Chapel Hill is a town in Orange and Durham counties in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Its population was 57,233 in the 2010 census. Chapel Hill and the state capital, make up the corners of the Research Triangle, with a total population of 1,998,808; the town is centered on Franklin Street, covering 21.3 square miles. It contains several buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and UNC Health Care are a major part of the economy and town influence. Local artists have created many murals; the area was the home place of early settler William Barbee of Middlesex County, whose 1753 grant of 585 acres from John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville was the first of two land grants in what is now the Chapel Hill-Durham area. Though William Barbee died shortly after settling there, one of his eight children, Christopher Barbee, became an important contributor to his father's adopted community and to the fledgling University of North Carolina.
Chapel Hill has developed along a hill. The Carolina Inn now occupies this site. In 1819, the town was developed around it; the town was chartered in 1851, its main street, Franklin Street, was named in memory of Benjamin Franklin. In 1969, a year after the city integrated its schools, Chapel Hill elected Howard Lee as mayor, it was the first majority-white municipality in the South to elect an African-American mayor. Serving from 1969 to 1975, Lee helped establish the town's bus system; some 30 years in 2002, the state passed legislation to provide free service to all riders on local buses. The bus operations are funded through Chapel Hill and Carrboro town taxes, federal grants, UNC student tuition; the change has resulted in a large increase in ridership. Several hybrid and articulated buses have been added recently. All buses carry GPS transmitters to report their location in real time to a tracking web site. Buses can have wheelchair lifts. In 1993, the town founded the Chapel Hill Museum; this cultural community resource "exhibiting the character and characters of Chapel Hill, North Carolina" includes among its permanent exhibits Alexander Julian, History of the Chapel Hill Fire Department, Chapel Hill's 1914 Fire Truck, The James Taylor Story, Farmer/James Pottery, The Paul Green Legacy.
In addition to the Carolina Inn, the Beta Theta Pi Fraternity House, Chapel Hill Historic District, Chapel Hill Town Hall, Chapel of the Cross, Gimghoul Neighborhood Historic District, Alexander Hogan Plantation, Old Chapel Hill Cemetery, Old East, University of North Carolina, Playmakers Theatre, Rocky Ridge Farm Historic District, West Chapel Hill Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Chapel Hill is located in the southeast corner of Orange County, it is bounded on the west on the northeast by the city of Durham. However, most of Chapel Hill's borders are adjacent to unincorporated portions of Orange and Durham Counties rather than shared with another municipality. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.3 square miles, of which 21.1 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles is covered by water. Durham, North Carolina, is the core of the four-county Durham-Chapel Hill MSA, which has a population of 504,357 as of Census 2010.
The US Office of Management and Budget includes Chapel Hill as a part of the Raleigh-Durham-Cary Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 1,749,525 as of Census 2010. Effective June 6, 2003, the Office of Management and Budget redefined the federal statistical areas and dismantled what had been for decades the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill MSA, split them into two separate MSAs, though the region functions as a single metropolitan area. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, 57,233 people in 20,564 households resided in Chapel Hill; the population density was 2,687 people per square mile. The racial composition of the town was 72.8% White, 9.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 11.9% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.7% some other race, 2.7% of two or more races. About 6.4 % of the population was Latino of any race. Of the 20,564 households, 51.1% were families, 26.2% of all households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were headed by married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 48.9% were not families.
About 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98. In the town, the population was distributed as 17.4% under the age of 18, 31.5% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males. According to estimates released by the U. S. Census Bureau, over the three-year period of 2005 through 2007, the median income for a household in the town was $51,690, for a family was $91,049. Males had a median income of $50,258 versus $32,917 for females; the per capita income for the town was $35,796. About 8.6% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 5.6%
The eleventh season of NCIS: Los Angeles an American police procedural drama television series, premiered on CBS on September 29, 2019. The season is produced by CBS Television Studios, with R. Scott Gemmill as showrunner and executive producer. Chris O'Donnell as Grisha "G." Callen, NCIS Senior Field Agent, Team Leader Daniela Ruah as Kensi Blye, NCIS Special Agent Eric Christian Olsen as Marty Deeks, LAPD/NCIS Liaison Detective Barrett Foa as Eric Beale, NCIS Senior Technical Operator Renée Felice Smith as Nell Jones, NCIS Special Agent and Intelligence Analyst Linda Hunt as Henrietta Lange, NCIS Supervisory Special Agent and Operations Manager LL Cool J as Sam Hanna, NCIS Senior Field Agent, Second in Command Medalion Rahimi as Fatima Namazi, NCIS Special Agent, Peter Jacobson as John Rogers, Special Prosecutor Pamela Reed as Roberta Deeks Erik Palladino as CIA Officer Vostanik Sabatino Moon Bloodgood as Katherine Casillas Marsha Thomason as Nicole Dechamps, NCIS Special Agent, Former Secret Service Special Agent Bar Paly as Anastasia "Anna" Kolcheck, former ATF Agent, Callen's girlfriend David James Elliott as Harmon Rabb Catherine Bell as Sarah MacKenzie Kiari "Offset" Cephus as Kadri Kashan Khan Bill Goldberg as Lance Hamilton, DOJ Agent Alyssa Diaz as Jasmine Garcia, NCIS Special Agent Don Wallace as Navy Seal Senior Chief Frank Wallace Natassia Halabi as Mossad Agent Eliana Sapir Gerald McRaney as Hollace Kilbride, Retired Navy Admiral Gil Birmingham as Navy Captain Steven Douglas Wesam Keesh as Eshan Navid Vinnie Jones as Ricky Dorsey Steve Valentine as Frankie Bolton Dina Meyer as Veronica Stephens Melise as Jennifer Kim Anna Belknap as Fake NCIS Special Agent Robin Ip NCIS: Los Angeles was renewed for an eleventh season on April 22, 2019.
