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Chandler, Arizona

Chandler is a city in Maricopa County, United States, a prominent suburb of the Phoenix, Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is bordered to the north and west by Tempe, to the north by Mesa, to the west by Phoenix, to the south by the Gila River Indian Community, to the east by Gilbert; as of 2018, the population was estimated at 257,165 according to the United States Census Bureau. In 1891, Dr. Alexander John Chandler, the first veterinary surgeon in Arizona Territory, settled on a ranch south of Mesa, studying irrigation engineering. By 1900, he had acquired 18,000 acres of land, began drawing up plans for a townsite on what was known as the Chandler Ranch; the townsite office opened on May 16, 1912. The original townsite was bounded by Galveston Street on the north, Frye Road on the south, Hartford Street on the west, Hamilton Street on the east. By 1913, a town center had become established, featuring the Hotel San Marcos, which had the first grass golf course in the state. Chandler High School was established in 1914.

Chandler incorporated on Feb. 16, 1920, after 186 residents petitioned the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors to approve incorporation. Town founder, Dr. A. J. Chandler, was chosen as the president of the town's first mayor. Most of Chandler's economy was sustained during the Great Depression, but the cotton crash a few years had a much deeper impact on the city's residents; the founding of Williams Air Force Base in 1941 led to a small surge in population, but Chandler still only held 3,800 people by 1950. By 1980, it had grown to 30,000, it has since paced the Phoenix metropolitan area's high rate of growth, with vast suburban residential areas swallowing former agricultural plots; some of this growth was fueled by the establishment of manufacturing plants for communications and computing firms such as Microchip and Intel. Since the early 1990s, the City of Chandler has experienced exponential growth, ranking among the fastest-growing municipalities in the country. Nearly 100,000 homes dot the landscape today and the population has surged to more than 238,000 residents as of 2010.

The heart of Chandler remains its revitalized historic downtown, which includes the award-winning Chandler City Hall and the Chandler Center for the Arts. In 2010, Chandler was named as an All-America City by the National Civic League. Chandler was the only Arizona winner for the 61st annual awards. In 2012, the city celebrated its 100th birthday. Centennial events were planned throughout the year. According to the United States Census Bureau, Chandler has a total area of 58.0 square miles, of which 57.9 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. Chandler has reached its physical limits save for some remaining county islands and cannot expand outward anymore due to being bound in by the Gila River Indian Community, Mesa and Phoenix; as of the Census of 2010, there were 236,123 people, 86,924 households, 60,212 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 73.3% White, 4.8% Black or African American, 1.5% Native American, 8.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 8.3% of other races.

21.9 % of the population was Latino of any race. There were 62,377 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families. Of all households 19.3% were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.26. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 38.0% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males. There are 101,229 Housing Units as of May 2016; the median income for a household in the city was $70,456, the median income for a family was $81,720. Males had a median income of $44,578 versus $31,763 for females; the per capita income for the city was $23,904.

About 4.6% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. Computer chip manufacturer Intel has an influential role in city growth strategies with four locations in the municipal area, including its first factory to be designated "environmentally sustainable" under current Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design criteria. Other high-technology manufacturing firms have partnerships with the local government, their operations employing twenty-five percent of non-government workers in 2007. Although per capita employment growth in the sector has been in decline in Arizona since 2000, semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing was unaffected. Since 2003, more than 2,900 jobs and investments totalling $3 billion have been created along the Price and San

Anonymous (2011 film)

Anonymous is a 2011 period drama film directed by Roland Emmerich and written by John Orloff. The film is a fictionalized version of the life of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, an Elizabethan courtier, playwright and patron of the arts, suggests he was the actual author of William Shakespeare's plays, it stars Rhys Ifans as Vanessa Redgrave as Queen Elizabeth I of England. The film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 11, 2011. Produced by Centropolis Entertainment and Studio Babelsberg and distributed by Columbia Pictures, Anonymous was released on October 28, 2011 in the United States and the United Kingdom, expanding to theaters around the world in the following weeks; the film was a box office flop and received mixed reviews, with critics praising its performances and visual achievements, but criticizing the film's time-jumping format, factual errors, promotion of the Oxfordian theory of Shakespeare authorship. In modern-day New York, Derek Jacobi arrives at a theater where he delivers a monologue questioning the lack of manuscript writings of William Shakespeare, despite the undeniable fact that he is the most performed playwright of all time.

