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Charles is a Danish, Finnish, Greenlandic, Norwegian and Welsh masculine given name. It is from the French form Charles of a Germanic name Karl; the original Anglo-Saxon was Ċearl or Ċeorl, as the name of King Cearl of Mercia, that disappeared after the Norman conquest of England. The name was notably borne by Charlemagne, was at the time Latinized as Karolus also as Carolus; the name's etymology is a Common Germanic noun *karlaz meaning "free man", which survives in English as churl, which developed its deprecating sense in the Middle English period. In the form Charles, the initial spelling ch- corresponds to the palatalization of the Latin group ca- to in Central Old French and the final -s to the former subjective case of masculine names in Old French like in Giles or James. According to Julius Pokorny, the historical linguist and Indo-Europeanist, the root meaning of Karl is "old man", from Indo-European *ĝer-, where the ĝ is a palatal consonant, meaning "to rub. An old man is now grey with age.

The name is atypical for Germanic names as it is not composed of two elements, but a noun meaning " man". This meaning of ceorl contrasts with eorl "nobleman" on one hand and with þeow "bondsman, slave" on the other; as such it would not seem a candidate for the name of a Germanic king, but it is attested as such with Cearl of Mercia, the first Mercian king mentioned by Bede in his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum. It is a peculiarity of the Anglo-Saxon royal names that many of the rulers of the earliest period have monothematic names, while the standard dithematic names become universal from the 8th century. Compare the name of king Mul of Kent which translates to "mule". Charles Martel was an illegitimate son of Pepin of Herstal, therefore indeed a "free man", but not of noble rank. After his victory at the Battle of Soissons, Charles Martel styled himself Duke of the Franks. Charles' eldest son was named Carloman, a rare example of the element carl- occurring in a compound name; the Chronicle of Fredegar names an earlier Carloman as the father of Pepin of Landen, thus the great-great-grandfather of the Charles Martel.

This would place the name Carloman in the 6th century, open the possibility that the Frankish name Carl may originate as a short form of Carloman. The only other compound name with the Carl, attested in the 7th century. Charlemagne was Charles Martel's grandson. After Charlemagne's reign, the name became irrevocably connected with him and his Carolingian dynasty. After Charlemagne, the name Charles became the standard word for "king" in Slavic and Hungarian. Charlemagne's son Charles the Younger died without issue, but the name resurfaces within the 9th-century Carolingian family tree, so with Charles the Bald, Charles the Fat Charles of Provence, Charles the Child and Charles the Simple; the name survives into the High Middle Ages. Karl Sverkersson was a king of Sweden in the 12th century, counted as "Charles VII" due to a genealogical fiction of the 17th century by Charles "IX", but the first king of Sweden with this name. Charles resurfaces as a royal name in Germany with Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and in France with Charles IV of France, becomes comparatively widespread in the Late Middle Ages.

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor gives rise to a tradition of Charlses in Habsburg Spain (Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles II of Spain, Charles III of Spain, Charles IV of Spain. The numbering scheme for the kings of Sweden was continued in modern times with Charles X, Charles XI, Charles XII, Charles XIII, Charles XIV and Charles XV. Charles I of England is followed by Charles II of England; the Province of Carolina is named during the rule of Charles II, after Charles I. Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine; this line descended from Infante Carlos, Count of Molina, was founded due to dispute over the succession laws and widespread dissatisfaction with the Alfonsine line of the House of Bourbon. The movement was at its strongest in the 1830s, causing the Carlist Wars, had a revival following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, lasted until the end of the Franco regime in 1975 as a social and political force Charles Floyd was the only casualty in the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

Charles DeRudio was an Italian aristocrat, would-be assassin of Napoleon III, a career U. S. Army officer who fought in the 7th U. S. Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Charles Albert Varnum was the commander of the scouts in the Little Bighorn Campa

Gregory Pikus

Gregory Evgenievich Pikus was a prominent Soviet theoretical physicist whose contributions influenced developing physics of semiconductors. Among his most fundamental contributions are development of the method of invariants in band theory of solids, the Bir-Aronov-Pikus mechanism of spin relaxation of electrons, prediction of the circular photogalvanic effect, theory of weak localization in noncentrosymmetric structures, his three monographs reflect the focus points of the theory of semiconductors during the second half of 20th century from transistors to band theory to properties to artificial nanostructures. Pikus was born in Moscow but afterwards the family moved to Minsk where he graduated from high school. After the graduation, he became a student in the physical-engineering department of Leningrad Polytechnic University in the fall of 1940. Two events overshadowed young years of his life. During the Great Terror of the late 1930s Pikus lost his family, after the Nazi invasion of USSR in the summer 1941 Pikus volunteered to the Army which resulted in long break in his education.

He received high military honors for his service. In 1947 Pikus resumed his education in Leningrad Polytechnic University. After the graduation in 1951 he was directed for work at an electronic factory in Novosibirsk. During the Thaw that followed Stalin’s death, Abram Ioffe established in Leningrad the Institute for Semiconductors and Andrey I. Anselm, a head of the Theoretical Department of the Institute, managed to bring his former student Pikus back to Leningrad; this allowed Pikus to start his research. He worked in the Institute for Semiconductors, after its merging with the A. F. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, in the Ioffe Institute to the rest of his life. Pikus contributed to various areas of physics of semiconductors from optical spectroscopy to charge and spin transport. Distinguishing features of his style were symmetry approach to theoretical problems and close connection to experimental work. Pikis’s deep feeling of the role of symmetry developed during his work with Bir on the effect of anisotropic deformations on energy spectrum and physical propertied of semiconductors, a controversial subject at that time.

In the future, this approach guided prediction of the photogalvanic effect, developing of a nondissipative electric current in homogeneous gyrotropic crystals under illumination of them by circularly polarized light. It was first discovered in bulk Te, crystal with a tricky band structure, became more a powerful tool in physics of nanostructures. Active experimental research on optical orientation in semiconductors performed in the Ioffe Institute attracted Pikus’s attention and resulted in the Bir-Aronov-Pikus mechanism of spin relaxation and prediction of optical alignment of excitons. In the late period of his life, Pikus concentrated on developing a consistent theory of the weak localization corrections to magnetoconductivity of spin-orbit coupled media. Around Pikus grew a new generation of young theorists including such prominent researchers as Gennady Bir, Arkady Aronov, Eugene Ivchenko. Pikus was awarded the Ioffe Prize of the Academy of Sciences, USSR State Prize, the Hanle Prize of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

A. F. Ioffe Institute held in 2013 an all-Russia Seminar in commemoration of Pikus’s 90th birthday. Anomalous photovoltaic effect Arkady Aronov Exciton Spin-orbit coupling Kohn, W.. "Grigory Ezekielevich Pikus". Physics Today. 52: 91–93. Doi:10.1063/1.882676. Symmetry and Physics. Preservation through Development, A seminar held in memory of 90th birthday of G. E. Pikus, G. L. Bir, A. G. Aronov, G. E. Pikus, Spin relaxation of electrons scattered by holes, Soviet Physics JETP 42, 705.. Http:// E. L. Ivchenko and G. Pikus, New photogalvanic effect in gyrotropic crystals, JETP Lett 27, 604. Http:// V. M. Asnin, A. A. Bakun, A. M. Danishevskii, E. L. Ivchenko, G. E. Pikus, A. A. Rogachev, Circular photogalvanic effect in optically active crystals, Solid State Communications 30, 565. V. I. Belincher and B. I. Sturman, The photogalvanic effect in media lacking a center of symmetry, Sov.

Phys. Usp. 23, 199 E. L. Ivchenko, Yu. B. Lyanda-Geller, G. E. Pikus, Magneto-photogalvanic effects in noncentrosymmetric crystals, Ferroelectrics 83, 19. S. V. Iordanskii, Yu. B. Lyanda-Geller, G. E. Pikus, Weak localization in quantum wells with spin-orbit interaction, JETP Lett. 60, 206. Http:// G. Pikus and A. Titkov, in: Optical Orientation, ed. by F. Mayer and B. Zakharchenya. F. G. Baksht, G. A. Dyuzhev, A. M. Martsinovskiy, B. Ya. Moyzhes, G. E. Pikus, E. B. Sonin, V. G. Yur’yev, Thermionic converters and low-temperature plasma, US Department of Energy

Nicola Fratoianni

Nicola Fratoianni is an Italian politician, member of the Chamber of Deputies. He has been the Secretary of Italian Left from 2017 to 2019. Born in Pisa to parents from Ururi, province of Campobasso, South Italy. Fratoianni is considered the leader of the left-wing faction, which opposed an alliance with the centre-left Democratic Party when it was led by Matteo Renzi. Fratoianni's aim is to create a left-wing party inspired by the Greek Syriza of Alexis Tsipras and the Spanish Podemos of Pablo Iglesias Turrión

Oracle Enterprise Resource Planning Cloud

Oracle Enterprise Resource Planning Cloud is a cloud-based software application suite introduced by Oracle Corporation in 2012. Oracle ERP Cloud manages enterprise functions including accounting, financial management, project management, procurement. Oracle ERP Cloud is an end-to-end Software as a service suite; the suite runs on an Oracle technology stack in Oracle’s cloud centers. Oracle ERP Cloud is accessible through both public and private cloud implementation and supports hybrid deployment. Oracle supplies updates to Oracle ERP Cloud at least twice annually. According to the company’s website, there are nine different software modules that make up the Oracle ERP Cloud suite, namely: Financials Accounting Hub Procurement Project Management Risk Management Enterprise Performance Management AI Apps for ERP Supply Chain Management NetSuiteIn March 2017, Oracle ERP Cloud received HIPAA certification; the software suite is designed to support international enterprise functions and includes multi-GAAP, multi-currency, multi-language, multi-subsidiary capabilities.