In February 2020, Medalion Rahimi, who plays NCIS Special Agent Fatima Namazi, was promoted to a series regular in the middle of the eleventh season. On March 12, 2020, CBS announced that the filming of season 11 has been suspended the production following the the impact of corona-virus outbreak. Season eleven of NCIS: Los Angeles premiered on September 29, 2019. Official website NCIS: Los Angeles – list of episodes on IMDb
Aldine is a census-designated place in unincorporated central Harris County, United States, located within the extraterritorial jurisdiction of Houston. The population was 15,869 at the 2010 census; the community is located on the Hardy Toll Road, Union Pacific Railroad, Farm to Market Road 525. The Aldine area is near Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport, the second largest aviation facility in Texas. Aldine, built on the International–Great Northern Railroad, was named after a local farm family. A post office operated in Aldine from 1896 to 1935. In 1914 Aldine included two general stores, a fig preserver, several poultry breeders and several dairymen; the population reached 100 in 1925. In the 1930s and 1940s the population decreased to between thirty and forty residents; the Aldine Independent School District was integrated by federal order in 1965. Aldine, with renewed population growth in the 1970s, had 12,623 residents in 1986 and 11,133 residents in 1990. Over 60% of the houses in the Aldine area were damaged by Hurricane Harvey in 2017.
In September 2018 the Houston Chronicle wrote that the people there were "still recovering". According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.92 square miles, of which 7.90 square miles is land and 0.019 square miles, or 0.22%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,979 people, 4,007 households, 3,193 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 1,727.0 people per square mile. There were 4,403 housing units at an average density of 543.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 59.30% White, 5.84% African American, 0.69% Native American, 3.41% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 27.58% from other races, 3.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 56.33% of the population. There were 4,007 households out of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.3% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.44 and the average family size was 3.86. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 33.1% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,437, the median income for a family was $35,518. Males had a median income of $28,779 versus $19,936 for females; the per capita income of the CDP was $11,701. About 17.0% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over. Harris County Precinct 1 operates Pep Mueller Park, located at 14750 Henry Road in Aldine, it was given its current name in 1981 to honor M. A. "Pep" Mueller, the superintendent of Precinct 4's Spring Camp and Bridge Maintenance Facility. The park has a playground, a community building, a basketball pavilion, a toilet and concession facility, four ball fields, four press boxes.
Areas within the Aldine CDP are served by Aldine Rescue. The Westfield Volunteer Fire Department serves some unincorporated areas outside of the Aldine CDP and in the Aldine area. Emergency medical services are provided by Harris County Emergency Corps. In 1989, during a city council race, many in the Houston portion of the Aldine area voted for Jim Westmoreland for an at-large position. Westmoreland drew controversy after reports of a joke, characterized as "racist" spread, his opponent Beverly Clark, an African-American teacher, defeated him in that race. The portion of the Aldine area in the city of Houston is served by the Houston Police Department. Areas west of the Hardy Toll Road are within the North Patrol Division, headquartered at 9455 West Montgomery Road, while areas east of the Hardy Toll Road are served by the Northeast Patrol Division, headquartered at 8301 Ley Road. In the North Division the city operates the Aldine Storefront at 10966 North Freeway. Harris County Hospital District operates the Aldine Health Center at 4755 Aldine Mail Route in unincorporated Harris County.