Ben Jonson is making ready to enter the stage. The narrator offers to take the viewers into a different story behind the origin of Shakespeare's plays: "one of quills and swords, of power and betrayal, of a stage conquered and a throne lost." Jumping to Elizabethan London, Ben Jonson is running through the streets carrying a parcel and being pursued by soldiers. He enters the theatre called The Rose and hides the manuscripts he carries as the soldiers set fire to the theatre. Ben is detained at the Tower of London to face the questioning of puritanical Robert Cecil; the writings by Edward de Vere that Robert Cecil thought Ben had, are not found on him. In a flashback of five years, an adult Edward lives and banished from court, in the last years of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I; the queen is old and in failing health but, as she has remained unmarried, lacks an heir. The affairs of the kingdom are managed by the elderly Lord William Cecil, the Queen's primary adviser, his son Robert. A growing group of malcontent nobles gather at court, led by Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, believed to be Elizabeth's bastard son.

In secret, the Cecils have been planning to solve the succession crisis by offering the crown to Elizabeth's cousin, King James VI of Scotland. Edward's young friend, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, is pledged to support Essex but Edward warns him against any rash action and that any move they make has to be managed to avoid civil war; when Edward and Henry visit a public theatre to see a play written by Ben Jonson, Edward witnesses how a play can sway people, thinks that it can be used to thwart the influence of the Cecils, who as devout Puritans reject theater as the'worship of false idols', with Queen Elizabeth concerning her successor. After the Cecils declare Ben's play illegal and arrest him, Edward arranges for his release and instructs him to stage a play he wrote and act as the author; the play, Henry V, galvanizes the people and Ben, who had contemptuously dismissed Edward's skill as a writer as the passing fancy of a bored nobleman, is impressed. At curtain call, William Shakespeare, a "drunken oaf", steps forward to be recognized as the author of the play.

Elizabeth accepts a gift that evokes a memory from forty years before, when the boy, performed in his own play, A Midsummer Night's Dream, as Puck. After the elder Earl of Oxford's death, the teenage Edward is entrusted as a ward to William Cecil and must write his plays in secret to avoid his guardian's ire. During this time, Edward kills a spying servant. William Cecil forces Edward into a marriage with his daughter, Anne. However, Edward is infatuated with the queen and, after a brief time living on the continent, he enters into an affair with Elizabeth; when the queen discovers she is pregnant with Edward's child, she tells William of her intention to marry him but he dissuades her and arranges for the child to be fostered into a noble family, as they had done in the past with Elizabeth's other bastards. Elizabeth does not tell him the reason. Angered, he has an affair with a lady-in-waiting to Elizabeth and learns from her that he had fathered a child with the Queen; when Elizabeth learns of the affair, Edward is banished from court but not before learning the name of his illegitimate child: Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton.

Back in the adult Edward's time, despite Shakespeare's claim to his plays, Edward continues to provide Ben with plays which become the thrill of London. Despite their unhappiness at the plays' popularity, the Cecils do not outlaw them because they fear the mob which might occur of they do. Ben becomes frustrated with his role as Edward's messenger and his own inability to match the brilliance of his plays. On, Shakespeare discovers that Edward is the real author and extorts him for money, he orders the construction of the Globe Theatre, where he bans Jonson's works from being performed, claims Edward's plays as his own. Christopher Marlowe discovers Shakespeare's deal, is found with his throat slit. Jonson accuses him of murder. Edward and Essex, seeking to reduce Cecil's influence and to secure Essex's claim to succession, decide to force their way into the palace, against Cecil's wishes. Edward writes the play Richard III in order to incite hatred against Cecil and to

Ikechukwu Onunaku

Ikechukwu Onunaku known as Killz, is a Nigerian singer and actor. He was one of the characters in The Wedding Party' and The Wedding Party Destination Dubai'. Onunaku was Raised in Lagos, Nigeria, he moved to the United States after completing high school at kings college lagos, returned over a decade to Nigeria shortly before the release of his first album son of the soil in 2006. He went on to release two other albums, his first and one of his iconic hits "My Name is Ikechukwu" was released in 2006. In his own words.. Son Of a man, the son of a chief, the Son of A King!.. His name is…Ikechukwu, Onunaku was born in Manassass Virginia to Nigerian parents but Raised in Lagos, Nigeria; the single was a smash hit. This was followed by his sophomore album “Life and Times of Killz vol.1” and an bigger ”Wind Am Well" ft Dbanj and Don Jazzy broke records in large proportions thereby cementing it as an all-time classic. Furthermore, his 2nd single Like Yo featuring mo-hits star Wande Coal blazed the charts for as long as wind am well!!!!!!!!.