Oracle ERP Cloud was based on Oracle Fusion Applications, Oracle’s enterprise resource planning software suite developed for Oracle Fusion Architecture and Oracle Fusion Middleware released in 2011. In June 2012, Oracle CTO and chairman of the board Larry Ellison announced the Oracle ERP Cloud application suite as a part of Oracle Cloud, the company’s broad set of cloud-based applications. Oracle announced preview availability of Oracle ERP Cloud at Oracle OpenWorld 2012. In October 2015, the company reported. On August 2, 2017, Oracle announced Release 13 of Oracle ERP Cloud. In 2017, Oracle CEO Safra Catz announced the availability of Oracle ERP Cloud in India to assist the country in preparation of its Goods and Services tax reforms. In March 2017, Oracle reported that Oracle ERP Cloud had grown 280% in fiscal quarter 3. In September 2017, it was reported Oracle’s cloud ERP business grew 156% in first quarter 2017-18 and had reached an annual run rate of $1.2 billion. Oracle ERP Cloud is available in South America, Asia and EMEA regions.

Oracle offers certifications in Software as a Service specializations for Oracle ERP Cloud. Oracle Financials Cloud Oracle Accounting Hub Cloud 2017 Certified Implementation Specialist Oracle Financials Cloud: General Ledger 2017 Certified Implementation Specialist Oracle Financials Cloud: Payables 2017 Certified Implementation Specialist Oracle Financials Cloud: Receivables 2017 Certified Implementation Specialist Oracle Revenue Management Cloud Service 2017 Certified Implementation SpecialistOracle Procurement Cloud Oracle Procurement Cloud 2017 Certified Implementation SpecialistOracle Project Portfolio Management Cloud Oracle Project Portfolio Management Cloud 2017 Certified Implementation SpecialistOracle Risk Management Cloud Oracle Financial Reporting Compliance Cloud 2017 Certified Implementation Specialist Bank of AmericaThomson ReutersQantas Blue Shield of California Office for National StatisticsHearst Wake Forest Baptist Medical CenterHealth Care Service Corporation Carbon HM Treasury PrimeQ Caesar Entertainment The College of New Jersey Shawnee State University Birmingham City University University of Wyoming Boise State University MIT University of Kansas Vanderbilt University Stanford University San Bernardino Community College Azim Premji University Oracle OpenWorld is an annual technology conference hosted by Oracle and has featured announcements of updates to Oracle ERP Cloud.

COLLABORATE is an annual technology forum hosted by independent Oracle users groups, including the International Oracle Users Group, the Oracle Applications Users Group, Quest Oracle Community, that provides training for Oracle products including Oracle ERP Cloud. In 2017, Oracle ERP Cloud was listed as a leader in Gartner’s “Magic Quadrant for Cloud Core Financial Management Suites for Midsize and Global Enterprises.” The product was positioned the highest for both completeness of ability to execute. Enterprise software Official website

Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital

The Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, is a large teaching hospital situated in Exeter, England. The hospital has two sites, situated in Wonford and Heavitree, is part of the Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust; the hospital is used for the clinical training of medical students from the University of Plymouth and the University of Exeter. In the mid-18th century, Alured Clarke, the newly appointed Dean of Exeter who had helped with the establishment of a cottage hospital in Winchester, proposed the idea of a new hospital in Exeter to local gentlemen. Through their funding, construction of the new hospital in the city centre area of Southernhay was completed and the hospital opened in 1743. In 1899, George V the Duke of York, his wife visited the hospital and granted it permission to use the "Royal" title. Despite the city being subjected to air raids during the Second World War, the hospital escaped damage. In 1948 it became part of the newly formed National Health Service; the hospital moved to a new building on the Wonford site in 1974.

