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Charles Fort

Charles Hoy Fort was an American writer and researcher who specialized in anomalous phenomena. The terms Fortean and Forteana are sometimes used to characterize various such phenomena. Fort's books are still in print, his work continues to inspire admirers, who refer to themselves as "Forteans", has influenced some aspects of science fiction. Fort's collections of scientific anomalies, including The Book of the Damned, influenced numerous science fiction writers with their iconoclastic skepticism and as sources of ideas. "Fortean" phenomena are events which seem to challenge the boundaries of accepted scientific knowledge, the Fortean Times investigates such phenomena. Fort was born in New York in 1874, of Dutch ancestry, his father, a grocer, was an authoritarian and, in his unpublished autobiography Many Parts, Fort mentions the physical abuse he endured from his father. Fort's biographer, Damon Knight, suggested that his distrust of authority began in his treatment as a child. Fort developed a strong sense of independence during his early years.

As a young adult, Fort wanted to be a naturalist, collecting sea shells and birds. Although Fort was described as curious and intelligent, he was not a good student. An autodidact, his considerable knowledge of the world was due to his extensive personal reading. At age 18, Fort left New York to embark on a world tour to "put some capital in the bank of experience", he travelled through the western United States and England, until becoming ill in Southern Africa. When he returned home, he was nursed by Anna Filing, they were married on October 26, 1896. Anna, four years older than Fort, was non-literary, a lover of movies and of parakeets, his success as a short story writer was intermittent between periods of melancholia. His uncle died in 1916, a modest inheritance gave Fort enough money to quit his various day jobs and to write full-time. In 1917, Fort's brother Clarence died. Fort's experience as a journalist, coupled with his wit and contrarian nature, prepared him for his real-life work, ridiculing the pretensions of scientific positivism and the tendency of journalists and editors of newspapers and scientific journals to rationalize.

Fort wrote ten novels, although The Outcast Manufacturers, a tenement tale, was published. Reviews were positive, but it was unsuccessful commercially. During 1915, Fort began to write two books, titled X and Y, the first dealing with the idea that beings on Mars were controlling events on Earth, the second with the postulation of a sinister civilization extant at the South Pole; these books caught the attention of writer Theodore Dreiser, who tried to get them published, but to no avail. Discouraged, Fort burnt the manuscripts, but soon began work on the book that would change the course of his life, The Book of the Damned, which Dreiser helped to get published; the title referred to "damned" data that Fort collected, phenomena for which science could not account and, thus rejected or ignored. Fort and Anna lived in London from 1924 to 1926, having relocated there so Fort could peruse the files of the British Museum. Although born in Albany, Fort lived most of his life in the Bronx, he was, like his wife, fond of movies, would take her from their Ryer Avenue apartment to a movie theater nearby, stopping at an adjacent newsstand for an armful of various newspapers.

Fort frequented the parks near the Bronx. He would ride the subway down to the main Public Library on Fifth Avenue, where he would spend many hours reading scientific journals and periodicals from around the world. Fort had literary friends who would gather at various apartments, including his own, to drink and talk. Suffering from poor health and failing eyesight, Fort was pleasantly surprised to find himself the subject of a cult following. There was talk of the formation of a formal organization to study the type of odd events related by his books. Clark writes, "Fort hilarious, yet he faithfully corresponded with his readers, some of whom had taken to investigating reports of anomalous phenomena and sending their findings to Fort". Fort did not seek medical help for his worsening health. Rather, he emphasized completing Wild Talents. After he collapsed on May 3, 1932, Fort was rushed to Royal Hospital in The Bronx; that same day, Fort's publisher visited him to show him the advance copies of Wild Talents.

