click links in text for more info

Charles L. Robinson

Charles Lawrence Robinson was the first Governor of Kansas. He was the first governor of a US state to be impeached, although he was found not guilty and was not removed from office. To date he is the only governor of Kansas to be impeached. Robinson was educated at Hadley and Amherst academies, at Amherst College, he studied medicine in Woodstock, in Pittsfield, where he earned his medical degree at the Berkshire Medical College in 1843. He practiced medicine in Belchertown and Fitchburg. In 1849, he traveled overland to California, he edited a daily paper in Sacramento called the Settler's and Miner's Tribune in 1850, took an active part in the riots of 1850 as an upholder of squatter sovereignty, was wounded, while under indictment for conspiracy and murder, was elected to the California legislature. He was subsequently discharged by the court without trial, he represented California's 12th State Assembly district from 1851 to 1852. He married Sara Tappen Doolittle Lawrence in 1851, they had two children.

She published Kansas, its Exterior and Interior Life, in which she describes the scenes and events of the struggle between the friends and foes of slavery in Kansas. In 1852, Charles returned to Massachusetts, conducted in Fitchburg a weekly paper called the News. In 1854, Robinson happened to attend a meeting at which Eli Thayer of the New England Emigrant Aid Society spoke about the need to oppose slavery. After the speech, the two were introduced to one another. Thayer took an immediate liking to Robinson and asked him to act as the New England Emigrant Aid Company's official financial agent, to which Robinson agreed. In June of that year, Robinson went to Kansas Territory with Charles Branscomb to find suitable land upon which the Emigrant Aid Society could found a town dedicated to the free state cause. Robinson's efforts led to the founding of Lawrence. During the Bleeding Kansas tragedy, Robinson angered many with his passionate support for the Free-Staters, who were promoting a fight against pro-slavery advocates.

He was illegally elected Territorial Governor of Kansas under the Topeka Constitution in January 1856. From the spring of 1856 until September and several other Free-State leaders, including the son of abolitionist John Brown, were held in custody in Camp Sackett; this United States military camp was located about 3.5 miles southwest of Kansas. In 1861, Robinson took office as governor of the newly admitted State of Kansas, his impeachment was due to a political rivalry with James H. Lane, he was found not guilty. Elected to the Kansas State Senate, Robinson served from 1873 to 1881, he was Superintendent of the Haskell Institute from 1887 to 1889, regent of the University of Kansas for twelve years. Robinson died on August 17, 1894, is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery in Lawrence. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, J. G.. "Robinson, Charles". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. Kansas State Historical Society Impeachment of State Officials Publications concerning Kansas Governor Robinson's administration available via the KGI Online Library Charles L. Robinson at Find a Grave National Governors Association The Political Graveyard

Lazarus Seaman

Lazarus Seaman, was an English clergyman, supporter in the Westminster Assembly of the Presbyterian party, intruded Master of Peterhouse and nonconformist minister. He was a native of Leicester. On 4 July 1623 he was entered as a sizar at Emmanuel College, where he graduated B. A. in 1627, M. A, in 1631. Lack of funds led him to leave Cambridge and teach a school in London, he was chosen lecturer at St. Martin's, became chaplain to Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland. In 1642 he was presented by William Laud to the rectory of Bread Street. In 1643 he was nominated a member of the Westminster Assembly and he was a regular attendant, saying there on 18 February 1645, "In no institution did God go against nature."On 11 April 1644 Seaman was admitted Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge, by Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, in place of John Cosin, ejected on 18 March. He was an absentee for much of the time, clashed with the fellowship, imposed the election of his son as Fellow. On 6 November 1645 Seaman was placed on the committee of accommodation designed by parliament to arrange terms for the comprehension of the Independents.

