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Charles I of Anjou

Charles I called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty and the founder of the second House of Anjou. He was Count of Provence and Forcalquier in the Holy Roman Empire, Count of Anjou and Maine in France. In 1272, he was proclaimed King of Albania; the youngest son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile, Charles was destined for a Church career until the early 1240s. He acquired Forcalquier through his marriage to their heiress, Beatrice, his attempts to secure comital rights brought him into conflict with his mother-in-law, Beatrice of Savoy, the nobility. He received Maine from his brother, Louis IX of France, in appanage, he accompanied Louis during the Seventh Crusade to Egypt. Shortly after he returned to Provence in 1250, Charles forced three wealthy autonomous cities—Marseilles and Avignon—to acknowledge his suzerainty. Charles supported Margaret II, Countess of Flanders and Hainaut, against her eldest son, John, in exchange for Hainaut in 1253. Two years Louis IX persuaded him to renounce the county, but compensated him by instructing Margaret to pay him 160,000 marks.

Charles forced the rebellious Provençal nobles and towns into submission and expanded his suzerainty over a dozen towns and lordships in the Kingdom of Arles. In 1263, after years of negotiations, he accepted the offer of the Holy See to seize the Kingdom of Sicily from the Hohenstaufens; this kingdom included, in addition to the island of Sicily, southern Italy to well north of Naples and was known as the Regno. Pope Urban IV declared a crusade against the incumbent Manfred of Sicily and assisted Charles to raise funds for the military campaign. Charles was crowned king in Rome on 5 January 1266, he annihilated Manfred's army and occupied the Regno without resistance. His victory over Manfred's young nephew, Conradin, at the Battle of Tagliacozzo in 1268 strengthened his rule. In 1270 he took part in the Eighth Crusade and forced the Hafsid caliph of Tunis to pay a yearly tribute to him. Charles's victories secured his undisputed leadership among the popes' Italian partisans, but his influence on papal elections and his strong military presence in Italy disturbed the popes.

They tried to channel his ambitions towards other territories and assisted him in acquiring claims to Achaea and Arles through treaties. In 1281 Pope Martin IV authorised Charles to launch a crusade against the Byzantine Empire. Charles' ships were gathering at Messina, ready to begin the campaign when a riot—known as the Sicilian Vespers—broke out on 30 March 1282, it put an end to Charles' rule on the island of Sicily, but he was able to defend the mainland territories with the support of France and the Holy See. Charles was the youngest child of Louis VIII of Blanche of Castile; the date of his birth was not recorded, but he was a posthumous son, born in early 1227. Charles was Louis's only surviving son to be "born in the purple", a fact he emphasised in his youth, according to Matthew Paris, he was the first Capet to be named for Charlemagne. Louis willed; the details of Charles' tuition are unknown. He could identify errors in Latin texts, his passion for poetry, medical sciences and law is well documented.

Charles said. In reality, Blanche was engaged in state administration, could spare little time for her youngest children. Charles lived at the court of a brother, Robert I, Count of Artois, from 1237. About four years he was put into the care of his youngest brother, Count of Poitiers, his participation in his brothers' military campaign against Hugh X of Lusignan, Count of La Marche, in 1242 showed that he was no longer destined for a Church career. Raymond Berengar V of Provence died in August 1245, bequeathing Provence and Forcalquier to his youngest daughter, Beatrice because he had given generous dowries to her three sisters; the dowries were not discharged, causing two of her sisters and Eleanor, to believe that they had been unlawfully disinherited. Their mother, Beatrice of Savoy, claimed that Raymond Berengar had willed the usufruct of Provence to her. Emperor Frederick II, Count Raymond VII of Toulouse and other neighbouring rulers proposed themselves or their sons as husbands for the young countess.