Fort died only hours afterward of leukemia. He was interred in the Fort family plot in New York, his more than 60,000 notes were donated to the New York Public Library. For more than thirty years, Charles Fort visited libraries in New York City and London, assiduously reading scientific journals and magazines, collecting notes on phenomena that were not explained well by the accepted theories and beliefs of the time. Fort took thousands of notes during his lifetime. In his short story "The Giant, the Insect and The Philanthropic-looking Old Gentleman", Fort spoke of sitting on a park bench at The Cloisters in New York City and tossing some 48,000 notes, not all of his collection by any means, into the wind; the notes were kept on cards and scraps of paper in shoeboxes, in a cramped shorthand of Fort's own invention, some of them survive in the collections of the University of Pennsylvania. Mo

Robert Fellowes (philanthropist)

Robert Fellowes, LL. D. was an English clergyman and philanthropist. His father was the eldest son of William Fellowes of Norfolk. After attending Felsted School in Essex Fellowes was educated for the church at St Mary Hall, where he graduated with a BA on 30 June 1796, an MA on 28 January 1801, he seems to have held no preferment. For over six years he edited The Critical Review, he was a close friend of Samuel Parr, who introduced him to the embattled Queen Caroline of Brunswick, whose cause he supported. He is said to have written all her replies to the numerous addresses presented to her in 1820. Francis Maseres left Fellowes at his death in 1824 nearly £200,000. Fellowes erected to the memory of Maseres a monument in Reigate churchyard, with a eulogistic inscription in Latin, he used this fortune in forwarding benevolent schemes. In 1826 he gave benefactions to encourage the study of natural philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, he was one of the promoters of London University. Out of gratitude for the professional services of Dr John Elliotson, who held a chair of medicine at University College London he provided there two annual gold medals, the Fellowes Medals, for proficiency in clinical medicine.

Fellowes interested himself in the opening of Regent's Park to the public, in the emancipation of the Jews. He drew the line at universal suffrage. In 1828 he made Albany Fonblanque editor, he lectured at the opening of the chapel of the Beaumont Philosophical Institution. Fellowes died in Dorset Square on 6 February 1847, he was buried at Kensal Green on 13 February. His son, Robert Fellowes of Shotesham Hall was High Sheriff of Norfolk in 1874. A list of Fellowes's publications is given in the Gentleman's Magazine, they include: A Picture of Christian Philosophy, or … Illustration of the Character of Jesus, 1798. An Address to the People, &c. 1799. Morality united with Policy, &c. 1800. The Rights of Property Vindicated, &c. 1818. Poems, … Original and Translated, &c. 1806. His religious publications advocated practical philanthropy. By degrees he abandoned the distinctive Anglican tenets, in his work The Religion of the Universe, he aimed to divest religion of most of its supernatural elements. Major writings were: The Anti-Calvinist, Warwick, 1800.

Religion without Cant, &c. 1801. The Guide to Immortality, &c. 1804, 3 vols.. A Body of Theology, &c. 1807. The Religion of the Universe, &c. 1836. 1864. A Lecture delivered on Opening the Chapel … in Beaumont Square, 1841. Common-sense Truths, &c. 1844. Fellowes translated from the Latin John Milton's Familiar Epistles and Second Defence of the People of England for an 1806 edition; some of his publications were issued under the pseudonym Philalethes A. M. Oxon. "Fellowes, Robert". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Fellowes, Robert". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900


Toroni is an ancient Greek city and a former municipality in the southwest edge of Sithonia peninsula in Chalkidiki, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Sithonia, of which it is a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 193.973 km2. According to mythology, Toroni was wife to Proteus, son of Poseidon; the ancient city was founded by Chalkidian settlers during the 8th century BC. Its strategic location and rich resources developed Toroni into one of the most significant cities in Chalkidiki, giving its name to the gulf that forms between Pallene and Sithonia peninsulas. During the Greco-Persian Wars it allied with the Persians, who as a reward gave Olynthus to Kritoboulos, a local ruler, in 479 and became part of the Athenaean League, contributing one of the highest taxes that reached 12 Attic talents per year, giving an indication of its prosperity; when the Peloponnesian War broke out, the Athenians, fearing a revolt against them, placed a garrison in the city but that did not stop Brasidas, the Spartan general from seizing the city with a surprise attack during the night, before he came to an understanding with the Toronaeans in 423.

