Stanford University, officially Leland Stanford Junior University, is a private research university in Stanford, adjacent to Palo Alto and between San Jose and San Francisco. Its 8, 180-acre campus is one of the largest in the United States, Stanford has land and facilities elsewhere. The university was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford in memory of their only child, Stanford was a former Governor of California and U. S. Senator, he made his fortune as a railroad tycoon. The school admitted its first students 125 years ago on October 1,1891, Stanford University struggled financially after Leland Stanfords death in 1893 and again after much of the campus was damaged by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Following World War II, Provost Frederick Terman supported faculty and graduates entrepreneurialism to build self-sufficient local industry in what would be known as Silicon Valley. The university is one of the top fundraising institutions in the country. There are three schools that have both undergraduate and graduate students and another four professional schools.
Students compete in 36 varsity sports, and the university is one of two institutions in the Division I FBS Pac-12 Conference. Stanford faculty and alumni have founded a number of companies that produce more than $2.7 trillion in annual revenue. It is the alma mater of 30 living billionaires,17 astronauts and it is one of the leading producers of members of the United States Congress. Sixty Nobel laureates and seven Fields Medalists have been affiliated with Stanford as students, Stanford University was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford, dedicated to Leland Stanford Jr, their only child. The institution opened in 1891 on Stanfords previous Palo Alto farm, despite being impacted by earthquakes in both 1906 and 1989, the campus was rebuilt each time. In 1919, The Hoover Institution on War and Peace was started by Herbert Hoover to preserve artifacts related to World War I, the Stanford Medical Center, completed in 1959, is a teaching hospital with over 800 beds. The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, which was established in 1962, in 2008, 60% of this land remained undeveloped.
Besides the central campus described below, the university operates at more remote locations, some elsewhere on the main campus. Stanfords main campus includes a place within unincorporated Santa Clara County. The campus includes land in unincorporated San Mateo County, as well as in the city limits of Menlo Park, Woodside. The academic central campus is adjacent to Palo Alto, bounded by El Camino Real, Stanford Avenue, Junipero Serra Boulevard, the United States Postal Service has assigned it two ZIP codes,94305 for campus mail and 94309 for P. O. box mail
Riverside is a suburban village in Cook County, United States. A significant portion of the village is in the Riverside Landscape Architecture District, the population of the village was 8,875 at the 2010 census. It is a suburb of Chicago, located roughly 9 miles west of downtown Chicago and 2 miles outside city limits, Riverside is arguably the first planned community in the United States, designed in 1869 by Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmsted. The village was incorporated in 1875, the Riverside Landscape Architecture District, an area bounded by 26th Street and Ogden avenues, the Des Plaines River, and Golf Road, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970. This new access to transportation and commerce brought about a significant housing, the site was highly desirable due to its natural oak-hickory forest and its proximity to Chicago. The company commissioned well-known landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted and his partner, Calvert Vaux, the towns plan, which was completed in 1869, called for curvilinear streets, following the lands contours and the winding Des Plaines River.
The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 and the financial Panic of 1873 brought about the demise of the improvement company, a village government was established in September 1875, and Olmsteds original development plan remained in force. Building resumed in the years, with the opening of the Riverside Golf Club in 1893, the striking Chateauesque Riverside Township Hall in 1895. Many homes and estates were designed by such as Frank Lloyd Wright, Daniel Burnham, Louis Sullivan, William Le Baron Jenney, Frederick Clarke Withers. A major period of development came again in the 1920s and late 1930s. The population grew to 7,935 by 1940 and consisted primarily of small proprietors, the remaining residential areas were developed during the post–World War II boom, and by 1960 the village was almost entirely developed. The population peaked at 10,357 in 1970 and dropped below 8,500 by the mid-1990s, Riverside has become an architectural museum, which is recognized by the villages National Historic Landmark designation.