Her mother put her under the protection of the Holy See. Louis IX and Margaret suggested. To secure the support of France against Frederick II, Pope Innocent IV accepted their proposal. Charles hurried to Aix-en-Provence at the head of an army to prevent other suitors from attacking, he married Beatrice on 31 January 1246. Provence was a part of the Kingdom of Arles and so of the Holy Roman Empire, but Charles never swore fealty to the emperor, he ordered a survey of the counts' rights and revenues, outraging both his subjects and his mother-in-law, who regarded this action as an attack against her rights. Being a younger child, destined for a church career, Charles had not received an appanage from his father. Louis VIII had willed that his fourth son, should receive Anjou and Maine upon reaching the age of majority, but John died in 1232. Louis IX knighted C

Stockwell Garage

Stockwell Garage is a large bus garage in Stockwell, in the London Borough of Lambeth, which opened in April 1952. At the time of construction it was Europe's largest unsupported roof span; the garage provides 73,350 sq ft of unobstructed parking space and could house 200 buses, required at a time when the last trams were being replaced by buses. On a cursory view of the exterior, the bus garage is typical of much of the architecture built in the post war reconstruction period in London around the Festival of Britain. There was a steel shortage at the time, so concrete was used for the roof structure instead of the steel girder structure, the norm. At Stockwell, the opportunity was taken to create a bravura piece of reinforced concrete design, building on a residential site cleared by the Blitz, it is a few hundred metres to the northwest of Stockwell Underground station. The garage was designed by Adie and Partners, with Thomas Bilbow, architect to the London Transport Executive, the structural engineer from the firm of Alfred Edward Beer.

The main contractor was Wilson Sons. The 393 ft long roof structure is supported by ten shallow "two-hinged" arched ribs; each is 7 ft deep at the centre of the arch, 10 ft 6 in at the end, spans 194 ft. The 42 ft gap between each pair of ribs is spanned by a cantilevered barrel vault topped by large skylights; the vaults are crossed by smaller ribs to prevent torsion. Seen from the outside, the main arches are visible as outward-leaning buttresses, with a segmental curve to each bay forming a flowing roof line; the buttresses and ribs were cast in situ in sections. The bed of the subterranean River Effra was found to pass through the site during construction, which necessitated deeper foundations for the supporting concrete buttresses. Three of the nine bays to Lansdowne Way to the north – the central bay and two end bays – have large double folding doors to permit access; each bay has segmental toplights with central louvres for ventilation. The gable ends are glazed with vertical lights, with folding doors to Binfield Road to the west.

The site houses inspection pits, a canteen in one- and two-storey brick buildings filling the angle as Binfield Road turn past to the south. Since 1988 the garage has been a Grade II* listed building, reflecting its importance in post-war architectural and engineering history, it is coded "SW" by Transport for London. The writer Will Self has called the garage "the most important building in London". During the privatisation of London bus services, it was included in the sale of London General to the Go-Ahead Group. Several Transport for London bus routes operate including: Historic England. "Details from listed building database". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 April 2006. 1952: Stockwell Bus Garage, Twentieth Century Society Engineering timeline Media related to Stockwell Garage at Wikimedia Commons All Aboard For Stockwell

Coggeshall Town F.C.

Coggeshall Town Football Club is a football club based in Coggeshall, England. The club are members of the Isthmian League North Division and play at West Street; the club was established on 27 September 1878 by the J. K. King seed company in a meeting at the White Hart Hotel, with many of the King family and company employees being keen footballers. After losing the final of the Essex Junior Cup in 1899, they joined the North Essex League, going on to win the league four times; the club joined the Colchester & District League, won Division II B and the Colchester & District Junior Cup in 1909–10, before retaining the Division II title the following season. In 1911 the league merged into the Essex & Suffolk Border League and the club were Division II B runners-up in 1926–27. During the inter-war period Coggeshall played in local leagues around Braintree and Kelvedon, as well as returning to the North Essex League, where they won a further ten titles by World War II. After the war, the club joined the Braintree & District League, before switching to the Colchester & East Essex League.

