Princeton is a city in and the county seat of Bureau County, United States. The population was 7,700 at the 2014 census. Princeton is part of the Ottawa–Streator Micropolitan Statistical Area. Due to its location where Interstate 80 meets the Amtrak system, as well as its well-preserved main street and historic housing stock, Princeton has become a popular satellite town for Chicago and the Quad Cities. Bureau County was a New England settlement; the original founders of Princeton consisted of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankees," descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s, they were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal; when they arrived in what is now Bureau County there was nothing but a virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes.
They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, fueling the establishment of many schools, as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Culturally Bureau County, like much of northern Illinois, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its history. During the time of slavery, it was a stop on the Underground Railroad at the home of Owen Lovejoy; the name of Princeton was determined by drawing from a hat: "The naming of the township of Princeton was the privilege of the three trustees, Roland Moseley, John Musgrove and John P. Blake; when these men came together to act upon the subject of christening this new legal division of land, each one had a favorite name to present. It is only natural when one wanders away from the scenes of his early life that he should feel a longing for something that looks or sounds like home, so it was with the school trustees of what is now Princeton.
They each could come to no agreement. Each man was to write the name of his choice upon a piece of paper and place it in a hat, a stranger, being blind-folded, should make the drawing. Mr. Musgrove, coming from New Jersey, being loyal to his classic institution, wrote upon his slip Princeton, as it had been agreed that the first name drawn should settle the question, there was quite a little excitement in the preparation for the deciding contest. Matters were arranged and the bandage placed over the eyes of the drawer, he was led up to the hat wherein the papers had been placed and with outstretched hand he stood ready to decide the great and momentous question of christening the first born of the future Bureau county. At last the word was given, the drawing was made, while those interested stood with bated breath, awaiting the result, soon announced by the declaration that upon the slip of paper drawn by the blind-folded man, Princeton was plainly written, so we today have the classic name of Princeton for the legal center of Bureau county.
Princeton, for many years has enjoyed the distinction of being one of the literary centers of the state. She has the proud record of organizing and putting in successful operation the first township high school in Illinois, it is a city of quiet and pleasant homes." Princeton's former nickname was "The City of Elms" because of the large number of elm trees the city had during the middle of the 20th century. However, an epidemic struck the elm trees of Princeton and killed off every elm; the current slogan, "Where Tradition Meets Progress", was adopted in the mid 1960s by a contest among the city's elementary school students. The student who submitted the winning slogan was Maybeth Monroe. Princeton is located at 41°22′43″N 89°28′1″W. According to the 2010 census, Princeton has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 7,501 people, 3,263 households, 1,987 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,114.6 people per square mile. There were 3,513 housing units at an average density of 522.0 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 97.81% White, 0.9939% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.43% from other races, 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population. There were 3,263 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.85. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $39,622, the median income for a family was $50,018.
Males had a median income of $38,908 versus $20,784 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,632. About 5.6% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over. Princeton's major employers include L. W. Schneider, Inc. Firearms Components Manufacturer, Ace Hardware Retail Support Center
John G. Oglesby
John Gillett Oglesby was the 29th and 31st Lieutenant Governor of Illinois from 1909 to 1913 serving under Governor Charles S. Deneen, again from 1917 to 1921 serving under Governor Frank O. Lowden. Born in Decatur, Illinois, on March 19, 1873, he was the son of Illinois Governor Richard James Oglesby and Emma Gillet Oglesby, a member of the prominent Oglesby political family of Kentucky and Illinois. Oglesby served in the United States Army during the Spanish–American War and was a member of Illinois House of Representatives in 1905, he served as lieutenant governor for two non-consecutive terms, from 1909 to 1913 and from 1917 to 1921.. He was a candidate in the Republican primary for governor in 1920. Oglesby was a delegate from Illinois to the Republican National Conventions in 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932. Oglesby was a delegate to the Illinois convention to ratify the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1933, he died near Elkhart in Logan County, is interred at Elkhart Cemetery.