The charming village center houses several restaurants as well as coffee shops, Riverside is located at 41°49′51″N 87°48′58″W. According to the 2010 census, Riverside has an area of 1.998 square miles. Bordering suburbs include North Riverside to the north, Berwyn to the east, Stickney to the southeast, Lyons to the south, the Des Plaines River runs through the village along an area called Swan Pond. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,895 people,3,552 households, the population density was 4,509.1 people per square mile. There were 3,668 housing units at a density of 1,859.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95. 38% White,0. 26% African American,0. 08% Native American,1. 60% Asian,0. 01% Pacific Islander,1. 57% from other races, and 1. 10% from two or more races
Southern California Edison
Southern California Edison, the largest subsidiary of Edison International, is the primary electricity supply company for much of Southern California, USA. It provides 14 million people with electricity across a territory of approximately 50,000 square miles. The northern part of the state is served by the Pacific Gas & Electric Company of San Francisco. The utility lost all of its natural gas-fired plants, which provided most of its electrical generation, the large, aging plants were bought by out-of-state companies such as Mirant and Reliant Energy, which allegedly used them to manipulate the California energy market. Southern California Edisons power grid is linked to PG&Es by the Path 26 wires that generally follow Interstate 5 over Tejon Pass, the interconnection takes place at a massive substation at Buttonwillow. PG&Es and WAPAs Path 15 and Path 66, from Buttonwillow north eventually connect to BPAs grid in the Pacific Northwest, there are several other interconnections with local and out-of-state utilities, such as Path 46.
In addition, SCE operates a gas and water utility. SCE is the commercial provider of natural gas and fresh water service to Santa Catalina Island, including the city of Avalon. SCE operates the utilities under the names of Catalina Island Gas Company, Pacific Light and Power was one of the predecessor companies to SCE, along with Edison Electric, Mt. Whitney Power & Electric Co. California Electric Power Co. and others, in November,2014, Southern California Edison announced a partnership with Ice Energy to provide more efficient energy storage by freezing water at night when electricity is cheaper. The layoffs were questioned by members of the United States Senate, Southern California Edison agreed to a $650,000 settlement for the 2011 blackout with FERC and NERC. Southern California Edison allows its customer to obtain their electricity entirely from renewable sources by subscribing to a green rate. In 2006, Southern California Edison planned to secure 1,500 megawatts or more of power generated from new projects to be built in the Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm area.
The contract, which more than doubles SCEs wind energy portfolio, envisions more than 50 square miles of parks in the Tehachapi region. The photovoltaic cells will cover 65,000,000 square feet of rooftops in southern California, in 2009, Southern California Edison entered into a contract with Solar Millennium to purchase solar thermal power up to 726 MW. Southern California Edison entered into a contract with Stirling Energy Systems to buy electricity from a 500 megawatt,4,600 acre, solar power plant which was due to open in 2009. The purchase was canceled in late 2010, as changes in technology reduced the cost of photovoltaic-based solar power to below that of solar Stirling generated power and this would have been the first commercial application of the dish stirling system. In 2014 SCE had a mix of 23%
Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is part of the Western United States and the Mountain West states and it is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix, Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. It has borders with New Mexico, Nevada and Mexico, Arizonas border with Mexico is 389 miles long, on the northern border of the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California. Arizona is the 48th state and last of the states to be admitted to the Union. Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, after being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase, Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, in addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments.
To the European settlers, their pronunciation sounded like Arissona, the area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the Oodham language. Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona, as there were numerous Basque sheepherders in the area, There is a misconception that the states name originated from the Spanish term Árida Zona. See lists of counties, rivers, state parks, national parks, Arizona is in the Southwestern United States as one of the Four Corners states. Arizona is the sixth largest state by area, ranked after New Mexico, of the states 113,998 square miles, approximately 15% is privately owned. The remaining area is public forest and park land, state trust land, Arizona is well known for its desert Basin and Range region in the states southern portions, which is rich in a landscape of xerophyte plants such as the cactus. This regions topography was shaped by volcanism, followed by the cooling-off. Its climate has hot summers and mild winters. The state is well known for its pine-covered north-central portion of the high country of the Colorado Plateau.
