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Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery

Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery KT PC FRS was an English nobleman and patron of the sciences. The second son of Roger Boyle, 2nd Earl of Orrery, his wife Lady Mary Sackville, daughter of Richard Sackville, 5th Earl of Dorset, he was born at Little Chelsea, London, he was educated at Christ Church and soon distinguished himself by his learning and abilities. Like the first earl, he was an author and statesman, he translated Plutarch's life of Lysander, published an edition of the epistles of Phalaris, which engaged him in the famous controversy with Bentley. He was a member of the Irish Parliament and sat for Charleville between 1695 and 1699, he was three times member for the town of Huntingdon. He entered the army, in 1709 was raised to the rank of major-general, sworn one of Her Majesty's Privy Council, he was appointed to the Order of the Thistle and appointed queen's envoy to the states of Brabant and Flanders. He inherited the estate in 1714. Boyle became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1706.

In 1713, under the patronage of Boyle, clockmaker George Graham created the first mechanical solar system model that could demonstrate proportional motion of the planets around the Sun. The device was named the orrery in the Earl's honour. Charles Boyle received several additional honours in the reign of George I. On a subsequent inquiry he was discharged. Boyle wrote a comedy, As you find it, printed in 1703 and published together with the plays of the first earl. In 1728, he was listed as one of the subscribers to the Cyclopaedia of Ephraim Chambers. Boyle was buried in Westminster Abbey, he bequeathed his personal library and collection of scientific instruments to Christ Church Library. His son John, the 5th Earl of Orrery, succeeded to the earldom of Cork on the failure of the elder branch of the Boyle family, as earl of Cork and Orrery; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Orrery, Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica.

20. Cambridge University Press. P. 329. Smith, Lawrence Berkley. Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery, 1674-1731 Ph. D. dissertation, University of Edinburgh, 1994. Portrait at the National Portrait Gallery, London

Time Travel Is Lonely

Time Travel Is Lonely is the second album by John Vanderslice, released in 2001. Time Travel Is Lonely is a concept album about Vanderslice's fictional brother Jesse Vanderslice as he succumbs to polar madness while living in Antarctica. In the track "Do You Remember," Vanderslice imagines different possible outcomes for the famous Chinese rebel who held back tanks while protesting for Democracy at Tiananmen Square; the song "Interlude 2" is based on the 1st Prelude in C from Bach's Well Tempered Clavier. "You Were My Fiji" "Keep the Dream Alive" "Little Boy Lost" "Interlude 1" "Everything Changed" "My Old Flame" "Interlude 3" "Time Travel Is Lonely" "If I Live or If I Die" "Emma Pearl" "Interlude 2" "Do You Remember" "Gainesville, Fla"

Triple crown of bridge

The triple crown of bridge is a career achievement in duplicate bridge, namely winning the three marquee Open world championships conducted by the World Bridge Federation. The Bermuda Bowl is now contested by national teams in odd-number years; the Olympiad Open Teams, contested by national teams in Olympic years, has been incorporated in the World Mind Sports Games. The Olympiad Open Pairs, now World Open Pairs Championship, is contested in non-Olympic even-number years; the Bermuda Bowl was inaugurated in 1950, eight years before the World Bridge Federation was established with the general purpose to conduct world championships at bridge. There were 23 renditions to 1977; the Teams and Pairs "Olympiads", as they were both called when inaugurated by the WBF in 1960 and 1962, have always been quadrennial. Pierre Jaïs and Roger Trézel of France won both of the inaugural Olympiads. Ten players have accomplished the feat, although two of them were convicted of cheating in 2016 and banned for life from playing with each other.

Bold highlights the year. These ten players have all achieved the triple crown playing together, in five partnerships; that need not be so. Indeed, the World Open Pairs is not restricted to entries by two players who are from the same bridge nation, although most entries are from one nation, as are most established partnerships. Marcelo Branco alone first achieved the triple crown before he and one partner achieved it playing together—one year earlier. No one has achieved this triple crown in three years, possible from any even-number year to the next. Fulvio Fantoni and Claudio Nunes first achieved it in the four-year span, in 2002 and 2004–2005. In 2006, as defending champions in the quadrennial World Open Pairs Championship, a win would have secured "Fantunes" a consecutive triple crown, they finished third, the closest for any pair to defend its Pairs title.^ Fulvio Fantoni and Claudio Nunes were found cheating, are barred from play by multiple bridge associations. There are parallel events restricted to Women, contested in the same WBF meets.