He tried to expand the city's walls by including the harbour suburb, before leaving to attack Amphipolis. However, the Athenians recaptured Toroni under Cleon, just before the return of Brasidas, 2 miles away; when war ended, Toroni, a leading member of the Olynthian synoecism, became part of the Chalcidian League, which included most of the peninsula's cities. After 348, the abolition of the league by Phillip, Toroni became part of Macedon. In 168 the Romans invaded and the city decayed, but did not cease to exist, as indicated by the harbour fort, rebuilt during the Byzantine era, it is a titular see in the Roman Catholic Church. The site continued to be occupied up to the 17th century, when the population abandoned the old city and moved to the modern town of Toroni, about one km north of the ancient city, its strong walls and other buildings were destroyed in 1903, when the Ottomans used the city's granite stones to cover some central roads of Constantinople and Thessaloniki. Traces of prehistoric settlements of the 3rd century BC and many other ancient remains, including early Christian and Byzantine temples, castles are evidence that the area was inhabited continuously from the Neolithic era.

Surveys were conducted by the XVI Ephorate of Classical Antiquities in 1975. The harbour port, Lecythus, is being refurbished; the ancient city extends in three main areas: the Acropolis located to the rocky and bluff hill between Porto Koufo and Lecythus, connected with the city via long walls. In the Acropolis and the main city, parts of the fortification are visible along with dispread stone blocks, ancient pantiles and broken pottery which are found everywhere. Most of the city's buildings were destroyed in the beginning of the 20th century, when the Ottoman authorities hired an Italian engineer in order to collect the stone blocks to use them as paving in roads; the Lecythus fort, next to the harbour, was rebuilt during the Byzantine era, along with cisterns and a small early Christian temple. Parts of the ancient city, including most of the Proasteion, the agora and the ancient harbour are nowadays sunk 35m from the coast, as the underwater surveys have proven, since a large 60m long and 2m wide foundation was found the ancient seawall.

The whole area between this foundation and the modern coastline is scattered with stoneworks and large amounts of pottery, which indicate the presence of large buildings. All these are concluding that this is the area that the Athenaean garrison fortified when Brasidas seized the city, according to Thucydides' accounts. Special emphasis was given by the excavators to the cemetery during the inhabitance of the Iron era, its duration is approximated to be from the end of the 2nd century till the middle of the 9th century. In this cemetery 134 tombs were discovered with 16 simple burials. There were 500 pots discovered which were used either as cremators for the dead. Modern Toroni is a municipal unit in Sithonia, Greece with a population of 4,036; the seat of the former municipality was in Sykia. Its 2.5 km long curved beach of thick yellow sand is considered as one of the best in Sithonia, the middle peninsula of Chalkidiki, comprise one of the most popular summer resorts of Sithonia. The municipal unit Toroni is subdivided into the following communities: Sarti Sykia History and Info about Hotels & Rooms in Toroni Toroni at Greek Travel Pages Toroni at Greek Travel Pages - settlement Toroni Pictures at Picasa

Nicolle Flint

Nicolle Jane Flint is an Australian politician. She is the member for Boothby in South Australia in the Australian House of Representatives, she is a member of the Liberal Party of Australia and succeeded the previous member, Andrew Southcott, at the 2016 federal election. Flint was a member of the Young Liberal Movement from 2000 to 2002 and joined the Liberal Party in 2007, she was a solicitor and newspaper columnist before entering politics, worked as an advisor to Malcolm Turnbull and Brendan Nelson. She worked for the Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry. In 2015, Flint co-authored a paper for the Menzies Research Centre entitled "Gender and Politics", calling for more female involvement in the Liberal Party. Flint was elected to the Australian House of Representatives for the seat of Boothby in 2016, replacing retiring MP Andrew Southcott, who had held the seat since 1996. During her first term, Flint raised awareness in Parliament for endometriosis, with the government allocation $2.5 million to researchers for finding new ways of detecting and treating the disease.