The Aldine CDP is served by Harris County Sheriff's Office District II Patrol, headquartered from the Humble Substation at 7900 Will Clayton Parkway in Humble. The Aldine Community Storefront is located at 5202 Aldine Mail Route. Aldine Independent School District serves much of the surrounding community. PreK schools serving sections of Aldine CDP include deSantiago and Lauder. Elementary schools serving sections of Aldine CDP include Odom, Raymond, Carroll and Bussey. Eckert and Reed were grade 5-6 intermediate schools. Middle schools serving Aldine CDP include Grantham and Aldine Middle. Aldine High School in Houston serves sections of Aldine CDP west of the Hardy Toll Road. YES Prep North Central, a charter 6-12 grade public school, is located within unincorporated Harris County in the Aldine CDP. Lone Star College System serves the area. In 1972 residents of Aldine ISD and two other K-12 school districts voted to create the North Harris County College; the community college distri
The A684 is an A road that runs through Cumbria and North Yorkshire, starting at Kendal and ending at Ellerbeck and the A19 road in North Yorkshire. It crosses the full width of the Yorkshire Dales, passing through Garsdale and the full length of Wensleydale. Flooding can be a problem after heavy rain at Appersett, near Hawes, heavy snow can close the road temporarily at the Black Horse hill and in Garsdale. Kendal Sedbergh Garsdale Appersett Hawes Bainbridge Worton Aysgarth West Witton Wensley Leyburn Constable Burton Patrick Brompton Crakehall Morton-on-Swale Ainderby Steeple Northallerton Ellerbeck where it meets the A19 road; the A684 has primary status for the short length between Kendal and junction 37 of the M6 motorway, though this primary section involves two hills and some tricky twists. East of the M6, the road descends the "Black Horse" hill and passes through Sedbergh where there is a short diversion to avoid the main street and a difficult right-angled bend. Another right-angled bend 6 miles east at Garsdale Hall, the road goes further up the valley to the watershed at Garsdale Head.
After this the road passes under Garsdale viaduct where after there is a junction with the B6259 road to Kirkby Stephen. The road drops down through upper Wensleydale into Appersett, a junction with the B6255 and into the town of Hawes There is a 17-ton MGW restriction over the bridge spanning the Widdale Beck in Appersett; because of this, heavy eastbound traffic must leave just before the bridge and proceed onto an unclassified road through Hardraw and turn south onto Burnt Acres Lane bringing the vehicles back to the A684 just east of Hawes town centre. Heavy westbound traffic from the B6255 is expected to go through Hawes eastwards and back through Hardraw to avoid the weight restriction. In Hawes, after the junction with B6255 road to Ingleton, the road splits into single lanes with the eastbound fork dropping down to the junction with Burnt Acres Lane and the westbound taking a cobbled road through the town; the two forks meet up at the Market Square in Hawes. There is a triangular road junction in Bainbridge with the road to Askrigg before the road goes east again over the River Bain.
After passing Askrigg and bridging the confluence of the Bishopdale and Walden Becks, the road meets the B6160 from Addingham where there is a grade II listed AA phone box. It passes through West Witton, Leyburn, Constable Burton, Patrick Brompton and Crakehall before arriving at Bedale; the road used to continue through Bedale Town and on through Aiskew and after another ungated crossing of the Wesleydale Railway, it had a junction with a slip road to the A6055. Now, Bedale is bypassed and the road intersects with the A6055 and the A1 just north of Leeming Bar and rejoins the old route just east of Leeming Bar; the road heads out through Morton-On-Swale, Ainderby Steeple and into Northallerton where it first meets the A167 and runs in tandem as the A167 through Northallerton. The road crosses two adjacent railways in the town; the road carries on eastwards meeting the A168 and loops east northwards around the town centre before it leaves the A167/A168 and heads north out of the town. The road heads eastwards avoiding Brompton but going through Ellerbeck before arriving at a large junction with the A19 that allows access north and south and onto an unclassified road into Osmotherley.
