Charmed is an American fantasy drama television series created by Constance M. Burge and produced by Aaron Spelling and his production company Spelling Television, with Brad Kern serving as showrunner; the series was broadcast by The WB for eight seasons from October 7, 1998, until May 21, 2006. The series narrative follows a trio of sisters, known as The Charmed Ones, the most powerful good witches of all time, who use their combined "Power of Three" to protect innocent lives from evil beings such as demons and warlocks; each sister possesses unique magical powers that grow and evolve, while they attempt to maintain normal lives in modern-day San Francisco. Keeping their supernatural identities separate and secret from their ordinary lives becomes a challenge for them, with the exposure of magic having far-reaching consequences on their various relationships and resulting in a number of police and FBI investigations throughout the series; the series focuses on the three Halliwell sisters, Prue and Phoebe.

Following Prue's death in the third-season finale, their long-lost half sister Paige Matthews assumes her place within the "Power of Three" from season four onwards. Charmed achieved a cult following and popularity on The WB with its first episode "Something Wicca This Way Comes" garnering 7.7 million viewers, breaking the record for the network's highest-rated debut episode. The show's ratings, although smaller than rival shows on the "big four" networks, were a success for the new and smaller WB network. Charmed went through several timeslot changes during its eight-season run. For its first three seasons in the Wednesday/Thursday 9:00 pm timeslot, Charmed was the second-highest rated series on The WB, behind 7th Heaven. During its fifth season, the show moved to the Sunday 8:00 pm timeslot, where it became the highest-rated Sunday night program in The WB's history. At 178 episodes, Charmed was the second-longest drama broadcast behind 7th Heaven. In 2006, it became the longest running hour-long television series featuring all female leads, before being surpassed by Desperate Housewives in 2012.

The series has received numerous awards and nominations. In 2010, The Huffington Post and AOL TV ranked Charmed within their joint list of "The Top 20 Magic/Supernatural Shows of All Time," while in 2013, TV Guide listed the series as one of "The 60 Greatest Sci-Fi Shows of All Time." Charmed has become a source of pop culture references in film and television and has influenced other succeeding television series in the same subgenre. The show's success has led to its development in other media, including a video game, board games, novels, a comic book series which served as a continuation of its narrative. According to data research from The NPD Group in 2012, Charmed was the second-most binge watched television series on subscription video-on-demand services, such as Netflix. A reboot series of Charmed, featuring different cast members and characters, premiered on The CW on October 14, 2018; the series starts when Phoebe Halliwell returns from New York and moves back into the family's Halliwell Manor in San Francisco to live with her sisters Prue and Piper.

When Phoebe discovers the family's Book of Shadows in the attic, she learns that she and her sisters are the most powerful witches known, destined to protect both innocents and the world at large from demons and other evil creatures. Phoebe, reasonably suspecting the book to be a novelty, reads its initial inscription—unaware that it happens to be an incantation activating the sisters' supernatural powers once all three are reunited in their ancestral home. By the end of the first episode, each sister learns that she has a unique magical power and that they can each cast spells and brew potions. Prue, the eldest, has the power of telekinesis, in season two she develops the power of astral projection. Piper, the middle sister, has the power to "freeze" people and objects in time; as she grows more proficient, she learns how to freeze only certain people or objects or body parts, as she wishes. In season three, her powers evolve further, as she is able to cause evil beings or objects to explode using her hands.

Phoebe, the youngest of the three possesses the power of premonition allowing her to receive visions of the future and of the past. She develops the powers of levitation in season three, empathy in season six, the latter allowing her to sense and tap into others' emotions and, powers. In accordance with the series' mythology, witches' powers are tied to their emotions. During the first two seasons, the sisters face various evil beings from week to week. However, in the third season, they discover that their ultimate enemy is The Underworld's demonic ruler, The Source of All Evil. Prue is killed in the season three finale by The Source's personal assassin, Shax. While grieving for their older sister and Phoebe discover that they have a younger half-sister, Paige Matthews, the secret love child of their witch mother and her whitelighter Sam Wilder. Paige's magical abilities represent her dual heritage as both a whitelighter; as she attempts to control the two sides of her ancestry, Paige learns how to orb herself and others, to heal others with the touch of her

Ilya Timofeyevich Osipov

Ilya Timofeyevich Osipov was a Tatar Red Army soldier and posthumous Hero of the Soviet Union. Osipov was awarded the title for his work with pontoon bridges during the Battle of the Dnieper, but went missing in January 1944. Osipov was born in 1922 in Sarykovo village in Altai Governorate to a peasant family, he graduated from five grades in Tayna village in Krasnogorsky District. After his parents died, he lived with his older sister in Turochak village. Osipov graduated from eighth grade in the Gorno-Altaisk National School, he worked as a lumberjack on the Lebyazhinskom State Farm. In December 1941, Osipov was drafted into the Red Army, he fought in combat from September 1942. Osipov became a pontonier in the 134th Separate Motorized Pontoon-Bridge Battalion; the battalion became part of the 6th Pontoon Bridge Brigade of the 40th Army in March 1943. In August, he fought in the Belgorod-Khar'kov Offensive Operation. On 27 August, the battalion was involved in the crossing of the Vorskla River during the Lower Dnieper Offensive.

It was necessary to build a pontoon bridge to enable heavy tanks to cross the river in the Akhtyrka-Detgorodok area. Osipov spent ten hours in the water constructing the bridge, despite German bombing raids. Between 28 and 29 August, Osipov led a group of soldiers in the area of Zhuravne and Buymerovka in installing bridge supports in the water. For these actions, Osipov was recommended by his battalion commander for the Order of the Red Star, but this was downgraded to the Medal "For Courage", which Osipov received on 11 September; the 40th Army reached the Dnieper by late September. On 25 September, Osipov and a group of soldiers built a jetty under enemy fire to ferry tanks and artillery across the river near the village of Balyko-Shchuchynka in Kaharlyk Raion. Osipov was first to start constructing the jetty and set the underwater base of jetty while working for more than 2.5 hours. On 29 September, he spent 3 hours in the water helping to salvage a ferry, sunk by German fire, he was awarded the Order of the Red Star for his actions on 5 October.

Afterwards, Osipov made 15 trips a day to reinforce the bridgehead on the Dnieper. Osipov continued to fight with his unit. On 10 January 1944, Osipov was awarded the Order of Lenin. However, he was reported missing sometime during the month during the Battle of the Korsun–Cherkassy Pocket

List of terrorist incidents in July–December 2011

This is a timeline of individual violent attacks which took place from July to December, 2011, including attacks by state and non-state actors for political motives. Ongoing military conflicts are listed separately. To be included, entries must be notable and described by a consensus of reliable sources as "terrorism". List entries must comply with the guidelines outlined in the manual of style under MOS:TERRORIST. Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and casualties. Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately. Casualty totals may be unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died – the actual toll could be higher. A figure with a plus sign may indicate that over that number of people are victims. If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold. In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will be underlined.

Incidents are limited to one per location per day. If multiple attacks occur in the same place on the same day, they will be merged into a single incident. In addition to the guidelines above, the table includes the following categories: Total Incidents: 31 Total Incidents: 28 Total Incidents: 5 Total Incidents: 2 Total Incidents: 5 Total Incidents: 11 List of terrorist incidents List of terrorist incidents by death toll List of active rebel groups State terrorism