Henry Charles Bukowski was a German-American poet and short story writer. His writing was influenced by the social and economic ambiance of his home city of Los Angeles, his work addresses the ordinary lives of poor Americans, the act of writing, relationships with women, the drudgery of work. Bukowski wrote thousands of poems, hundreds of short stories and six novels publishing over 60 books; the FBI kept a file on him as a result of his column Notes of a Dirty Old Man in the LA underground newspaper Open City. Bukowski published extensively in small literary magazines and with small presses beginning in the early 1940s and continuing on through the early 1990s; as noted by one reviewer, "Bukowski continued to be, thanks to his antics and deliberate clownish performances, the king of the underground and the epitome of the littles in the ensuing decades, stressing his loyalty to those small press editors who had first championed his work and consolidating his presence in new ventures such as the New York Quarterly, Chiron Review, or Slipstream."
Some of these works include his Poems Written Before Jumping Out of an 8 Story Window, published by his friend and fellow poet Charles Potts, better known works such as Burning in Water, Drowning in Flame. These poems and stories were republished by John Martin's Black Sparrow Press as collected volumes of his work. In 1986 Time called Bukowski a "laureate of American lowlife". Regarding Bukowski's enduring popular appeal, Adam Kirsch of The New Yorker wrote, "the secret of Bukowski's appeal... he combines the confessional poet's promise of intimacy with the larger-than-life aplomb of a pulp-fiction hero."Since his death in 1994, Bukowski has been the subject of a number of critical articles and books about both his life and writings, despite his work having received little attention from academic critics in the United States during his lifetime. In contrast, Bukowski enjoyed extraordinary fame in Europe in Germany, the place of his birth. Bukowski was born Heinrich Karl Bukowski in Andernach, Rhine Province, Weimar Republic to Heinrich Bukowski, a German-American in the U.
S. army of occupation after World War I who remained in Germany after his army service, Katharina. His paternal grandfather Leonard Bukowski had moved to the United States from the German Empire in the 1880s. In Cleveland, Leonard met an ethnic German, who had emigrated from Danzig, Prussia, they settled in Pasadena. He worked as a successful carpenter; the couple had four children, including Charles Bukowski's father. His mother, Katharina Bukowski was the daughter of Wilhelm Fett and Nannette Israel, of Jewish origin. Bukowski assumed his paternal ancestor had moved from Poland to Germany around 1780 as "Bukowski" is a Polish last name; as far back as Bukowski could trace his whole family was German. Bukowski's parents met in Andernach in Germany following World War I; the poet's father was German-American and a sergeant in the United States Army serving in Germany following Germany's defeat in 1918. He had an affair with Katharina, a German friend's sister, she became pregnant. Charles Bukowski claimed to be born out of wedlock, but Andernach marital records indicate that his parents married one month before his birth.
Afterwards, Henry Bukowski became a building contractor, set to make great financial gains in the aftermath of the war, after two years moved the family to Pfaffendorf. However, given the crippling reparations being required of Germany, which led to a stagnant economy and high levels of inflation, Henry Bukowski was unable to make a living, so he decided to move the family to the United States. On April 23, 1923, they sailed from Bremerhaven to Baltimore, where they settled; the family moved to Mid-City, Los Angeles, US in 1930, the city where Charles Bukowski's father and grandfather had worked and lived. Young Charles spoke English with a strong German accent and was taunted by his childhood playmates with the epithet "Heini," German diminutive of Heinrich, in his early youth. In the 1930s the poet's father was unemployed. In the autobiographical Ham on Rye Charles Bukowski says that, with his mother's acquiescence, his father was abusive, both physically and mentally, beating his son for the smallest imagined offense.
During his youth, Bukowski was shy and withdrawn, a condition exacerbated during his teen years by an extreme case of acne. Neighborhood children ridiculed his German accent and the clothing his parents made. In Bukowski: Born Into This, a 2003 film, Bukowski states that his father beat him with a razor strop three times a week from the ages of six to 11 years, he says. The depression bolstered his rage as he grew, gave him much of his voice and material for his writings. In his early teen years, Bukowski had an epiphany when he was introduced to alcohol by his loyal friend William "Baldy" Mullinax, depicted as "Eli LaCrosse" in Ham on Rye, son of an alcoholic surgeon. "This is going to help me for a long time," he wrote, describing a method he could use to come to more amicable terms with his own life. After graduating from Los Angeles High School, Bukowski attended Los Angeles City College for two years, taking courses in art and literature, before quitting at the start of World War II, he moved to New York to begin a career as a financially pinched blue-collar worke
The Queensland Legislative Council was the upper house of the parliament in the Australian state of Queensland. It was a nominated body which first took office on 1 May 1860, it was abolished by the Constitution Amendment Act 1921, which took effect on 23 March 1922. The Legislative Assembly of Queensland is the only unicameral state Parliament in Australia. Two territories, the Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory maintain unicameral parliaments. Most of the early members of the Council came from wealthy families, were well educated and were born in England. Absenteeism was a problem in the early years, with some members returning to England, being absent for several years; the Legislative Council was seen by the Labor Party as undemocratic and a tool of patronage, upon the establishment of a secure Labor majority in the Assembly in 1915, Labor sought the house's abolition. Bills for this purpose were rejected by the Council itself in 1915 and 1916, a referendum failed on 5 May 1917 on a vote of 179,105 to 116,196.