On 16 July 2014 the Department of Transport announced the go-ahead for the villages of Leeming Bar and Aiskew and the town of Bedale in North Yorkshire to be bypassed. The bypass, which opened to traffic on 11 August 2016, leaves the current A684 just north of St Gregory's Church in Bedale and runs eastwards for 3 miles to a point about 0.6 miles east of Leeming Bar. It connects with the A6055 just north of Leeming Bar. In 2014, EuroRAP published a brochure based on data collected between 2010 and 2012, it listed the A684 as being a High Risk road along its entire length from the M6 to the A19. SABRE Roads By Ten - A684
Lingchi, translated variously as the slow process, the lingering death, or slow slicing, known as death by a thousand cuts, was a form of torture and execution used in China from 900 CE until it was banned in 1905. It was used in Vietnam. In this form of execution, a knife was used to methodically remove portions of the body over an extended period of time resulting in death. Lingchi was reserved for crimes viewed as severe, such as treason; some Westerners were executed in this manner. After the practice was outlawed, the concept itself has still appeared across many types of media; the term lingchi first appeared in a line in Chapter 28 of the classical philosophical text Xunzi. The line described the difficulty in travelling in a horse-drawn carriage on mountainous terrain. On, it was used to describe the prolonging of a person's agony when the person is being killed; the process involved tying the condemned prisoner to a wooden frame in a public place. The flesh was cut from the body in multiple slices in a process, not specified in detail in Chinese law, therefore most varied.
The punishment worked on three levels: as a form of public humiliation, as a slow and lingering death, as a punishment after death. According to the Confucian principle of filial piety, to alter one's body or to cut the body are considered unfilial practices. Lingchi therefore contravenes the demands of filial piety. In addition, to be cut to pieces meant that the body of the victim would not be "whole" in spiritual life after death; this method of execution became a fixture in the image of China among some Westerners. Lingchi could be used for the torture and execution of a living person, or applied as an act of humiliation after death, it was meted out for major offences such as high treason, mass murder, patricide/matricide or the murder of one's master or employer. Emperors sometimes ordered it for minor offences. There were forced wrongful executions; some emperors meted out this punishment to the family members of their enemies. While it is difficult to obtain accurate details of how the executions took place, they consisted of cuts to the arms and chest leading to amputation of limbs, followed by decapitation or a stab to the heart.
If the crime was less serious or the executioner merciful, the first cut would be to the throat causing death. Art historian James Elkins argues that extant photos of the execution show that the "death by division" involved some degree of dismemberment while the subject was living. Elkins argues that, contrary to the apocryphal version of "death by a thousand cuts", the actual process could not have lasted long; the condemned individual is not to have remained conscious and aware after one or two severe wounds, so the entire process could not have included more than a "few dozen" wounds. In the Yuan dynasty, 100 cuts were inflicted but by the Ming dynasty there were records of 3,000 incisions, it is described as a fast process lasting no longer than 15 to 20 minutes. The coup de grâce was all the more certain when the family could afford a bribe to have a stab to the heart inflicted first; some emperors ordered three days of cutting while others may have ordered specific tortures before the execution, or a longer execution.
For example, records showed that during Yuan Chonghuan's execution, Yuan was heard shouting for half a day before his death. The flesh of the victims may have been sold as medicine; as an official punishment, death by slicing may have involved slicing the bones and scattering of the deceased's ashes. The Western perception of lingchi has differed from the actual practice, some misconceptions persist to the present; the distinction between the sensationalised Western myth and the Chinese reality was noted by Westerners as early as 1895. That year, Australian traveller George Ernest Morrison, who claimed to have witnessed an execution by slicing, wrote that "lingchi and quite wrongly, translated as'death by slicing into 10,000 pieces' – a awful description of a punishment whose cruelty has been extraordinarily misrepresented... The mutilation excites our horror as an example of barbarian cruelty. Successive rather minor cuts chopped off ears, tongue, fingers and genitals before proceeding to cuts that removed large portions of flesh from more sizable parts, e.g. thighs and shoulders.
The entire process was said to last three days, to total 3,600 cuts. The carved bodies of the deceased were put on a parade for a show in the public; some victims were given doses of opium to alleviate suffering. John Morris Roberts, in Twentieth Century: The History of the World, 1901 to 2000, writes "the traditional punishment of death by slicing... became part of the western image of Chinese backwardness as the'death of a thousand cuts'." Roberts notes that slicing "was ordered, in fact, for K'ang Yu-Wei, a man termed the'Rousseau of China', a major advocate of intellectual and government reform in the 1890s". Although outlawed by the government of the Qing dynasty in 1905, lingchi became a widespread Western symbo
A condyloid joint is an ovoid articular surface, or condyle, received into an elliptical cavity. This permits movement in two planes, allowing flexion, adduction and circumduction. Examples include: the wrist-joint metacarpophalangeal joints metatarsophalangeal jointsThese are called ellipsoid joints; the oval-shaped condyle of one bone fits into the elliptical cavity of the other bone. These joints allow biaxial movements—i.e. Forward and backward, or from side to side, but not rotation. Radiocarpal joint and Metacarpo-phalangeal joint are examples of condyloid joints. An example of an Ellipsoid joint is the wrist; this article incorporates text in the public domain from page 285 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy