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Champagne-Ardenne is a former administrative region of France, located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium. Corresponding to the historic province of Champagne, the region is known for its sparkling white wine of the same name; the administrative region was formed in 1956, consisting of the four departments Aube, Haute-Marne, Marne. On 1 January 2016, it merged with the neighboring regions of Alsace and Lorraine to form the new region Grand Est, thereby ceasing to exist as an independent entity, its rivers, most of which flow west, include the Seine, the Marne, the Aisne. The Meuse flows north. A4 connecting Paris and Strasbourg and serving the Reims metropolitan area A5 connecting Paris and Dijon and serving Troyes and Chaumont A26 connecting Calais and Troyes and serving Reims and Châlons-en-Champagne A34 connecting Reims and the Belgian border and serving Charleville-Mézières The rail network includes the Paris–Strasbourg line, which follows the Marne Valley and serves Épernay, Châlons-en-Champagne, Vitry-le-François.

The LGV Est TGV line connecting Paris and Strasbourg opened in 2007 and serves Reims with a train station in the commune of Bezannes. The region's canals include the Canal latéral à la Marne and Marne-Rhine Canal, the latter connecting to the Marne at Vitry-le-François; these are petit gabarit canals. The Vatry International Airport dedicated to air freight, has a runway 3,650 m long; the airport is in a sparsely populated area just 150 km from Paris. 61.4% of its land is dedicated to agriculture 1st in France for the production of barley and alfalfa 2nd in France for the production of beets and peas 3rd in France for the production of tender wheat and rapeseed. 282.37 km² of vineyards Champagne sales in 2001: 263 million bottles of which 37.6% were exported. 25% of French hosiery production 3rd metallurgic region in France Verreries Mécaniques de Champagne Produits Métallurgiques à Reims Vallou Champagne-Céréales France-Luzerne Béghin-Say The population of Champagne-Ardenne has been in steady decrease since 1982 due to a rural exodus.

With 1.3 million people and a density of 52/km², it is one of France's least populated regions. After a brief period of stabilization in the 1990s, the region's population is now among the fastest "dying" in Europe, with several municipalities losing people at a faster rate than a lot of Eastern European areas in the Haute-Marne department; the region is among the oldest in France, has a weak fertility rate, its immigrant population, while growing, is still minimal compared to the national average. Châlons-en-Champagne Charleville-Mézières Chaumont Épernay Reims Saint-Dizier Sedan Troyes Ardennes Champagne Riots Champagne Official website Champagne-Ardenne at Curlie Champagne-Ardenne travel guide from Wikivoyage

Upon Appleton House

Upon Appleton House is a poem written by Andrew Marvell for Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron. It was written in 1651, when Marvell was working as a tutor for Mary. An example of a country house poem, "Upon Appleton House" describes Fairfax's Nunappleton estate while reflecting upon the political and religious concerns of the time. Nun Appleton Priory was a Cistercian religious house, until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. At that point, or shortly afterwards, it was acquired by the Fairfax family. One of the themes of the poem is a Protestant-slanted account of the circumstances under which Isabel Thwaites left the nunnery, she married William Fairfax of Steeton, two decades before the Dissolution. Their son Sir Thomas Fairfax of Denton was a Member of Parliament; the story of Isabel, released from wardship in the priory by legal order and William Fairfax's intervention, has not been verified independently of Marvell's account. Thomas Fairfax, the dedicatee of the poem and son of the 1st Lord Fairfax, went to live as a newly married man with his father at Denton.

The domestic arrangements were soon changed and Thomas Fairfax the younger soon moved to Nunappleton, the estate on which Appleton House was built. Nun Appleton is just north of Ryther, a village south-south-west of York. Local geography enters the poem in the mention of Cawood Castle, within walking distance of Ryther to the east. Both the ruined nunnery and the castle are contrasted in the poem with Appleton House; the poem is written in 97 stanzas, each of eight lines that are octosyllabic, in iambic tetrameters forming couplets. It has been analysed into six sections: Stanzas 1–10: architecture of the house. Stanzas 11–35: the story of Isabel Thwaites. Stanzas 36–46: the gardens and plants. Stanzas 47–60: the meadows. Stanzas 61–81: the wood. Stanzas 82–97: the river. Upon Appleton House was published posthumously in 1681, it is dated by internal evidence to the early 1650s. Worden says it was written in the second half of 1651, or in 1652, its production was connected to Marvell's period as tutor to Mary Fairfax.