In 1920, the Government under Premier Ted Theodore changed tack, persuading the Governor of Queensland to appoint additional Labor members of the Council, thus securing a majority in that Chamber. The abolition bill was passed by the Assembly on a 51–15 vote on 24 October 1921; the bill was introduced to the Council by the leader of the Government in the Council, Alfred James Jones, who remarked, "Until we had a majority here, was obstructive, now that we have a majority here it is useless." However, Opposition councillor Patrick Leahy protested that the abolition of the chamber would result in the Assembly being "able to do what it thinks fit" and becoming unaccountable. On 26 October 1921, the Council voted itself out of existence; the Council rose for the last time at 8:37 p.m. the next evening. The non-Labor parties petitioned the British Government, but the Colonial Secretary, Winston Churchill, concluded that the matter was "essentially one for determination locally", the Governor felt "unable to say that there is evidence of any strong or widespread feeling in the country against this assent being given."
Royal Assent was given on 3 March 1922, the Act was proclaimed in the Government Gazette 20 days abolishing the Council. Labor's view was summed up in 1980 by Labor politician and historian Dr Denis Murphy, who claimed the "dominance of wealth and property over the Queensland parliament" was broken. However, some scholars and political commentators have argued that the excesses of the Bjelke-Petersen years in Queensland were only possible because of the absence of a house of review, that the problem was not the Council itself but its existence as a nominated rather than elected body Several independents have at various times supported the reintroduction of an upper house; the Queensland Greens support the reintroduction of an upper house elected by proportional representation. Neither major party supports the reintroduction of an upper house. Members of the Queensland Legislative Council by year Category:Members of the Queensland Legislative Council by name Griffith, Gareth. State Upper Houses in Australia.
New South Wales Parliamentary Library Service. Constitution Act Amendment Act of 1921 Factsheet - Abolition of the Legislative Council Aroney, Nicholas. "An upper house for Queensland: an idea whose time has come". Democratic Audit of Australia. Retrieved 25 April 2009
"A luta é alegria" was the Portuguese entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 in Germany, performed by Homens da Luta. It was chosen for Eurovision by winning the Festival da Canção 2011 on 5 March 2011. However, it did not progress beyond the semi-final. "A luta é alegria" was composed by Vasco Duarte. The song incorporates folk music style; the song refers to the struggle that the people must endure to have their voices heard, by shouting and celebrating on the street. It calls for the union of the people, to sing against reaction. Homens da Luta is a collective of traditional Portuguese music of an interventionist style. Inspired by the musical universe of the period after April 25, 1974, the band is led by the unavoidable Neto and Falâncio, first appeared on TV five years ago in a comedy show. However, soon they were travelling through the cities and villages of Portugal, spreading their music and their sense of humour, they bring "A Luta É Alegria" to the 2011 Eurovision Song Contest, inspired by the tradition of collective singing, so fashionable in Portugal in the late 1970s
Yoel Levi is an Israeli musician and conductor. Born in Romania, Levi grew up in Israel, he studied at the Tel Aviv Academy of Music. He continued studies at the Jerusalem Academy of Music with Mendi Rodan, he studied with Franco Ferrara in Siena and Rome, with Kirill Kondrashin in the Netherlands, at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London. Levi won first prize at the International Conductors Competition in Besançon in 1978, he spent six years with the Cleveland Orchestra, from 1978 to 1984, as assistant conductor to Lorin Maazel, with the title of resident conductor from 1980 to 1984. He became music director of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra in 1988 and held the post until 2000, when he was succeeded by Robert Spano. With the Atlanta Symphony, Levi made several commercial recordings for Telarc, including music of Samuel Barber, Aaron Copland, Miklos Rozsa, Shostakovich. Following his Atlanta music directorship, he held the title of music director emeritus of the Atlanta Symphony from 2000 to 2005.
