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Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was the wife of King George III. She was Queen of Great Britain and Ireland from her wedding in 1761 until the union of the two kingdoms in 1801, after which she was queen consort of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1818, she was the Electress consort of Hanover in the Holy Roman Empire until the promotion of her husband to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814, after which she was queen consort of Hanover. Charlotte was a patron of an amateur botanist who helped expand Kew Gardens, she was distressed by her husband's bouts of physical and mental illness, which became permanent in life and resulted in their eldest son George's appointment as Prince Regent in 1811. George III and Charlotte had 15 children in total, they included two future British monarchs, George IV and William IV. Sophia Charlotte was born on 19 May 1744, she was the youngest daughter of Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg and of his wife Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a small north-German duchy in the Holy Roman Empire. The children of Duke Charles were all born at the Unteres Schloss in Mirow. According to diplomatic reports at the time of her engagement to George III in 1761, Charlotte had received "a mediocre education", her upbringing was similar to that of a daughter of an English country gentleman. She received some rudimentary instruction in botany, natural history and language from tutors, but her education focused on household management and on religion, the latter taught by a priest. Only after her brother Adolphus Frederick succeeded to the ducal throne in 1752 did she gain any experience of princely duties and of court life; when King George III succeeded to the throne of Great Britain upon the death of his grandfather, George II, he was 22 years old and unmarried. His mother and advisors were anxious to have him settled in marriage; the 17-year-old Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz appealed to him as a prospective consort because she had been brought up in an insignificant north German duchy.

That proved to be the case. The King announced to his Council in July 1761, according to the usual form, his intention to wed the Princess, after which a party of escorts, led by the Earl Harcourt, departed for Germany to conduct Princess Charlotte to England, they reached Strelitz on 14 August 1761, were received the next day by the reigning duke, Princess Charlotte's brother, at which time the marriage contract was signed by him on the one hand and Earl Harcourt on the other. Three days of public celebrations followed, on 17 August 1761, the Princess set out for Britain, accompanied by her brother, Duke Adolphus Frederick, by the British escort party. On 22 August, they reached Cuxhaven; the voyage was difficult. They set out at once for London, spent that night in Witham, at the residence of Lord Abercorn, arrived at 3:30 pm the next day at St. James's Palace in London, they were received by the King and his family at the garden gate, which marked the first meeting of the bride and groom. At 9:00 pm that same evening, within six hours of her arrival, Charlotte was united in marriage with King George III.

The ceremony was performed at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Secker. Only the royal family, the party who had travelled from Germany, a handful of guests were present. Upon her wedding day, Charlotte spoke no English. However, she learned English, albeit speaking with a strong German accent. One observer commented, "She is timid at first but talks a lot, when she is among people she knows." Less than a year after the marriage, on 12 August 1762, the Queen gave birth to her first child, Prince of Wales. In the course of their marriage, the couple became the parents of 15 children, all but two of whom survived into adulthood. St James's Palace functioned as the official residence of the royal couple, but the king had purchased a nearby property, Buckingham House, located at the western end of St James's Park. More private and compact, the new property stood amid rolling parkland not far from St James's Palace. Around 1762 the King and Queen moved to this residence, intended as a private retreat.

The Queen came to favour this residence, spending so much of her time there that it came to be known as The Queen's House. Indeed, in 1775, an Act of Parliament settled the property on Queen Charlotte in exchange for her rights to Somerset House. Most of her 15 children were born in Buckingham House, although St James's Palace remained the official and ceremonial royal residence. During her first years in Great Britain, Charlotte's strained relationship with her mother-in-law, Princess Augusta, caused her difficulty in adapting to the life of the British court; the queen mother interfered with Charlotte's efforts to establish social contacts by insisting on rigid court etiquette. Furthermore, Augusta appointed many of Charlotte's staff, among whom several were expected to report to Augusta about Charlotte's behaviour; when she turned to her German com

Paintings from El Burgal

The Paintings from El Burgal is group of paintings exhibited at the National Art Museum of Catalonia in Barcelona. The noteworthy style of the paintings from the Burgal apse is linked to the Pedret Circle, of Lombardic influence; the programme of images, with its marked Eucharistic and ecclesiological sense, contained a Theophany or vision of the divinity on the vault, presided by the figure of the Maiestas Domini or Christ in Majesty, which to judge from the surviving remains must have been monumental. It was flanked by the figures of two prophets in a reverent attitude of beseeching and by two archangels carrying signs with inscriptions on which they advocated for sinners; these have been preserved. In the lower register is a representation of the Church militant, with imposing, grim-looking apostles and saints sitting in a semicircle and centred by the figures of Mary, with the chalice, John the Baptist, with the Lamb, the symbol of the death and resurrection of Christ, of great Eucharistic significance.

