Mount Vernon, Baltimore
Mount Vernon is a neighborhood north of downtown Baltimore, Maryland. Designated a National Historic Landmark District and a city Cultural District, it is one of the city's oldest neighborhoods and was home to the city's most wealthy and fashionable families; the name derives from the Mount Vernon home of George Washington. The Baltimore City Planning Commission defines the neighborhood as being bound by Eager Street to the North, The Jones Falls Expressway to the east, Franklin Street to the South, Eutaw Street to the West; the Commission considers the northern section to be the Midtown-Belvedere neighborhood after the Belvidere estate of John Eager Howard, the Revolutionary War patriot. The Inner Harbor is about half a mile south of Centre Street. Being close to downtown, Mount Vernon is well-served by public transit. Many area major bus routes head through the neighborhood on their way to the financial district including the Purple Line of Charm City Circulator which runs through Mt. Vernon northbound on Charles Street and southbound on St. Paul Street.
The Light Rail line runs along Howard Street on the west edge of the neighborhood, the Metro Subway runs beneath Eutaw Street a block west of that. Penn Station, served by Amtrak and MARC commuter rail, is one block to the north past Mount Royal Avenue and over the JFX. Although residential, Mount Vernon-Belvedere is home to a mix of institutions, including the Peabody Conservatory of the Johns Hopkins University, Walters Art Museum, University of Baltimore, Maryland Historical Society, Contemporary Museum, Maryland Institute College of Art, Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall, Baltimore School for the Arts, Lyric Opera House, Center Stage, Enoch Pratt Free Library Central Branch, Spotlighters Theatre, the Eubie Blake National Jazz Institute, the Peabody Bookshop and Beer Stube. In the decades after World War II, the neighborhood has become home to many professional service providers, including medical and legal offices, publishing firms, architectural firms and financial institutions, fund managers.
Art galleries, retail stores and bed and breakfasts populate the neighborhood, Mount Vernon has a rich nightlife, with a variety of restaurants and bars located along N Charles Street and throughout the neighborhood. During the 1970s, Mount Vernon began to form into a gay village for Baltimore with the establishment of the Gay and Lesbian Community Center of Baltimore in 1977. LGBT milestones included the first Pride parade in 1975, the creation of the GLCCB Health Clinic in 1980; the centerpiece of the Mount Vernon neighborhood, the cruciform arrangement of parks surrounding the Washington monument, represent one of the nation's first examples of city planning for the express purpose of highlighting a monument. The Washington Monument was completed in 1829 to a design by Robert Mills, in 1831 the Howard family was granted permission to lay out the surrounding parks; the parks are now lined by stately homes. The parks, which have survived intact, are considered to be the finest existing urban landscapes by the Beaux-Arts architectural firm of Carrere & Hastings, who designed the New York Public Library, portions of the U.
S. Capitol in Washington, D. C. and the residence that houses the Frick Collection. Elsewhere in the neighborhood are many older apartment buildings and three- and four-story rowhouses. Though many have been broken up into multiple apartments, a growing number are being restored back to single family use; the historic beaux-arts Belvedere Hotel, opened in 1903, was converted to condominiums in 1991. On the northeast corner of Washington's monument sits the Mount Vernon Place United Methodist Church. Conceived as a cathedral of Methodism, it was built on the site of the Charles Howard mansion – the house in which Francis Scott Key died; the southeast corner is occupied by buildings comprising the Peabody Institute, the southwest corner includes three buildings forming the Walters Art Museum. The Stafford Hotel, built in Mount Vernon in 1894, now serves as an apartment building for students at Johns Hopkins University; the old Mount Vernon Hotel, built in 1847, was the mansion home of U. S. Congressman William Julian Albert where he entertained Abraham Lincoln.
The house was converted into a hotel and was where Oscar Wilde stayed as part of his 1882 lecture tour of America. The building is extant in the district. A portion of the neighborhood to the west and south of the Washington Monument, was designated a National Historic Landmark District on November 11, 1971, for the significance in architecture and landscape planning, it is included within the Baltimore National Heritage Area. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,520 people residing in the neighborhood; the racial makeup of Mount Vernon was 55.3% White, 33.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 7.4% Asian, 1.2% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population. 60.4% of the population were employed, 3.5% were unemployed, 36.0% were not in the labor force, a reflection in part of the student population. The median household income was $21,225. About 15.2% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line.5.6% of occupied housing units were owner-occupied.
10.2% of housing units were vacant. Public schools are operated by the Baltimore City Public School Sy
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Route 95 (MTA Maryland LocalLink)
LocalLink 95 is a bus route operated by the Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore. The line runs from the intersection of Roland Avenue and Lake Avenue in Roland Park south to the Inner Harbor via Roland Avenue, University Parkway, Charles Street and St. Paul Street; the bus route is the successor to Route 61 due to BaltimoreLink, the 24 Lakeside and 29 Boulevard streetcar lines. Route 61 under this designation has served its route since 1977 until the renaming to Route 95 under BaltimoreLink, but several other bus and streetcar lines using different designations served the same route. One other bus route in Baltimore transit history used the no. 61 designation, a downtown area parking lot line that operated 1946 to 1949. The Baltimore and Lake Roland Railroad, consolidated into the Lake Roland Elevated Railway in April 1892 and bought by the City and Suburban Railway in January 1895, reached Lake Roland in 1893, its original route used the Guilford Avenue Elevated north from downtown Baltimore, continued along Guilford Avenue, North Avenue, Howard Street, 23rd Street, Hampden Avenue, 24th Street, Sisson Street, Keswick Road, 34th Street, Elm Avenue, 40th Street, Roland Avenue, private right-of-way to the lake.
In 1895, the portion between 23rd Street and 40th Street was abandoned. This line ended at the car house at Upland Road in Roland Park, a Lakeside Line shuttle - numbered 11 by 1923 - connected the car house to Lake Roland, it was renumbered 28 on October 17, 1924 and 28 on November 24, 1929. When the Roland Park Line was replaced with trackless trolleys on April 13, 1940, the Lakeside Line was extended south on Roland Avenue to the water tower just south of University Parkway, it was truncated to Lake Avenue on June 22, 1947, discontinued on January 29, 1950. The Boulevard Line, numbered 29, began operating on October 8, 1908, it ran from downtown north along the original Calvert Street Line, continuing along St. Paul Street, University Parkway, Roland Avenue to the carhouse; the route was replaced by a bus on June 22, 1947, which continued north on Roland Avenue to Lake Avenue, allowing the Lakeside Line to be truncated there. This Route 29 bus was absorbed into Route 6 on January 11, 1959. Route 6, which had a branch to East Monument Street, followed this routing for the next 18 years.
On June 14, 1977, this portion of Route 6 was again split off into four separate routes. A new Route 61 between Lake Avenue and downtown. Route 62 served East Monument Street. Routes 63 and 64 served the southern end of the route south of North Avenue. Over the years, there have been attempts to improve ridership, which has always been low except for students. Selected trips that operated to the Mount Washington Light Rail Stop between 1992 and 1995, running via Northern Parkway, Falls Road, Kelly Avenue were discontinued due to low ridership. Weekend service was eliminated in 1993. In 2005, as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative, a comprehensive overhaul plan for the region's transit system, MTA proposed to eliminate Route 61. While the St. Paul Street corridor continues to be served by other buses, no plan was made to provide service on Roland Avenue; the proposal drew a lot of protest. In 2006, MTA announced a new set of proposals that would include the discontinuation of Route 61, but with peak hour service being provided on a new branch of Route 11.
This plan was delayed several times. GBBI was canceled in 2007, but this plan was announced again that year. In February 2008, MTA announced that Route 61 would continue to during peak hours only. Route 61 remained as a peak-hour operation. On July 5, 2011 service was extended to the Mount Washington loop to provide riders with a connection to the Light Rail and routes 27, 58, 60
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups
An apartment, flat or unit is a self-contained housing unit that occupies only part of a building on a single storey. There are many names for these overall buildings; the housing tenure of apartments varies from large-scale public housing, to owner occupancy within what is a condominium, to tenants renting from a private landlord. Both words refer to a self-contained residential unit with its own front door, kitchen and bathroom. In some parts of the world, the word apartment refers to a purpose-built unit in a building, whereas the word flat means a converted unit in an older building a big house. In other places the terms are interchangeable; the term apartment is favored in North America. In the UK, the term apartment is more usual in professional real estate and architectural circles where otherwise the term flat is used but not for an apartment on a single level. In some countries the word "unit" is a more general term referring to both apartments and rental business suites; the word'unit' is used only in the context of a specific building.
"This building has three units" or "I'm going to rent a unit in this building", but not "I'm going to rent a unit somewhere". Some buildings can be characterized as'mixed use buildings', meaning part of the building is for commercial, business, or office use on the first floor or first couple of floors, one or more apartments are found in the rest of the building on the upper floors. Tenement law rents, it may be found combined as in "Messuage or Tenement" to encompass all the land and other assets of a property. In the United States, some apartment-dwellers own their units, either as co-ops, in which the residents own shares of a corporation that owns the building or development. Most apartments are in buildings designed for the purpose, but large older houses are sometimes divided into apartments; the word apartment denotes a residential section in a building. In some locations the United States, the word connotes a rental unit owned by the building owner, is not used for a condominium. In England and Wales, some flat owners own shares in the company that owns the freehold of the building as well as holding the flat under a lease.
This arrangement is known as a "share of freehold" flat. The freehold company has the right to collect annual ground rents from each of the flat owners in the building; the freeholder can develop or sell the building, subject to the usual planning and restrictions that might apply. This situation does not happen in Scotland, where long leasehold of residential property was unusual, is now impossible. Bachelor apartment, one-bedroom, etc.. Apartment buildings are multi-story buildings where three or more residences are contained within one structure; such a building may be called an apartment building, apartment complex, flat complex, block of flats, tower block, high-rise or mansion block if it consists of many apartments for rent. A high-rise apartment building is referred to as a residential tower, apartment tower, or block of flats in Australia. A high-rise building is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions, it may be only residential, in which case it might be called a tower block, or it might include other functions such as hotel, offices, or shops.
There is no clear difference between a tower block and a skyscraper, although a building with fifty or more stories is considered a skyscraper. High-rise buildings became possible with the invention of the elevator and cheaper, more abundant building materials, their structural system is made of reinforced concrete and steel. A low-rise building and mid-rise buildings have fewer storeys. Emporis defines a low-rise as "an enclosed structure below 35 metres, divided into regular floor levels." The city of Toronto defines a mid-rise as a building between 12 stories. In American English, the distinction between rental apartments and condominiums is that while rental buildings are owned by a single entity and rented out to many, condominiums are owned individually, while their owners still pay a monthly or yearly fee for building upkeep. Condominiums are leased by their owner as rental apartments. A third alternative, the cooperative apartment building, acts as a corporation with all of the tenants as shareholders of the building.
Tenants in cooperative buildings do not own their apartment, but instead own a proportional number of shares of the entire cooperative. As in condominiums, cooperators pay a monthly fee for building upkeep. Co-ops are common in cities such as New York, have gained some popularity in other larger urban areas in the U. S. In British English the usual word is "flat", but apartment is used by property developers to denote expensive'flats' in exclusive and expensive residential areas in, for example, parts of London such as Belgravia and Hampstead. In Scotland, it is called a block of flats or, if it is a traditional sandstone building, a tenement, a term which has a negative connotation elsewhere. Australian English and New Zealand Engli
Towson is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland. The population was 55,197 as of the 2010 census, it is the second-most populated unincorporated county seat in the United States. The first inhabitants of the future Towson and central Baltimore County region were the Susquehannock people who hunted in the area, their region included all of Baltimore County, though their primary settlement was farther northeast along the Susquehanna River. Towson was settled in 1752 when Pennsylvania brothers and Thomas Towson, began farming an area of Sater's Hill, northeast of the present-day York and Joppa Roads. William's son, opened the Towson Hotel to serve the growing number of farmers bringing their produce and livestock to the port of Baltimore, he built the hotel near the area's main crossroads. The village became known as "Towsontown"; the property in West Towson came from two land grants: 400 acre Gott's Hope in 1719, Gunner's Range in 1706. In 1790, businessman Capt. Charles Ridgely completed the magnificent Hampton Mansion just north of Towsontown, the largest private house in America at the time.