They were promoted to the Premier Division at the end of the 1951–52 after finishing as runners-up in Division One. In 1959 the club moved up to the Essex & Suffolk Border League, won Division One in 1962–63; the late 1960s and early 1970s saw a prolonged period of success for the Coggeshall as they won back-to-back Premier Division titles in 1966–67 and 1967–68, finished as runners-up in 1968–69 and won a third title in 1969–70. They won the League Cup in both 1968–69 and 1969–70, beating Whitton United 3–2 in the 1969 final and Heybridge Swifts 1–0 in the 1970 final. After finishing as runners-up in 1970–71 and 1971–72, the club joined the Essex Senior League in 1972. After finishing bottom of the table for three consecutive seasons between 1983–84 and 1985–86, the club left the league, they rejoined the league in 1987, but left again at the end of the 1988–89 season for financial reasons. Coggeshall had two spells in the Essex Intermediate League during the 1990s, before rejoining the Essex & Suffolk Border League.

They won Division Three in 1994–95 and were Division Three runners-up in 2000–01. In 2012 -- 13 they finished second in Division One. In 2015–16 they won the Premier Division and the League Cup, beating Holland 4–3 on penalties, following a 0–0 draw. At the end of the season they were promoted to Division One of the Eastern Counties League; the following season saw them finish as Division One runners-up, resulting in promotion to the Premier Division. In 2017–18 the club won the Premier Division title at the first attempt, earning promotion to the North Division of the Isthmian League. Coggeshall's first season in the Isthmian League ended with a fourth-place finish and qualification for the promotion play-offs, with the club losing 1–0 to Maldon & Tiptree in the semi-finals; the club played at Mynheer Park, before moving to Barnard Field on Pointweel Lane for the 1880–81 season. The following season saw the club move to Highfields Farm Park, where they played until relocating to Fabians Field on Colne Road in 1890.

In 1895 the club returned to Highfields. After being given notice to leave the ground in 1960, land for a new ground on West Street was offered to them on a leasehold basis, with £2,000 raised to prepare it for the club. A pavilion was opened in 1961, a stand in 1964 and a clubhouse in 1971, at which point the club moved its headquarters from the Chapel Hotel. Floodlights were installed in 1967; when the landowner decided to sell the site in 1981, the club raised enough money to purchase it. The ground's record attendance of 1,124 was set at the end of the 1967–68 when Coggeshall defeated Tiptree United to win the Essex & Suffolk Border League at the end of the 1967–68 season. Eastern Counties League Premier Division champions 2017–18 Essex & Suffolk Border League Premier Division champions 1966–67, 1967–68, 1969–70, 2015–16 Division One champions 1962–63 Division Three champions 1994–95 League Cup winners 1968–69, 1969–70, 2015–16 Colchester & District League Division II B champions 1909–10, 1910–11 Essex Intermediate Cup Winners 1970–71 Colchester & District Junior Cup Winners 1909–10 Best FA Cup performance: Third qualifying round, 2018–19 Best FA Trophy performance: Extra preliminary round, 2018–19, 2019–20 Best FA Vase performance: Third round, 1974–75 Record attendance: 1,124 vs Tiptree United, Essex & Suffolk Border League, 1968 Official website Coggeshall Town F.

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Merry from Lena

Merry from Lena is a 1966 album by Lena Horne. Released in 1966, this Christmas album marked Horne's departure from United Artists Records and the recording industry until her return at Skye Records in 1970; the album was reissued on CD by Capitol, Razor & Tie, DRG. All CD issues of the album include a bonus track, "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town", not included on the original LP. "Jingle All the Way" – 2:36 "The Christmas Song" – 3:19 "Winter Wonderland" – 2:11 "White Christmas" – 2:42 "Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!" – 2:23 "The Little Drummer Boy" – 2:26 "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" – 3:15 "What Are You Doing New Year's Eve?" – 2:40 "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas" – 3:39 "Silent Night" – 2:41 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" – 2:59 Lena Horne – vocals Jack Parnell - Orchestration, Conductor