In 2017, Flint bought 400 copies of a book published by the Menzies Research Centre, a Liberal Party think tank, spending $5818, more than any other politician spent on publications between July 2017 and June 2018, despite the book being available online for free. During the 2018 Liberal Party leadership spills, Flint was one of 43 party members to sign a petition calling for Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull to call for a second leadership spill. In April 2018, the Australian Electoral Commission rearranged the electoral boundaries of South Australia to reduce the number of seats from 11 to 10, in accordance with South Australia's shrinking percentage of the Australian population; the changes to the seat of Boothby resulted in Flint's 2016 margin of 3.5% shrinking to 2.8%. After the redistribution, Boothby was the only marginal seat in the state, making it a target for the Australian Labor Party in the 2019 Australian federal election. Flint was a target of the progressive activist group GetUp, who labelled her South Australia's "most backwards politician".

Days before the election, Flint's campaign office was vandalised with offensive graffiti. She faced further harassment during the campaign, with a man cautioned for stalking her and her office being egged; the race was too close to call on the night of the election, but Flint was declared the winner of the election despite a swing against her. Following the election, Flint accused GetUp and Unions of being responsible for harassment and stalking against her during the campaign, Prime Minister Scott Morrison labelled the actions as misogynistic and bullying. Before her election, Flint's political views were expressed in regular opinion editorial columns in The Advertiser; some of Flint's columns expressed her support for hunting. She wrote that Australian cricketer Glenn McGrath should not have apologised for taking and sharing trophy photographs with animals he killed while on safari in Africa, she expressed support for the commercial hunting of Saltwater crocodiles in the Northern Territory and described the McGrath controversy as an "opportunity to encourage a debate about the economic and environmental benefits hunting can bring".

In her maiden speech in the Commonwealth Parliament in 2016, Flint spoke of the "modern day scourge of environmental and animal activism". Flint is from Kingston in the south-east of South Australia, her hometown harbors other commercial fisheries. In her The Advertiser columns, Flint supported the prospective culling of long-nosed fur seals, Great white sharks and reducing the number of marine park sanctuary zones in South Australian waters. In her 2014 criticism of South Australian marine parks she wrote: "The most endangered species in South Australian coastal waters are our fishermen." In 2014, during the Western Australian shark cull, Flint expressed her support for the use of drum lines and Shark nets to protect humans from potential attack from Great white sharks. In 2017, she expressed her support for the Liberal Federal council's decision to consider permitting the fishing of great white sharks, pending the results of research undertaken by the CSIRO into the status of the species' population.

As of 2017, fishing for great white sharks is prohibited as the animals are listed as "vulnerable" under the EPBC Act. She told The Australian: "We must protect our swimmers and surfers and hard-working Australians like abalone divers from being attacked or killed by sharks."

Joanne Siegel

Joanne Siegel was an American model, who in the 1930s worked with Superman artist Joe Shuster as the model for Lois Lane, Superman's love interest. She married Superman's co-creator Jerry Siegel and sued for restoration of her husband's authorship copyright in the Superman character. Siegel was born in Ohio, in 1917, the daughter of Hungarian immigrants. In 1935, while still attending high school, she placed an advertisement in Cleveland's The Plain Dealer offering her services as a model; the ad stated: "Situation Wanted — Female ARTIST MODEL: No experience." Joe Shuster, working on a new comic character, responded to the ad. Prior to the modeling sessions, Shuster's co-creator, Jerry Siegel, had developed an idea for a journalist to be Superman's love interest, Lois Lane. Shuster hired her as a model for Lois, his depiction of Lois was based on his drawings of her hairstyle and facial features. Interviewed in 1996 by The Plain Dealer, she recalled, "I remember the day I met Jerry in Joe's living room.

Jerry was the model for Superman. He was standing there in a Superman-like pose, he said their character was going to fly through the air, he leaped off the couch to demonstrate." The New York Times wrote, "Ms. Siegel was the first in a long line of Lois Lanes, who have included Phyllis Coates, Noel Neill, Teri Hatcher, Erica Durance on television, as well as Margot Kidder in the movies."Following her modeling work for Shuster, she worked as an artist's model, sometimes using the professional name "Joanne Carter". She worked for a ship builder in California during World War II. After the war, Siegel moved to New York, where she ran into Jerry Siegel at a costume ball to raise money for cartoonists. Both had been divorced previously, they were married in 1948. And lived in Connecticut and New York before moving to California in the 1960s, they remain married until Jerry Siegel's death in 1996. They have a daughter together, Laura Siegel, who recalled, "My father said she not only posed for the character but from the day he met her it was her personality that he infused into the character.