Since Marvell was back in London in late 1652, his period of tutor at Appleton House had ended by then. Marvell was replying to the royalist epic poem Gondibert by William Davenant; the poem was influenced by works of 2nd Earl of Westmorland and Constantijn Huyghens. There are numerous interpretations, including those of Abraham who sees the poem as a memory map, Stocker, who sees it as an "epic in miniature" and reads the sections for apocalyptic language relating to England as elect nation. Text of poem

Dell Technologies Championship

The Dell Technologies Championship was a professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour in the northeast United States, held annually in late summer over the Labor Day weekend. The 2018 edition was the last time the event was staged as the FedEx Cup was reduced from four to three Playoff events in 2019. In July 2018, the PGA Tour announced that The Northern Trust, the first event of the FedEx Cup playoffs, will rotate between the New York/New Jersey and Boston areas in 2019 and 2020; the 2019 playing of The Northern Trust will be held August 6–11, 2019 at Liberty National Golf Club in Jersey City, New Jersey, in 2020, The Northern Trust will see the PGA Tour's return to New England and TPC Boston. Replacing the Air Canada Championship in British Columbia on the tour schedule, the tournament made its debut in 2003 as the Deutsche Bank Championship, it is held at the Tournament Players Club of Boston in Norton, south-southwest of Boston. Unlike most PGA Tour events which are played Thursday through Sunday, this tournament is played Friday through Monday, with the final round on Labor Day.

It became part of the first-year FedEx Cup playoffs with its purse increased to $7 million. The purse in 2018 was $9.0 million, with a winner's share of $1.62 million. As the second of the four playoff events, its field was limited to the top 100 players on the FedEx Cup points list. Points were amassed during the PGA Tour's regular season and the first playoff event, The Northern Trust, which takes place the previous week in the New York City area. Dell Technologies took over as the title sponsor of the tournament in 2017. Deutsche Bank sponsored the first 14 editions, through 2016; the event was last managed by the PGA Tour. With the tournament's offset scheduling, Friday to Monday, network coverage has been over the final two scheduled rounds and Monday; the first network partner was ABC Sports from 2003 to 2006, though the 2006 event was covered under the "ESPN on ABC" banner. The event has been covered by NBC Sports from 2007 to 2018, though the 2011 and 2012 events were covered under the "Golf Channel on NBC" banner.

1 Sudden-death playoff in 2011 was won on the second extra hole. Green highlight indicates scoring records Vijay Singh: 2004, 2008 Rory McIlroy: 2012, 2016 New England Classic – a PGA Tour event held in Massachusetts from 1969 through 1998. Official website Coverage on the PGA Tour's official site FedEx Cup site TPC Boston

John Finis Philips

John Finis Philips was a United States Representative from Missouri and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri. Born on December 31, 1834, in the historical community of Thralls Prairie in Boone County, Philips attended the common schools and the University of Missouri received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1855 from Centre College and read law in 1857, he was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Georgetown, Missouri from 1857 to 1861. He was a member of the state constitutional convention in 1861, he was a United States Army colonel commanding the Seventh Regiment of the Missouri Volunteer Cavalry from 1861 to 1865, during the American Civil War. He resumed private practice in Sedalia, Missouri from 1865 to 1880, he was a candidate for the United States House of Representatives of the 41st United States Congress from Missouri in 1868. He served as the Mayor of Sedalia, he was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1868.

During the Battle of Westport, Philips was placed in command of a brigade when his superior, Brigadier General Egbert Brown, was placed under arrest by Major General Alfred Pleasanton for not promptly attacking at Byram's Ford. Continuing in command after having taken the ford, Philips' brigade played a key role in the crushing victory at Mine Creek two days later. According to his diary he suffered an irritating wound to his right eye during the battle. Philips was elected as a Democrat from Missouri's 7th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 44th United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877, he was elected from Missouri's 7th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 46th United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Representative Alfred M. Lay and served from January 10, 1880, to March 3, 1881, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1880 to the 47th United States Congress.

