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Chares of Athens

Chares of Athens was a 4th century BC Athenian military commander, who for a number of years was one of Athens’s foremost commanders. He was a well connected politician enabling him to procure the commands he desired. Commands he used to enrich himself and his adherents. Chares is first mentioned in historical records in 367 BC, when he was sent to the aid of the city of Phlius; the city was hard pressed by the Argives, assisted by the Theban commander at Sicyon. His forces were successful in relieving the city. After his successful campaign, Chares was recalled to take the command against Oropus. In 361 BC, Chares was appointed to succeed the Athenian admiral Leosthenes, following Leosthenes‘s defeat by Alexander of Pherae. Sailing to Corcyra, he supported the city's oligarchic party. With Chares's support the oligarchs gained control they achieved it only by a lot of bloodshed breeding animosity amongst Corcyra's democratic parties, he failed to maintain good relations with the oligarchs themselves.

As a result, the island was lost to the Athenians. In 358 BC Chares was sent to Thrace as general with full power, he was able to force Charidemus to ratify the treaty. In the following year, with the start of the Social War, he was appointed one of Athens’s generals. In the second campaign of the War in 356 BC, following the death of Chabrias, he had joint command of the Athenian forces with Iphicrates and Timotheus. According to Diodorus, despite Chares's eagerness to do so, his colleagues refused to fight the enemy because of a bad storm, Chares reported their failings to Athens, they were recalled and subsequently brought to trial. In contrast to Diodorus, Cornelius Nepos considered that Chares did attack the enemy in spite of the weather, but was defeated. In order to protect himself, he accused his colleagues of not supporting him. In the subsequent prosecution he was aided by Aristophon. Being left in the sole command, needing funds, which he was unwilling to seek from Athens and his men entered the service of Artabazus, the rebellious satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia.

The Athenians at first approved of this action, but afterwards ordered him to drop his connection with Artabazus following complaints from the Persian king Artaxerxes III Ochus. In this regard, it is probable that the threat from Artaxerxes III to support the confederates against Athens hastened the termination of the Social War; the quick end to the war was supported by Eubulus and Isocrates, but opposed by Chares and his party. In 353 BC, Chares was sent against Sestus, along with Cardia, had been unwilling to submit to Athens notwithstanding the ceding of the Thracian Chersonese to Athens in 357 BC, he took the town, massacred the men, sold the women and children for slaves. In the Olynthian War, he was appointed general of the mercenaries sent from Athens to the aid of Olynthus, his command was passed to Charidemus, who in the ensuing year was replaced by Chares again. During his second campaign he achieved a small victory against king Philip's mercenaries, celebrated it by a feast given to the Athenians with a portion of the money, sacrilegiously taken from Delphi, some of which had found its way into his hands.

On his euthyne he was impeached by Cephisodotus, who complained, that "he was endeavouring to give his account after having got the people tight by the throat". In 346 BC he was in this time in Thrace; when the Macedonian king, was preparing to march against Cersobleptes, complaints arrived at Athens from the Chersonese that Chares had withdrawn and was nowhere to be found. Athens was obliged to send a squadron in search of him with the extraordinary message, that "the Athenians were surprised that, while Philip was marching against the Chersonese, they did not know where their general and his forces were." It is that he had been engaged in some private expedition seeking plunder. In the same year, before the departure of the second embassy from Athens to Macedonia to discuss peace, a dispatch arrived from Chares discussing the hopeless condition of the affairs of Cersobleptes. After this, there are no historical records about Chares for several years, during which he resided at Sigeion, according to Theopompus, was his favourite residence.

But in a speech by Demosthenes delivered in 341 BC, Chares is spoken of as possessing much influence at that time in the Athenian councils. Therefore, it is possible that Chares may have been one of those who authorized and defended the proceedings of Diopeithes against king Philip in Thrace. In 340 BC, he was appointed to the command of the force, sent to aid Byzantium against Philip. Chares was ineffective against the Macedonians—his only exploits it is said were against the allies of Athens, whom he appears to plundered unscrupulously, he was accordingly superseded by Phocion, successful. In 338 BC, Chares was sent to aid Amphissa against Philip, he was defeated by Philip together with Proxenus. Of this defeat, mentioned by Aeschines, Demosthenes in his reply says nothing, but speak


Lemsip is a brand of cold and flu remedies in the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and New Zealand. It is manufactured by the British company Reckitt Benckiser in the United Kingdom, their original and best-known product is a lemon-flavoured hot drink containing 650 mg of paracetamol, 10 mg phenylephrine hydrochloride to help to relieve headache, blocked nose, body aches and pains, a sore throat. In 1995 the Lemsip Max range was launched which included lemon, blackcurrant and "Breathe Easy" hot drink flavours, saw a variety of capsule products added to the range, including Lemsip Max Cold & Flu Capsules; the entire Lemsip Max range contains the maximum level of active ingredients allowed for general sales listing in the UK. In 2016 it was the fourth biggest selling branded over-the-counter medication sold in Great Britain, with sales of £63.9 million. In 2007 Lemsip launched Lemsip Max All In One hot drinks in Lemon, Wild Berry and Hot Orange, Breathe Easy flavours. In 2008 Lemsip launched a Liquid into the Lemsip Max All In One range.

