Charismatic Christianity

Charismatic Christianity is a form of Christianity that emphasizes the work of the Holy Spirit, spiritual gifts, modern-day miracles as an everyday part of a believer's life. Practitioners are called Charismatic Christians or Renewalists. Although there is considerable overlap, Charismatic Christianity is categorized into three separate groups: Pentecostalism, the Charismatic Movement and Neo-charismatic movement; the movement is distinguished from Pentecostalism by not making the speaking in tongues a necessary evidence of Spirit baptism and giving prominence to the diversity of spiritual gifts. According to the Pew Research Center and Charismatic Christians numbered over 584 million or a quarter of the world's 2 billion Christians in 2011; the term charismatic derives from the Greek word χάρισμα charisma. After Pentecostalism and the beginning of the charismatic movement in Easter 1960 in an Episcopal Church in Van Nuys, some evangelical churches decided to follow this movement and take distance from their Pentecostal conventions.

Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa, California is one of the first evangelical charismatic churches started in 1965. In the United Kingdom, Jesus Army, founded in 1969, is an example of the impact outside of the United States. Many other congregations were established in the rest of the world. In 2011, the movement totaled 305 million people. Charismatic Christianity is diverse, it is not defined by acceptance of any particular doctrines, practices, or denominational structures. Rather, renewalists share a spirituality characterized by a worldview where miracles and wonders, other supernatural occurrences are expected to be present in the lives of believers; this includes the presence such as prophecy and healing. While similar in many respects, renewalists do differ in important ways; these differences have led to Charismatic Christianity being categorized into three main groups: Pentecostalism, the Charismatic Movement, Neo-charismatic Movement. Pentecostals are those Christians who identify with the beliefs and practices of classical Pentecostal denominations, such as the Assemblies of God or the Church of God.

Classical Pentecostalism grew out of the holiness movement and developed a distinct identity at the start of the 20th century. At a time when most denominations affirmed cessationism, Pentecostals held that the gifts of the Holy Spirit were being restored to the Christian church; the distinctive doctrine of Pentecostalism is that there is a second work of grace after conversion, which Pentecostals call the baptism in the Holy Spirit, evidenced by speaking in tongues. There are non-trinitarian Oneness Pentecostals, who share such beliefs on the validity of the spiritual gifts in the modern church, but who differ on varying views on the Godhead and teachings on outward holiness. While early Pentecostals were marginalized within the larger Christian community, Pentecostal beliefs began penetrating the mainline Protestant denominations from 1960 onward and the Catholic Church from 1967; this adoption of Pentecostal beliefs by those in the historic churches became known as the charismatic movement.

Charismatics are defined as Christians who share with Pentecostals an emphasis on the gifts of the Spirit but who remain a part of a mainline church. Charismatics are more than Pentecostals to believe that glossolalia is not a necessary evidence of Spirit baptism; this transition occurred following an increased popularity of use of the gifts of spirit during the healing revival period of 1946–1958. Massive interdenominational meetings held by the healing revival evangelists, including William M. Branham, Oral Roberts, A. A. Allen and others, led to increased acceptance; the movement led to the creation of independent evangelical charismatic churches more in tune with this revival of the Holy Spirit. Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa, California is one of the first evangelical charismatic churches in 1965. In United Kingdom, Jesus Army, founded in 1969, is an example of the impact outside the US. Many other congregations were established in the rest of the world. New churches and denominations emerged alongside the Charismatic Movement since 1980 onwards that are termed neo-charismatic.

Being neither Pentecostal nor part of the charismatic movement, they share with these groups a common emphasis on the Holy Spirit, spiritual gifts and Pentecostal experiences. In 2011, there were Charismatic Christians worldwide, they made up 27 percent of all Christians. There were over 300 million Charismatics. Catholic Charismatic Renewal Cessationism versus Continuationism Charismatic Adventism Direct revelation Faith healing Full Gospel Business Men's Fellowship International Latter Rain Latter Rain Christian laying on of hands Montanism - a late 2nd-century, heterodox Christian movement which emphasized sensitivity to the leading of the Holy Spirit Neo-charismatic movement Renewal theologians Slain in the Spirit Word of Knowledge Word of wisdom Xenoglossy Encyclopedic Burgess, Stanley M. ed. and Eduard M. van der Maas, assoc. Ed; the New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements and expanded edition.

