Tony Banks (musician)
Anthony George Banks is an English musician and film composer known as the keyboardist and founding member of the rock band Genesis. Banks is a prolific solo artist, releasing six solo albums that range through progressive rock and classical music. Banks co-formed Genesis in 1967 while studying at Charterhouse as their keyboardist and one of their principal songwriters and lyricists, he became a prolific user of the Hammond T-102 organ, Mellotron, ARP Pro Soloist and Yamaha CP-70 piano. In the band's earliest years Banks would play acoustic guitar for some of the mellow and pastoral songs. In 2010, Banks was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Genesis. In 2015, he received a Prog God Award at the Progressive Music Awards. Banks is ranked No. 11 on MusicRadar's greatest keyboard players of all time. Anthony George Banks was born on 27 March 1950 in East Hoathly with Halland, East Sussex as the youngest of five children, he cites his mother, a pianist, as being into music, first listened to classical music albums that she owned from around six before he moved to musical theatre compositions by Rodgers and Hammerstein.
Banks's elder brother introduced him to a wider variety, naming "Sixteen Tons" sung by Frankie Laine as one of the songs, said, "By 1961, for the next five to six years, I was music mad!" Banks started piano lessons at school at eight with the headmaster's wife, but did not enjoy tuition at first because he was "quite forced into it" by his parents until he grew to enjoy it. He considered himself an average piano player, learned to recite pieces by Sergei Rachmaninoff and Maurice Ravel, his two favourite piano composers, by ear. At thirteen, he began lessons with an unsuitable teacher who made him lose interest in classical music, but he started to recite songs by ear that he heard on the radio. Months he acquired a new piano teacher who sparked his interest in classical compositions once more, which became a deciding factor for Banks's decision to pursue a career in music. In addition to the piano, Banks taught himself to play the guitar. At seven, Banks began six years of study at Boarzell Preparatory School, a boarding school in Hurst Green.
In September 1963, Banks began study at a private school in Godalming, Surrey. He studied classical piano as an extracurricular subject. Shortly after his arrival he befriended fellow pupil and future Genesis bandmate Peter Gabriel over their general distaste for the school's environment, they went on to play in a school band with drummer Chris Stewart. In early 1967, they merged with guitarists Mike Rutherford and Anthony Phillips, two members of Anon, another school band, to record a series of demos which led to the formation of their new band, Genesis. Banks planned to study mathematics in higher education. After leaving Charterhouse, Banks began studying chemistry at Sussex University but soon switched to physics and philosophy. After a year at Sussex, he took a leave of absence in 1969 to explore a career with Genesis as the group had split but decided to reform and become a full-time professional band. Banks never returned to university. Banks's elaborate arrangements and keyboard solos – such as the piano introduction to "Firth of Fifth" and the instrumental sections of "The Cinema Show", "Watcher of the Skies", "Supper's Ready" – helped to establish Genesis's sound.
In addition to playing keyboards, Banks contributed to Genesis's 12-string acoustic passages in songs such as "The Musical Box", "Entangled", "The Cinema Show", the beginning part of "Supper's Ready". Banks was an occasional back-up vocalist and sang co-lead vocals on "Shepherd", an unreleased track from 1970 which surfaced on the Genesis Archive 1967–75 boxed set. Notable Banks-penned Genesis songs include "Mad Man Moon", "One for the Vine" and the anthemic ballad "Afterglow", which remained a popular coda to the Banks-driven medleys that the group played during live shows for years. In 1997, Banks turned down an invitation to play on Steve Hackett's solo album Genesis Revisited as he disliked going over past material and an appearance would have added confusion to the fact Genesis were close to putting out Calling All Stations. After Genesis split in 1998, Banks's career stagnated, he considered retirement from music, it was during this time that he began composing, titling an early piece "Black Down" which led to his decision to pursue orchestra composition.