Beside them are Peter, with the keys, with a scroll and a volume, John the Evangelist, on the right, plus another apostle on the left. An attractive Greek fret separates this area from the painted drapery there was at the bottom of the apse. What distinguishes this apse is the figure of the richly dressed female donor holding a lighted candle, she appears superimposed as though approaching the holy images. She is wearing a luxurious dress decorated with precious stones and from the remains of an inscription can be identified as the Countess Llúcia, wife of Artau I of Pallars Sobirà; the paintings date from the time of their children Artau II and Ot, soon to be bishop of Urgell. In the church, in situ, close to the apse, is the portrait of other characters also members of the count’s family. Castiñeiras, Manuel. Romanesque art in the MNAC collections. MNAC. ISBN 978-84-8043-196-5. Retrieved 3 September 2012. Museu Nacional D'Art de Catalunya. MNAC. 1 March 2009. ISBN 978-84-8043-200-9. Retrieved 3 September 2012.

Carbonell, Eduard. Romanesque Art Guide: Museu Nacional D'Art de Catalunya. Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya. Retrieved 3 September 2012. Carbonell, Eduard; the Medieval Treasures of the Museu Nacional D'Art de Catalunya. Lunwerg. Retrieved 3 September 2012; the artwork at Museum's website


Dragonsword is a novel written by Gael Baudino and published in 1988. It is the first in the Dragonsword Trilogy; the other novels are Duel of Dragon Death. According to the author, after completing an unfinished manuscript and fleshing it out to double its length, she sold it to Byron Preiss Books, a "book packaging company" looking for a "series of sword and sorcery novels including dragons and a super-magical sword", who sold it to Lynx Omeiga Books. After Lynx Omeiga went out of business, Roc Books acquired rights to the whole trilogy and reprinted Dragonsword in 1991. While reviewing Roc's galley proofs for Dragonsword, Baudino made several minor wording changes in the narrative and corrected one large error which she declines to elaborate on. Thus, the first and second editions of Dragonsword are not identical in content; the protagonist of Dragonsword is Suzanne Helling, a young woman living in 1980 Los Angeles, California, USA. She is transformed into the warrior Alouzon Dragonmaster. Suzanne Helling has been living a nomadic life since she went through the 1970 Kent State shootings, she winds up in Los Angeles as a teaching assistant to history professor Solomon Braithwaite.

Ten years earlier, his marriage ended, he tried to kill himself. While comatose from his drug overdose, his unconscious mind took flight and created the land of Gryylth, which he patterned subconsciously on 5th-century Roman Britain, in a corner of the cosmos. Though Gryylth bears a superficial similarity to ancient Britain, there are anachronisms: the inhabitants speak modern English. In this realm, Braithwaite has an alternate persona: Dythragor Dragonmaster, the protector of Gryylth and rider of the dragon Silbakor. There he is tall, a skilled fighter. In the real world, though, he is an old man with a failing heart. Silbakor has been pressuring him to choose a replacement in anticipation of his eventual death; when Braithwaite proves unwilling to choose, Silbakor chooses Suzanne and transports both of them to Gryylth. There, Suzanne adopts a new persona: Alouzon Dragonmaster, like Dythragor, is tall and skilled with weapons. A new peril faces Gryylth: the Dremords, invaders from the sea, have taken the Tree of Creation from the Blasted Heath and are planning a new invasion.

This tree embodies uncontrolled change and chaos, in the hands of Tireas, the Dremords' magician, it becomes a potent tool for war. While Dythragor and Alouzon clash on their leadership styles, Alouzon realizes that Braithwaite's biases have colored Gryylth: the Dremords are unquestioningly feared as enemies; as the war with the Dremords grinds on, Alouzon makes friends and allies among the inhabitants of Gryylth and begins to see in it something worth fighting for and defending. At the same time, Dythragor's grip on reality is slipping, as both the war and Alouzon challenge everything he wants to be true; the magic of the Tree proves unstoppable, turning the soldiers of the First Wartroop into women and decimating the Second Wartroop. The Gryylthians decide to make a final stand at the Circle, a pristine replica of Stonehenge, where Mernyl, Gryylth's sorcerer, can tap the energies of the Circle to counteract the energies of the Tree. In this final standoff and Mernyl wind up in a stalemate, with neither one able to gain a decisive victory and losses mounting on both sides.

Remembering her history, Alouzon realizes that the megalith that the two magicians are standing by is only loosely anchored in the soil. She and her friends work to topple the stone on both sorcerers, hoping to end the struggle decisively. Seeing they are unable to topple the stone, Dythragor has Silbakor dive at high speed toward the stone, he launches himself off of the dragon's back at the stone, toppling it onto the sorcerers and the Tree and ending the conflict with his sacrifice. With the creator of Gryylth dead, the land begins to fade into nothingness. Alouzon realizes that she has the choice to become protector of Gryylth and save it from destruction; when she accepts, Gryylth becomes real again. Leaving Gryylth and flying over the ocean, she realizes that a new land was created out of her subconscious when she became protector: Vaylle, she finds Solomon dead. ISBN 1558020039 ISBN 0099690705 ISBN 0451450817

Boston Blackie

Boston Blackie is a fictional character created by author Jack Boyle. Blackie, a jewel thief and safecracker in Boyle's stories, became a detective in adaptations for films and television—an "enemy to those who make him an enemy, friend to those who have no friend." Actor Chester Morris was the best-known Blackie, playing the character in 14 Columbia Pictures films and in a 1944 NBC radio series. Boston Blackie is the role. Writer Jack Boyle grew up in Illinois. While working as a newspaper reporter in San Francisco, he became an opium addict, was drawn into crime, was jailed for writing bad checks. Convicted of robbery, Boyle was serving a term in San Quentin when he created the character of Boston Blackie; the first four stories appeared in The American Magazine in 1914, with Boyle writing under the pen name "No. 6066". From 1917 to 1919, Boston Blackie stories appeared in The Red Book magazine, from 1918 they were adapted for motion pictures; when Boston Blackie began to find success on the screen, Boyle edited the Red Book magazine stories into a book, Boston Blackie.

He revised and rearranged the order of the stories to create a cohesive narrative—a common practice at the time. This was the only appearance of Boston Blackie in book form, but his adventures continued to appear in periodicals; the earliest Boston Blackie film adaptations were silent, dating from 1918 to 1927. Columbia Pictures revived the property in 1941 with Meet Boston Blackie, a fast, 58-minute B movie starring Chester Morris. Although the running time was brief, Columbia gave the picture good production values and an imaginative director, Robert Florey; the film was successful, a series followed. In the Columbia features, Boston Blackie is a reformed jewel thief, always suspected when a daring crime is committed. In order to clear himself, he investigates and brings the actual culprit to justice, sometimes using disguises. An undercurrent of comedy runs throughout the action/detective series. In one of these films, After Midnight with Boston Blackie, the character's real name was revealed to be Horatio Black.

Morris gave the Blackie character his own personal charm: he could be light and flippant or stern and dangerous, as the situation demanded. His sidekick, the Runt, was always on hand to help his old friend. George E. Stone played Runt in all but the last films. Charles Wagenheim and Sid Tomack substituted for Stone when he was not available. Blackie's friendly adversaries were Inspector Farraday of the police and his assistant, Sergeant Matthews. Matthews was played as a hapless victim of circumstance by Walter Sande. Blackie and Runt were assisted in their endeavors by their friends: the cheerful but flustered millionaire Arthur Manleder, the streetwise pawnbroker Jumbo Madigan. A variety of actresses including Rochelle Hudson, Harriet Hilliard, Adele Mara and Ann Savage took turns playing various gal-Friday characters; the films are typical of Columbia's B movies of the 1940s, with an assortment of veteran character actors, new faces on the way up and stock-company players familiar from Columbia's features and short subjects.