Illinois State House Portraits of Lieutenant Governors
Lawrence Yates Sherman
Lawrence Yates Sherman was a Republican politician from the State of Illinois. He served as United States Senator, the 28th Lieutenant Governor, as Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives. Sherman is best known for his role in preventing the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles, which kept the United States out of the League of Nations. Sherman was born on November 8, 1858 near Piqua in Miami County, the son of Nelson Sherman and Maria Sherman. A year he moved with his parents to McDonough County and eight years they moved to Grove Township in Jasper County, Illinois, he attended the common schools and Lee's Academy in Coles County, in 1882 earned an LL. B. degree from McKendree University in Lebanon, Illinois. He studied law under Judge Henry Horner and Professor Samuel H. Deneen and was admitted to the bar in Illinois in 1882. In 1891, he married Ella M. Crews, who died in 1893. On March 4, 1908, he married Estelle Spitler, who died in 1910. After passing the bar, Sherman involved himself in Illinois politics.
He was city attorney for Macomb, Illinois from 1885 to 1887 and a McDonough County judge from 1886 to 1890. In 1890, he entered into the private practice of law in Macomb. Sherman served 4 terms in the Illinois House of Representatives from 1897 to 1905. During his second term in 1899 he was chosen as the 40th Speaker of the House, in 1901 he became the second Republican to serve two terms in that office, 5th overall. While Speaker, Sherman played an important role in the creation of Western Illinois State Normal School and was instrumental in the selection of Macomb for its location. Sherman Hall, the main administrative building at Western Illinois University, was renamed after Senator Sherman in 1957. In 1904, he ran an unsuccessful bid for Governor of Illinois, but was nominated for the Lieutenant Governor position, he became the 28th Lieutenant Governor of Illinois, serving from 1905 to 1909. As lieutenant governor he was ex officio president of the Illinois Senate. In 1909, he ran for Mayor of Springfield, but lost by 300 votes.
He served as president of the Illinois state board of administration, public charities, 1909-1913 before returning to the practice of law in Springfield. As a delegate to the 1912 Republican National Convention, Sherman supported Theodore Roosevelt, but worked to prevent the party split that resulted in the Bull Moose party. After the split, he supported William Howard Taft, for president. In 1912, Sherman entered the Republican "advisory" primary for the United States Senate, challenging incumbent five-term Republican Senator Shelby M. Cullom. Cullom had suffered politically over his support for the other Illinois senator, William Lorimer, embroiled in a scandal over alleged bribery in his 1909 election to the Senate. On April 9, Sherman defeated Cullom by 60,000 votes and Cullom withdrew his name from consideration by the General Assembly. Three months after the primary, the United States Senate invalidated the election of Lorimer and declared the seat vacant; the Illinois Attorney General, William H.
Stead determined that the General Assembly had failed to properly elect Lorimer in 1909 and so the Governor could not appoint a replacement. As a result, the General Assembly had two Senate seats to fill. In the November 1912 election, the Republicans lost control of the state due to the Republican / Progressive split, but while the Democrats held a plurality of the General Assembly, they did not have a majority. The General Assembly took up the matter of electing the senators on February 1. On March 26, in a compromise arranged by governor Dunne, the General Assembly elected Democrat J. Hamilton Lewis to fill the Cullom seat and chose Sherman to fill the two remaining years of Lorimer's term. In 1914, he was elected to a full term, this time by the people of Illinois due to the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment, which he had supported prior to being elected to the Senate. In 1916, Sherman made the decision to retire from politics not to run for reelection in 1920, due to his failing hearing, which prevented him from hearing what was said on the Senate floor.
He served as chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia during the Sixty-sixth Congress. As one of the group of senators known as the "irreconcilables" or the "bitter-enders", Sherman opposed the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles and of U. S. involvement in the League of Nations, according to Historian Aaron Chandler, played a key role in its defeat. He characterized the treaty as "humanitarian in purpose, but impracticable in operation", believed the league would be weak. Sherman was a nationalist, but not an isolationist, he maintained that the country's interests would be served by maintaining close relations with England and France, was willing to accept limited obligations to America's wartime allies. He opposed any league that would limit America's sovereignty, believed that membership in a league of nations with divergent interests would weaken the United States in foreign affairs, by giving equal votes to small, weak countries, allowing them to join together and dictate foreign policy to the United States, Great Britain and Italy.
Sherman was concerned with America's influence in the League. He criticized the provisions of Article 7 that would give to the British Empire, counting its colonies, six votes, while the United States would have only one, he said that "Great Britain with her diplomatic influence in the Old World much superior to ours could secure a majority of the nations to outvote us any time she wished." He argued that the large number of predominately Catholic nations in the League were dominated by the Vatican, which would leave the United States beh
The Political Graveyard
The Political Graveyard is a website and database that catalogues information on more than 277,000 American political figures and political families, along with other information. The database attempts to capture basic biographical and office-holding data for its political figures. Besides where they are buried, it records dates and locations of birth and death, offices held and the applicable dates, organizational affiliations, cause of death, it reports their relation with other politicians listed, their political party, limited military history. The names are sorted and indexed by surname, positions held, religion, cause of death, final resting place, with each entry having fewer than five lines of text; the name comes from the website's inclusion of the burial locations of the deceased. The site was created in 1996 by Lawrence Kestenbaum an academic specialist at Michigan State University, on staff at the University of Michigan. Kestenbaum was a county commissioner, in 2004 was elected to be County Clerk/Register of Deeds of Washtenaw County, Michigan.
The site and its underlying database were developed from a personal interest triggered by the Biographical Directory of the U. S. Congress, its original data source. Since his personal research, the information contributions of hundreds of volunteers have expanded the information available, it is licensed under the "Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 1.0" Creative Commons License. Over the years the definition of "eligible political figure" has been expanded, it now includes most high federal officials, all elected and some appointed statewide officeholders, many mayors. It lists unsuccessful candidates, presidential electors, delegates to U. S. presidential nominating conventions of the major political parties. Politicians are listed alphabetically, by office held or sought, by location of birth and death; some are listed in categories, including occupations, ethnicity and organizational affiliation and awards. Politicians accused of crimes or touched by scandal are listed by the nature of the accusation, as well as by decade and by state.
Cause of death is broken down into dozens of categories. The site lists political families. Individuals listed on the site are linked together if their relationship meets the Rule of 1/1000 common ancestry; each cluster of three or more linked politicians is treated as a family, with family name and location assigned by an algorithm. The site's largest cluster, with 2,134 members, is called "Two Thousand Related Politicians"; the largest subset family is the Huntington-Chapin-Waterman family of Connecticut, with 229 members
William Henry Bissell
William Henry Bissell was the 11th Governor of the U. S. state of Illinois from 1857 until his death. He was one of the first successful Republican Party candidates in the U. S. winning the election of 1856 just two years after the founding of his party. In addition to being the first Republican governor of Illinois, he was the first Catholic and the first to die in office. Bissell was born in Hartwick, New York, near Painted Post, son of Luther Bissell and Hannah Shepard, he attended the public schools and was graduated from the Philadelphia Medical College in 1835. He moved to Monroe County, Illinois in 1837, where he taught school and practiced medicine until 1840. From 1840 to 1842, Bissell was a member of the Illinois House of Representatives, he studied law, was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Belleville, St. Clair County, Illinois, he was prosecuting attorney of St. Clair County in 1844, he served in the Mexican War as colonel of the Second Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, where he most contracted the syphilis that crippled him and contributed to his death at age 48.
Bissell was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses and as an Independent Democrat to the Thirty-third Congress. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1854. Bissell, true to his anti-slavery convictions, held a definite dislike for his Southern colleagues, whom he described collectively as "insolent and bullying beyond all belief." A nearly hour-long speech on the House floor, in retaliation for distortive comments made by James A. Seddon, regarding the Battle of Buena Vista, in which Bissell fought, won approval from Bissell's fellow Illinoisans, but inflamed Jefferson Davis, who felt slighted by the speech. Davis challenged Bissell to a duel, which Northern Congressmen were known to refuse. Bissell not only accepted the challenge, but in his rights as the party challenged, specified army muskets, loaded with ball and buckshot, at close range. Davis cleverly accepted further explanation for the offensive comments in Bissell's speech, but lost face with some in backing down.
