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Character actor

A character actor is a supporting actor who plays unusual, interesting, or eccentric characters. The term contrasted with that of leading actor, is somewhat abstract and open to interpretation. In a literal sense, all actors can be considered character actors since they all play "characters", but in the usual sense it is an actor who plays a distinctive and important supporting role. A character actor may play characters who are different from the actor's off-screen real-life personality, while in another sense a character actor may be one who specializes in minor roles. In either case, character actor roles are more substantial than non-speaking extras; the term is used to describe television and film actors. An early use of the term was in the 1883 edition of The Stage, which defined a character actor as "one who portrays individualities and eccentricities". Actors with a long career history of playing character roles may be difficult for audiences to recognize as being the same actor. In contrast to leading actors, they are seen as less glamorous.

While a leading actor has physical beauty needed to play the love interest, a character actor does not. Some character actors are known for their unusual looks. For example, the face of Chicago character actor William Schutz was disfigured in a car accident when he was five years old, but his appearance after reconstructive surgery helped him to be distinctive to theater audiences; the names of character actors are not featured prominently in movie and television advertising on the marquee, since a character actor's name is not expected to attract film audiences. Some character actors have been described as recognizable despite their names being little known. During the course of an acting career, an actor can sometimes shift between leading roles and secondary roles; some leading actors, as they get older, find that access to leading roles is limited by their increasing age. In the past, actors of color, who were barred from roles for which they were otherwise suited, found work performing ethnic stereotypes.

Sometimes character actors have developed careers based on specific talents needed in genre films, such as dancing, acrobatics, swimming ability, or boxing. Many up-and-coming actors find themselves typecast in character roles due to an early success with a particular part or in a certain genre, such that the actor becomes so identified with a particular type of role that casting directors steer the actor to similar roles; some character actors play the same character over and over, as with Andy Devine's humorous but resourceful sidekick, while other actors, such as Sir Laurence Olivier, have the capacity of submerging themselves in any role they play. That being said, some character actors can be known as "chameleons", actors who can play roles that vary wildly. One such example of this is Gary Oldman; some character actors develop a cult following with a particular audience, such as with the fans of Star Trek or The Rocky Horror Picture Show. Character actors tend to play the same type of role throughout their careers, including Harvey Keitel as tough and determined characters, Christopher Lloyd as an eccentric, Claude Rains as sophisticated, sometimes morally ambiguous men, Abe Vigoda as an ageing criminal, Fairuza Balk as moody goth girls, Forest Whitaker as composed characters with underlying volatility.

Ed Lauter portrayed a menacing figure because of his "long, angular face", recognized in public, although audiences knew his name. Character actors can play a variety of types, such as the femme fatale, sidekick, town drunk, whore with a heart of gold, many others. A character actor's roles are perceived as being different from their perceived real-life persona, meaning that they do not portray an extension of themselves, but rather a character different from their off-screen persona. Character actors subsume themselves into the characters they portray, such that their off-screen acting persona is unrecognizable. According to one view, great character actors are out of work, have long careers that span decades, they are often regarded by fellow actors. Commedia dell ` David. Quinlan's Illustrated Directory of Film Character Actors. USA: Batsford Press. ISBN 0713470402. Voisin, Scott. Character Kings: Hollywood's Familiar Faces Discuss the Art & Business of Acting. BearManor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-342-5

The Way, Way Back

The Way, Way Back is a 2013 American independent coming-of-age comedy-drama film written and directed by Nat Faxon and Jim Rash in their directorial debuts. The film stars Liam James as Duncan, a shy 14-year-old who goes on summer vacation to Cape Cod, Massachusetts with his mother and her abusive boyfriend; the film stars Steve Carell, Toni Collette, Allison Janney, AnnaSophia Robb, Sam Rockwell, Maya Rudolph, with Rob Corddry, Amanda Peet and Rash in supporting roles. Faxon and Rash conceived the film in the early 2000s, however it spent several years in development hell before funding could be secured. Fox Searchlight Pictures agreed to distribute the film. Filming lasted several months during the Summer of 2012, it premiered at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival and had a wider release on July 5, 2013, where it received positive reviews and was a box office success, grossing $26.9 million against its $5 million budget. Fourteen-year-old Duncan from Albany, New York reluctantly goes on summer vacation to a beach house in a small seaside town near Cape Cod, Massachusetts with his mother, Pam.