The Ridgelys lived there for six generations, until 1948. It is now open to the public. Dr. Grafton Marsh, a surgeon during the war of 1812, his brother Dr. Josiah Marsh settled their families in a collection of early houses known as Gott's Hope, part of a group along Joppa Road, they consolidated four of the structures into a larger dwelling that they called "Marshmont". The brothers went into business together as medical practitioners. Neither had any heirs but were joined in practice by their nephew, Dr. Grafton Marsh Bosley, who inherited the medical practice, the Marshmont compound, a 140-acre farm; the farm extended west of York Road, south of Joppa Road, north of the Sheppard Pratt Hospital, east of Woodbine Avenut. In 1869, Bosley and his wife Margaret Nicholson built a new home in an area of the property known as "Highlands" or "Highland Park", which they named "Uplands"; the ratification of the second Maryland Constitution of 1851 provided for the jurisdictional separation of the former Baltimore Town, founded in 1729.
Baltimore Town had served as the county seat since 1767, now the City of Baltimore, since its incorporation in 1796–97 by the General Assembly of Maryland. Several tortured sets of negotiations occurred to divide the various assets of the city and the county, such as the downtown courthouse of 1805, the city/county jail of 1801 along the Jones Falls and the almshouse, jointly owned. After a series of elections and referenda, on February 13, 1854, Towson became, by popular vote, the choice of the remaining, now rural, eastern and western portions of the county as the new county seat of Baltimore County; the Baltimore County Courthouse, still in use by 2015, with its various annexes, was designed by the local city architectural firm of Dixon and Dixon. It was completed within a year, constructed of limestone and marble donated by the well-known Ridgely family of nearby Hampton Mansion, on land donated by Towson doctor Grafton Marsh Bosley; the courthouse was subsequently enlarged in 1910 through additional designs for north and south wings by well-known and regarded city architects, Baldwin & Pennington.
Additional expansions in 1926 and 1958 created an H-shaped plan for the courthouse. An additional modernistic Baltimore County Courts Building, with room for the new charter government since 1956 and administration of a county executive and county council, plus administrative and executive departments, was erected in 1970–71 across a plaza to the west of the older historic courthouse; the old Baltimore County Jail was built in 1855, was replaced in the 1980s by a new modern Baltimore County Detention Center, north of the town on Kenilworth Avenue, with an addition constructed in the 2010s. From 1850 to 1874, another notable land owner, Amos Matthews, had a farm of 150 acres that—with the exception of the 17-acre natural parcel where the Kelso Home for Girls, was erected —was wholly developed into the neighborhoods of West Towson, Southland Hills and other subdivisions, beginning in the middle 1920s. During the Civil War, Towson was the scene of two minor engagements. Many local citizens were sympathetic to the Southern Confederate cause, so much so that Ady's Hotel and the current site of the 1920s-era Towson Theatre, flew the Southern flag.