Like other states of the Southwest United States, Arizona has an abundance of mountains, despite the states aridity, 27% of Arizona is forest, a percentage comparable to modern-day France or Germany. The worlds largest stand of pine trees is in Arizona
Sheraton Hotels and Resorts
Sheraton Hotels and Resorts is a chain of luxury hotels owned by Marriott International. The origins of the date back to 1933, when Harvard classmates Ernest Henderson and Robert Moore purchased the Continental Hotel in Cambridge. In 1937 they purchased the Standard Investing Company and made it the company through which ran their hotels. Their second hotel, and the first as part of the new company, was the Stonehaven Hotel in Springfield, Massachusetts, a converted apartment building they purchased in 1937. The chain got its name from a hotel the pair acquired in Boston. Instead and Moore decided to all their hotels by that name. Henderson and Moore purchased Bostons famed Copley Plaza Hotel in 1941, in 1945, Sheraton was the first hotel chain to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange. In 1949 Sheraton expanded internationally with the purchase of two Canadian hotel chains, in 1956, Sheraton purchased the Eppley Hotel Company, which was the largest privately held hotel business in the United States, for $30 million.
Three years later, in 1959 it purchased the four hotels owned by the Matson Lines in Honolulu, Hawaii, in 1955, Sheraton began to build large highway hotels, in 1962 a franchise division was created to promote Sheraton Motor Inns. These provided free parking and competed with roadside motels, the 1960s saw the first Sheraton hotels outside the US and Canada with the opening of the Tel Aviv-Sheraton in Israel in February 1961 and the Macuto-Sheraton outside Caracas, Venezuela, in 1963. By 1965, the 100th Sheraton property, the Sheraton-Boston Hotel, had opened its doors, the multinational conglomerate ITT purchased the chain in 1968, after which it was known as ITT Sheraton. The chain deployed its automated Reservatron system and, in late 1969, in 1985, Sheraton became the first western company to operate a hotel in the Peoples Republic of China. It assumed management of the state-built Great Wall Hotel in Beijing, the flagship of the division was The St Regis in New York City. The chain had begun by operating hotels in Italy, but over-expanded across Europe just as a recession hit, the majority of these hotels were placed in the ITT Sheraton Luxury Collection, though a few were placed in the Sheraton division.
After Sheratons purchase by Starwood, The Luxury Collection was marketed as a separate division, in April 1995, Sheraton introduced a new, mid-scale hotel brand, Four Points by Sheraton Hotels, to replace the designation of certain hotels as Sheraton Inns. In 1998, Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc. acquired ITT Sheraton, under Starwoods leadership, Sheraton has begun renovating many existing hotels and expanding the brands footprint. In 2016, Marriott International purchased Starwood Hotels, and the merged company became the largest resort company
Shawnee is a city in Pottawatomie County, United States. The population was 31,543 in 2014, a 4.9 percent increase from 28,692 at the 2000 census. The city is part of the Oklahoma City-Shawnee Combined Statistical Area, it is the county seat of Pottawatomie County, with access to Interstate 40, Shawnee is about 45 minutes east of the attractions in downtown Oklahoma City. To the east and northeast, Shawnee is 112 miles from the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System which provides shipping access to the Gulf of Mexico. The area surrounding Shawnee was settled after the American Civil War by a number of tribes that the government had removed to Indian Territory. The Sac and Fox originally were deeded land in the area but were soon followed by the Kickapoo, Shawnee. Descendants of these federally recognized tribes continue to today in. With the cattle drives, railroads were constructed through the territory, in addition, white settlers pressed for more land, they were encroaching on territories previously reserved by treaty to Native Americans.
In 1871 a Quaker mission was established here and that first missionary, Joseph Newsom, opened a school in 1872. By 1876 a post office and trading post had been established a mile west of the mission at what became known as Shawnee Town. Beginning in April 1889, the United States government succumbed to the pressure that had built to open the lands to white settlement. It was making policy to encourage Native Americans to assimilate into the mainstream society, by allocating communal lands to individual households and extinguishing tribal land claims, Congress was preparing the territory for eventual statehood. The end of communal holdings was intended to be the end of tribal government. The Dawes Act allocated the tribes communal lands into 160-acre plots to individual tribal members believing it would support a family farm, tribal members were registered with records known as the Dawes Rolls established for each tribe. The government declared that land in excess of what was allocated to member households was surplus.
It allocated that surplus land through land runs, essentially races by which people staked claims on land, some tribes lost parts of their communal lands, disrupting traditional governments and practices. The first Land Run took place in the area of Oklahoma Territory in 1889 known as the Unassigned Land. Then in the Land Run of 1891 onto surplus land of the Sac & Fox, Citizen Pottawatomie and Shawnee, four settlers each staked a quarter section in the proposed city of Brockway
Grand Canyon Railway
The Grand Canyon Railway, is a passenger railroad which operates between Williams and Grand Canyon National Park South Rim. In 1901, the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway completed a line from Williams to Grand Canyon Village at the South Rim. The first scheduled train to carry paying passengers of the Grand Canyon Railway arrived from Williams on September 17 of that year, the 64-mile long trip cost $3.95, and naturalist John Muir commended the railroad for its limited environmental impact. To accommodate travelers, the Santa Fe designed and built the El Tovar Hotel, El Tovar opened its doors in January 1905. Competition with the automobile forced the Santa Fe to cease operation of the Grand Canyon Railway in July 1968, plans by entertainer Arthur Godfrey to resume service in 1977 fell through. In addition, two companies attempted to resurrect the line in 1980 and 1984, with each attempt helping to maintain interest in preserving the line. In 1988, the line was bought by Max and Thelma Biegert, the railway was restored and in 1989 began operations as a separate company, independent of the Santa Fe.
The first run of the railroad was on September 17,1989. The Biegerts never intended to get into the rail business and they had loaned money secured by the tracks to another person for the rail line. When they defaulted the Biegerts took over the line, the railroad carries hundreds of passengers to and from the canyon every day, totaling about 240,000 passengers in 2006. The Williams Depot offers twice daily Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service connecting to/from Amtraks Southwest Chief trains at Williams Junction, the Grand Canyon Depot, owned by the National Park Service, remains the northern terminus for passengers of the line. The railroad operates reconditioned 1970s Diesel locomotives year-round, passengers ride to/from the Grand Canyon in 1950s climate-controlled coaches. The railroad adds to the Old West experience by having actors dressed as bandits stage a train robbery during the return trip from the Grand Canyon to Williams. During the winter season, the line runs The Polar Express from Williams to the North Pole, the Polar Express service operates with restored 1920s vintage Harriman coaches.
In 2008, this winter service carried about 78,000 passengers, in February 2006, the Grand Canyon Railway announced that it had established a new logo that unifies all of the operating divisions of the company. The new glyph style G herald harkens to the native American petroglyphs common in Northern Arizona, even freshly painted locomotives MLW FA-4 #6793 and steam locomotive #4960 have retained the old logo. In March 2006, owners Max and Thelma Biegert announced to the media that they were placing the railroad and its restaurants, hotels. The combined properties had a revenue of nearly $40 million
Moorish Revival architecture
The Moorish garden structures built at Sheringham Hall, Norfolk, ca. By the mid-19th century, the style was adopted by the Jews of Central Europe, as a consequence, Moorish Revival spread around the globe as a preferred style of synagogue architecture. In Spain, the country conceived as the place of origin of Moorish ornamentation, in Catalonia, Antoni Gaudís profound interest in Mudéjar heritage governed the design of his early works, such as Casa Vicens or Astorga Palace. In Andalusia, the Neo-Mudéjar style gained belated popularity in connection with the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 and was epitomized by Plaza de España, a Spanish nobleman built the Palazzo Sammezzano, one of Europes largest and most elaborate Moorish Revival structures, in Tuscany between 1853 and 1889. Another exception was Bosnia, after its occupation by Austria-Hungary and this included application of ornamentations and other Moorish design strategies neither of which had much to do with prior architectural direction of indigenous Bosnian architecture.
The central post office in Sarajevo, for example, follows distinct formal characteristics of design like clarity of form, constructed in 1848 and destroyed by fire ten years later, this architectural extravaganza sprouted bulbous domes and horseshoe arches. After the American Civil War, Moorish or Turkish smoking rooms achieved some popularity, there were Moorish details in the interiors created for the Henry Osborne Havemeyer residence on Fifth Avenue by Louis Comfort Tiffany. The 1914 Pittock Mansion in Portland, Oregon incorporates Turkish design features, as well as French and Italian ones, the smoking room in particular has notable Moorish revival elements. The 1891 Tampa Bay Hotel, whose minarets and Moorish domes are now the pride of the University of Tampa, was a particularly extravagant example of the style, other schools with Moorish Revival buildings include Yeshiva University in New York City. George Washington Smith used the style in his design for the 1920s Isham Beach Estate in Santa Barbara, Immaculate Conception Church, is a striking example of Moorish Revival Architecture.