Banks first thought following Gabriel's departure from Genesis. He had a group of songs in development at the time which were used on A Trick of the Tail, their first album recorded without Gabriel, including "Mad Man Moon" and sections of "Entangled" and "Ripples". In 1979, after Genesis had entered a break in activity and Rutherford travelled to Polar Studios in Stockholm and recorded their first studio albums. Banks's album, A Curious Feeling, was released first in October of that year, it was meant to be based and titled after the short story Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes, Banks had written a complete set of lyrics for the story, but shelved the idea after he was made aware of an upcoming musical about the book. In addition to keyboards Banks plays the guitar and bass as he wanted the album to be "As personal as possible", he enlisted Kim Beacon of String Driven Thing as vocalist. In June 1983, Banks released The Fugitive, it remains his only album to feature himself as lead vocalist, considered it after recording guide vocals for Collins to sing for "Me and Sarah Jane" and "Keep It Dark" on the Genesis album Abacab.
Banks has empl
ABC Records was an American record label founded in New York City in 1955. It originated. Am-Par created the Impulse! Jazz label in 1960, it acquired many labels before ABC was sold to MCA Records in 1979. ABC produced music in a variety of genres: pop, jazz, country and blues, soundtrack and polka. In addition to producing records, ABC licensed masters from independent record producers, purchased regionally released records for national distribution. American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres is an antecedent of the American Broadcasting Company, it evolved from federal antitrust actions taken against the movie studios and broadcasting companies in the 1940s and early 1950s. In 1943 the Federal Communications Commission took action against anti-competitive practices, one of which forced the Radio Corporation of America to sell the Blue Network, the sister network of NBC Red Network. Blue was purchased by the businessman Edward J. Noble, he changed its name to the American Broadcasting Company in 1946.
In 1953 ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, the divested former exhibition/cinema division of Paramount Pictures. The newly merged corporation was chaired by former Paramount Theaters executive Leonard Goldenson and was headquartered at 1501 Broadway in New York City, above the Paramount Theater in Times Square. American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres formed a records division in 1955 with Samuel H. Clark as its first president; the division was incorporated on June 1955 as Am-Par Record Corporation. By August 1955, the unit was organized with PAMCO as subsidiary publishing units. Eydie Gorme was the company's first signed artist; the company recorded its first single record, "Sincerely Yours" and "Come Home", both by Gorme. Alec Templeton's "Smart Alec" was the company's first LP recorded in September 1955. One of Gorme's singles was its first release in January 1956. "Chain Gang" by Bobby Scott in February 1956 was the company's first national hit. George Hamilton IV's "A Rose and a Baby Ruth" single was Am-Par's first million-selling single in October 1956.
In 1957, the company had two million-selling single in June with "Diana" by Paul Anka and in October with "At the Hop" by Danny & the Juniors. Am-Par Records in May 1958 debut the Apt subsidiary label with its first million-selling single, "Little Star" by the Elegants, released the same month. Chancellor Records started a trend. Chancellor had its first million-selling single in October 1958 with Lloyd Price's "Stagger Lee". Am-Par Record purchased Grand Award Records including the newly formed Command Records label, in 1959; the company started a second label for jazz, Impulse! Records, in November 1960. Impulse released its first four records were released in January 1961; the company had artists that earned three Grammy Awards in 1960. While in January 1961, the company purchased a classic label, thus Am-Par Record had a label for each music genre. Am-Par Record Corporation was renamed to ABC-Paramount Records, Inc. on December 7, 1961. The company opened a Los Angeles office in January 1962. Ray Charles formed Tangerine Records in March 1962 and arranged for ABC-Paramount to distribute Tangerine's records.