That has been true from the original Olympiad Teams and Pairs tournaments in 1960 and 1962, from 1985 for the Venice Cup alongside the Bermuda Bowl. The Venice Cup trophy was first contested in 1974, first as a WBF world championship in 1978 A single world championship meet, with events for Open and Women teams, was conducted by the International Bridge League in 1937. Austria was a double winner and one of its women players, Rixi Scharfstein, completed a unique triple crown in the 1960s. Now Rixi Markus of Great Britain, she won the inaugural Olympiad Pairs in 1962 and Olympiad Teams in 1964. Markus and her regular partner Fritzi Gordon were on the 1976 Great Britain team that finished second for the Venice Cup when it was contested for the second time, they won the Mixed Teams world championship at the first Olympiad Pairs meet in 1962, an event, not repeated. Manley, Brent; the Official Encyclopedia of Bridge - Biographies and Results. Horn Lake, MS: American Contract Bridge League. ISBN 978-0-939460-99-1

Yellow cab

There are many yellow cab taxicab operators around the world. The original Yellow Cab Company, based in Chicago, was one of the largest taxicab companies in the United States. Yellow cabs date back to at least 1798, when the musical comedy, Cabriolet Jaune, debuted at Paris' Theatre de l’Opera Comique National. Yellow cabs were known in London throughout most of the 1800s. A yellow cab company shook up the New York Cab system in the mid-1880s, offering cheaper, more predictable fares than competitors. One of the first automobile cabs in London, in the 1890s, was a yellow electric automobile; the Yellow Cab Company of Chicago was founded by John D. Hertz in 1907, their specially designed taxicabs were powered by a 4-cylinder Continental engine equipped with a purpose-built taxicab body supplied by the Racine Body Co. of Racine, Wisconsin. According to Yellow Cab Co. tradition, the color yellow was selected by John Hertz as the result of a survey he commissioned at a "local university", which indicated it was the easiest color to spot.

However, "he was not the first taxicab operator to use that color and the university study to which B. C. Forbes refers has yet to be discovered."In 1908, Albert Rockwell and General Manager of the New Departure Manufacturing Co. of Bristol, traveled to Europe to evaluate their taxi systems, hoping to develop a similar one in Washington, D. C. Ernest Wyckoff, Alfred Church and Clarence Partridge, well-known automobile dealers in New York, had a number of orange-yellow colored Rockwell taxicabs operating on Manhattan streets in 1909. By March 1910, the Connecticut Cab Co. assumed operating control of Wyckoff and Partridge's taxis. The Yellow Taxicab Co. was incorporated in New York on April 4, 1912. Its fares that year started at 50¢/mile. Among its directors and major stockholders were Albert Rockwell and the Connecticut Cab Co. Shortly after incorporation the Yellow Taxicab Co. merged with the Cab and Taxi Co. and with the strength of Connecticut Cab Co. behind them, the young business assumed a large share of the New York market.

Its independent corporate life was short, however, as fare wars and regulations forced a merger with the Mason-Seaman Transportation Co. on March 3, 1914. Shortly after, an injunction was filed by the company, seeking to restrain the city from enforcing the Public Hack ordinances, but it was rejected on appeal. By 1916, the company was being held in receivership, due to suits by numerous creditors; the Yellow Cab Manufacturing Company was formed in 1920. In 2017, a study showed that the color yellow, for taxis, was more noticeable, resulting in 9% fewer accidents; the Yellow Cab Group operates in Queensland and Tasmania. Yellow Cabs operate in Melbourne. There all taxi companies have yellow-painted cabs. Yellow and Coastal Cabs are in Western Australia; the Yellow Cab Company of Vancouver, British Columbia was founded in 1921. Yellow Cab Company of Toronto, Ontario. Yellow Cab of Burlington, Ontario. Yellow Cab of Edmonton, Alberta was purchased and given the Yellow name in 1945. Yellow Cab of Halifax, is the largest Yellow Cab brand in Atlantic Canada.

Yellow Cab of Victoria, British Columbia Empress Taxi. Yellow Cab of Hyderabad, India. New Yellow Taxi company based in Russia. ComfortDelGro in Singapore; the Yellow Cab Company of Baltimore, was founded in 1909. It is owned by Transdev. Yellow Checker Cab of Peoria, was founded in 1922 and is the largest taxi fleet in downstate Illinois. Yellow Cab Co. in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma was founded in 1918. It became the Yellow Roadway, a major U. S. truck operator. The Yellow Cab Cooperative of San Francisco, was founded on November 8, 1977, succeeding a failed private company. Yellow Cab of San Diego, has been in continuous operation since the 1920s. Yellow Cab of San Diego has since sold all of its vehicles. California Yellow Cab, serving Orange County, has been in operation for over 60 years, it is owned by Keolis. Yellow Cab of Arizona, founded in 1967, serving the entire state of Arizona. Yellow Cab Co of Bay Area Peter Pan Bus Lines was founded as Yellow Cab Air Line in Springfield, purchased in 1933 by Peter Carmen Picknelly Louisville Transportation Company of Louisville, operates as Yellow Cab as well as Checker Cab and Cardinal Cab.

