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Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami

Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami was a governor of Egypt for the Umayyad Caliphate in the mid-8th century. Hafs was a member of a well-connected family from the original Arab settler community in Egypt, the "jund", chiefly resident at the capital of Fustat, which had traditionally dominated the province's administration, he had served as sahib al-shurta prior to his rise to the governorship. With the death of Caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik in 743, the Umayyad regime entered a period of instability—that culminated in civil war—and Hafs sought to use the weakness of the Umayyad government to re-affirm the predominance of the jund in Egyptian affairs against the Qays Syrians who had come to Egypt with Umayyad backing over the previous years; the Syrians were forcibly expelled from Fustat, Hafs set about recruiting a force of 30,000 men, named Hafsiya after him, from among the native non-Arab converts. When the pro-Qays Marwan II rose to the throne in 744, Hafs resigned and the new Caliph ordered his replacement with Hasan ibn Atahiya and the disbandment of the Hafsiya.

The Hafsiya, refused to accept the order to disband and mutinied, besieging the new governor in his residence until he and his sahib al-shurta both were forced to leave Egypt. Hafs, though unwilling, was restored by the mutinous troops as governor. In the next year, 745, Marwan dispatched a new governor, Hawthara ibn Suhayl al-Bahili, at the head of a large Syrian army. Despite his supporters' eagerness to resist, Hafs proved willing to surrender his position. Hawthara took Fustat without opposition, but launched a purge, to which Hafs and several Hafsiya leaders fell victim. Kennedy, Hugh. "Egypt as a province in the Islamic caliphate, 641–868". In Petry, Carl F.. Cambridge History of Egypt, Volume One: Islamic Egypt, 640–1517. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 62–85. ISBN 0-521-47137-0. Kennedy, Hugh N.. The Armies of the Caliphs: Military and Society in the Early Islamic State. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-25093-5

Occident (sternwheeler)

Occident was a steamer that operated on the Willamette River and its tributary, the Santiam River from 1875 to about 1890. Occident was designed for freight work, did not have passenger accommodations; this Occident should not be confused with the smaller steam launch Occident propeller-driven, which operated out of Astoria, Oregon in the 1890s. Occident was considered a twin vessel to the sternwheeler Orient Occident was described as a freight steamer. Occident was built at Portland, Oregon in 1875. In the fall of 1888, Occident had a draft of 22 inches. Occident was given the official merchant vessel registry number 19448. In 1885, Occident was 154.4 ft exclusive of the extension of the main detail over the stern, called the “fantail” on which the stern-wheel was mounted. The beam of the vessel was 35.8 ft exclusive of the protective wooden timbers running along the top of the hull called the guards. The depth of hold was 5 ft; the overall size of the vessel, in 1885, measured in tons, a unit of volume and not weight, was 586.95 gross tons and 429.76 net tons.

In November 1879, Occident was described as having “tastefully furnished” staterooms and berths which were wide. Occident was driven by a stern-wheel, turned by twin steam engines, horizontally mounted, each with bore of 16 in and a piston stroke of 5 ft or 5.5 ft In 1879, Occident had two different stern-wheels which could be mounted on the steamer, one used for the seasonal low-water periods,and another for deeper water. Occident was built for the Willamette River Transportation Company. However, Occident did not remain long under the original ownership. In 1875, the Oregon Steam Navigation Company was planning to reenter the steamboat business on the Willamette River, which they had stayed away from since 1864, when an accommodation had been reached between O. S. N. and its chief competitor on the Willamette, the People’s Transportation Company. To effect this business plan, on December 29, 1875, O. S. N. set up a subsidiary corporation, the Willamette Transportation and Locks Company, with a capitalization of $1,000,000.

The officers of the new corporation were some of the most prominent businessmen in the state of Oregon: John C. Ainsworth, president. R. Thompson, vice-president; the Willamette River Transportation Company was dissolved, all of its assets, including the steamer Occident, were transferred to the new corporation. Every prominent steamboat men on the Willamette served on Occident at one time or the other. In November 1879 the officers of Occident were: captain. N. Holmes, Charles Jennings, engineer. At various times other officers included: Captain. Henry Carter, Nat H. Lane, Jr.. D. Tackaberry, William R. Turnbull. Chief engineer: Charles E Gore, William Lewis, William J. Maher, E. Vickers. Mate: George Benson, Alexander J. “A. J.” Spong. Purser: Frank W. Goodhue. First assistant engineer: Charles H. Jennings. On the morning of Thursday, January 13, 1876, Occident arrived at Jefferson, Oregon, a small settlement in Marion County, Oregon on the Santiam River. Jefferson, at river mile 9.0 was considered the head of navigation on the Santiam.

No steamer had called at Jefferson since the Calliope, several years before. To reach Jefferson “was something of an accomplishment, since the Santiam and dashing, was unnavigable except during extreme high water and only for a few days at a time.” The entire local population turned out to greet Occident. Anvils were beaten as a welcome signal; the steamer Champion arrived at Jefferson at about the same time. Both vessels brought in merchandise to the city and took away, between them, several thousand bushells of wheat from the Granger warehouse. On Saturday, May 13, 1876, the sternwheeler Dayton was moored at Oregon City, when Occident owned by the Willamette River Transportation and Locks Company came into the boat basin at full steam to unload a cargo of wheat for the Oregon City Mills. Dayton, at 203.4 gross tons, was much smaller than Occident. While passing the boat yard, where Dayton was moored, Occident threw up a wake which pushed Dayton onto a snag, knocking a hole in the hull, sinking Dayton immediately.

