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Charleston, South Carolina

Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U. S. state of South Carolina. The city is the county seat of Charleston County, the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city lies just south of the geographical midpoint of South Carolina's coastline and is located on Charleston Harbor, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the confluence of the Ashley and Wando rivers. Charleston had an estimated population of 136,208 in 2018; the estimated population of the Charleston metropolitan area, comprising Berkeley and Dorchester counties, was 787,643 residents as of 2018, the third-largest in the state and the 78th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States. Charleston was founded in 1670 as Charles Town, its initial location at Albemarle Point on the west bank of the Ashley River was abandoned in 1680 for its present site, which became the fifth-largest city in North America within ten years. One of the key cities in the British colonization of the Americas, Charles Town played a major role in the slave trade, which laid the foundation for the city's size and wealth, was dominated by Slave Power of plantation owners and slave traders.

Independent Charleston slave traders like Joseph Wragg were the first to break through the monopoly of the Royal African Company, pioneering the large-scale slave trade of the 18th century. Historians estimate that "nearly half of all Africans brought to America arrived in Charleston", most at Gadsden's Wharf. Despite its size, it remained unincorporated throughout the colonial period. Election districts were organized according to Anglican parishes, some social services were managed by Anglican wardens and vestries. Charleston adopted its present spelling with its incorporation as a city in 1783 at the close of the Revolutionary War. Population growth in the interior of South Carolina influenced the removal of the state government to Columbia in 1788, but the port city remained among the ten largest cities in the United States through the 1840 census; the only major antebellum American city to have a majority-enslaved population, Charleston was controlled by an oligarchy of white planters and merchants who forced the federal government to revise its 1828 and 1832 tariffs during the Nullification Crisis and launched the Civil War in 1861 by seizing the Arsenal, Castle Pinckney, Fort Sumter from their federal garrisons.

In 2018, the city formally apologized for its role in the American Slave trade after CNN noted that slavery "riddles the history" of Charleston. Known for its strong tourism industry, in 2016 Travel + Leisure Magazine ranked Charleston as the best city in the world; the magazine has ranked Charleston the best city in the U. S. perpetually over the last few decades. The city proper consists of six distinct districts. Downtown, or sometimes referred to as "The Peninsula", is Charleston's center city separated by the Ashley River to the west and the Cooper River to the east. West Ashley, residential area to the west of Downtown bordered by the Ashley River to the east and the Stono River to the west. Johns Island, far western limits of Charleston home to the Angel Oak, bordered by the Stono River to the east, Kiawah River to the south and Wadmalaw Island to the west. James Island, popular residential area between Downtown and the town of Folly Beach where the McLeod Plantation is located. Cainhoy Peninsula, far eastern limits of Charleston bordered by the Wando River to the west and Nowell Creek to the east.

Daniel Island, residential area to the north of downtown, east of the Cooper River and west of the Wando River. The incorporated city fit into 4–5 square miles as late as the First World War, but has since expanded, crossing the Ashley River and encompassing James Island and some of Johns Island; the city limits have expanded across the Cooper River, encompassing Daniel Island and the Cainhoy area. The present city has a total area of 127.5 square miles, of which 109.0 square miles is land and 18.5 square miles is covered by water. North Charleston blocks any expansion up the peninsula, Mount Pleasant occupies the land directly east of the Cooper River. Charleston Harbor runs about 7 miles southeast to the Atlantic with an average width of about 2 miles, surrounded on all sides except its entrance. Sullivan's Island lies to the north of Morris Island to the south; the entrance itself is about 1 mile wide. The tidal rivers are evidence of drowned coastline. There is a submerged river delta off the mouth of the harbor and the Cooper River is deep.

