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Charles II of Navarre

Charles II, called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux 1343–1387. Besides the Pyrenean Kingdom of Navarre, he had extensive lands in Normandy, inherited from his father, Count Philip of Évreux, his mother, Queen Joan II of Navarre, who had received them as compensation for resigning her claims to France and Brie in 1328. Thus, in Northern France, Charles possessed Évreux, parts of Vexin, a portion of Cotentin, he was a major player at a critical juncture in the Hundred Years' War between France and England switching sides in order to further his own agenda. His horrific death by burning was considered God's justice upon him. Charles was born in Évreux. Since his father was first cousin to King Philip VI of France, his mother, Joan II of Navarre, was the only child of King Louis X, Charles of Navarre was'born of the fleur de lys on both sides', as he liked to point out, but he succeeded to a shrunken inheritance as far as his French lands were concerned. Charles was raised in France during childhood and up to the moment he was declared king at 17, so he had no command of the Romance language of Navarre at the moment of his coronation.

In October 1349, he assumed the crown of Navarre. In order to take his coronation oath and be anointed, Charles II visited his kingdom in summer 1350. For the first time, the oath was taken in a language other than Latin or Occitan as it was customary, i.e. Navarro-Aragonese. Apart from short visits paid the first 12 years of his reign, he spent his time entirely in France, he hoped for a long time for recognition of his claim to the crown of France. However, he was unable to wrest the throne from his Valois cousins, who were senior to him by agnatic primogeniture. Charles II served as Royal Lieutenant in Languedoc in 1351 and commanded the army which captured Port-Sainte-Marie on the Garonne in 1352; the same year he married Joan of the daughter of King John II of France. He soon became jealous of the Constable of France, Charles de La Cerda, to be a beneficiary of the fiefdom of Angoulême. Charles of Navarre felt he was entitled to these territories as they had belonged to his mother, the Queen of Navarre, but they had been taken from her by the French kings for a paltry sum in compensation.

After publicly quarrelling with Charles de la Cerda in Paris at Christmas 1353, Charles arranged the assassination of the Constable, which took place at the village of l'Aigle, his brother Philip, Count of Longueville leading the murderers. Charles made no secret of his role in the murder, within a few days was intriguing with the English for military support against his father-in-law King John II, whose favourite the Constable had been. John II was preparing to attack his son-in-law's territories, but Charles's overtures of alliance to King Edward III of England led John instead to make peace with the King of Navarre by the Treaty of Mantes of 22 February 1354, by which Charles enlarged his possessions and was outwardly reconciled with John II; the English, preparing to invade France for a joint campaign with Charles against the French, felt they had been double-crossed: not for the last time, Charles had used the threat of an English alliance to wrest concessions out of the French king.

Relations between Charles and John II deteriorated afresh and John invaded Charles's territories in Normandy in late 1354 while Charles intrigued with Edward III's emissary, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster at the fruitless peace negotiations between England and France held at Avignon in the winter of 1354–55. Once again Charles changed sides: the threat of a renewed English invasion forced John II to make a new agreement of reconciliation with him, sealed by the Treaty of Valognes on 10 September 1355; this agreement, did not last. Charles befriended and was thought to be trying to influence the Dauphin, was involved in a botched coup d'état in December 1355 whose purpose appears to have been to replace John II with the Dauphin. John amended matters by making his son Duke of Normandy, but Charles of Navarre continued to advise the Dauphin how to govern that province. There were continued rumours of his plots against the king, on 5 April 1356 John II and a group of supporters burst unannounced into the Dauphin's castle at Rouen, arrested Charles of Navarre and imprisoned him.