Trent belittles Duncan making comments and gestures that are condescending and rude to him. Steph is spoiled by Trent. On the way to the beach house, Trent asks Duncan to rate himself on a scale of one to ten, they arrive at the beach house and are greeted by the neighbors: the gregarious, hard-drinking Betty, her children Susanna and Peter, married couple Kip and Joan. That evening and Susanna have an awkward conversation from their adjacent porches. Duncan discovers a small girl's bicycle in the garage of the beach house and uses it to begin exploring the town. At a pizza restaurant, he runs into the staff of the local water park, he meets Owen, playing Pac-Man, Owen takes Duncan under his wing and shows him around the park. Duncan meets the park's colorful, rag-tag group of employees: Caitlin and Roddy. Several kids at the water park speak reverently of a legendary pass in the tube slide, wondering how it could have been done. Owen hires Duncan for odd jobs at Water Wizz. Outside the park, Duncan is continually neglected by his mother, who indulges in drinking, staying out at night, smoking marijuana with other adult vacationers.

At a Fourth of July cookout, Susanna sees that he is upset about this and invites him to go hunting for ghost crabs with her and Peter, where she talks about her absent father and helps Duncan to open up. That night, Duncan witnesses Trent and Joan kissing by the side of the house, but does not reveal what he saw. Pam begins to suspect Trent and Joan are having an affair, but Trent convinces her nothing is going on. Duncan confronts Pam in front of friends and neighbors and tells her to face up to Trent's affair and get rid of him. Trent in retaliation tells Duncan. Duncan stalks away. Susanna comforts Duncan out on the beach. Duncan attempts to kiss Susanna, but she moves away, which makes him become more upset. Accompanied by Peter, Duncan sneaks away to Water Wizz where Owen is throwing a going away party for Lewis. After spending all night with his friends at Water Wizz, Duncan is still at the park the next morning, refusing to leave. Owen asks him why he does not want to go home. Duncan opens up to Owen about his relationship with Trent and how the water park is the only place where he feels happy and accepted.

Owen sympathizes with Duncan's problems. When Duncan arrives back at the beach house, Pam tells him they are leaving with Steph. Betty and her kids arrive to say their goodbyes. Susanna kisses Duncan; when Trent stops for gas on their way out of town, Duncan jumps out of the station wagon and runs to Water Wizz, followed by his mother Trent and Steph. Duncan tells the other employees that he has to leave and tells Owen to follow him, he takes Owen to the Devil's Peak slide, Duncan becomes the first person to pass someone in the water slide while the rest of the park watches. After introducing Owen to his mother, Duncan says goodbye to everyone at the park. Owen tells Pam she has a great kid, introduces himself to Trent as "a good friend of the three". Trent, Steph and Duncan regroup in the car, where Pam stands up for herself as they head out of town. Pam climbs to the way, way back of the car where Duncan is sitting and they share a smile as Trent's protests are heard in the background; the film had its premiere screening at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival.

The film became one of the most financially successful films to come out of the festival that year, outperforming well-known entries and Oscar-nominated films from the previous year. It was released on July 5, 2013 in 19 theaters and surpassed box office expectations, averaging an impressive $30,263 per screen and grossing $525,000 total for the weekend. On July 15, 2013, the film was added to an additional 60 theaters, grossed $1,110,000; the film ended up earning $21,506,546 in North America and $4,968,374 elsewhere for a total of $26,474,920. The Way, Way Back received positive reviews. On Rotten Tomatoes it has a rating of 84% based on 180 reviews, with an average score of 7.28/10. The website's critical consensus states, "Despite its familiar themes, The Way Way Back makes use of its talented cast, finely tuned script, an abundance of charm to deliver a funny and satisfying coming-of-age story". On Metacritic the film has a weighted average s

Danai Stratigopoulou

Danai Stratigopoulou was a Greek singer and university academic. She acquired recognition in the literary world for translating the works of the Chilean nobel laureate Pablo Neruda into the Greek language. Danai was born in Athens but grew up in Paris and Marseilles, France where she studied political science and phonetics, whilst she developed her career as a singer. In the early years of her career as a musician she collaborated with a number of Greek musicians. In 1935 she interprets the songs of the modern music composer Attik and subsequently recorded and popularised many of his songs. Throughout her career as a musician, she devoted herself to interpreting Greek folk and popular songs, she earned awards and decorations for her singing and compositions at national and international music festivals and during the Second World War she fought in the anti-Nazi and anti-fascist resistance. In Chile, Stratigopoulou held an academic post at the University of Santiago de Chile as an educator in Greek folklore and phonetics.