He went on to release shoobeedoo from the same album which followed suit and won awards just like wind am well. Some nominations include: Best New Artist in Africa at the 2006 Channel O Spirit of Africa Video Awards. Revelation of the Year at 2007's Hip Hop World Awards Best Lyricist on the Roll, Best Rap Collabo with "Naeto C for You Know my P" at 2008's Hip Hop World Awards Best Afro Pop Act of the Year and Best Music Video for Wind Am Well NEA Awards Won best video MTV MAMAS, Won Channel O best male, Won Channel O best male west Africa "My name is Ikechukwu" off the Son of the Soil Album was Other hits from ikechukwu include the acclaimed hits "Critical" and "now is the time" both off ikechukwu third album "The Alliance Reconstructed"; some other hit singles are BU LIE OTO, B. A. D. A, CARRY ME, BALABALA Which span across 2010 to 2015. 2013 was the introduction of ikechukwu to Nollywood. His debut on the big screen was in a short feature written produced and directed by Walter waltbanger Taylaur titled “the wages”.

It went on to garner critical acclaim, selected for screening at AFRIFF 2014 and subsequently winning best short feature at the AMVCA'S in 2015. Following that with a major appearance in the ndani produced “gidi up”, ikechukwu secured a major role in the history making, record setting blockbuster “The Wedding Party” in 2016. 2017 saw the successful release of “The Wedding Party Destination Dubai” which did double the box office numbers than its predecessor. In 2019 Ikechukwu Dropped Another Single Titled "Nnukwu Azu" The Wages Gidi Up Gbomo Gbomo Express The Wedding Party The Wedding Party 2 Destination Dubai When love comes calling Powder Dry City Crimes By All Means Oloture Men Money and Marriage Your Excellency Son of the Soil Life and Times of Killz Vol. 1 The Alliance Reconstructed Hard Soft

Saint-André-d'Argenteuil, Quebec

Saint-André-d'Argenteuil is a municipality in the Laurentides region of Quebec, part of the Argenteuil Regional County Municipality. It is located along the Ottawa River, just south of Lachute. Carillon, being located at the foot of the Long-Sault rapids on the Ottawa River, has a long history, it started out as a trading post at the beginning of the seventeenth century, a relay station for voyageurs. Here in 1660, Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and his companions saved New France from attack by the Iroquois during the Battle of Long Sault, according to tradition. However, evidence was found of a burnt palisade in the vicinity of the earthworks of the present dam constructed on the opposite side in present day Ontario. In 1671, an officer of the Carignan Regiment, Philippe Carion, obtained the area as a concession in the Montreal Island Seigneury from Dollier de Casson and established a trading post, but the name Carillon was reported in 1686 in the journal of Chevalier de Troyes. Around 1800, settlers of Scottish origin settled at the confluence of the North River and Rouge River near the Ottawa River.

In 1819, the post office with the English name of St. Andrews East was established here, having adopted the name of the patron saint of the Scottish settlers. Here two years in 1821, John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, Prime Minister of Canada from 1891 to 1892, was born. In 1845, the Argenteuil Municipality was abolished two years later. In 1855, the Parish Municipality of Saint-André-d'Argenteuil was formed. In the nineteenth century, the timber industry was active in this section of the Laurentian Mountains and the first paper mill in Canada was built on this land in 1803. From the 1830s onward, Carillon became the site of the Carillon Canal, built to facilitate military transport up the Ottawa River, it was enlarged in the 1870s to accommodate commercial boat traffic. Today it is a National Historic Site of Canada. In 1959, construction began on the Carillon Generating Station and dam, raising the Ottawa River water level by over 62 feet at Carillon, flooding the rapids of Long-Sault and transforming them into calm water.