The company formed Jet Record Distributors based in Long Island City, N. Y. as its local distributor. In 1962, the company had acquired Music Guild label and library for Westminster Records. In 1965, Clark was promoted to vice-president in charge of AB-PT's non-broadcast operations. National sales manager Larry Newton was named ABC-Paramount president. On January 4, 1965, vice-president in charge of sales Larry Newton was promoted to president of ABC-Paramount Records; the previous president, Sam Clark was promoted to director of theater operations for American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres. Newton's first action as president was to restart Apt Records as a teen-oriented West Coast base label under Irwin Garr; the label was renamed ABC Records in June 1966. In 1967, Dunhill Records was purchased from Lou Adler. In 1970, ABC and Dunhill moved its headquarters to Los Angeles. Newton was promoted to vice-president in charge of ABC Pictures. Dunhill co-owner Jay Lasker was named president and referred to the combined operations as ABC/Dunhill.
At that time ABC had another five labels: Westminster, Probe and Bluesway. At the August 29, 1970 Directors Guild meeting, ABC/Dunhill launched a number of marketing initiatives; the company planned to have writers create a broader music for the catalog market. Imprints Probe and Apt were relaunched, Probe as an label which held the international rights to ABC's albums and Apt as a label which released budget cassettes and 8-track tapes. Jazz dropped from Impulse's cover for a new slogan: "University Series of Fine Recording" and two new series were launched: Audio Treasury and Westminster Gold for classic and more youth fair respectively. By May 1972, ABC formed the ABC Leisure Group, which included ABC Records, Anchor Records, ABC Records and Tape Sales, plus a new retail record-store division. Lasker left ABC to join Ariola America Records in 1975, he was succeeded by Jerry Rubinstein, who served as company head until 1977. In November 1972, ABC bought country music company Cartwheel Records.
In 1974, ABC switched British distribution from EMI to the EMI-distributed Anchor Records, allowing ABC recordings to be issued on the ABC label in the UK, Anchor records to be distributed by ABC on the Anchor label in the US. As a cost-cutting measure, ABC Records discarded many master tapes in the 1970s to save storage space; when these recordings were reissued on compact disc in the 1980s, CD versions were often
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Nursery Cryme is the third studio album from the English rock band Genesis, released in November 1971 on Charisma Records. It is their first to feature drummer / guitarist Steve Hackett; the album received a mixed response from critics and was not a commercial success. However, the album was successful in Continental Europe Italy. Following extensive touring in support of their previous album Trespass, which included the recruitment of Collins and Hackett, the band began writing and rehearsing for a follow-up in Luxford House, East Sussex, with recording following at Trident Studios. Nursery Cryme saw the band take a more aggressive direction of some songs, with improved drumming; the opening piece, "The Musical Box" combined the band's trademark mix of twelve-string guitars with harsh electric guitars and keyboards. The song, a macabre fairy story set in Victorian Britain, became the inspiration for the album cover, went on to be a live favourite. Collins brought a new dimension to the group, covering the majority of the backing vocals and bringing in a sense of humour on tracks like "Harold The Barrel".
Banks made more prominent use of the Mellotron at Hackett's suggestion and used it prominently on several tracks. The band toured the UK and Europe for one year to promote the album, which raised their profile in both territories; the tour included a successful Italian leg in April 1972, where the group played to enthusiastic crowds. Nursery Cryme was certified Silver by the British Phonographic Industry in 2013. Genesis recorded their first album as a professional outfit, Trespass in June 1970, but afterwards, founding member and guitarist Anthony Phillips quit owing to increased stress and unhappiness in touring; the other founders, singer Peter Gabriel, keyboardist Tony Banks and bassist / guitarist Mike Rutherford split the group up, but decided to carry on and replace drummer John Mayhew with someone, an equal stature to the others, who could write. Phil Collins joined as the new drummer in August becoming an important backing vocalist, but they were unable to find a suitable replacement for Phillips, so they completed the first half of their 1970–1971 tour as a four-piece with Rutherford playing rhythm guitar and bass pedals and Banks playing lead guitar lines on a Pianet through a distorted fuzz box amplifier in addition to his own keyboard parts, something he credits in improving his technique as it required him to play two keyboards simultaneously.