Outside of the United States, Levi was Principal Conductor of the Brussels Philharmonic from 2001 to 2007. He became principal guest conductor of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra in 2001, the first Israeli with that title. Levi served as Principal Conductor of the Orchestre national d'Île-de-France from 2005 to 2012. In August 2013, Levi was named the next music director and principal conductor of the KBS Symphony Orchestra, effective January 2014, with an initial contract of 2 years. In 1997, Levi was awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts Degree by Oglethorpe University in Atlanta and gave the commencement address. In June 2001, he was named Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French Government. Levi and his wife Jackie Perelman have three sons: Eyal Levi, a musician with the death metal band DÅÅTH. Mahler: Symphony No. 4 Kaylor Management agency biography of Yoel Levi Atlanta Symphony Orchestra page on music directors KBS page on Yoel Levi Hamilton Jordan Jr,'Yoel and Eyal Levi: Maestro and the metal head'.
Creative Loafing website, 30 May 2007
The Ducal Palace of Nevers is a residence castle of the 15th and 16th centuries of the counts and dukes of Nevers. It is classified as a French monument historique in the list of historic monuments of 1840. Considered as the first of the Loire castles with its wide Renaissance façade surrounded by polygon turrets, it was built on the hill overlooking the center of the old town, the Republic Square and a big park. On the underground level, there is an avant-garde museum and a permanent exhibition representing the past and present life of Nevers in a vivid way; this building was constructed for John Clamecy, Count of Nevers, in the place where his old fortress used to be. Two large back towers are known to be the oldest, as the Clèves family in the 16th century rebuilt the castle by adding the splendid staircase, situated in the central turret. There are consistent proportions between slate roofs. From the castle, the long tree-lined esplanade offering a beautiful panorama continues to stretch to the edges of the Loire.
Restored by the order of Pierre Bérégovoy in the 1980s, the palace now houses the town hall, part of the tourist office, exhibition halls, reception, a permanent exhibition on the history and advantages of the city, an aquarium of Loire fish. During the restoration excavations which led to the discovery of many artillery fragments, beautiful pieces of 14th-century artillery were found, which are based in an archaeological deposit in Nevers and are unique in France, it was in front of the Ducal Palace that the President of the Republic François Mitterrand held his famous speech on May 4, 1993 about Pierre Bérégovoy, who had committed suicide on May 1: "All the reasons in the world cannot justify those people who could destroy the honor of a man, his life at the price of a breach of fundamental laws of our Republic which protects the dignity and freedom of everyone of us"
The Merited Journalist of Ukraine award is an honorary title bestowed by Ukraine for "vital contribution" in the country's journalism. The title is awarded by the President of Ukraine and accompanied by a 35 mm × 45 mm silver badge; the honorary title was established by the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR on May 7, 1981. By that time, four republics of the former USSR had established such an award, whereas the Russian SSR hadn't done so until the dissolution of the Soviet Union. From its inception in 1981, the title required a recipient to have worked in the field of journalism for at least ten years. A recipient had to be a member of the "Union of Journalists" of the Ukrainian SSR. After the dissolution of the USSR in 1991, Merited Journalist of Ukraine was one of 29 honorary titles that newly independent Ukraine inherited from the Ukrainian SSR. Since July 1994, the recipients of the title receive a silver badge; the first design of the badge, awarded from July 1994 to June 2001, was a 26 mm × 28 mm image of a woman's head, wearing a wreath composed of ears of wheat.
In June 2001, the silver badge was redesigned to enlarged to 30 mm × 40 mm. As of 2020, the honorary title is awarded in accordance with the Law of Ukraine Regarding the State Awards of Ukraine and the Decree of the President of Ukraine Regarding Honorary Titles of Ukraine. Recipients of the title must have at least ten years' experience in journalism and have a college degree; the decoraton is awarded by the President of Ukraine for a candidate's "vital contribution" to Ukraine journalism. The award is accompanied by a 34 mm × 45 mm silver badge. In the case of Ukrainian candidates, recipients are chosen by the Office of the President of Ukraine from lists of journalists submitted by editorial staff of non-profit and commercial media organizations; the lists are sanctioned by municipal and regional governments and/or various bodies of the executive or judicial branches. For non-Ukrainian citizens seeking the award, submissions come from the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Oleksandr Abdullin Hanna Bezliudna Boris Lozhkin Igor Piddubny Savik Shuster Merited Artist of Ukraine Honorary titles of Ukraine Media of Ukraine The document About the State Awards of Ukraine