Four of his principal supporters were beheaded and their bodies suspended from chains. Charles was taken to Paris and moved from prison to prison for greater security. Charles remained in prison after John II was defeated and captured by the English at the Battle of Poitiers, but many of his partisans were active in the Estates General which endeavoured to govern and reform France in the power-vacuum created by the King's imprisonment while much of the country degenerated into anarchy. They continually pressed the Dauphin to release him. Meanwhile his brother Philip of Navarre threw in his lot with the invading English army of the Duke of Lancaster and made war on the Dauphin's forces throughout Normandy. On 9 November 1357 Charles was sprung from his prison in the castle of Arleux by a band of 30 men from Amiens led by Jean de Picquigny. Greeted as a hero when he entered Amiens, he was invited to enter Paris by the Estates General, which he did with a large retinue and was'received like a newly-crowned monarch'.

He addressed the populace on 30 November listing his grievances against those who had impris

St. Joseph Catholic Church (San Antonio, Texas)

The St. Joseph Catholic Church is a Roman Catholic parish church in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Antonio, located at 623 East Commerce Street in downtown San Antonio, United States; the Gothic Revival house of worship was the fourth Catholic parish in the city. The church is an example of; the church occupies the probable second site of the Missión San Antonio de Valero, before it was moved in 1724 to its present location. The cornerstone of the church was laid in 1868, it was completed in 1871, it served a large and growing community of German immigrants. In the 1870s, Friar Henry Pfefferkorn, founder of the Liederkranz, painted the Annunciation and Assumption murals on the side altars. A steeple was added in 1898. Stained glass windows, imported from the Emil Frei Art Glass Factory in Munich, were installed in 1902. In 1944, Joske's department store offered to buy the church grounds in order to develop it commercially. Parishioners unanimously refused the offer to move from the site and so instead Joske's built around the three sides of the church, earning the church from locals the moniker "St. Joske's".

A restoration was commenced in 1981. Today, the parish serves as home to a multicultural community and as a popular attraction for tourists. Spanish-language masses are held with mariachi music and the San Antonio Liederkranz sings once a month. National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Bexar County Notes ReferencesGerem, Yves. A Marmac Guide to San Antonio. Pelican Publishing. ISBN 9781455608546. - Total pages: 552 Google Translate. "Siehe die Wohnung Gottes bei den Menschen". Google Translate. Retrieved March 22, 2013. Lair, Gerald. Our San Antonio. Photographs by Mark Langford. Quarto Group. ISBN 9781610604802. - Total pages: 112 Levy, Abe. "St. Joseph's church evokes its German past". Retrieved March 22, 2013. St. Joseph Catholic Church. "SAINT JOSEPH PARISH – About Us". St. Joseph Catholic Church. Retrieved March 22, 2013; the San Antonio Liederkranz Inc. "The San Antonio Liederkranz". The San Antonio Liederkranz Inc. Retrieved March 22, 2013. "St. Joseph Parish at 623 East Commerce St, San Antonio, Texas 78205 United States". Retrieved March 22, 2013. "Walking Tour of Some Downtown Attractions in San Antonio". TripAdvisor. Retrieved March 22, 2013. "The San Antonio You Don't Know". Retrieved March 22, 2013. Texas Monthly. Shrines and Familiar places. Texas Monthly. Untiedt, Kenneth L.. Death Lore: Texas Rituals and Legends of the Hereafter. University of North Texas Press. ISBN 9781574412567. - Total pages: 275 Williams, Docia Schultz Williams. History and Mystery of the Menger Hotel. Taylor Trade Publications. ISBN 9781556227929. - Total pages: 250 St. Joseph Catholic Church on Facebook

Les Fleurs du mal (Léo Ferré album)

Les Fleurs du mal is an album by Léo Ferré, released in 1957 by Odeon Records. It is his first LP dedicated to a poet and this is the first time in popular music history a whole album is dedicated to a dead poet. Léo Ferré has set Baudelaire into music two more times: in 1967 with double album Léo Ferré chante Baudelaire, with unfinished project Les Fleurs du mal, recorded in 1977 but posthumously released in 2008. Texts by Charles Baudelaire. Music composed by Léo Ferré. Original LP Léo Ferré - voice, piano Jean-Michel Defaye - piano Jean Cardon - accordion Barthélémy Rosso - guitar Pierre Gossez - tenor saxophone Janine de Waleyne - ondes Martenot Fred Ermelin - double bass Album listening & presentation