Yellow Cab of Louisville has been in continuous operation since 1893, when it was founded as Louisville Carriage Company. Yellow Cab Of Buffalo, New York is part of Liberty Cab. Los Angeles Yellow Cab A movie, The Yellow Cab Man, stars Red Skelton. Taxicabs of New York City Taxicabs of the United States "Broadway Dealers Enter Taxicab Field" From The Commercial Vehicle, May 1909 Why does every city seem to have a Yellow Cab company? - Cecil Adams, Chicago Reader Yellow Cab Comprehensive article on Yellow Cab Celebrates 50 Years of "Service to the Public", published in Trips'n' Tips March 1965

1878 Birthday Honours

The 1878 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of the Queen, were published in The London Gazette in May 1878; the recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, arranged by honour, with classes and divisions as appropriate. The Right Honourable Thomas George, Lord Northbrook Her Majesty's Viceroy and Governor-General of India, by the names and titles of Viscount Baring, of Lee, in the county of Kent, Earl of Northbrook, in the county of Southampton The Right Honourable Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere of Wimbledon, in the County of Surrey Thomas Elder, Member of the Legislative Council of the Colony of South Australia Salvatore Naudi, Doctor of Laws, Judge of the Court of Appeal of the Island of Malta Edward Eyre Williams, late Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of the Colony of Victoria Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere Charles, Lord Suffield, of the Household of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales The Honourable Ashley Eden Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal Stuart Colvin Bayley Bengal Civil Service, Secretary to the Government of Bengal in the Judicial and Political Departments James Gibbs, Bombay Civil Service, Member of the Council of the Governor of Bombay Colonel Charles James Merriman, Royal Engineers, Superintending Engineer for Irrigation in Sind James Bellett Richey, Bombay Civil Service, Extra First Assistant to the Collector and Magistrate of Kaira for the Panch Mahals Lieutenant-Colonel William Scott Drever, Madras Staff Corps, Madras Town Police John Henry Garstin, Madras Civil Service and Magistrate, South Arcot Robert Davidson, Madras Civil Service and Sessions Judge, Chingleput Charles Alfred Elliott, Bengal Civil Service, Commissioner of Revenue and Circuit, North-Western Provinces Major Colin Campbell Scott Moncrieff, Royal Engineers, Chief Engineer and Coorg Major-General Sir William Francis Drummond Jervois Royal Engineers, Governor of the Colony of South Australia Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt Member of the Halifax Fisheries Commission Albert Smith, Minister of the Marine for the Dominion of Canada, employed in connection with the Halifax Fisheries Commission Henry Turner Irving Governor of the Island of Trinidad Sanford Freeling Governor of the Gold Coast Colony Sir James Milne Wilson Premier of the Colony of Tasmania, now President of the Legislative Council of that Colony John Hay, President of the Legislative Council of the Colony of New South Wales Archibald Michie Attorney-General and Minister of Justice in the Colony of Victoria, now Agent-General in England for that Colony Frederick B. T. Carter, late Premier and Attorney-General of the Island of Newfoundland Anthony O'Grady Lefroy, Treasurer of the Colony of Western Australia Doctor Francis Reid, Chief Medical Officer of the Island of Mauritius George Henry Kendrick Thwaites, Director of the Botanical Gardens in the Island of Ceylon Colonel William Acland Douglas Anderson, in Command of the Local Military Forces in the Colony of Victoria Henry Halloran, Principal Under-Secretary for the Colony of New South Wales Timothy Darling, Senior Unofficial Member of the Executive Council of the Bahama Islands Colville Arthur Durell Barclay of Mauritius, Auditor-General of the Island of Ceylon Colonel George Pomeroy Colley for services in Natal and South Africa Captain Francis W. Sullivan Commodore on the Cape and African Station Captain Warren, Royal Engineers, Boundary Commissioner, Griqualand West Captain Matthew J. Blyth, Resident Magistrate, Griqualand East Captain Charles Mills, Assistant Colonial Secretary, Cape of Good Hope

Robyn Thorn

Robyn Jean Thorn known by her married name Robyn Nock, is an Australian former freestyle swimmer who won the silver medal in the 4×100-metre freestyle relay at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Coming from Kingaroy, Thorn spent the majority of her career in the shadow of fellow Australian Dawn Fraser. Making her debut in the 1962 Commonwealth Games in Perth, Western Australia, Thorn was part of the winning 4×110-yard freestyle relay team, won silver in the corresponding individual event behind Fraser. Two years in Tokyo, Thorn was a semifinalist in the 100-metre freestyle, won by Fraser, she combined with Fraser, Lyn Bell and Janice Murphy to finish second, 3.1 seconds behind the United States. List of Olympic medalists in Malcolm. Australia at the Olympic Games. Sydney, New South Wales: ABC Books. P. 434. ISBN 0-7333-0884-8. Evans, Hilary. "Robyn Thorn". Olympics at Sports Reference LLC