He was one of the remonstrants against the toleration of'separate congregations,' and maintained in the Westminster Assembly the divine right of the presbyterian discipline. At the second meeting of the provincial assembly of London, Seaman, a member of the first London classis, was moderator. In September–November 1648 he was one of the four presbyterian divines commissioned to the Isle of Wight to recommend their case to Charles I in discussion with the king, aided by episcopalian divines. In January 1649 he signed the Vindication drawn up by Cornelius Burges, protesting against the king's trial, he proceeded D. D. in 1649. In 1653 he was vice-chancellor of Cambridge, in 1654 was appointed by Oliver Cromwell, one of the Visitors of his university. On the English Restoration, John Cosin was restored as Master of Peterhouse on 3 August 1660. Seaman held aloof, with William Jenkyn and a few others, from the negotiations with Charles II in the presbyterian interest, was looked upon as an uncompromising man, whom it was useless to tempt with offers of preferment.

He resigned his benefice in consequence of the 1662 Uniformity Act. On the passing of the Five Miles Act of 1665, Richard Baxter drew up a statement of reasons for not taking the oath which exempted from its operation, he ministered to a congregation of his former parishioners, preached publicly after the Great Fire of London of 1666, after the indulgence of 1672 built a chapel in Meeting-house Yard, Silver Street, Wood Street, Holborn. Anthony à Wood, who knew him refers to him respectfully as "a learned nonconformist." He died in Warwick Court, Newgate Street, about 9 September 1675. His library of 5,000 books was sold at auction, the first time an auction of this kind had been held in England. Besides sermons before parliament, before the Lord Mayor, a farewell sermon, Seaman published: The Διατριβὴ proved to be Παραδιατριβή. A Vindication of... the Reformed Church... from Misrepresentations concerning the Ordination, against Sidrach Simpson and Edmund Chillenden). Mr. Seaman, reprinted as The Papers which passed between His Majesty.. and Mr. Seaman... concerning Church-government.

He prefixed an address by Richard Sibbes. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Seaman, Lazarus". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900

MV Kooleen

The MV Kooleen was a ferry operated by the Sydney Harbour Transport Board and its successors on Sydney Harbour. When the Sydney Harbour Transport Board took over the Sydney Ferries Limited business in July 1951, it inherited an old fleet in need of replacement. In 1954, an order was placed with the State Dockyard for a prototype new type of ferry. Delivered in 1956, the Kooleen was enclosed single-deck ferry with a high all-round view bridge; this was not popular with her passengers, who were used to double deck ferries with outdoor areas and thus no more were ordered. It would not be until the 1968 arrival of the Lady Cutler; the Kooleen remained in service until it was withdrawn in May 1985. In 1986 it was converted to a houseboat. After sinking several times, it was sold in 2003 with the proposal of it being sunk as a dive vessel; however this was not to eventuate, after sinking again in Berrys Bay it was broken up on site in July 2006. List of Sydney Harbour ferries

Territorial Decoration

The Territorial Decoration was a military medal of the United Kingdom awarded for long service in the Territorial Force and its successor, the Territorial Army. This award superseded the Volunteer Officer's Decoration when the Territorial Force was formed on 1 April 1908, following the enactment of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907, a large reorganisation of the old Volunteer Army and the remaining units of militia and Yeomanry. However, the Militia were transferred to the Special Reserve rather than becoming part of the Territorial Force. A recipient of this award is entitled to use the letters "TD" after their name; the original criterion was for a minimum of 20 years service in the Territorial Force and Territorial Army, with war service counting double and service in the ranks counting half. In 1930 the new Efficiency Decoration was introduced to be awarded to all three services; when the ED was awarded to a Territorial Army officer it continued to be known as the Territorial Decoration and the recipient still used the letters TD after their name.