The series was a useful training ground for promising directors, including Edward Dmytryk, Oscar Boetticher, William Castle, Seymour Friedman, who went on to work prolifically in Columbia's television department. The Boston Blackie series ran until 1949. Boston Blackie—enemy to those who make him an enemy, friend to those who have no friend. Concurrent with the Columbia Pictures films, a Boston Blackie radio series—also starring Chester Morris—aired on NBC June 23 – September 15, 1944, as a summer replacement for Amos'n' Andy. Lesley Woods played Blackie's girlfriend Mary Wesley. Harlow Wilcox was the announcer for the 30-minute program. A new incarnation of the Boston Blackie radio series aired April 11, 1945 – October 25, 1950, starring Richard Kollmar. Maurice Tarplin played Inspector Farraday. More than 200 half-hour episodes were transcribed and syndicated by Frederick Ziv to Mutual and other network outlets. Kent Taylor starred in the Ziv-produced half-hour TV series The Adventures of Boston Blackie.

Syndicated in September 1951, it ran for 58 episodes, lasting until 1953, continuing in repeats over the following decade. Lois Collier appeared as Mary Frank Orth was Inspector Farraday; the series was set in Los Angeles. Television historian Tim Brooks in The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present described Boston Blackie as "a memorable B-grade television series … The term'B' is used in all the best senses: a certain vitality and sense of humor substituted more than adequately for the normal criteria of expensive production and famous stars." Scripter Stefan Petrucha and artist Kirk Van Wormer created the graphic novel Boston Blackie with a cover by Tim Seelig. A jewel heist at a costume ball goes horribly wrong, the five-year-old son of the wealthy Greene family disappears and is presumed dead. The

Park McArthur

Park McArthur is an artist living in New York City who works in sculpture, installation and sound. McArthur is a wheelchair user. McArthur graduated with a Masters in Fine Art from the University of Miami in 2009 and studied at the Whitney Museum of American Art’s Independent Study Program, 2011-2012. About McArthur's 2014 exhibition Ramps, wherein the artist exhibited the wheelchair ramps of institutions with which she had worked, writer Andrew Blackley said, "The exhibition displayed the means by which institutions both produce and deny access; each ramp reinforced a set of past and future foreclosures. ‘Ramps’ enlisted generative, generous responses to the negativity of the institution, to the point of engendering the reproduction of those negative characteristics. By extension, at stake and always under threat are the threaded relationships between queerness and disability, the breakdown of their concomitant binaries and the temporality of care."McArthur in 2015, addressed Felix Gonzalez-Torrez's "Untitled" in Whitney Museum of American Art, Lower Manhattan, New York.

McArthur's work has been described as questioning of "care alongside questions of autonomy and dependency" in regards to the daily experience of disabled individuals. McArthur uses her work to challenge the status quo and give those who are marginalized by societal structures a voice, her choice of medium are sculptures and installations that "conceptually driven and composed of utilitarian materials such as blocks of foam or a Wikipedia entry." Her works elicit an “experience of activism and jerry-built ingenuity.”In 2014, McArthur won the Wynn Newhouse Award, an annual prize given to disabled artists in recognition of their artistic merit. In 2015, McArthur was an Artadia Awardee. McArthur is represented by New York, New York. "Projects 195: Park MacArthur", MoMA, New York, New York "New Work: Park MacArthur", SFMOMA, San Francisco "Poly", Chisenhale Gallery, London Yale Union, Oregon "Passive Vibration Isolation", Lars Friedrich, Germany "Ramps", Essex Street, New York, New York "Incerteza viva: 32nd Bienal de São Paulo", São Paulo, Brazil "Greater New York", MoMA PS1, Long Island City, New York Essex Street Burris, Jennifer, "Park McArthur" Bomb Magazine, 2014 Projects 195: Park McArthur, The Museum of Modern Art

Trachyderes succinctus

Trachyderes succinctus is a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae. It was described by Linnaeus in 1758. Trachyderes succinctus can reach a length of about 1 inch. Head is reddish or dark brown, or dirty black, rough. Antennae are longer than the insect, with the two basal joints blueish black. Thorax is reddish or dark brown and rough, with large swelling in the middle. Scutellum is long. Elytra are reddish or dark brown and shining, rather broad at their extremities, spineless. Abdomen is dark brown. Femora are black at the tips. Tibiae and tarsi are red brown; this species is present in Argentina, Brasil, Costa Rica, Colombia, Nicaragus, Peru, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil and Antilles