Mary Jewett Telford

Mary Jewett Telford was a humanitarian who worked as a nurse at Hospital No. 8 in Nashville, during the American Civil War. In her years, Mary was a published author, editor of numerous journals, lecturer on the temperance circuit and charter member of the Woman's Relief Corps, an auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic. Mary Jewett Telford was born in Seneca, New York on March 18, 1839. Mary’s father and mother, Dr. Lester Jewett and Hannah Southwick Jewett, were parents to five children. After Mary’s birth, another four children would join the clan; the Jewetts lost infants Ruth and Oakley within days of each other in 1846 of diphtheria or scarlet fever. After their burial at Old No. 9 Cemetery in Seneca, the family made the decision to move to Lima Township, Michigan, to be closer to Lester’s brothers, who had migrated there in the 1820s. In Lima, Lester built a cobblestone house. Nathan, Mary’s youngest sibling, was born in Lima. By the age of 14, Mary was teaching in the district school.

She spent one year teaching at Morganfield, before returning home to Michigan. It was there that William T. Jewett, enlisted in the 4th Michigan Cavalry. Four months William was dead from typhoid fever. Mary’s elder brother, Edward Jewett, joined the 124th Ohio Infantry. Mary longed to assist the soldiers convalescing from their wounds. Although she was denied a nursing position by the U. S. Sanitary Commission because she was too young, she persisted. Michigan Governor Austin Blair, a friend of her father’s, gave her a special permit and Mary was off to war, she working at Hospital No. 8 in Nashville, for eight months, the sole woman in a hospital occupied by six hundred soldiers. Mary did her best to keep up with the calls for assistance of all kinds. On more than one occasion, soldiers sought her out many years after the war to thank her for being their angel during those dark days of war. Mary was a strong woman, but after a year, she left the nursing job she loved, shattered in health and spirits.

Her loved. In addition to her family, there was a soldier who waited for Mary – her sweetheart, Jacob Telford of the 15th Indiana Infantry Regiment. Mary and Jacob married on July 1864, at her home in Lima, Michigan. Jacob, nearly six years older than Mary, was native to Seneca, New York. One day on her daily rounds at Hospital No. 8, she recognized his clear blue eyes and shy grin. Jacob had been wounded at Murfreesboro, Tennessee; the Telfords are listed in the 1870 census as living in Iowa. Residing with them were two girls, Mattie Stokes and Olive Montgomery. Mary and Jacob adopted several girls orphaned during the Civil War. A move from Iowa to Denver, was made in 1873 in hopes of improving Mary’s asthmatic condition. In Denver, Mary’s abilities took wing. A writer since her teenage years, Mary’s short children’s story, "Tom", was published in St. Nicholas Magazine in 1880. In July 1883, Mary became a charter member of the Woman’s Relief Corps, dedicated to assisting veterans, their wives and their children.

This organization continues to aid veterans and their families. The same year, Mary was appointed to the Child-Saving Work committee on the Board of Charities and Corrections. In 1884, she founded and published The Challenge, a temperance journal which espoused the ideas of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. In the late 1880s, Mary became the editor of the Colorado Farmer journal, while contributing articles to newspapers in cities around the country; the United States House Committee on Invalid Pensions passed a bill on May 24, 1892 granting a pension to Mary Jewett Telford, based on her service as a nurse during the Civil War. Less than two weeks Mary applied for her pension; the money was welcomed, considering that the Telfords’ income consisted of Jacob’s $8 a month government pension from his service in the 15th Indiana Infantry, from any money Mary brought in with her writing and editing ventures. She continued writing and editing and began to tour the country as a lecturer on the temperance circuit.