It was replaced in 1999 by the Volunteer Reserves Service Medal, awarded to all ranks in all services. For members of the Honourable Artillery Company the ribbon differed, being a half blue, half scarlet ribbon, with yellow edges; this distinction was bestowed by King Edward VII for the Volunteer Long Service And Good Conduct Medal and the honour extended to the same medals under the Territorial designations. The HAC ribbon colours were the household colours of King Edward VII. Note that this medal is separate from the Territorial Force Imperial Service Badge; the equivalent award for the ranks was the Territorial Force Efficiency Medal, the Territorial Efficiency Medal, the Efficiency Medal. J M A Tamplin, The Territorial Decoration, 1908-1930, Queens Royal Surrey regiment - Territorial Decorations and Medals On Churchill being awarded a TD

Discrete Fourier transform

In mathematics, the discrete Fourier transform converts a finite sequence of equally-spaced samples of a function into a same-length sequence of equally-spaced samples of the discrete-time Fourier transform, a complex-valued function of frequency. The interval at which the DTFT is sampled is the reciprocal of the duration of the input sequence. An inverse DFT is a Fourier series, using the DTFT samples as coefficients of complex sinusoids at the corresponding DTFT frequencies, it has the same sample-values as the original input sequence. The DFT is therefore said to be a frequency domain representation of the original input sequence. If the original sequence spans all the non-zero values of a function, its DTFT is continuous, the DFT provides discrete samples of one cycle. If the original sequence is one cycle of a periodic function, the DFT provides all the non-zero values of one DTFT cycle; the DFT is the most important discrete transform, used to perform Fourier analysis in many practical applications.

In digital signal processing, the function is any quantity or signal that varies over time, such as the pressure of a sound wave, a radio signal, or daily temperature readings, sampled over a finite time interval. In image processing, the samples can be the values of pixels along a row or column of a raster image; the DFT is used to efficiently solve partial differential equations, to perform other operations such as convolutions or multiplying large integers. Since it deals with a finite amount of data, it can be implemented in computers by numerical algorithms or dedicated hardware; these implementations employ efficient fast Fourier transform algorithms. Prior to its current usage, the "FFT" initialism may have been used for the ambiguous term "finite Fourier transform"; the discrete Fourier transform transforms a sequence of N complex numbers:= x 0, x 1, …, x N − 1 into another sequence of complex numbers,:= X 0, X 1, …, X N − 1, defined by where the last expression follows from the first one by Euler's formula.

The transform is sometimes denoted by the symbol F, as in F or F x. Eq.1 can be evaluated outside the domain k ∈, that extended sequence is N -periodic. Accordingly, other sequences of N indices are sometimes used, such as and, which amounts to swapping the left and right halves of the result of the transform. Eq.1 can be interpreted or derived in various ways, for example: The normalization factor multiplying the DFT and IDFT and the signs of the exponents are conventions, differ in some treatments. The only requirements of these conventions are that the DFT and IDFT have opposite-sign exponents and that the product of their normalization factors be 1 N. A normalization of 1 N for both the DFT and IDFT, for instance, makes the transforms unitary. A discrete impulse, x n = 1 at n = 0 and 0 otherwise. A DC signal, X k = 1 at k = 0 and 0 otherwise. Let N = 4 and x = ( x 0 x 1 x

Church of Our Lady of Kazan (Zelenogorsk)

Church of Our Lady of Kazan is a Russian Orthodox church in Zelenogorsk in Russia. It was completed in 1915; the church is dedicated to Our Lady of Kazan the most venerated icon in Russia. Church of Our Lady of Kazan was designed by the architect Nikolay Nikonov and raised for the Russian villa colony in Terijoki. During the Finnish period, it was the largest Eastern Orthodox church in Finland; as Terijoki was captured by the Soviet troops in 1939, the church served as a warehouse until the late 1970s. It was reconsecrated in 1990 by the Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow. Church of Our Lady of Kazan was preceded by the Orthodox church in Terijoki, completed in 1880 by the design of Fjodor Kharlamov; the Terijoki Church was funded by a wealthy St. Petersburg businessman Andrei Ivanovich Durdin who had a villa in Terijoki; as the population of the villa colony rose up to tens of thousands, the church was enlarged in 1894 by the drawings of J. F. Bruni, it was one of the churches of Raivola parish and the Terijoki parish was established in 1898.

In December 1907 the wooden church in Terijoki was destroyed in a fire. The new church was raised a 500 metres west to the centers village of Terijoki, next to the 1907 completed Terijoki Lutheran Church. 3 official site of the temple