Charleston has a humid subtropical climate, with mild winters, hot humid summers, significant rainfall all year long. Summer is the wettest season. Fall remains warm through the middle of November. Winter is short and mild, is characterized by occasional rain. Measurable snow occurs only several times per decade at the most, however freezing rain is more common. However, 6.0 in fell at the airport on December 23, 1989, the largest single-day fall on record, contributing to a single-storm and seasonal record of 8.0 in snowfall. The highest temperature recorded within city limits was 104 °

José Gualberto Padilla

Dr. José Gualberto Padilla known as El Caribe, was a physician, journalist and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence, he suffered imprisonment and constant persecution by the Spanish Crown in Puerto Rico because his patriotic verses, social criticism and political ideals were considered a threat to Spanish Colonial rule of the island. Padilla was born in San Juan, the capital city of Puerto Rico to José María Padilla Córdova and Trinidad Alfonso Ramírez; the family moved to the town of Añasco. There he received his primary education, continued his secondary education in Santiago de Compostela, Spain. While studying in Spain, Padilla and a group of Puerto Ricans founded the newspaper La Esperanza, which criticized the political and social abuses in Puerto Rico by the Spanish colonial government. In 1845 he moved to Spain where he earned his medical degree. There he wrote for various local newspapers and published a satiric political poem titled Zoopoligrafía. Padilla, together with Román Baldorioty de Castro, founded the Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País en Puerto Rico, the Puerto Rican chapter of the Sociedad Económica de los Amigos del País.

This group was founded by the Spanish intelligentsia, with chapters in various cities throughout the "Enlightenment Spain" and, to a lesser degree, in some of her colonies. In 1857, Padilla settled in the town of Vega Baja. There he purchased an hacienda, a sugar plantation called Hacienda La Monserrate; the hacienda generated enough income, which permitted him to establish a clinic and practice medicine in the town. If a patient was poor or indigent, Padilla treated them free of charge, he served two terms as Mayor of the town of Vega Baja. Padilla abolished slavery in his hacienda. Padilla helped organize the uprising against Spanish Colonial rule known as El Grito de Lares, the first major revolt against Spanish rule and call for independence in Puerto Rico; the short-lived revolt, planned by Ramón Emeterio Betances and Segundo Ruiz Belvis and carried out by various revolutionary cells in Puerto Rico, occurred on September 23, 1868, began in the town of Lares, Puerto Rico. Upon the failure of the revolt some 475 rebels - amongst them Padilla, Manuel Rojas and Mariana Bracetti - were imprisoned in Arecibo, where they were tortured and humiliated.

Padilla continued to write poems during his confinement in prison. On November 17, a military court imposed the death penalty, for treason and sedition, on all the prisoners. Meanwhile, in Madrid, Eugenio María de Hostos and other prominent Puerto Ricans managed to intercede with President Francisco Serrano, who had himself just led a revolution against the monarchy in Spain. In an effort to appease the tense atmosphere on the island, the incoming governor José Laureano Sanz, announced a general amnesty early in 1869, all the prisoners were released. Padilla returned to his home but Betances and many other prisoners were not released to their Puerto Rican homeland, they were sent into exile. Upon returning home, in order to avoid re-arrest, Padilla wrote for various publications under the pseudonyms El Caribe, Macuquino and Trabuco, he criticized the director of the newspaper El Duende, a Spaniard who looked down on local Puerto Rican customs and traditions. Padilla feuded with Manuel del Palacio, a Spanish poet whose verses were offensive to the Puerto Rican people.

In 1874, he published Para un Palacio un Caribe. In 1880, Padilla received an award for his poem Contra el Periodismo Personal from the newspaper El Buscapie, owned by Manuel Fernández Juncos. From 1886-1888, El Caribe wrote for the newspaper El Palenque de la Juventud. Amongst his important works are: Nuevo Cancionero de Borinquen El Indio Antillano El Maestro Rafael En la muerte de Corchado Para un Palacio un Caribe Padilla retired in 1888 and lived the remaining years of his life at his estate in Vega Baja, he died on May 1896, while working on his last poem Canto a Puerto Rico. Before his death; this poem is considered Padilla's magnum opus. It has been said that, had he not died prematurely, Padilla's Canto a Puerto Rico would have rivaled the Cantar de Mio Cid for literary and historical significance, his remains were interred in Cementerio Municipal de Vega Baja. Various towns in Puerto Rico have schools named after Padilla; the towns with schools named José Gualberto Padilla are Cayey and Vega Baja His daughter, Trinidad Padilla de Sanz, was a poet who assumed the pseudonym, La Hija del Caribe.

