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WAGR AI class

The WAGR AI class was a petrol-driven railmotor or railcar operated between 1935 and 1949 by the Western Australian Government Railways. Designated as a petrol coach, it was built at the Midland Railway Workshops in 1935; the railcar was based on a Dodge K 32 truck chassis purchased from Winterbottom Motor Co in Perth, Western Australia. It had a four-wheeled bogie at the front end, a drive axle at the rear. Powered by a 25 hp 6-cylinder in-line petrol engine, it was equipped with a four speed bidirectional gearbox, could reach speeds of up to 50 mph in each direction, its fuel capacity was 15 imp gal. The railcar's maximum payload was 1.5 long tons of freight. The WAGR built the railcar to provide a service on the lightly trafficked Port Hedland–Marble Bar railway in the Pilbara. Upon completion, it was shipped to Port Hedland aboard the MV Koolinda, it was issued to traffic in October 1935, as WAGR fleet number 432. In 1937, the WAGR placed its railcars into classes, no. 432 was classified as the AI class.

It remained in service through World War II, but was sold to the State Saw Mills in 1949. Its ultimate fate is not known Media related to WAGR AI class at Wikimedia Commons

Amani Nature Reserve

The Amani Nature Reserve is a protected area located within the Muheza and Korogwe Districts in the Tanga Region of Tanzania, in tropical East Africa. The nature reserve was established in 1997 in order to preserve the unique flora and fauna of the East Usambara Mountains; the East and West Usambara Mountains are a biodiversity hotspot. The Amani Nature Reserve includes tropical cloud forest habitats; the Amani Nature Reserve was established in 1997 in a forested area in the East Usambara Mountains with an area of 83.8 km2, including the Amani Botanical Garden of 3 km2 and a further 10.7 km2 of forest managed by local tea estates. Traditionally, people living in villages adjacent to the reserve have used the forest as a source of timber and medicinal plants, a place to gather plants, bush meat and fruit for consumption and a source of live birds, amphibians and invertebrates for international trade; the forests in the reserve have been described as intermediate evergreen forests or submontane evergreen forest, a type of vegetative cover that tends to grow on the seaward side of both the West and East Usambaras.

The dominant trees are Allanblackia stuhlmannii, Isoberlinia scheffleri, Macaranga capensis, Cephalosphaera usambarensis, Myrianthus holstii. Newtonia buchananii and Parinari excelsa. A growing problem in the area is the presence of the invasive West African tree Maesopsis eminii; this tree germinates from seeds which are spread by birds, springs up in gaps in the canopy and outperforms native tree seedlings, displacing rare endemics and reducing biodiversity. The forests of East Usambara have long been separated from other forests and their isolation makes them more vulnerable to invasive species such as M. eminii. The fauna of the Usambara Mountains has been compared to that of the Galápagos Islands in terms of its richness and biological importance; the area of the Amani Nature Reserve is better studied than many other parts of the range with numerous endemic invertebrates dependent on the native moist forest cover including mites, freshwater crabs, beetles, butterflies and molluscs. There are few large mammals in the reserve.

Duiker and bushpig are plentiful and there are two species of monkey, but the elephants and leopards that used to inhabit the area are no longer present. The elusive long-billed forest warbler is known from the reserve and from one other locality, Mount Namuli in northern Mozambique, 1,000 km away; some of the endemic animals are named after the mountains in which the nature reserve is set, these include the Usambara weaver, Usambara alkalat, Usambara hyliota and the Usambara eagle-owl. Others are named after the reserve, these include the Amani sunbird and the Amani tailorbird. There are endemic tree frogs and chameleons unique to the area. Founded in 1902, after World War II the scientific station became famous for its research into malaria. Since the 1970s the laboratory has remained unchanged with the specimens and instruments of a long gone by era; as of 2017 the station receives few visitors and the thirty-four staff maintain the entomological collection continuing to add butterflies and other insects.

Flora of East Tropical Africa Mkomazi National Park


The Madariyya are members of a Sufi order popular in North India in Uttar Pradesh, the Mewat region, Bihar and Bengal, as well as in Nepal and Bangladesh. Known for its syncretic aspects and focus on internal dhikr, it was initiated by the Sufi saint'Sayed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar', called "Qutb-ul-Madar", is centered on his shrine at Makanpur, Kanpur district, Uttar Pradesh, he came to India in the thirteenth century A. D. along with the saint Ashraf Jahangir Semnani. Originating from the Tayfuriya order, as his Pir, spiritual teacher was Bayazid Tayfur al-Bistami, Madariya reached its zenith in the late Mughal period between 15th to 17th century, gave rise to new orders as Madar's disciples spread through the northern plains of India, into Bengal; as with most Sufi orders, its name Madariya has been created by adding a Nisba to the name of its founder Madar, leading to Madariya, sometimes spelled as Madariyya, though it is referred as Tabaqatiya. The Dargah, or the tomb of Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar, is located at Makanpur, near Kanpur city, in Uttar Pradesh state, India.