The group felt that Collins' was the best drummer they had worked with at that point, his playing style and musical tastes gave a new dimension to their sound. Some songs were not practical to play live as a four-piece, so they decided to look again for a lead guitarist. In November 1970, Mick Barnard joined the group on recommendation from Friars Aylesbury's David Stopps, "The Musical Box" was added to the live set. However, the rest of the group realised that Barnard was not up to the same standard as the others, they kept a look out for a better player. Genesis recruited Steve Hackett after Gabriel spotted an advert he placed in Melody Maker in December 1970, which read "Imaginative guitarist/writer seeks involvement with receptive musicians, determined to drive beyond existing stagnant music forms", he saw Genesis play a concert at the Lyceum Theatre, London on 28 December, was told by Gabriel that Barnard would have to be replaced. Hackett developed a rapport with Rutherford, sharing their love of twelve-string guitars and new musical ideas, joined the band in early 1971.
With the addition of Hackett, Genesis continued touring which included the "Six Bob Tour" with Lindisfarne and Van der Graaf Generator, their first overseas shows which occurred in Belgium and the first of three appearances at the annual Reading Festival. Early attempts to work on material for their next studio album in what Hackett described as "the odd day in a windy church hall" while on tour were unproductive, causing the group to dedicate time. In July, they began a three-month break from touring to write and record, Hackett's first experience of rehearsing with a group to a professional standard. At the suggestion of Tony Stratton-Smith, the owner of their label Charisma Records, the five retreated to Luxford House, a 16th-century Grade II listed building that he owned in Crowborough, East Sussex; the group nicknamed the house "Toad Hall". The group was apprehensive about writing without Phillips, both Collins and Hackett were unsure of what level of musical contributions they would be able to make.
Hackett was keen to explore new sounds and musical ideas, suggested the group buy a Mellotron, which Banks used as his main instrument, along with the Hammond organ, instead of the piano. Some material had been written when Phillips and Mayhew were still in the band, were reworked by the new members. Collins was happy to jam with anyone at any time. With the new material worked out, Genesis recorded Nursery Cryme at Trident Studios in London in August 1971 with John Anthony as their producer and David Hentschel their assistant engineer who, like Anthony, had worked the same role on Trespass; the album features Hackett playing a Les Paul guitar which the band had bought him with a Hiwatt stack amplifier. He recalled some difficulty in understanding what Banks and Rutherford were talking about as the two had devised their own sayings, for instance a passage that they had played was referred to as a "nice guy". "The Musical Box" was a lengthy piece. A young bo
Probe Records was a sub-label of ABC Records. It was started in 1968 as their label for psychedelic rock and progressive rock,but was deactivated in 1970. Between 1970 and 1974, the label was used for international distribution of material made by ABC and its Dunhill Records subsidiary. Number - Title - Artist CPLP 4500 - The Soft Machine - The Soft Machine CPLP 4501 - The Mystic Number National Bank - The Mystic Number National Bank CPLP 4502 - The Love Songs Of A. Wilbur Meshel - Billy Meshel CPLP 4503 - Guy and David - Guy & David CPLP 4504 - Emerge - The Litter CPLP 4505 - Volume Two - The Soft Machine CPLP 4506 - Over the Hills/Bastich - Saint Steven CPLP 4507 - Morgen - Morgen CPLP 4508 - Reincarnation - Fat City CPLP 4509 - Rock Slides - Scott Bradford CPLP 4510 - Zephyr - Zephyr CPLP 4511 - From Here To There - Frummox CPLP 4512 - White Hot Soul - Dick Jensen CPLP 4513 - The Seven Deadly Sins - Plus CPLP 4514 - Rare Bird - Rare Bird UK: Charisma CAS 1005 CPLP 4515 - The Least We Can Do Is Wave To Each Other - Van der Graaf Generator UK: Charisma CAS 1007 CPLP 4516 - Classical Heads - Joseph Eger UK: Charisma CAS 1008 CPLP 4517 - I Shall Be Released - Freddie Scott List of record labels about Probe Records Probe Records entry at Discogs.com