Following his departure from Congress, Philips resumed private practice in Kansas City, Missouri from 1881 to 1882. He was a commissioner for the Supreme Court of Missouri from 1883 to 1885, he was a Judge of the Missouri Court of Appeals in Kansas City from 1885 to 1888. Philips was a member of the defense team for the 1883 Gallatin, Missouri murder trial of Frank James. Philips was nominated by President Grover Cleveland on June 19, 1888, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri vacated by Judge Arnold Krekel, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 25, 1888, received his commission the same day. His service terminated on June 1910, due to his retirement. Following his retirement from the federal bench, Philips resumed private practice in Kansas City from 1910 to 1917, he died on March 1919, in Hot Springs, Arkansas. He was interred at Mount Washington Cemetery in Kansas City. United States Congress. "John Finis Philips". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

Annual Report of the Adjutant General of Missouri, for the year ending December 31, 1865, Published by Emory S. Foster, Jefferson City, Missouri, 1866 Lee, Fred. L. Gettysburg of the West: The Battle of Westport, October 21–23, 1864, Rev. Ed. Two Trails Publishing, 1996 Moser, Arthur P. "A Directory of Towns and Hamlets Past and Present of Boone County, Missouri"

Jaume Cascalls

Jaume Cascalls was a Spanish sculptor, born in Berga. He was a representative of the Catalan school of Gothic sculpture, he was married to the daughter of painter Ferrer Bassa, with whom he had a profitable work relationship. Cascalls' oldest known work is a white marble altarpiece in the church of St. Mary at Corneilla-de-Conflent and signed 1345, his most extensive work was however a series of sepulchres in the Monastery of Poblet, where he started to work in 1349 along with the master Aloi de Montbrai. Cascalls left Poblet when he was appointed director of the construction of the La Seu Vella cathedral in Lleida, he executed several polychrome marble figures for the Ripoll Monastery and sculptures for the Cathedral of Girona, including the so-called "St. Charlemagne", a polychrome marble which in fact represents Peter I of Aragon. In the 1370s Cascalls moved to the Cathedral of Tarragona, but he had to return to Poblet three years when the King menaced to deprive him of all his assets, he most died in 1378, after which the construction of the royal tombs begun by Cascalls at Poblet was assigned to his disciple Jordi de Déu.

Alcoy i Pere Beseran i Ramon, Rosa. "La fortuna de Cascalls en el context gironí". Estudi General: 93–118. Page at Hiperenciclopèdia

Helen Castor

Helen Ruth Castor is a British historian of the medieval period and a BBC broadcaster. She was a lecturer in history at Cambridge University and is the author of Blood and Roses and She-Wolves: The Women Who Ruled England Before Elizabeth. Programmes she has presented include. Helen Castor graduated from The King's High School for Girls, Warwick, in 1986, completed a BA and a PhD at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, she was elected to a Research Fellowship at Jesus College. She is a Fellow of Sidney Sussex College. Castor was Director of History at Sidney Sussex College for eight years before focusing on writing and media. Castor works extensively for the BBC including presenting Radio 4's Making History and She-Wolves on BBC Four. In 2013 she was a member of the winning team on Christmas University Challenge, representing Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge, she writes for the books pages of The Guardian, Sunday Telegraph, Sunday Times, The Times Literary Supplement and The Times Educational Supplement.

Castor's book Blood and Roses is a biography of the 15th-century Paston family, whose letters are the earliest surviving collection of private correspondence in the English language. Blood and Roses was long-listed for the BBC Samuel Johnson Prize for non-fiction in 2005, it was awarded the Beatrice White Prize for outstanding scholarly work in the field of English literature before 1590, by the English Association in 2006. She-Wolves was voted one of the books of the year in the Guardian, Sunday Times, Financial Times and BBC History Magazine. BBC Four televised a three-part series based on the book in 2012, presented by Castor. Castor was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2017. Castor lives in London with her son, her sister is Harriet Castor Jeffrey. The King, the Crown, the Duchy of Lancaster: Public Authority and Private Power, 1399–1461 Oxford University Press ISBN 0198206224 Blood and Roses Faber and Faber She-Wolves: The Women Who Ruled England Before Elizabeth Faber and Faber Joan of Arc: A History Faber and Faber A Renaissance Education: The Schooling of Thomas More's Daughter BBC Four She-Wolves: England's Early Queens BBC Four Medieval Lives: Birth and Death BBC Four Joan of Arc: God's Warrior BBC Two The Real Versailles BBC Two Women Sex and Society: A Timewatch Guide BBC Four England's Forgotten Queen: The Life and Death of Lady Jane Grey BBC Four BBC Radio 4 – England: Made in the Middle Faber profile "Paperback Q&A: Helen Castor on She-Wolves" 11 October 2011 The Guardian Profile at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge