Red River, that flowed through the town, coming from the northern slopes of Wheeler Peak. By 1895, Red River was a booming mining camp, with gold and copper in some abundance, a population estimated at three thousand. Mining hit its peak in 1897, by 1905 the mining and the population dwindled but the town survived, gaining a reputation as a great getaway from hot weather and as a trout fishing paradise; the last serious mining efforts extended until 1931. By that time tourism had become the principal economic childhood.
Red River is located at 36°42′23″N 105°24′19″W. Red River is located in the southern Rocky MountainsSangre de Cristo Mountains and is surrounded by the Carson National Forest. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all land. Red River passes through the Enchanted Circle Scenic Byway known as New Mexico Route 38; as of the census of 2000, there were 484 people, 234 households, 138 families residing in the town. The population density was 474.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 880 housing units at an average density of 863.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 92.56% White, 1.03% Native American, 3.72% from other races, 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.30% of the population. There were 0 households out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.6% were non-families.
32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.60. In the town, the population was spread out with 16.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 35.5% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $31,667, the median income for a family was $39,792. Males had a median income of $31,667 versus $19,750 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,883. About 5.4% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. The main industry in Red River is tourism. Red River is located at the base of the Red River Ski Area, located 8,750 feet above sea level in the southern Rocky Mountains.
Winter activities include skiing and snowmobiling. In summertime, visitors can hike, bike and ride horseback in the mountains; the town is serviced by a bus system which provides access into the upper valley. Media related to Red River, New Mexico at Wikimedia Commons Town website Red River Chamber of Commerce Red River Ski Area
Taos, New Mexico
Taos is a town in Taos County in the north-central region of New Mexico in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, incorporated in 1934. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,716. Other nearby communities include Ranchos de Taos, Cañon, Taos Canyon, Ranchitos, El Prado, Arroyo Seco; the town is close to Taos Pueblo, the Native American village and tribe from which it takes its name. Taos is the county seat of Taos County; the English name Taos derives from the native Taos language meaning "place of red willows". Taos is the principal city of the Taos, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Taos County; the Taos Pueblo, which borders the north boundary of the town of Taos, has been occupied for nearly a millennium. It is estimated that the pueblo was built between 1000 and 1450 A. D. with some expansion, the pueblo is considered to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited communities in the United States. Located in a tributary valley off the Rio Grande, it is the most northern of the New Mexico pueblos.
The pueblo, at some places five stories high, is a combination of many individual homes with common walls. There are over 1,900 Taos Puebloans living within the greater pueblo-area community. Many of them have modern homes near their fields and live there in summer months, only staying at their homes within the main North or South pueblo buildings during cooler weather. About 150 people live within the main pueblo buildings year-round; the Taos Pueblo was added as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. Taos was established c. 1615 as Don Fernando de Taos, following the Spanish conquest of the Indian Pueblo villages. Relations of the Spanish settlers with Taos Pueblo were amicable, but resentment of meddling by missionaries, demands by encomenderos for tribute, led to a revolt in 1640. In 1680, Taos Pueblo joined the widespread Pueblo Revolt. After the Spanish Reconquest of 1692, Taos Pueblo continued armed resistance to the Spanish until 1696, when Governor Diego de Vargas defeated the Indians at Taos Canyon.
During the 1770s, Taos was raided by Comanches who lived on the plains of what is now eastern Colorado. Juan Bautista de Anza, governor of the Province of New Mexico, led a successful punitive expedition in 1779 against the Comanches. Between 1780 and 1800, Don Fernando de Taos was established. Between 1796 and 1797 the Don Fernando de Taos Land Grant gave land to 63 Spanish families in the Taos valley, it was built as a fortified plaza with adobe buildings and is now a central plaza surrounded by residential areas. Mountain men who trapped for beaver nearby made Taos their home in the early 1800s. Mexico ceded the region to the U. S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. After the U. S. takeover of New Mexico in 1847, Hispanics and American Indians in Taos staged a rebellion, known as the Taos Revolt, in which the newly appointed U. S. Governor, Charles Bent, was killed. New Mexico was a territory of the United States beginning 1850 and became a state in 1912.
For historical reasons, the American flag is displayed continuously at Taos Plaza. This derives from the time of the American Civil War, when Confederate sympathizers in the area attempted to remove the flag; the Union officer Kit Carson sought to discourage this activity by having guards surround the area and fly the flag 24 hours a day."The Padre of Isleta", Anton Docher first served as a priest in Taos before leaving for Isleta in 1891. Beginning in 1899, artists began to settle in Taos. In time, the Taos art colony developed. Many paintings were made of local scenes of Taos Pueblo and activities there, as the artists modelled Native Americans from the pueblo in their paintings; some of the artists' studios may be viewed by visitors to Taos. These include the Ernest L. Blumenschein House, the Eanger Irving Couse House and Studio—Joseph Henry Sharp Studios, the Nicolai Fechin house, all of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Influential 20th-century Taos artists include R. C. Gorman and Agnes Martin.