The following Monday, May 15, three pumps were placed into Dayton, worked from the sternwheeler Bonanza. After a full day of pumping, they were able to raise Dayton. On September 1, 1876, the start of the usual fall low water period on the Willamette, the steamer Bonanza was placed on a schedule of running three times a week between Salem and Corvallis, connecting with Occident at Salem. At about 5:00 p.m. on October 31, 1878, Occident and another sternwheeler, S. T. Church arrived at Salem on their way upriver. Both of steamers had departed Portland and raced the whole way to Salem, with Church arriving about 3 minutes before Occident. Both boats departed upriver to pick up freight, about 7:00 a.m. on the next morning, November 1, they passed by Salem coming downriver. In 1879, the Oregon Steam Navigation Company, an profitable company and sold its entire fleet of steamers, including Occident, all of its other assets, to a newly formed corporation, the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company, capitalized at $6,000,000.

In this manner, the O. R.&N, as the new company was known, gained control of every significant steamer operating on the Columbia River system. By November 11, 1876, Occident had switched over to its deep-water stern-wheel. On Nov

Witch tower

Witch tower or Witches' Tower is a common name or description in English and other European languages for a tower, part of a medieval town wall or castle used as a prison or dungeon. The name is derived from the period of witch trials. Many of these towers were used to incarcerate those found guilty of witchcraft. Other witch towers were, named for example in the 19th century when they were used as normal prisons or were just ordinary towers in the city walls. Witch towers are found in many German towns and cities such as Aschersleben, Frankenberg, Gelnhausen, Heidelberg, Hofheim am Taunus, Idstein, Jülich, Lahnstein, Landsberg am Lech, Markdorf, Olpe, Rheinbach, Rüthen, Windecken. Today these towers are sometimes used to house museums. According to legend, witches were burnt at the stake at the Witches' Tower at the Wildensteiner Burg. With trials from the region of the Upper Danube valley may be seen in the archives. In Babenhausen, a special beer, the Hexe is brewed. In Salzburg there is a witch tower in the city walls dating to the 15th century, used as a prison and as a store.

In 1944 it was destroyed by a bomb and the ruins were torn down. Only a picture on the facade of Wolf Dietrich Straße and Paris Lodron Straße recalls this building. Großes Bollwerk and Hexenturm Hexenturm Hexenturm Hexenturm Hexenturm in the Old Gaol at Freising Hexenturm Hexenturm Hexenturm Hexenturm, part of Idstein Castle Hexenturm Jülich Hexenturm Hexenturm Hexenturm Hexenturm Hexenturm Baszta Czarownic Hexenturm, a tower in Munich's second city wall Hexenturm, tower in the former city wall, today on the corner of Paris-Lodron-Straße and Wolf-Dietrich Straße Wildensteiner Burg Hexenturm Aufsatz zu Justiz und Erinnerung

Ten Days (Missy Higgins song)

"Ten Days" is a pop song by Australian singer-songwriter Missy Higgins, the second single from her debut album The Sound of White. The single was released in Australia on 15 November 2004 and peaked at No. 12 on the ARIA singles chart. It was written by Jay Clifford of Jump, Little Children. By the end of 2004 it had been certified Gold selling over 35,000 copies, it was voted the No. 6 song in the Triple J Hottest 100, 2004. The video features Higgins travelling to various places and many of the shots were filmed in Adelaide, South Australia. Higgins signed a recording contract with Eleven while still at high school. After she left school she spent much of 2002 on a backpacking trip to Europe; when she returned she began writing music for The Sound of White. The lyrics for "Ten Days" were inspired by Higgins' breakup with her boyfriend when she travelled to Europe; the song was written by Higgins and Jay Clifford, the guitarist and lead singer of US band Jump, Little Children. "Ten Days" was released on 15 November 2004.

It entered the ARIA Singles Chart at No. 14 and rose to No. 12. It was certified Gold, it spent five weeks on the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand Singles Chart, peaking at No. 39. The song was released in the United Kingdom on 30 May 2005, her first single to be released there, reached No. 133 on the UK Singles Chart. In 2005, the song was nominated for an Australasian Performing Right Association song writing award for'Song of the Year' but was beaten by her own debut single, "Scar"; the music video for "Ten Days" features footage of Higgins travelling through Europe. CD single "Ten Days" "Greed For Your Love" "Scar" "The Special Two" 2005 APRA Awards, Song Of The Year Official website Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Hypercubic honeycomb

In geometry, a hypercubic honeycomb is a family of regular honeycombs in n-dimensions with the Schläfli symbols and containing the symmetry of Coxeter group Rn for n>=3. The tessellation is constructed from 4 n-hypercubes per ridge; the vertex figure is a cross-polytope. The hypercubic honeycombs are self-dual. Coxeter named this family as δn+1 for an n-dimensional honeycomb. A Wythoff construction is a method for constructing a uniform plane tiling; the two general forms of the hypercube honeycombs are the regular form with identical hypercubic facets and one semiregular, with alternating hypercube facets, like a checkerboard. A third form is generated by an expansion operation applied to the regular form, creating facets in place of all lower-dimensional elements. For example, an expanded cubic honeycomb has cubic cells centered on the original cubes, on the original faces, on the original edges, on the original vertices, creating 4 colors of cells around in vertex in 1:3:3:1 counts; the orthotopic honeycombs are a family topologically equivalent to the cubic honeycombs but with lower symmetry, in which each of the three axial directions may have different edge lengths.

The facets are hyperrectangles called orthotopes. Alternated hypercubic honeycomb Quarter hypercubic honeycomb Simplectic honeycomb Truncated simplectic honeycomb Omnitruncated simplectic honeycomb Coxeter, H. S. M. Regular Polytopes, Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8 pp. 122–123. Pp. 154–156: Partial truncation or alternation, represented by h prefix: h=.