She counted W. C. T. U. Founder Frances Willard as a friend. Sometime in late 1900 or 1901, Mary and Jacob moved once again, to Tennessee, it was there, in 1905. In keeping with his wishes, Mary had his body brought to Stones River National Cemetery, the former battlefield on which he had been wounded years before, for burial. Less than twelve months after the loss of her husband of 41 years, Telford discovered she had a health issue which required surgery. Sent to the Hinsdale Sanitarium in Hinsdale, Illinois for care, Mary Jewett Telford passed away on August 5, 1906 following a critical operation, she was buried in Illinois. Nine months Mary’s older sister, Catherine Jewett Wilkinson, brought Mary’s remains back East and interred her beside their mother Hannah Southwick Jewett at South Perinton Cemetery in Perinton, New York. Fairport-East Rochester Post: Civil War nurse remembered during national Women’s History Month

2017 Pittsburgh mayoral election

The 2017 Pittsburgh mayoral election took place on November 7, 2017. The primary election was held on May 16, 2017. Incumbent Democratic Mayor Bill Peduto ran for re-election to a second term. Three Democrats, including Peduto, no Republicans filed petitions to appear on the respective primary ballots before the deadline on March 7, 2017. Peduto won the Democratic primary and was unopposed in the general election; the 2013 election, in which then-incumbent Mayor Luke Ravenstahl was a candidate for re-election before withdrawing, saw an open election for Mayor of Pittsburgh. Then-city council member Bill Peduto, who had run for Mayor of Pittsburgh in the 2005 election and the 2007 special election following the death of Bob O'Connor, won a four-way Democratic primary, he went on to win the general election comfortably, defeating his Republican opponent, Joshua Wander, by 73 points. He assumed office in January 2014; the Democratic primary election was held on May 16, 2017. Incumbent Mayor Bill Peduto formally announced his re-election campaign on December 14, 2016.

Peduto's first challenger, activist John Welch, declared his candidacy on January 21. In mid-February 2017, two individuals had filed to vie for the primary election endorsement of the Allegheny County Democratic Committee: Peduto and city council member Darlene Harris, the latter of whom had not announced a campaign. John Welch remained a candidate in the primary; the committee announced its endorsement of Bill Peduto on March 5. Harris, although losing the party endorsement, gained 40% of the committee votes and filed petitions just before the March 7 deadline to appear on the ballot in the primary, despite not having formed an official campaign; because of this, Harris did not file a campaign finance report and challenged the legality of the city ordinance requiring them. Bill Peduto, incumbent Mayor of Pittsburgh Darlene Harris, Pittsburgh City Council member John Welch, Dean of Students at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary On May 16, Bill Peduto defeated John Welch and Darlene Harris to win the Democratic nomination.

No Republican received the requisite 250 write-in votes in the Republican primary to become that party's nominee, but Peduto received 228 write-ins, Darlene Harris received 229, John Welch received 65, with 21 votes that had not been verified. Two independent candidates—James Rack and Khalid Raheem—filed to appear on the ballot before the early August 2017 deadline, but were removed from the ballot in late August after their nominating petitions were challenged by the Allegheny County Democratic Party. Rack had failed to provide a financial interest statement to the city clerk and Raheem's petition contained too few city resident signatures to qualify. Peduto was re-elected, having been the only candidate listed on the general election ballot

The Time Apprentice

The Time Apprentice is a fantasy fiction novel by Val Tyler, published in 2006. When Old Father Time, Greenwich's Guardian of time feels a wobble in the earth's floor he isn't overly concerned - time has slight wibbles now and then, he has allowed for this. But two events occur in this magical invisible world that cause quakes so massive that human and Guardian time are shaken out of alignment, causing our worlds to drift further and further apart... Old Father Time and the Guardians decided that the only way to stop this happening is to search for and repair the Gemetbur - a thing of legends and before time, set up to govern time before Guardians existed, but when Tid and Sofi discover in a dusty old children's book that their grandfather, Old Father Time, is in grave danger should he reach this legendary thing, they set out after him and everyone is in a race against time to save each other as well our worlds