In 1912, she collected most of Padilla's poetic works and published them in two books: En el Combate and Rosas de Pasión through Librería Paul Ollendorff in Paris. List of Puerto Ricans El Grito de Lares List of Puerto Rican writers

All About Eve (TV series)

All About Eve is a South Korean television drama which aired in 2000 on MBC that focused on two beautiful, young TV news reporters competing for the top position at the network they work for. Besides sharing a title and the premise of female rivalry, this drama has nothing to do with the film starring Bette Davis. Sun-mi is a lovely college student, she has a happy childhood with her best friend Woo-jin. Life changes radically for Sun-mi when her father decides to support Young-mi, a beautiful girl the same age as Sun-mi. Young-mi became an orphan when her father, an alcoholic who abused her, dies in an accident while working for Mr. Jin's construction company. Young-mi has grown up in poverty. She's arrogant and full of resentment, she becomes friends with Sun-mi, but envies her for all she is and has Woo-jin's love. Young-mi becomes Sun-mi's rival in every aspect of her life. First, Young-mi steals Woo-jin from Sun-mi tries to take over her job at a important TV network as they both dream to be famous news anchorwomen.

She turns her eyes on Sun-mi's new boyfriend, Hyung-chul one of the network's top executives, whom Sun-mi met during a trip to London. But Hyung-chul's love for Sun-mi is stronger than Young-mi's estimation. Meanwhile, Woo-jin suffers of a broken heart as Young-mi makes his life miserable and dumps him so she can chase Hyung-chul though it hurts her just as much since she does not love him and is only after him for her career's sake; the climax of the plot comes when a former lover of Young-mi appears and threatens to reveal her deepest secret should she not return to him: a dark past as a prostitute. Since the gangster did not succeed in his attempts, he decides to kill Young-mi. Woo-jin dies. However, all of Young-mi's treachery is exposed. Losing everything and heartbroken because of Woo-jin's death, she attempts to commit suicide, but her efforts are frustrated when she is found unconscious by a group of nuns on the shore of the Han River; when Young-mi wakes up, she suffers from amnesia and has lost all memory of her past.

The drama ends with a happy reconciliation between Young-mi and Sun-mi, who cries beside Young-mi forgiving her for the misunderstandings between them since they met. Hyung-chul swears eternal love and proposes to Sun-mi right in the middle of a street, asking her not to move to London. Chae Rim as Jin Sun-mi Kim So-yeon as Heo Young-mi Jang Dong-gun as Yoon Hyung-chul Han Jae-suk as Kim Woo-jin Hyun Seok as Mr. Jin, Sun-mi's father Park Won-sook as Mrs. Song, Woo-jin's mother Park Chul as Kim Sun-dal Kim Jung-eun as Yoo Joo-hee Lee Geun-hee as Lee Kyung-hee Park Sook-chul as Shin Ki-dong Yoon Gi-won as Choi Jin-soo Kim Hyo-jin as Jo Cho-jae Ahn Jung-hoon as Ahn Joon-mo Choi Joon-yong as Bae In-soo Han In-soo as Chairman Yoon, Hyung-chul's father Lee Kyung-jin as Hyung-chul's mother Kyeon Mi-ri as Yoon Hyung-chul's stepmother Super Junior member Leeteuk had a four-second bit part as a moviegoer listed in the credits under the name "Park Jung-su." Lee Tae-ran had a cameo appearance in Episode 12 as a celebrity attendee at a fashion show.

Song Il Gook appeared as a field reporter in Episode 11. Lee Eon-jeong appeared onscreen for two seconds as a model in the fashion show, it aired in Japan on TV Asahi from October 11 to December 2002, on Fridays at 11:15 p.m.. In Thailand first aired on Channel 5 on Mondays and Tuesdays, and repeat telecast on ITV from June 15 to August 30, 2003, on Saturdays and Sundays at 01:00 p.m. to 02:00 p.m. The hit drama has had two remakes. All About Eve aired in the Philippines on GMA Network in 2009, starring Iza Calzado, Sunshine Dizon, Mark Anthony Fernandez and Alfred Vargas. Ai Shang Nu Zhu Bo aired in China on Zhejiang Satellite TV in 2010, starring Zhu Dan, Cheryl Yang, Wu Jian, South Korean actor Jang Hyuk. Chae Rim made a cameo appearance as Jang Hyuk's ex-girlfriend. All About Eve on IMDb All About Eve at HanCinema All About Eve at KoreanWiz