Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond

Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, 2nd Duke of Lennox, 2nd Duke of Aubigny, was a British nobleman and politician. He was the son of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, an illegitimate son of King Charles II, he held a number of posts in connection with his high office but is best remembered for his patronage of cricket. He has been described as the most important of the sport's early patrons and did much to help its evolution from village cricket to first-class cricket. Lennox was styled Earl of March from his birth in 1701 as heir to his father's dukedom, he inherited his father's love of sports cricket. He had a serious accident at the age of 12 when he was thrown from a horse during a hunt, but he recovered and it did not deter him from horsemanship. March entered into an arranged marriage in December 1719 when he was still only 18 and his bride, Hon. Sarah Cadogan, was just 13, in order to use Sarah's large dowry to pay his considerable debts, they were married at The Hague. In 1722, March became Member of Parliament for Chichester as first member with Sir Thomas Miller as his second.

He gave up his seat after his father died in May 1723 and he succeeded to the title of 2nd Duke of Richmond. A feature of Richmond's career was the support he received from his wife, her interest being evident in surviving letters, their marriage was a great success by Georgian standards. Their grandson who became the 4th Duke is known to cricket history as the Hon. Col. Charles Lennox, a noted amateur batsman of the late 18th century, one of Thomas Lord's main guarantors when he established his new ground in Marylebone; the 2nd Duke of Richmond has been described as early cricket's greatest patron. Although he had played cricket as a boy, his real involvement began after he succeeded to the dukedom, he captained his own team and his players included some of the earliest known professionals, such as his groom Thomas Waymark. When he patronised Slindon Cricket Club, Richmond was associated with the Newland brothers, his earliest recorded match is the one against Sir William Gage's XI on 20 July 1725, mentioned in a surviving letter from Sir William to the Duke.

Records have survived of four matches played by Richmond's team in the 1727 season. Two were against two against an XI raised by the Surrey patron Alan Brodrick; these last two games are significant because Richmond and Brodrick drew up Articles of Agreement beforehand to determine the rules that must apply in their contests. These were itemised in sixteen points, it is believed that this was the first time that rules were formally agreed, although rules as such existed. The first full codification of the Laws of Cricket was done in 1744. In early times, the rules were subject to local variations; the articles of agreement focused on residential qualifications and ensuring that there was no dissent by any player other than the two captains. In 1728, Richmond's Sussex played twice against Edwin Stead's Kent and lost both matches, " men have been too expert for those of Sussex". In 1730, Richmond's team played two matches against Gage's XI and another match against a Surrey XI backed by a Mr Andrews of Sunbury.

Richmond lost to Andrews. The second of his matches against Gage, due to be played at The Dripping Pan, near Lewes, was "put off on account of Waymark, the Duke's man, being ill". In 1731, Richmond was involved in one of the most controversial matches recorded in the early history of cricket. On 16 August, his Sussex team played a Middlesex XI backed by one Thomas Chambers at an unspecified venue in Chichester. Chambers' team won this match, which had a prize of 100 guineas, a return was arranged to take place at Richmond Green on 23 August; the return match was played for 200 guineas and it is notable as the earliest match of which the team scores are known: Richmond's XI 79, Chambers' XI 119. The game ended promptly at a pre-agreed time although Chambers' XI with "four or five more to have come in" and needing "about 8 to 10 notches" had the upper hand; the end result caused a fracas among the crowd at Richmond Green, who were incensed by the prompt finish because the Duke of Richmond had arrived late and delayed the start of the game.

The riot resulted in some of the Sussex players "having the shirts torn off their backs" and it was said "a law suit would commence about the play". In a note about another match involving Chambers' XI in September, G. B. Buckley has recorded that Richmond may have conceded the result to Chambers to stop the threat of litigation. Richmond is not mentioned in cricket sources again for ten years, he may have stepped aside after the 1731 fracas but it is more that he terminated his Duke of Richmond's XI after he broke his leg in 1733 and could no longer play himself. Instead, he channelled his enthusiasm for cricket through a team from the small village of Slindon, which bordered on his Goodwood estate; the rise to fame of Slindon Cricket Club was based on the play of Richard Newland and the patronage of Richmond. On Thursday, 9 July 1741, in a letter to her husband, the Duchess of Richmond mentions a conversation with John Newland regarding a Slindon v. East Dean match at Long Down, near Eartham, a week earlier.

This is the earliest recorded mention of any of the Newland family. On 28 July, Richmond sent two letters to the Duke of Newcastle to tell him about a game that day which had resulted in a brawl with "hearty blows" and "broken heads"; the game was at Portslade between Slind


Rübke a village located in the north of Lower Saxony, Germany. Its population is 500 and consists of two main roads. Rübke belonged — as to its government — to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, established in 1180. In religious respect, however, Rübke formed part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Verden until after 1566 its incumbent bishops lost papal recognition, except of a last Catholic bishop from 1630 to 1631, respectively. In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, first ruled in personal union by the Swedish Crown — interrupted by a Danish occupation - and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown; the Kingdom of Hanover incorporated the Duchy in a real union and the Ducal territory became part of the new Stade Region, established in 1823. The town has limited facilities, with only a bank and a car yard being the main commercial entities in the town. Along Buxtehude Straße there is the town's fire brigade, which provides a location for the majority of the town's social gatherings.