She was not only beautiful but smart and determined, she had a lot of guts. In a profile of Joanne Siegel, NPR noted, "Though a number of actresses played on television and in the movies over the years, Superman co-creator Jerry Siegel always said that his wife, Joanne... inspired the character of Lois Lane."Despite the success of Superman in comic books and motion pictures, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster had sold the copyright to Detective Comics for $130. The Siegels led a modest lifestyle, their daughter recalled: "My mother and father lived in complete poverty for many, many years." Siegel worked for a time as one of California's early car saleswomen, she sold new and used Chevys from a lot in Santa Monica, to help support the family. Siegel lived in the Marina Del Rey in Los Angeles in her years. Siegel devoted herself to reclaiming the original Superman copyright. At one point, she called the publisher of Superman and said, "How can you sit by and continue to make millions of dollars off of a character that Jerry co-created and allow him to live in this unbelievable poverty?"

In the late 1970s, DC Comics agreed to pay both Siegel and Shuster a stipend of $20,000 per year for life, but Joanne Siegel was not satisfied and continued the fight after her husband died in 1996. She filed a lawsuit in 1999 seeking partial ownership of the Superman character. In 2006, Siegel won a partial summary judgment in a lawsuit with DC Comics; the Court found that Joanne Siegel and her daughter had recaptured the Superboy copyright in 2004 and opined that the television program Smallville was infringing the Siegels' copyright. In 2008, Siegel secured a further ruling from a federal court in Los Angeles restoring her husband's co-authorship share of the original Superman copyrights. In a 72-page decision, the Court ruled that Jerry Siegel was entitled to claim a share of the United States copyright to Superman while leaving intact DC Comics' international rights to the character. Following the ruling, Joanne Siegel told the press, "We were just stubborn, it was a dream of Jerry's, we just took up the task."

In 2009, Siegel was honored in Cleveland by having Parkwood Avenue renamed "Lois Lane" in her honor, as she was acknowledged to be the model for the "Superman" character from which the street name derives. Upon hearing this, Siegel commented in an interview with People, "Beauty is valueless if you're not sending a message. Being associated with such a role-model as Lois Lane is the greatest honor that could've been bestowed upon me." Siegel died on February 2011, at St. John's Hospital in Santa Monica. Following her death, Siegel's lawyer noted, "All her life she carried the torch for Jerry and Joe — and other artists. There was a lot of Lois Lane in Joanne Siegel." Joanne Siegel on IMDb Joanne Siegel at Joanne Siegel at Find A Grave

Santo Domingo Petapa

Santo Domingo Petapa is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico. The municipality covers an area of 232.2 km², at an average altitude of 250 meters above sea level, is part of the Juchitán District of the Istmo de Tehuantepec region. As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 7,583, of whom 2,696 spoke indigenous languages. A painting on cotton cloth from 1540 depicts its neighbor Guevea de Humboldt; the picture records the history of the people from the time of their migration from Zaachila up to the Spanish conquest, was designed to establish ancient property rights. The climate is humid with summer rains. Flora include mahogany, oak, pine and Nopo guanacaste, pochote, beo, mamey and cassava. Wild fauna include boar, raccoon, squirrel, wild cat and rabbit; the main economic activity is coffee cultivation. The people grow corn, pineapple, citrus and watermelon, raise cattle, horses and poultry, engage in logging; the Union of Indigenous Communities of the Isthmus Region, a cooperative founded in 1982, assists in production and distribution of the local products, notably coffee, under a fair trade label.

Entre las tradiciones importantes de esta población se encuentra el Día de Muertos o XANDU. Esta celebración comienza el 31 de octubre y culmina el 3 de noviembre. En estos días los habitantes colocan altares con ofrendas para sus difuntos, en los que se encuentran por lo general los alimentos favoritos de aquellos que fallecieron así como flores de cempazuchitl, velas y fotos para adornarlos. "Santo Domingo Petapa". Santo Domingo Petapa. Retrieved 2010-07-10