The range contains 200 mg of guaifenesin which helps to relieve chesty cough, in addition to 1000 mg of paracetamol and 12.2 mg of phenylephrine hydrochloride which aims to relieve headache, sore throat, body aches and pains, a blocked nose. The Lemsip range now contains capsules, tablets and hot drink sachets. Possible side effects include hypersensitivity, blood problems or, above the recommended dose and vomiting. Taking Lemsip alongside other medicine containing paracetamol can cause an overdose resulting in serious liver and kidney damage. Lemsip is manufactured in parent company Reckitt Benckiser's Nottingham sites. Official site

Ortrud Oellermann

Ortrud R. Oellermann is a South African mathematician specializing in graph theory, she is a professor of mathematics at the University of Winnipeg. Oellermann was born in Vryheid, she earned a bachelor's degree, cum laude honours, a master's degree at the University of Natal in 1981, 1982, 1983 as a student of Henda Swart. She completed her Ph. D. in 1986 at Western Michigan University. Her dissertation was supervised by Gary Chartrand. Oellermann taught at the University of Durban-Westville, Western Michigan University, University of Natal, Brandon University, before moving to Winnipeg in 1996. At Winnipeg, she was co-chair of mathematics and statistics for 2011–2013. With Gary Chartrand, Oellermann is the author of Algorithmic Graph Theory, she is the author of well-cited research publications on metric dimension of graphs, on distance-based notions of convex hulls in graphs, on irregular graphs in which every vertex has a neighborhood in which all degrees are distinct. The phrase "highly irregular" was a catchphrase of her co-author Yousef Alavi.

In 1991, Oellermann was the winner of the annual Silver British Association Medal of the Southern Africa Association for the Advancement of Science. She won the Meiring Naude Medal of the Royal Society of South Africa in 1994, she was one of three winners of the Hall Medal of the Institute of Combinatorics and its Applications in 1994, the first year the medal was awarded. Home page

Hank Mobley Quintet

Hank Mobley Quintet is an album by jazz saxophonist Hank Mobley released on the Blue Note label in 1957 as BLP 1550. It was recorded on March 8, 1957 and features Mobley, Art Farmer, Doug Watkins, Horace Silver, Art Blakey, it was remastered in 2008 by Rudy Van Gelder. The Allmusic review by Steve Leggett awarded the album 4.5 stars, stating: "Mobley might not have been out there pushing the envelope with his instrument, but here he plays with confidence and lyrical economy, making this one of his best outings." All compositions by Hank Mobley "Funk in Deep Freeze" - 6:50 "Wham and They're Off" - 7:42 "Fin de l'affaire" - 6:39 "Startin' from Scratch" - 6:43 "Stella-Wise" - 7:18 "Base on Balls" - 7:33Only available on CD edition: "Funk in Deep Freeze" - 6:57 "Wham and They're Off" - 7:37 Hank Mobley - tenor saxophone Art Farmer - trumpet Horace Silver - piano Doug Watkins - bass Art Blakey - drums

Electoral district of The Tableland

The Tableland was a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Queensland, Australia. The Tableland was created in the 1931 redistribution, it was based in the Atherton Tableland, west of Cairns. The Tableland was abolished at the 1950 state election, the eastern portion forming the newly recreated district of Mulgrave and the remainder forming part of the enlarged new Electoral district of Tablelands; the following people were elected in the seat of The Tableland: Bruce earlier represented the Electoral district of Kennedy 1923–1932. Electoral districts of Queensland Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly by year Category:Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly by name

Patna Sahib Mahotsav

Patna Sahib Mahotsav, is an annual two-day cultural event at Patna, India. It is organized by the Tourism Department of Government of Bihar, is celebrated around Baisakhi near Takht Sri Patna Sahib, the birthplace of tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh; the first edition of mahotsav was started in 2008 at the Mangal Talab of the Manoj Kamalia Stadium, on the eve of Baisakhi. Since it is an annual event in the calendar of Bihar Government. However, in 2009, the event was not celebrated due to 2009 Indian general election. In 2014, it was rescheduled again due to 2014 Indian general election, after which it was held on 30–31 May and for the first time it was held at Shri Krishna Memorial Hall. Patliputra Natya Mahotsav Rajgir Mahotsav Sonepur Cattle Fair