To the south west of the town lies Buxtehude and to the south, Neu Wulmstorf. The closest major city is Hamburg, to the north; the town is not serviced by standard public transport. The B3n is connecting Neu Wulmstorf and the B73 with Rübke and the ramp for the planned A26

Max Wideman

Robert Max Wideman referred to as Max Wideman, is known for his contributions to the profession of project management. He is the creator of the first edition of A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, the Project Management Institute's foundational book on the process of project management. Wideman is well known for his free comprehensive project management knowledge web site; that contains over 12,500 pages, 550 Issacons, 280,000 links. Wideman was born at home in Penarth on 19 January 1927, he attended Alpha School in Harrow and the Bedford Modern School due to the outbreak of World War II. In 1944 Wideman obtained entrance to the City and Guilds section of the Imperial College in Kensington and was close to the center of London throughout the V-1 and V-2 rocket attacks. In 1947 Wideman graduated with a Bachelor of Science with Honours in civil engineering, he spent two years performing the mandatory National Service for the British Government, required of every male at that time.

After initial training Wideman was sent to Lüneburg in Germany as a Lance Bombardier in the Royal Artillery. He spent time during this period teaching basic education subjects to enlisted soldiers in the British Army. Upon completion of his service in 1949, Wideman worked for the Demolition and Construction Company, his first job was a contract for modernizing and expanding a steel mill in Scunthorpe in North Lincolnshire. Wideman was registered as a pupil engineer under agreement for two years while qualifying for his membership in the Institution of Civil Engineers. To complete the qualifying requirements prior to taking the final exam for the Institution of Civil Engineers, Wideman moved to the British colony of Northern Rhodesia in 1951 to work for the Colonial Service in the Department of Water Development and Irrigation. From 1955 to 1966, Wideman resided in England working for Sir Murdoch Macdonald & Partners, London, UK, for John Mowlem & Co. Ltd, London, UK. In 1961 he was promoted to the position of Construction Agent.

From 1966 to the present Wideman has resided in Canada, living in the cities of Toronto and Vancouver. He has held a number of professional titles including project manager, project director, vice president, principal. Since 1990, Wideman has provided project management consulting through his own company, AEW Services. Wideman has been active in the US based Project Management Institute since 1974. In the mid-1980s, he led a team of 80 PMI volunteers across North America to document the institute’s project management body of knowledge, known as "The PMBoK", it was approved and published by PMI in 1987. This document has since been upgraded four times by the distribution of "A Guide to the PMBoK". Subsequent to this original PMBoK work, he was elected President and Chairman of the PMI Board, he has been honored with Project Management Institute. Wideman is author of several books on project management; these include: A Framework for Project and Program Management Integration and Project and Program Risk Management: A Guide to Managing Project Risks and Opportunities as PMI's handbooks.

Over the last five years he has dedicated his spare time to researching "best" and better practices in project management across the entire PMBoK spectrum. This includes emerging discipline of project portfolio management. More he has made this entire information available to the public on his web site. In November 2004 the Canadian West Coast Chapter of PMI established an independent education foundation named after Wideman; this was due to Wideman's donation of the proceeds of his book,'A Framework for Project and Program Management Integration' to the Canadian West Coast Chapter. After PMI HQ ceased selling the book in 2004 the subsequent royalties, in the amount $51,000.00, were used as the seed money to start the Wideman Education Foundation. The foundation's mission is, "To teach, develop and encourage the use of proven, successful project management skills that are needed everyday by everyone."Wideman continues to be involved with the foundation and holds a seat on the board of directors.

Fellow, Institution of Civil Engineers, UK, 1969 Fellow, Engineering Institute of Canada, 1977 Distinguished Contribution, Project Management Institute 1985 Person of the Year, Project Management Institute 1986 Professional Service Award, Association of Professional Engineers of BC, 1988 Fellow, Project Management Institute, 1989 Fellow, Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, 1994 Engineering Institute of Canada Vice President Ontario Region, 1973–1974 Founding President, Canadian West Coast Chapter of the Project Management Institute, 1979 Project Management Institute Vice President Member Services, 1984–1986 Project Management Institute President, 1987 Project Management Institute Chairman of the Board, 1988 Founding Sponsor & Secretary, The Wideman Education Foundation, 2007 A Framework for Project and Program Management Integration Project and Program Risk Management: A Guide to Managing Project Risks and Opportunities Cost Control of Capital Projects A Management Framework for Project and Portfolio Integration Official website