Carillon and Saint-André-Est became independent municipalities in 1887 and 1958 their territories being separated from the Parish Municipality of Saint-André-d'Argenteuil. But on December 29, 1999, the Village Municipality of Saint-André-Est, the Village Municipality of Carillon, the Parish Municipality of Saint-André-d'Argenteuil were rejoined into the new Municipality of Saint-André–Carillon, renamed on November 25, 2000, to Saint-André-d'Argenteuil. Population trend: Population in 2011: 3275 Population in 2006: 3097 Population in 2001: 2867 Population total in 1996: 2921 Carillon:258 Saint-André-d'Argenteuil: 1192 Saint-André-Est: 1471 Population in 1991: Carillon: 193 Saint-André-d'Argenteuil: 1061 Saint-André-Est: 1374Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1318 Mother tongue: English as first language: 4.8% French as first language: 94.0% English and French as first language: 0.3% Other as first language: 0.9% The Commission scolaire de la Rivière-du-Nord operates French-language public schools.

École polyvalente Lavigne in LachuteThe Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates English-language public schools: Laurentian Elementary School in Lachute Laurentian Regional High School in Lachute Sir John Abbott, third Canadian Prime Minister Gilbert Rozon, founder of Just for Laughs Julia Grace Wales, peace activist Maude Abbott, medical doctor List of municipalities in Quebec Media related to Saint-André-d'Argenteuil at Wikimedia Commons


DataTreasury, located in Plano, United States, develops and licenses technology for secure check image capture and storage. As of 2010 the company had 2 employees, about 1000 shareholders and had generated over $350 million in licensing revenue in the previous four years; the company has a patent portfolio relating to these technologies. Several banks have settled, in 2010 U. S. Bank, Viewpointe Clearing House Payments Company and its subsidiary, SVPCo, were found guilty of infringing DataTreasury's patents. There has been controversy concerning the company. In 2004, The New York Times characterized DataTreasury as "a company whose only business, other than one client, appears to be suing other companies." The banking industry has accused DataTreasury's lawyers of patent trolling and DataTreasury themselves of abusing the patent system by buying the patents they are enforcing. The US Senate version of the Patent Reform Act of 2007 contained an amendment, lobbied for by banks, tailored to protect banks from DataTreasury infringement litigation.

On the other hand, in 2010, just after DataTreasury won their first lawsuit, Claudio Ballard, who founded the company, was named inventor of the year. Claudio Ballard founded DataTreasury in 1998 in Melville, New York, to market technology that processes electronic checks and other documents and related payment-processing tools utilizing patents prosecuted and filed prior to DataTreasury's founding. Patents were issued in 1999 and 2000. According to Ballard, DataTreasury had as many as 100 employees but went out of business in late 2001. In 2002, DataTreasury licensed eImageVault, to Bank Hapoalim of Israel. According to a 2010 article in the Minneapolis Star Tribune, DataTreasury said that in its early days, "DataTreasury discussed a joint venture with Chase Manhattan Bank, now known as J. P. Morgan Chase, but according to the company, J. P. Morgan Chase instead helped start up competitors, Small Value Payments Co. and Viewpointe Archive Services, which now process most of the nation's checks."

In 2002, DataTreasury sued 56 banks and other companies, including JPMorgan Chase and First Data, for infringing the Ballard patents. In 2003, the U. S. Congress passed the Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act, known as "Check 21"; the act allows banks to take digital images of checks, exchange those images with other banks, destroy the original paper copies. By December 2004, two companies that DataTreasury had sued had settled. Affiliated Computer Services, a large information technology supplier, paid $50,000, the RDM Corporation, a small Canadian company that sells hardware and software for payment processing, agreed to "pay a fee for each check imaging terminal it deploys and'a per-click royalty for storage of electronic documents and check information, calculated at around a 50 percent royalty rate,'" according to a DataTreasury press release reported by The New York Times. In mid-2005 JPMorgan Chase settled their suit; the pending suits were put on hold pending the outcome of a reexamination of the patents, but after the USPTO confirmed the validity of the patents, the cases moved forward.

The company relocated to Plano, Texas, in October, 2005. In November 2005, First Data filed a request for a reexamination of the DataTreasury Ballard patents citing numerous earlier publications that it claimed either anticipated the DataTreasury inventions or made them obvious. In 2007, the USPTO upheld both patents and further allowed DataTreasury to claim additional inventions that were disclosed but not claimed in the original applications. In August 2006, Merrill Lynch and DataTreasury settled their suit. In 2007, the United States Senate version of the Patent Reform Act of 2007 moved forward with an amendment to Section 14 of the Act, supported by a number of financial services companies, which would prevent DataTreasury from collecting damages on the patents. However, the Congressional Budget Office predicted that if such a provision were passed, owners of check-processing patents would sue the federal government, arguing that their property had been unlawfully seized; the CBO estimated that the suit would have a high likelihood of success and that the government's liability from this lawsuit could reach $1 billion, to cover royalties of 5 cents per check, over the remaining life of the patents.