It was during her residence in Chile that she composed much of her musical work, published a number of literary works and poetry. Stratigopoulou formed a personal friendship with the Chilean poet and Nobel laureate Pablo Neruda and would spend time at Neruda's residence in Isla Negra where she read and discussed poetry, her vast knowledge of Neruda's work and literature and language led her to become an important translator of Pablo Neruda's Spanish poetry into Greek. For all her cultural work in Chile, she was decorated by the Chilean Republic. Singing Backlash Reactions The Heights of Machu Picchu by Pablo Neruda - For a Pair of Wheels - A Study into Folklore Greek Heroines in Folk Songs - A Study Extravagario by Pablo Neruda Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair by Pablo Neruda Splendor and death of Joaquin Murieta by Pablo Neruda Canto General by Pablo Neruda Saturday Night Istros - Danai canta a Neruda San Ki Apopse Concierto de Chile Sta Pio Omorfa Tragoudia Tou Attik San Ki Apopse Skliri Kardia Danai canta a Neruda - CD Remastered Edition

Skamokawa Valley, Washington

Skamokawa Valley is a census-designated place in Wahkiakum County, north of the town of Cathlamet. The population was 401 as of the 2010 census; the CDP includes the Sleepy Hollow community. The Skamokawa Valley community is part of the Wahkiakum School District, a K-12 school district of about 430 students; the name of the CDP comes from that of the Wahkiakum Chief Skamokawa who met with Meriwether Lewis and William Clark while their expedition spent the winter of 1805-06 at Fort Clatsop. His name, Skamokawa, is a Chinook word meaning “smoke over the water,” a reference to the area's foggy climate. Skamokawa Valley is located at 46°18′55″N 123°24′5″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 28.41 square miles, of which, 28.19 square miles of it is land and 0.22 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 401 people, 159 households, 104 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 14.1 people per square mile. There were 200 housing units at an average density of 7.0/sq mi.

The racial makeup of the CDP was 93.8% White, 0.0% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population. There were 159 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.11. In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 25.7% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 33.7% from 45 to 64, 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males. Wahkiakum School District website

Election verification exit poll

An election verification exit poll is a new concept in polling, intended to improve the accuracy of exit polls to such an extent that they can be used to verify election results. Traditional exit polling relies on small samples, wheres EVEPs propose to use larger samples. A USAID document concludes that parallel vote tabulation "is the preferred tool for verifying election results where the context and local capacity permit. Exit polls can collect important data for understanding voter intent, providing insight into political and social dynamics However, they provide limited hard evidence of manipulation."In the United States, exit polling is not accurate enough to be used as tool for verification of actual election results. Discrepancies are attributed to sampling bias in the exit polls. Exit polling can however be used to question official results. For example, in the 2000 election in Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milošević claimed that he had defeated Vojislav Koštunica. However, exit polling differed from the reported count, suggesting that the official vote count had been corrupted.

Public and media pressure forced Milošević to concede. In the aftermath of the 2000 United States presidential election recount in Florida, it has been claimed that the introduction of electronic voting machines introduced problems with recounts of official vote counts due to their lack of paper trail. EVEPs have been suggested as a remedy in precincts that have had problems with fair vote counts. Proponents claim. However, EVEPs are not accurate. Poll results are subject to a margin of error; that makes them difficult to use to challenge election results where the official vote count is close. The difference between EVEPs and media exit polls lie in the purpose of the poll and polling methodologies; the purpose of a media exit poll is to strategically poll many precincts to obtain a representative sample for an entire district so election outcomes can be predicted/dissected. Most polling is done before polling places close on Election Day so the exit poll results can be tabulated and presented by news outlets.

Since verifying particular precinct results is not an objective of media exit polls only 1000-2000 voters are interviewed in an entire state. Few voters are interviewed in any given precinct. An EVEP can be more reliable for targeted precincts than a media exit poll

1996 All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship Final

The 1996 All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship final was a hurling match played at Croke Park on 17 March 1996 to determine the winners of the 1995–96 All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship, the 26th season of the All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship, a tournament organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association for the champion clubs of the four provinces of Ireland. The final was contested by Sixmilebridge of Clare and Dunloy of Antrim, with Sixmilebridge winning by 5-10 to 2-6; the All-Ireland final was a unique occasion as it was the first championship meeting between Sixmilebridge and Dunloy. It remains their only championship meeting in the All-Ireland series. Both sides were hoping to make history by winning their first All-Ireland title. Sixmilebridge struck for their first goal inside a minute when a long delivery was flicked by Gerry McInerney into the path of Danny Chaplin who pulled first time and netted from 15 metres. Dunloy recovered well and by the 16th minute Tony McGrath had sent them into a 0-4 to 1-0 lead.

McInerney equalised for Sixmilebridge form a free and Danny Chaplin sent brother David in for the second goal after 21 minutes. Four minutes Danny Chaplin created the third goal, this time for McInerney. David Chaplin and McInerney added points to open up an eight-point gap. David Chaplin was the hero scoring 2-1 while the ageless Gerry McInerney played a vital role hitting 1-4. Sixmilebridge's victory secured their first All-Ireland title, they became the 18th club to win the All-Ireland title, while they were the first Clare representatives to claim the ultimate prize. Dunloy's All-Ireland defeat was their second successive defeat in a final after losing to Birr in 1995