Taos is home to more than twenty sites on the National Register of Historic Places. About 3 miles north of Taos is Taos Pueblo; the Fiestas de Taos is an annual community celebration in the Taos Plaza honoring the Feast of the two patron saints of Taos, Santa Ana and Santiago. It is celebrated the 3rd weekend of July; the Fiestas are a celebratory tradition passed from generation to generation, a way of preserving the rich tri‐cultural way of life that has developed in Taos over the last four centuries. A commemorative Mass and procession from Our Lady of Guadalupe Church opens the event on Friday evening, with the crowning of the Fiestas Queen; the celebration continues with dance performances scheduled on the Plaza every hour. Two parades are staged, a children parade on Saturday and the larger Fiesta Parade on Sunday. Located just North of the Taos Plaza, this street was the location of Governor Charles Bent's home. Governor Bent was scalped and killed by Pueblo warriors during the Taos Revolt, on January 19, 1847.
During the Taos Revolt, Bent’s horses were set free from their stable. Many of the historic sites are homes and studios of artists, including the Mabel Dodge Luhan House, Eanger Irving Couse House and Studio—Joseph Henry Sharp Studios, the Nicolai Fechin House, the Leon Gaspard House, the Ernest Martin Hennings House. Doc Martin's restaurant in the historic Taos Inn was the office of Thomas "Doc" Martin while other parts of the inn served as his home an
Taos Ski Valley, New Mexico
Taos Ski Valley is a village and alpine ski resort in Taos County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 69 at the 2010 census; until March 19, 2008, it was one of four ski resorts in America to prohibit snowboarding. The Kachina lift, constructed in 2014, serves one of the highest elevations of any triple chair in the North American Continent, to a peak elevation of 12,481 feet; the village was settled by a group of miners in the 1800s, but in 1955 Ernie and Rhoda Blake founded the area as a ski mountain. The village was incorporated in 1996. In 2013, Taos Ski Valley, Inc. was sold by the founding family to billionaire conservationist Louis Bacon. It has 110 trails with 25 % intermediate and 51 % advanced/expert; the Ernie Blake Snowsports School is one of the highest rated ski schools in North America. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.4 square miles, all land. Taos Ski Valley is one of the highest municipalities in the US, sited at an elevation of 9,207 feet.
Kachina Village, at over 10,350 feet, houses Bavarian Restaurant and two condo complexes and accommodates six permanent residents and visitors in 30 condo units. Wheeler Peak, the tallest mountain in New Mexico at 13,161 feet, overlooks the village. In the 1800s the site was the small copper mining town of Twining abandoned. Present day Taos Ski Valley was founded in 1955 by Rhoda Blake, they lived in an eleven-foot camper in the absence of any buildings in the area except almost-completed Hondo Lodge. After moving into the lodge, they lived without power until 1963. Ernie and Rhoda had been living in New Mexico. Ernie was managing the Santa Fe Ski Basin; the first ski lift, a J-bar, was installed in 1956. Until 1957, the ski resort featured Snakedance. In 1957, the resort installed a second lift—a Poma lift. Blake was for a time involved in the day-to-day management of the resort, answering the phone and telling prospective visitors whether the skiing was expected to be good in advance of weekend trips.
In December 2013, the billionaire Louis Bacon purchased Taos Ski Valley from the Blake family, who had owned it since 1954. Tourism is the village's main industry; as of the 2011-2012 season Taos Ski Valley Corporation employed 700 people during winter months. In an average year $47 million are spent in the local economy of Taos Ski Valley. About $12 million is from ski operations alone; the community is a popular fall vacation destination. In 2005, 55 businesses operated in Taos Ski Valley. Lodging options include hotels, private home rentals and alpine styled bed and breakfasts; the town of Taos, located 30 minutes drive down the canyon, provides year-round services. As of the 2010 census, the Village held 272 housing units, with only 14.3 % occupied. From 2000 to 2010 population increased 23.2%. The population density was 28.75 inhabitants per square mile. The racial makeup was 24.6 % Hispanic or Latino. In 2000, 12.5% of 32 households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, while 59.4% were non-families.
46.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.75 and the average family size was 2.46. Only 4.3% were under age 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 50.0% from 45 to 64, 1.8% who were 65 years or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 166.7 males. The ratio of males to females was 1.66. The median household income was $67,708, the median income for a family was $103,422. Males had a median income of $65,833 versus $24,375 for females; the per capita income for the village was $43,143. None of the population were below the poverty line. Beardsley, Davis Associates. Taos Ski Valley: Kachina Village Master Plan Carson National Forest. Taos Ski Valley Master Development Plan: Environmental Impact Statement, USFS Flannery, Nathaniel. "Colorado Hedge Fund Billionaire Louis Bacon Buys Taos, New Mexico, Ski Resort". Forbes. Retrieved 2014-02-25. Jordan, Louann C.. The Legend of Taos Ski Valley Needham, Richard.
"Ernie Over Easy" Skiing Heritage Vol 18 #4:13-17 Nathanson, Rick. "Taos Ski Valley Founder Happy To Add Intimate European Ambience to N. M.'s Skiing Scene". Albuquerque Journal, December 15, 2005. Taos Ski Valley Resort Taos Ski Valley Chamber of Commerce 3dSkiMap of Taos Ski Valley