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A changeup is a type of pitch in baseball and fastpitch softball. The changeup is the staple off-speed pitch thrown to look like a fastball but arriving much more to the plate, its reduced speed coupled with its deceptive delivery is meant to confuse the batter's timing. It is meant to be thrown the same as a fastball, but farther back in the hand, which makes it release from the hand slower while still retaining the look of a fastball. A changeup is thrown to be 8–15 miles per hour slower than a fastball. If thrown the changeup will confuse the batter because the human eye cannot discern that the ball is coming slower until it is around 30 feet from the plate. For example, a batter swinging at the ball as if it were a 90 mph fastball when it is coming in at 75 mph means they are swinging too early to hit the ball well, making the changeup effective. Other names include change or off-speed pitch. Although that term can be used to mean any pitch, slower than a fastball. In addition, before at least the second half of the twentieth century, the term "slow ball" was used to denote pitches that were not a fastball or breaking ball, which always meant a type of changeup.

Therefore, the terms slow ball and changeup could be used interchangeably. The changeup is analogous to the slower ball in cricket; the changeup is thrown with the same arm action as a fastball, but at a lower speed due to the pitcher holding the ball in a special grip. Former pitcher and pitching coach Leo Mazzone stated: "When a pitcher throws his best fastball, he puts more in it. By having this mindset, the pitch will have less velocity on it in addition to the change in grips; this difference from what is expected by the arm action and the velocity can confuse the batter into swinging the bat far too early and thus receiving a strike, or not swinging at all. Should a batter be fooled on the timing of the pitch and still make contact, it will cause a foul ball or the ball being put into play weakly resulting in an out. In addition to the unexpectedly slow velocity, the changeup can possess a significant amount of movement, which can bewilder the batter further; the best changeups utilize both deception and movement."

Since the rise of Pedro Martínez, a Dominican pitcher whose changeup was one of the tools that led to his three Cy Young Awards, the changeup has become popular in the Dominican Republic. Dominican pitchers including Edinson Vólquez, Michael Ynoa, Ervin Santana are all known to have developed effective changeups in the Dominican Republic after Martínez's success with the pitch; the most famous changeup thrower of the last 30 years, Atlanta Braves southpaw Tom Glavine utilized a two-seam changeup as his number one pitch on the way to winning two Cy Young Awards, a World Series MVP, 305 wins in a celebrated Hall of Fame career. Hall of Famer reliever Trevor Hoffman had one of the best changeups in his prime and used it to record 601 saves. In recent years, some of the game's best pitchers have relied on the changeup. A 2013 article published by Sports Illustrated noted that Justin Verlander, Félix Hernández, Stephen Strasburg, David Price, Max Scherzer have revolutionized the pitch and used it abundantly in their arsenal.

There are several variations of changeups, which are generated by using different grips on the ball during the pitch. The circle changeup is one well-known grip; the pitcher forms a circle with the index finger and thumb and lays the middle and index fingers across the seams of the ball. By pronating the wrist upon release, the pitcher can make the pitch break in the same direction as a screwball. More or less break will result from the pitcher's arm slot. Pedro Martínez used this pitch throughout his career to great effect, many considered it to be his best pitch; the most common type is the straight changeup. The ball is held with three fingers and closer to the palm, to kill some of the speed generated by the wrist and fingers; this pitch breaks downward though its motion does not differ from a two-seam fastball. Other variations include the vulcan changeup and fosh; the split-finger fastball is used by many pitchers as a type of changeup

McCracken (surname)

McCracken is a hereditary surname derived from Ulster and nearby Galloway, Scotland. It is an Anglicisation of Mac Reachtain an Ulster Gaelic variant of the patronymic surname Mac Neachtain. Bert McCracken, American vocalist Billy McCracken, Northern Ireland football player Bob McCracken, American jazz clarinetist Branch McCracken, American basketball coach Brian McCracken, Irish jurist and Justice of the Irish Supreme Court Craig McCracken, American animator Daniel D. McCracken American computer scientist David McCracken Scottish football player Eileen McCracken, Irish botanist Edward R. McCracken American businessman Elizabeth McCracken, American author Esther McCracken, British actress and playwright Frederick McCracken, British general Harold McCracken, American author Harry McCracken, American journalist, editor in chief of PC World Harry McCracken, Northern Irish footballer Henry Joy McCracken, Irish rebel Henry Noble McCracken, American chancellor of New York University Herb McCracken, American football coach Hugh McCracken, American musician J.

J. McCracken, American artist Jack McCracken, American basketball player Jack McCracken James McCracken, American tenor Janet McCracken, American academic Jarrod McCracken, New Zealand rugby league player Jeff McCracken, American actor and producer Jeremy McCracken, British television director Joan McCracken, American actress and dancer John McCracken, American artist Josephine Clifford McCracken, German-born American Josiah McCracken, US college football All American and Olympic medal winner Mark McCracken, American actor Mary Ann McCracken, Irish radical and anti-slavery campaigner Mary Isabel McCracken, American entomologist Paul McCracken, NBA and Maccabi Tel Aviv basketball player Paul McCracken, American economist and former chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers Philip McCracken, American artist Peter Hale McCracken, American founder of Serials Solutions Quinton McCracken, American major league baseball player Robert McCracken, Northern Irish professional footballer Robert McCracken, United Kingdom professional boxer Robert M. McCracken, American politician Sandra McCracken, American musician Voros McCracken, American sabermetrician William McCracken, American football coach and college educator