Port Hudson Union order of battle

The following is the organization of the Union forces engaged at the Siege of Port Hudson, during the American Civil War in 1863. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. MG = Major General BG = Brigadier General Col = Colonel Ltc = Lieutenant Colonel Maj = Major Cpt = Captain Lt = 1st Lieutenant w = wounded mw = mortally wounded k = killed c = captured MG Nathaniel P. Banks Chief of Staff: BG George L. Andrews until 27 May, BG Charles P. Stone Chief of Artillery: BG Richard Arnold Rear Admiral David G. Farragut

Voluntary CQC Mark Certification

The Voluntary CQC Mark Certification is a voluntary product certification for Chinese products or products that are imported to China. The Voluntary CQC Mark Certification can be applied for products which are not in the China Compulsory Certification product catalogue and thus cannot receive a China Compulsory Certificate; the CQC Mark guarantees the conformity of the product with the Chinese standards regarding safety, quality and energy efficiencies. Products marked with the CQC Mark are less to be detained at Chinese customs. In addition, the CQC Mark raises the competitiveness of a product in the Chinese market; the whole certification process is similar to the Compulsory China Certificate certification process. The Voluntary CQC Mark Certification is conducted by the largest professional certification body CQC, sanctioned by the governmental agency CCIC; the CQC is responsible for the mandated process for manufacturers to receive their CCC certification. The Voluntary CQC Mark Certification product range covers more than 500 products that do not require a mandatory CCC certification.

The following products can receive a CQC Mark, if they do not require a mandatory CCC certification: Electric products and electronic components Household electric appliance accessories Electrical accessories Audio and video apparatus Lighting apparatus and tools Power tools Small and medium-sized electric machines and accessories Medical instruments/Medical devices Household and similar electrical appliances Machines Commercially used machines Electric wires and cables Low voltage apparatus Automotive and motorbike accessories, e.g. tyres Glass Power system relay protection and automation devices Water pumps Electric meters Low voltage apparatus and accessories High voltage equipment and appliances Generator sets Photovoltaic products Motors Additional CQC Certification for CCC certified wires and cables Test and control instruments Earthmoving machineries and accessories Electric vehicle charging stations and plugs Wind power products Thermal energy products Construction materials Textiles Building products Sanitary products Cement products Office equipment Surge protection Light electric vehicles and accessories Electric cars and accessories Bearing products Restriction of Hazardous Substances Certification for non-metallic materials and parts School supplies Certification for the restricted use of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Accumulators and batteries Metal welding and heat treatment Equipment The certification process is similar to the CCC certification process.

With good consultancy, the CQC Mark Certification can be received in 4 months. Self-applicants may take up to 8 months to finish the whole certification procedure; the process includes the following steps: Submission of application documents and supporting materials Type Testing. A CNCA-designated test laboratory in China will test product samples Factory Inspection. CQC will send representatives to inspect the manufacturing facilities Evaluation of the results Approval of the CQC Certificate Receiving the Voluntary CQC Mark Certification Application for Marking Permission at the CNCA Annual Follow-up Factory Inspections by Chinese officials In order to keep the validity of the certification, the CQC certificate and printing permission of the CQC mark must be renewed annually as part of a follow-up certification. Follow-up certifications require a one-day factory inspection; the follow-up procedure is much shorter than the initial certification process. Moreover, it is associated with lower costs.

Depending on the product, the fee charging for the CQC Mark Certification can vary. The following list gives an overview about the costs: Submission fees and administrative charge Charge for type testings in China Factory inspection fees Travel expenses of the Chinese officials that will be sent to inspect the factory Charges for application of Marking Permission at the CNCAAdditional costs: Translator/interpreter fees Product costs for type testings shipping/mail costs Additional fees when type testings are not successful Costs for optional change/extension of certificate Products marked with a CQC Mark enjoy high reputation on the Chinese market, it shows that the product conforms the requirements of the Chinese standards in regard to safety, quality and performance. It will increase the product’s competitiveness in the Chinese and international market, as well facilitates a smoother access of foreign enterprises’ products into the domestic market; the official China Compulsory Certificate product catalogue is going to be extended.

This means that a product that did not require the mandatory CCC Certificate before can fall under the new product range. The Voluntary CQC Mark Certification can be easily changed into a mandatory CCC Certificate which gives the manufacturer huge advantages ahead to his competitors. Common Criteria National Development and Reform Commission Guobiao standards "A Brief Guide to CCC: China Compulsory Certification", Julian Busch, ISBN 978-1484115534 Official CQC website CNCA website