An interesting note is that this incident, though hostilities were never commenced on the field of honor, disqualified Bissell from holding state office in Illinois, according to the state Constitution of 1848. All state officials, as a part of their inauguration oath, had to swear as to never having participated in a duel, either by fighting in one, accepting a challenge or acting as a second. Once back in Illinois, who had broken ties with Stephen A. Douglas over the slavery extension issue, came under the wing of Lincoln and the Republicans. In the gubernatorial election of 1856, Abraham Lincoln determined that a former Democrat stood the best chance of defeating the Democratic candidate, William Alexander Richardson of Quincy, a subordinate of Douglas'. Bissell, by the mid-1850s, was paralyzed, able to walk only with use of a cane and "the aid of a friendly arm", he was nominated unopposed, on May 29, 1856, at Bloomington. The Democrats made good work of the "duel" issue throughout the campaign and after the election, which Bissell carried by 4,787 votes in a three-candidate field.
The facts were plain: If Bissell took the anti-duelling oath, he was to therefore perjure himself. Bissell slipped the bonds of the charge by pointing out that the duel acceptance occurred in the District of Columbia, was therefore not subject to the Illinois Constitution; the actual offense, of course, was the perjury itself, perpetrated when Bissell, with embarrassed but tacit approval from the Republicans, took the oath at Springfield. Bissell, able only now to walk with crutches, has been the only governor of Illinois to be inaugurated in the Executive Mansion itself. All official business was transacted from the second floor of the Executive Mansion. Bissell served as governor from January 12, 1857, until his death, he died at the Illinois Executive Mansion in Springfield and was interred in Oak Ridge Cemetery. He was the first Illinois governor to die in office. After Bissell’s first wife died, in 1854 he was married to Elizabeth Kane, daughter of former United States Senator Elias Kane.
United States Congress. "William Henry Bissell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov. This article incorporates facts obtained from: Lawrence Kestenbaum, The Political Graveyard
Joseph M. McCormick
Joseph Medill McCormick, called Medill, was part of the McCormick family of businessmen and politicians in Chicago. After working for some time and becoming part owner of the Chicago Tribune, which his maternal grandfather had owned, he entered politics. After serving in the State House, he was elected both as a Representative in the United States Congress and as a US Senator from Illinois, he committed suicide at age 47, a few months after losing his bid for renomination for a second term in the senate. Joseph Medill McCormick was born in Chicago on May 16, 1877, his father was the future diplomat Robert Sanderson McCormick, a nephew of Cyrus McCormick. McCormick attended a preparatory school at Groton, Massachusetts, he graduated from Yale University in 1900, where he was elected to the secret society Scroll and Key. He worked as a newspaper reporter and publisher, became an owner of the Chicago Daily Tribune, he purchased interests in The Cleveland Leader and Cleveland News. In 1901 he served as a war correspondent in the Philippine Islands.
In 1903 he married daughter of the Ohio Senator Mark Hanna. They had three children: Ruth "Bazy" McCormick, who married Peter Miller and Garvin Tankersley; as Bazy Miller, she founded Al-Marah Arabians, a breeding and training farm for Arabian horses in Tucson, still operating, now in Florida, under the ownership of her son, Mark Miller. Katrina McCormick, who married Courtlandt Dixon Barnes Jr. John Medill McCormick, called "Johnny", died in a mountain-climbing accident in 1938. McCormick was a grandson of the Tribune owner Joseph Medill, his mother Katherine Medill McCormick hoped that leadership of the paper would pass from her brother-in-law, Robert Wilson Patterson, to her first son. Joseph McCormick took over much of the management of the paper between 1903 and 1907, but became depressed and developed alcoholism. In 1907–1908, he spent some time under the care of the psychoanalyst Carl Jung in Zurich, subsequently followed Jung's advice to detach himself from the family newspaper, his younger brother, the famed "Colonel" Robert McCormick became involved in the newspaper, worked on it for four decades, was a leading isolationist figure in the Republican Party.