Signe Asmussen

Signe Asmussen Manuitt is a Danish mezzosoprano singer who has performed not only in classical concerts, chamber music and opera but in Latin jazz and as a member of the Tolkien Ensemble. Since 2001, she has made a mark as one of Denmark's most impressive female singers. In addition to appearances in Denmark, she has given recitals in London's Wigmore Hall and Amsterdam's Concertgebouw. Asmussen starred as Hanna Glawari in Operette Kompagniet's production of The Merry Widow, she is married to the Cuban Salsa singer Ernesto Manuitt. Born in 1970 in Copenhagen, Signe Asmussen was brought up in a musical family, learning to sing and play the violin from an early age, she studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Music under Bodil Øland and Keld Thaarup, graduating as a soloist in 2001. From the start, she received encouraging support from the critics as she branched out into all genres, she became fond of singing lieder, developing an extensive repertoire as a member of Liedkompagniet founded by Christian Westergaard.

She has been accompanied by prominent pianists from Denmark and abroad, including Howard Shelley and Peter Hill, has sung with orchestras conducted by Thomas Dausgaard, Lan Shui, Michel Tabachnik, Michael Seal and Howard Shelley. Asmussen has participated in several ensembles, including Theatre of Voices, the Copenhagen Saxophone Quartet, Athelas Sinfonietta, Figura Ensemble. and the Esbjerg Ensemble. As an opera singer, she has appeared at the Royal Danish Opera and at Den Jyske Opera in a variety of roles, including Cherubino in The Marriage of Figaro, Bertha in The Barber of Seville and Musette in La Bohème. In 2013, she sang and played the violin in Sangbogen fra Eldorado, a lively baroque concert inspired by 17th and 18th century Latin-American songs; as a member of Grupo Cubita, she has sung modern Cuban numbers. Signe Asmussen has received a number of scholarships. In 2009, she was awarded the Aksel Schiøtz prize for excellence as a lieder singer. Signe Asmussen's website

Ryan O'Meara

Ryan O'Meara is an American ice dancer. With partner Jamie Silverstein, he is a 2006 Olympian. Following his retirement from competitive skating, he began working full-time as a coach and an interior designer. O'Meara competed on the novice and junior levels with Melissa Ralph and Lia Nitake, having some success with them both, he won four straight medals at the U. S. Championships on the novice and junior levels between 1999 and 2002, two with Ralph and two with Nitake, he competed with Lydia Manon from 2003 to 2005. With Manon, he won the bronze medal at the 2005 U. S. Championships and at the 2005 Four Continents, following which Manon decided to end the partnership, he began training with Jamie Silverstein, a former World Junior Champion with Justin Pekarek, in April 2005. They were coached by Marina Zueva in Canton, Michigan. Silverstein and O'Meara had sudden success, they were sent as a host entry to the 2005 Skate America, their first international competition together as a team, placed 5th.

They won the bronze medal at the 2006 U. S. Championships, which qualified them for the 2006 Winter Olympics and the 2006 Four Continents Championships, they placed 6th. At the Olympics, they placed 18th in the compulsory dance, 16th in the original dance, 18th in the free dance, placing 16th overall out of 23 teams, they chose not to compete at the 2006 World Championships. U. S. pewter medalists Morgan Matthews and Maxim Zavozin were sent in their place. In the spring of 2006, Silverstein and O'Meara announced they would be taking time off from competitive skating, their partnership ended soon after and O'Meara retired from competitive skating. O'Meara works as a coach, he owns an interior design business called "Palavela Home", named after the Palavela, the venue for the figure skating competition at the Olympics. O'Meara is gay. O'Meara's interior design company Official Silverstein/O'Meara Website Ryan O'Meara at the U. S. Figure Skating Silverstein / O'Meara at the International Skating Union Manon & O'Meara at the International Skating Union U.

S. Olympic Team bio