Across the street was the College of the Immaculate Conception, housing a chapel with two stained glass domes, the chapel was disassembled and about half of it was installed in the present Jesuit High School. The Shriners, an organization, often chose a Moorish Revival style for their Temples. C. El Zaribah Shrine Auditorium, Arizona Medinah Temple, murat Shrine, Indiana, the largest Shrine temple in North America, now officially known as Old National Centre. Augustine, FL,1883 Campo Pequeno bullring, Lisbon,1892 Henry B, south Melbourne, Australia,1976 Moorish Revival in New York Architecture
Henry E. Huntington
Henry Edwards Huntington was an American railroad magnate and collector of art and rare books. Huntington settled in Los Angeles, where he owned the Pacific Electric Railway as well as real estate interests. In addition to being a businessman and art collector, Huntington was a booster for Los Angeles in the late 19th. Huntington held several positions working alongside his uncle with the Southern Pacific. He had four children with Mary Alice, Howard Edward, Clara Leonora, Elizabeth Vincent, and Marian Prentice, arabellas son Archer, from her prior marriage from which she was widowed, had earlier been adopted by Collis. In 1898, in competition with his uncles Southern Pacific, Huntington bought the narrow gauge. In 1901, Huntington formed the sprawling interurban, standard gauge Pacific Electric Railway, known as the Red Car system, centered at 6th, Huntington succeeded in this competition by providing passenger friendly streetcars on 24/7 schedules, which the railroads couldnt match. Connectivity to Downtown Los Angeles made such suburbs feasible, by 1910, the Huntington trolley systems stretched over approximately 1,300 miles of southern California.
In 1905 Huntington, A. Kingsley Macomber, and William R. Staats developed the Oak Knoll subdivision, the road was completed in February 1907. The property was donated to the city of Riverside by the heirs of Frank Miller. Huntington was a Life Member of the Sons of the Revolution in the State of California, Huntington retired from active business in 1916. In 1927 Henry E. Huntington died in Philadelphia while undergoing surgery and he and Arabella are buried, with a large monument, in the Gardens of the Huntington Library in San Marino, California. The Huntington Hotel was originally named Hotel Wentworth when it opened its doors on February 1,1907, financial problems and a disappointing first season forced the Hotel Wentworth to close its doors indefinitely. Henry Huntington purchased the Hotel Wentworth in 1911, renaming it the Huntington Hotel and it reopened in 1914, transformed into a beautiful winter resort. The 1920s were a time for the hotel, as Midwestern and Eastern entrepreneurs discovered Californias warm winter climate.
The hotels reputation for fine service began with general manager and owner Stephen W. Royce. By 1926, the hotels success prompted Royce to open the property year-round, the golden years ended with the stock market crash and the Great Depression of the late 1920s and early 1930s. However, by the end of the 1930s the hotel was back on solid ground, when World War II began, all reservations were cancelled and the hotel was rented to the Army for $3,000 a month
Flagstaff is a city in northern Arizona, in the southwestern United States. In 2015, the estimated population was 70,320. Flagstaffs combined metropolitan area has an population of 139,097. It is the county seat of Coconino County, the city is named after a ponderosa pine flagpole made by a scouting party from Boston to celebrate the United States Centennial on July 4,1876. Flagstaff lies near the edge of the Colorado Plateau, along the western side of the largest contiguous Ponderosa Pine forest in the continental United States. Flagstaff is located adjacent to Mount Elden, just south of the San Francisco Peaks, humphreys Peak, the highest point in Arizona at 12,633 feet, is located about 10 miles north of Flagstaff in Kachina Peaks Wilderness. Flagstaffs early economy was based on the lumber, Flagstaff has a strong tourism sector, due to its proximity to Grand Canyon National Park, Oak Creek Canyon, the Arizona Snowbowl, Meteor Crater, and historic Route 66. The city is a center for medical device manufacturing, since Flagstaff is home to W. L.