McCormick was vice chairman of the national campaign committee of the Progressive Republican movement from 1912 to 1914. He was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in 1912 and 1914. Afterward he advanced to national office, being elected to the United States House of Representatives, where he served one term from March 4, 1917, to March 3, 1919, he was elected to the United States Senate in 1918, served from March 4, 1919, until his death at age 48 in 1925. In the Senate, McCormick was chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Labor and the Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments. McCormick lost the nomination in 1924 to Charles S. Deneen, who had served as the 23rd Governor of Illinois, he died on February 25, 1925, in a hotel room in Washington, DC. Although it was not publicized at the time, his death was considered suicide. McCormick was interred in Middle Creek Cemetery, near Illinois. List of United States Congress members who died in office American National Biography Dictionary of American Biography Miller, Kristie.
Ruth Hanna McCormick: A Life in Politics from 1880 to 1944. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1992 Stone, Ralph A. "Two Illinois Senators Among the Irreconcileables." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 50: 443-65. Media related to Joseph M. McCormick at Wikimedia Commons Newspaper clippings about Joseph M. McCormick in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics
Bina Deneen, born Bina Maloney, was the first two-term first lady of Illinois, the first to give birth in the Illinois Executive Mansion. She was the wife of Charles S. Deneen. Known at the time as "the ideal wife for a governor" for her calm and unassuming style, she was an active participant in her husband's campaigns, in the woman's club movement. Bina Day Maloney was born on February 14, 1868, to a prosperous Carroll County, Illinois farm family, she was born and raised in rural Mount Carroll Township, where she attended the Big Cut district school. Her father was the township's commissioner of roads; because her parents moved into the town of Mount Carroll several decades she was sometimes inaccurately reported as having been born and raised in Mount Carroll itself. In her teens in the 1880s, she taught school for a time in Iowa, she studied at the Mount Carroll Seminary, exiting in 1890. Although as now a liberal arts institution, the school offered courses in stenography and typewriting.
Deneen performed well enough in her studies to be hired as an instructor of these subjects in 1889 and 1890. Subsequently, she moved to Chicago and worked as a stenographer or typist, living in a boardinghouse, she married Chicago law student Charles S. Deneen, the brother of a fellow boardinghouse resident, in Princeton, Illinois in 1891. Both hailed from Methodist families. Deneen played ae part in each of her husband's campaigns, although chiefly behind the scenes; these campaigns began at the ward committeeman level in Chicago rising to Cook County state's attorney and the state legislature. Charles became the first two-term governor of Illinois, serving from 1904 to 1912; as the First Lady of Illinois, Deneen cut a demure figure, describing herself as a "home woman". She was the first First Lady of Illinois to have a child while living in the governor's mansion—her fourth child, born in 1906—a feat that would not be repeated until the birth of Samantha Thompson in 1978, she remains the only First Lady of Illinois to give birth in the executive mansion.
As First Lady of Illinois, Deneen was in charge of entertaining the various visitors to the executive mansion. Notable among these were president William Howard Taft, for whom a special ramp had to be installed, as well as former president Theodore Roosevelt, the French and British ambassadors. Like many other early Shimer College alumnae, Bina was active in the woman's club movement, she served as president of the Englewood Woman's Club, dedicated to the "promotion of the highest interest of humanity through Sociological, Educational and Music work," and was active in the Chicago Woman's Club, which she joined in 1915. She was active in the First Methodist Episcopal Church of Englewood; the Deneens returned to electoral politics in 1924, when Charles ran for US Senate. Deneen described herself as a "passive politician", but stumped for her husband during his final, failed Senate campaign in 1930. Feeling uncomfortable with traditional political speeches, she confined herself to expressing her gratitude and recognition of the campaign workers' efforts.
In the violent "Pineapple Primary" of 1928, in which the organizations of Deneen and "Big Bill" Thompson squared off against one another, the Deneens' home in Englewood was bombed, destroying the front porch. The 61st political bombing in Chicago that year, it marked a significant turning point in the campaign, which ended in a decisive victory for the Deneenites. Mrs. Deneen's calm response was considered noteworthy. After her husband's death, Deneen had moved from Englewood to nearby Hyde Park, she died on October 30, 1950, was laid to rest in the Oak Woods Cemetery. She survived her husband by ten years; the home where the Deneens lived in Englewood still stands at 457 W. 61st Place in Chicago. E. George Thiem, ed.. Carroll County: A Goodly Heritage. Kable Printing Company. "Mount Carroll Seminary". The Oread of Mount Carroll Seminary. Shimer College. 1890