On March 26, 2010, a jury found that U. S. Bank and Clearing House Payments Company and its subsidiary, SVPCo, were guilty of infringing DataTreasury's patents; the jury found that the infringement was willful. Because of the willful infringement finding, the trial judge doubled the damages. In February 2006, DataTreasury purchased four patents from WMR e-Pin, LLC; these patents were U. S. Patent 5,265,007, U. S. Patent 5,583,759, U. S. Patent 5,717,868, U. S. Patent 5,930,778. On February 24, 2006, DataTreasury filed an infringement suit with respect to these patents against 30 banks and other companies in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas; the following banks and corporations have settled their lawsuits with DataTreasury and/or taken a license. Affiliated Computer Services Bank of New York Mellon Corp Bank One Citibank City National Corporation Community Banking Systems Compass Bancshares Inc. Diebold First Data First Tennessee Bank Groupe Ingenico Groupe Ingenico JP Morgan Chase Mellon Bank Merrill Lynch NCR NetDeposit PNC Financial Services RDM Corp In April 2011, Ted Doukas sued DataTreasury claiming that he was a financial backer of Claudio Ballard when Ballard was working on the image capture

Johnny B. Moore

Johnny B. Moore is an American Chicago blues and electric blues guitarist and songwriter, he was a member of Koko Taylor's backing band in the mid-1970s. He has recorded nine solo albums since 1987. Moore's music retains a link to the earlier Chicago blues of Jimmy Reed and Muddy Waters, who travelled to Chicago from the Mississippi Delta."If Johnny B. Moore isn't a star in the making," stated Allmusic's Bill Dahl, "there's no justice in the world." The blues historian Gérard Herzhaft commented that " albums reflect a strong Delta flavor, refreshing in the present blues scene, dominated by rock or funk overtones." However, the blues historian Tony Russell noted in 1997 that Moore "was still one of Chicago's interesting secrets". Moore's father, Floyd Moore, a Baptist minister, taught his son to play the guitar from the age of seven. John Lee Hooker's "Boogie Chillen'" was the first piece Moore mastered, but he was influenced by the style of Magic Sam. In his early days Moore performed gospel music in his hometown of Clarksdale and in Chicago with the Gospel Keys.

In his teen years Moore's mother died. In 1964, the teenage Moore relocated to Chicago with his father, step mother, 15 siblings. In high school Moore learned to read music, his education was enhanced by listening to blues records with Letha Jones, the widow of the pianist Little Johnny Jones. By the late 1960s Moore after work played music, he was further tutored by Jimmy Reed, whom he first met in his childhood, with the Charles Spiers band. By 1975, Moore found a further musical outlet by joining Koko Taylor's backing band, the Blues Machine, as lead guitarist, he played on Taylor's album The Earthshaker. He toured separately with Taylor and with Willie Dixon, undertaking European tours with both, worked in Dixon's band until Dixon died, in 1992, he augmented his income by appearing more under his own name. Moore was on the bill at the inaugural Chicago Blues Festival, on June 10, 1984, his debut album, Hard Times, was released in 1987 on the B. L. U. E. S. Label. In the 1990s he recorded six more albums of his own, started the new millennium with Born in Clarksdale, Mississippi for the Austrian label Wolf.

His Live at Blue Chicago, recorded in the basement of that club, featured Ken Saydak on keyboards. The 1999 live album, Acoustic Blue Chicago, featured Lester Davenport and Bonnie Lee. Moore used a bottleneck on his guitar solos. Moore appeared again at the Chicago Blues Festival in 2002, he has made guest appearances on albums by several other blues musicians, including Willie Kent's Too Hurt to Cry. His album Rockin' in the Same Old Boat was described by Allmusic journalist Matt Collar: "Moore's hard-driving lead guitar lines are well intact as is his off-hand, sometimes slurred vocal delivery". List of Chicago blues musicians List of electric blues musicians review of Live At Blue Chicago Images of Moore