In 1985, the building was found to have concrete cancer. The replacement buildings were built over several phases with the first phase being completed in 1992, the second phase being completed in 1996, the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry opening in 2004 and a new maternity and gynaecology unit, known as the "centre for women's health", opening at Wonford in 2007; the hospital is a large hospital, set across two sites in Wonford and Heavitree. Notable births include: Luke Treadaway and Harry Treadaway - actors Bradley James - actor in the TV Series Merlin List of hospitals in England Official website Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital Site Summary Information on the website Patient services available at the Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital

The Passage (Battlestar Galactica)

"The Passage" is the tenth episode of the third season from the science fiction television series Battlestar Galactica. It aired on December 8, 2006; the fleet's food supply has been contaminated, forcing everyone to subsist on dwindling food rations. Athena, doing reconnaissance, discovers a planet where abundant algae is found that can be used as a nutritious, if unappetizing, food source; the planet is located on the other side of a vast radioactive star cluster, too big to go around. The fleet must cross the risk starvation; because of the size of the cluster, each ship must jump to a point within it before jumping again to the planet. Admiral Adama proposes that each civilian ship be paired with a Raptor, which will serve as a guide for each ship and direct it safely towards the algae planet; each pilot is issued a white radiation warning badge which turns solid black when the pilot has been exposed to their maximum safe level of radiation. At that point that pilot is to be pulled off the operation.

Following the strategy meeting, Kat is approached by a disheveled-looking man named Enzo who addresses her as "Sasha", the man tells her she cannot deny who she is. Enzo continues to harass her, trying to get her to cooperate in some unnamed and criminal activity, it is evident. Starbuck spies on one of their conversations, questions Enzo and confronts Kat about what she heard. Kat tearfully admits she was once a "trucker" — a smuggler of drugs and of criminals, says she stole the identity of a woman who had died just prior to the Cylon attack on the Colonies. Starbuck says one theory behind the success of the Cylon attack was that the Cylons might have infiltrated Caprica with aid from smugglers like Kat. Shaken by the insinuation she is a traitor, Kat retorts at the time the Colonials didn't know some Cylons had human appearances. If any were Cylons, she wasn't aware, begs Starbuck not to tell Admiral Adama. Kat tells Starbuck. Inside the Cylon fleet, Gaius Baltar grows concerned about the strange behavior of a Number Three.

Wondering what she could be up to, he learns from Number Six that her behavior is causing concern among the other Cylons as well. Baltar confronts Three, learning that she keeps committing suicide and resurrecting and over again. Three says that during her resurrections, she sees the five humanoid Cylons that have yet to be revealed drawing pictures of them. Baltar, still wondering if he could be a Cylon himself, asks if he is one of the remaining five, but Three says her visions are muddled and she can give no further details. Back at the Colonial fleet, many of Galactica's pilots help execute Apollo's plan; as the mission proceeds, the pilots become more and more fatigued and sickened by the intense radiation. Kat in particular is traumatized by the loss of the Adriatic and the Carina. Kat is plunged into a deep state of depression from a combination of guilt about her false identity, the loss of the ships, the physical and psychological stresses of flying through the cluster itself. In her depression, she uses it to replace her own black one.

She conceals that her hair has started to fall out due to overexposure to radiation. Kat makes one last attempt to guide a civilian ship; this time, like the others, the civilian ship goes adrift and becomes hidden by the brilliant light of the cluster. The mid-cluster jump point becomes unstable and more lethal, prompting Admiral Adama to order all Raptors to jump to the planet, whether or not they have located their associated civilian ship. Kat vows not to disobeys the order. In her persistent efforts to locate the lost ship, she is exposed to a lethal dose of radiation, she guides the ship to the algae planet. When she returns to Galactica, she is greeted with a round of applause from Adama and much of the Galactica crew, Starbuck included. However, she collapses as soon. Back on the Cylon Basestar and Baltar visit the Basestar's hybrid. Believing every cryptic word the Hybrid utters has meaning, Baltar gets close to her to listen. Against Three's advice, Baltar tries to touch the Hybrid, who grabs Baltar's arm and tells him to find "a hand that lies in the shadow of the light in the eye of the husband of the eye of the cow" before falling back in silence.

Baltar and Three try to interpret her oracular words determining that the eye of the cow is a reference to "cow-eyed" Hera. Hera's husband is the god Jupiter, the two conclude the "Eye of Jupiter" is a planet in the shadow of a star cluster - another clue to the location of Earth. Baltar speculates. Back at the Colonial fleet, orbiting a planet in the shadow of a star cluster, Starbuck visits the dying Kat in sickbay in remorse over her earlier words to her, she gives Kat a bottle of sleeping pills, "just in case she needs them". Admiral Adama visits Kat and tells her that he is promoting her again to CAG. Kat is hesitant to accept, tells Adama that there is something about her that he should know. Adama just says that whatever she was going to say wouldn't change what she had accomplished; the scene changes to a briefing room. All of the Galactica's pilots are gathered in front of a chart listing the command structure of the flight group; the pilots somberly watch as Admiral Adama swaps Kat's name with Apollo's, so making her the CAG.

Starbuck is shown, trying to hold back tears as she affixes Kat's pictu