Gore, there exist several stories and legends regarding the origin of the citys name. It is said that, because of the flag that was raised, the first permanent settlement was in 1876, when Thomas F. McMillan built a cabin at the base of Mars Hill on the west side of town. During the 1880s, Flagstaff began to grow, opening its first post office, the early economy was based on timber and cattle. By 1886, Flagstaff was the largest city on the line between Albuquerque and the west coast of the United States. A circa 1900 diary entry by journalist Sharlot Hall described the houses in the city at the time as a third rate mining camp, with unkempt air, in 1894, Massachusetts astronomer Percival Lowell hired A. E. Douglass to scout an ideal site for a new observatory. Douglass, impressed by Flagstaffs elevation, named it as a location for the now famous Lowell Observatory, other things being equal. Two years later, the specially designed 24-inch Clark telescope that Lowell had ordered was installed, in 1930, Pluto was discovered using one of the observatorys telescopes.
During the Apollo program in the 1960s, the Clark Telescope was used to map the moon for the lunar expeditions, in homage to the citys importance in the field of astronomy, asteroid 2118 Flagstaff is named for the city, and 6582 Flagsymphony for the Flagstaff Symphony Orchestra. The Northern Arizona Normal School was established in 1899, renamed Northern Arizona University in 1966, Flagstaffs cultural history received a significant boost on April 11,1899, when the Flagstaff Symphony made its concert debut at Babbitts Opera House. The orchestra continues today as the Flagstaff Symphony Orchestra, with its venue at the Ardrey Auditorium on the campus of Northern Arizona University. The city grew rapidly, primarily attributable to its location along the east–west transcontinental railroad line in the United States, in the 1880s, the railroads purchased land in the west from the federal government, which was sold to individuals to help finance the railroad projects
Pasadena /ˌpæsəˈdiːnə/ is a city in Los Angeles County, United States. As of 2013, the population of Pasadena was 139,731. Pasadena is the ninth-largest city in Los Angeles County, Pasadena was incorporated on June 19,1886, becoming one of the first cities be incorporated in what is now Los Angeles County, the only one being incorporated earlier being its namesake. It is one of the cultural centers of the San Gabriel Valley. The city is known for hosting the annual Rose Bowl football game, the original inhabitants of Pasadena and surrounding areas were members of the Native American Hahamog-na tribe, a branch of the Tongva Nation. They spoke the Tongva language and had lived in the Los Angeles Basin for thousands of years, Tongva dwellings lined the Arroyo Seco in present day Pasadena and south to where it joins the Los Angeles River and along other natural waterways in the city. The native people lived in thatched, dome-shape lodges and they lived on a diet of acorn meal and herbs, and other small animals.
They traded for fish with the coastal Tongva. They made cooking vessels from steatite soapstone from Catalina Island, the trail has been in continuous use for thousands of years. An arm of the trail is still in use in what is now known as Salvia Canyon. When the Spanish occupied the Los Angeles Basin they built the San Gabriel Mission and renamed the local Tongva people Gabrielino Indians, several bands of Tongva people live in the Los Angeles area. The Rancho comprised the lands of todays communities of Pasadena, before the annexation of California in 1848, the last of the Mexican owners was Manuel Garfias who retained title to the property after statehood in 1850. Garfias sold sections of the property to the first Anglo settlers to come into the area, Dr. Benjamin Eaton, the father of Fred Eaton, much of the property was purchased by Benjamin Wilson, who established his Lake Vineyard property in the vicinity. Wilson, known as Don Benito to the local Indians, owned the Rancho Jurupa and was mayor of Los Angeles and he was the grandfather of WWII General George S.
Patton, Jr. and the namesake of Mount Wilson. Berry was an asthmatic and claimed that he had his best three nights sleep at Rancho San Pascual, to keep the find a secret, Berry code-named the area Muscat after the grape that Wilson grew. To raise funds to bring the company of people to San Pascual, Berry formed the Southern California Orange and Citrus Growers Association and sold stock in it. The newcomers were able to purchase a portion of the property along the Arroyo Seco and on January 31,1874. As a gesture of good will, Wilson added 2,000 acres of then-useless highland property, at the time, the Indiana Colony was a narrow strip of land between the Arroyo Seco and Fair Oaks Avenue