Coomalie Creek Airfield

Coomalie Creek Airfield was a Royal Australian Air Force airfield built in 1942 in what is now the locality of Coomalie Creek, Northern Territory, Australia during World War II. The airfield was operated by No. 54 Operational Base Unit. The first unit to arrive was No. 31 Squadron, equipped with Bristol Beaufighters, in November 1942. No. 1 Photo Reconnaissance Unit RAAF arrived at the airfield in 1943 equipped with P-38 Lightnings, de Havilland Mosquitos and CAC Wirraways. 1PRU was re-designated No. 87 Squadron RAAF on 10 September 1944. In November 1944, three Dakotas from No. 34 Squadron were detached to the airfield, prior to staging north of Australia. No. 87 Squadron launched the last Australia-based operational RAAF mission of World War II from Coomalie Creek. The airfield is now in private ownership. Part of Leg 9 of The Amazing Race 9 was conducted at Coomalie Creek Airfield. 23 November 1942 27 November 1942 2 March 1943 13 August 1943 21 August 1943 10 November 1943 List of airports in the Northern Territory RAAF News Top Stories Volume 48, No.

19, 19 October 2006 OzatWar Website

August Ferdinand Bernhardi

August Ferdinand Bernhardi was a German linguist and writer. After studying philosophy in Halle an der Saale, in 1791 Bernhardi became a teacher at the Friedrichwerderschen Gymnasium in Berlin and in 1808 became the institution's headmaster. In 1815 he joined the Academic Examination Committee. Shortly before his death he was named the headmaster of the Friedrich Wilhelms Gymnasium. In 1799 Bernhardi married Sophie Tieck, the younger sister of Ludwig Tieck, the marriage broke down in 1805; this relationship brought him into Romantic circles, associated with people such as Friedrich and August Wilhelm Schlegel, Ludwig Tieck and others. This prompted him to write and publish works on linguistics, as well as satirical writings about Berlin society and literary life. Bernhardi contributed to literary journals and almanacs, wrote some stories and poems in the romantic style, the most well-known of, Der Löwe in Florenz. Bernhardi, achieved renown and recognition first and foremost through his linguistic research and had significant influence on famous linguists such as Wilhelm von Humboldt and Franz Bopp.

He was the father of the historian Theodor von Bernhardi and grandfather of the Prussian general Friedrich von Bernhardi. Vollständige lateinische Grammatik 1795-1797 Vollständige griechische Grammatik 1797 Bambocciaden 1797-1800 Sprachlehre 1801-1803 Anfangsgründe der Sprachwissenschaft 1805 Die Versuche und Hindernisse Karls 1808 Ansichten über die Organisation der gelehrten Schulen 1818 Bräuer, Joachim: August Friedrich Bernhardi, der Sprachphilosoph der älteren Romantik Blücher, Max: A. F. Bernhardis Leben und Schriften Horstmann, Wilhelm: August Ferdinand Bernhardi 1769-1820 als Pädagoge Fiesel, Eva: Die Sprachphilosophie der deutschen Romantik Wild-Schedlbauer, Roswitha: Einleitung zu A. F. Bernhardi ISBN 3-7728-0786-0 Hurch, Bernhard: Bernhardi und Humboldt und die Asymmetrie der Prosodie Matthias Wolfes. "Bernhardi, August Ferdinand". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon. 20. Nordhausen: Bautz. Cols. 210–213. ISBN 3-88309-091-3. Text of Der Löwe in Florenz

The Heavy Entertainment Show Tour

The Heavy Entertainment Show Tour was the twelfth concert tour by British recording artist Robbie Williams, to support his album The Heavy Entertainment Show. The tour began in England and travelled throughout Europe in Summer 2017, extending in 2018 to Oceania and that year to South America. Robbie has revealed the full list of his 2017 European tour dates. Speaking at a packed press conference, he announced that The Heavy Entertainment Show Tour began in June and visited the UK, Germany, The Netherlands, Italy, Norway, Finland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Russia, New Zealand and Australia; the British band Erasure was the opening act at all the concerts in Europe. "God Bless Our Robbie" "The Heavy Entertainment Show" "Let Me Entertain You" "Monsoon" "Party Like a Russian" "Minnie the Moocher" "The Flood" "Freedom! 90" "Love My Life" A Cappella Section: "Livin' On a Prayer" "Take On Me" "Rehab" "The Best" "Kiss" "Don't You Want Me" "Stayin' Alive" "U Can't Touch This" "She's the One" "Old Before I Die" "Candy" "Here Comes the Hotstepper" "You're the One That I Want" "Come Undone" "Everything Changes" "Back for Good" "Come Undone" "Never Forget" " Millennium" "Somethin' Stupid" "Rudebox" "Kids" "Sweet Caroline" "Motherfucker" "Seven Nation Army" "Feel" "Rock DJ" "Strong" "Angels" "My Way"Notes"God Bless Our Robbie" is a parody of "Land of Hope and Glory" Hot Fudge was performed instead of Party Like a Russian at the concert in Copenhagen on 7 August 2017 Robbie Williams Official Website

Masamitsu Kanemoto

Masamitsu Kanemoto is a former Japanese football player. Kanemoto was born in Hyogo Prefecture on October 17, 1962. After graduating from high school, he joined Regional Leagues club Kawasaki Steel based in his local in 1981, he played many matches as goalkeeper and the club was promoted to Japan Soccer League in 1986. In 1992, Japan Soccer League was folded and founded the club joined new league Japan Football League. Although he played as regular goalkeeper until 1994, his opportunity to play decreased behind new member Ryuji Ishizue from 1995; the club won the 2nd place in 1996 and was promoted to J1 League from 1997. In 1999, he moved to Prefectural Leagues club River Free Kickers, he retired end of 2004 season. Masamitsu Kanemoto at J. League