The Union Army found it necessary to overtake the town by force on June 2, 1861. During the raid, the Union Army seized weapons from citizens at Ady's Hotel. A local paper, in jest, refers to the "strongly fortified and impregnable city of Towsontown" and downplays the need for the attack, stating, "the distinguished Straw, with only two hundred and fifty men, has taken a whole city and nearly frightened two old women out of their wits."The second engagement took place around July 12, 1864, between Union and Confederate forces. On July 10, 1864, a 135-man Confederate cavalry detachment attacked the Northern Central Railway to the north in nearby Cockeysville, under orders from Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, of Frederick, Maryland; the First and Second Maryland Cavalry, led by Baltimore County native and pre-war member of the Towson Horse Guards, Maj. Harry W. Gilmor, of Glen Ellen, attacked strategic targets throughout Ba
Route 64 (MTA Maryland)
Route 64 is a bus route operated by the Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore and its suburbs. The line runs from the intersection of North Avenue and St. Paul Street to Curtis Bay, with selected trips to Energy Parkway and Riviera Beach; the line serves Federal Hill, Port Covington, Brooklyn. The bus route is the successor to the 6 Curtis Bay streetcar line. Route 64 started operating in 1977, its route has a history of being served by streetcars. The No. 6 Curtis Bay Streetcar started operating in 1892. In 1929, the route was extended east from downtown Baltimore to Patterson Park; the line was extended again in 1935 to Orangeville after absorbing the eastern portion of the No. 4 Streetcar Line. In 1948, the Curtis Bay-East Monument Street line was converted to a bus. In 1959, Bus Route 6 absorbed Bus Route 29, the line that had operated between Roland Park and downtown. While all trips had operated from Curtis Bay, the line had two branches from downtown: one to the east along Monument Street, one to the north to Roland Park.
This alignment continued for the next 18 years. In 1977, Route 6 was split into four new routes. A new Route 61 was formed that still operates to this day from Roland Park to downtown. A new Route 62 operated from Monument Street to downtown.. A new Route 63 was formed, and Route 64 started operating from Curtis Bay to downtown, with branches serving Wagner's Point, Maryland Drydock, Davison Chemical, various other places in the area. Routes 63 and 64 overlapped for much of the route within the city; the Route 63 bus, formed in 1977 was not the first. A new bus route designated Route X, the highest lettered route in Baltimore transit history, started operating in 1946, it was renamed to Route 63 in 1948. This route operated until 1951, when it was absorbed into Route 6. Routes 63 and 64, formed in 1977 continued to operate in this fashion until 1993, when changes started to be made. In January 1993, Route 63 was modified to feed into the Patapsco Light Rail Stop rather than going to downtown Baltimore.
The same year, when the light rail was extended further south, it was modified again to feed into the North Linthicum Light Rail Stop, selected trips on Route 63 continued north to the Patapsco stop, replacing a branch of Route 64 that had served Linthicum. The Davison Chemical branch of Route 64 was eliminated due to low ridership, but Route 63 continued to pass the entrance to the plant. In 1996, Routes 63 and 64 were combined, selected Route 64 trips were extended to Riviera Beach and Energy Parkway. No replacement service was provided for the portion of Route 63 in the Linthicum area, though many parts of the route are within a close walk of the light rail. Route 64 from this day on has provided all service for the corridor. In 2003, Route 64 was shortened to Curtis Bay. Service between Curtis Bay and Wagner's Point was provided on a new Route 65, which operated between the Patapsco Light Rail Stop and Wagner's Point; this change was made due to a temporary road closure. But Route 65 was eliminated in 2005 as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative due to low ridership, no bus service operates to this area.
Only 20 daily riders were using the service to reach Wagner's Point, requiring a taxpayer subsidy of nearly $20 each. In 2005, as part of GBBI, it was proposed that Route 64 would be combined with a portion of Route 27, extended north to Mt. Washington through Hampden. In addition, Riviera Beach trips would have been shortened to Energy Parkway; these changes were not implemented, in 2007, GBBI was canceled. In 2008, it was proposed, but this change was never implemented, the line continues to serve Riviera Beach nine times daily. Herbert H. Harwood. Baltimore Streetcars: The Postwar Years. JHU Press. Pp. 10, 131–37. ISBN 978-0-8018-7190-0