It is visited by thousands of visitors every month and during the annual Urs celebrations. Sadan Shah Sarmast disciple of Zinda Shah Madar, Tomb in Gujarat Syed Akmal Husain Urf Babamaan disciple of Sadan Shah Sarmast, Tomb in Vadodara, Gujarat Chote Mast Dada disciple of Sadan Shah Sarmast, Tomb in Vadodara, Gujarat Syed Jamaluddin Janeman Jannati Madari R. A, Bihar. Jogi Moinuddin Chishti Ashraf Jahangir Semnani Hazrat Sayed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar Dargah and Biography

Muangthai PKSaenchaimuaythaigym

Muangthai P. K. Saenchaimuaythaigym is a Muay Thai kickboxer from Nong Ki District. Muangthai is known by his aggressive fight style and angled elbow strikesMuangthai has fought against high rated Muay Thai champions as Petpanomrung Kiatmuu IX, Saeksan Or. Kwanmuang, Sangmanee Sor Tienpo, Pokkaew Fonjangchonburi, Penake Sitmunoi, Thanonchai Thor. Sangtiannoi, Superbank Mor. Rattanabundit, Saen Paranchai and Superlek Kiatmuu IXSince 2014, Muangthai trains on P. K. Saenchai Muay Thai Gym, the same training camp of the legendary Muay Thai champion Saenchai Sor Kingstar, Kongsak Saenchaimuaythaigym and Kaonar and other Muay Thai champions. On July 2016, Muangthai was the #2 Super-feather weight ranked on Lumpinee Stadium by ranked #2 Super-Feather weight on Rajadamnern Stadium by On 27 September 2016, Muangthai was ranked #1 Super-Feather weight in Thailand by 2017 Thailand Lightweight Champion 2016 Lumpinee Stadium Fighter of the Year 2014 Thailand Sport Authority Fighter of the Year 2014 Channel 7 Stadium Super Featherweight Champion 2012 Lumpinee Stadium Light Flyweight Champion

List of Gateshead blue plaques

A long-running blue plaque scheme is in operation in Gateshead and Wear. Administered by the local council, the scheme was registered with English Heritage in 1970 and 21 blue plaques were installed from the inception of the scheme until 1996. Although the scheme was never formally closed, only one further plaque was unveiled prior to the presentation of a'report to cabinet' on 16 November 2004 which recommended that the scheme be revived. Seven further plaques were installed prior to the publication of a commemorative council document in 2010, bringing the total to 29, though a number of further plaques have been installed since that date; the Gateshead scheme aims to highlight notable persons who lived in the borough, notable buildings within it and important historical events. An individual will only be considered for commemoration by Gateshead blue plaque if they meet the suggested criteria laid out in the 2004'report to cabinet'; these are that the individual has sufficient local standing, is regarded as an eminent member of their profession, calling or field or has made some important contribution to "human welfare or happiness".

The individual must have lived in Gateshead and either had a significant impact on the borough or are of such national or international eminence that their association with the borough is itself noteworthy. They must be deceased; some of those commemorated through the scheme include Geordie Ridley, author of the Blaydon Races, William Wailes, a noted 19th century proponent of stained glass who lived in a "fairytale mansion" at Saltwell Park, the industrialist and co-founder of Clarke Chapman, William Clarke and Sir Joseph Swan, the inventor of the incandescent light bulb whose house in Low Fell was the first in the world to be illuminated by electric light. An historical event will be considered suitable for a Gateshead blue plaque so long as it was not a usual occurrence, had a significant impact on local or national history and can be associated with a building or structure to which the corresponding plaque can be appended. Events commemorated by Gateshead blue plaque include the 19th century Felling mining disasters, one of which included "one of the most tremendous explosions in the history of coal mining" and which killed 92 men and boys.

Crawford, Elizabeth. Women's Suffrage Movement: A reference guide 1866–1926. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0415239265. MacKenzie and Ross. An Historical and Descriptive View of the County Palatine of Durham. McKenzie and Ross. ISBN 1-150796-79-0. Manders, Francis William David. A History of Gateshead. Gateshead Corporation. ISBN 0-901273-02-3. Unknown. A Record of the Great Fire in Newcastle and Gateshead. Routledge