SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Charterhouse School

Charterhouse is a boarding school in Godalming, Surrey. Founded by Thomas Sutton in 1611 on the site of the old Carthusian monastery in Charterhouse Square, London, it educates over 800 pupils, aged 13 to 18 years, is one of the original Great Nine English public schools. Today pupils are still referred to as Carthusians, ex-pupils as Old Carthusians. Charterhouse charges full boarders up to £39,165 per annum and is among the most expensive Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference schools in the UK, it has a long list of notable alumni. In May 1611, the London Charterhouse came into the hands of Thomas Sutton of Knaith, Lincolnshire, he acquired a fortune by the discovery of coal on two estates which he had leased near Newcastle-on-Tyne, afterwards, removing to London, he carried on a commercial career. In 1611, the year of his death, he endowed a hospital on the site of the Charterhouse, calling it the hospital of King James, in his will he bequeathed moneys to maintain a chapel and school.

He died on 12 December and subsequently the will was hotly contested but upheld in court, the foundation was constituted to afford a home for eighty male pensioners, to educate forty boys. Charterhouse established a reputation for excellence in hospital care and treatment, thanks in part to Henry Levett, an Oxford graduate who joined the school as a physician in 1712. Levett was esteemed for his medical writings, including an early tract on the treatment of smallpox. Levett was buried in Charterhouse Chapel and his widow married Andrew Tooke, the master of Charterhouse; the school was moved to its present site in 1872 by the headmaster, the Reverend William Haig Brown – a decision influenced by the findings of the Clarendon Commission of 1864. The school bought a 68-acre site atop a hill just outside Godalming. In addition to the main school buildings, they constructed three boarding houses, known as Saunderites and Gownboys; the school was built by Lucas Brothers, who built the Royal Albert Hall and Covent Garden.

As pupil numbers grew, other houses were built alongside the approach road, now known as Charterhouse Hill. Each was titled with an adaptation of the name of their first housemaster, such as Weekites and Girdlestoneites; the last of these is still referred to as Duckites, reflecting the unusual gait of its original housemaster though he retired well over 100 years ago. There are now the original four'old' houses plus ten'new' houses, making fourteen boarding houses in total; the fourteen Houses have preserved a unique identity and pupils compete against each other in both sports and the arts. There are now plans underway to build two more houses to cater for the new girls being welcomed from Year 9 upwards in 2021; the school continued to expand over the 20th century. Further land was bought to the north and west, increasing the grounds to over 200 acres, a new school chapel was designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott and consecrated in 1927 to commemorate 700 pupils who died in the First World War, making it the largest war memorial in England.

Around 350 names have been subsequently added to commemorate those who died in the Second World War and other more recent conflicts. Most still attend a short chapel service there six times a week; the school keeps a small archives library opposite the History block, where it is traditional for Fourths to do an archives project about a particular Old Carthusian killed in the First World War. An addition to the campus was seven new Houses, built in the 1970s, replacing late Victorian boarding houses which were demolished in 1977. Other newer buildings include the Art Studio, the John Derry Technology Centre, the Ben Travers Theatre, the Ralph Vaughan Williams Music Centre, the Halford Hewitt Golf Course, the Queen's Sports Centre, the Sir Greville Spratt athletics track and Chetwynd, a hall of residence for girls. In 2003, the School renovated its onsite Library. 2006 saw the opening of The Beveridge Centre for the Social Sciences. In 2007, a £3m Modern Languages building was completed; the school has a top 60 placing in the A level league tables, in 2011 over 80% of pupils are awarded an A* or A grade at GCSE.

In 2009, the school announced its decision to switch from A Levels to the International Baccalaureate and Cambridge Pre-U. In 2012 Charterhouse had its best set of Cambridge Pre-U results with 96% of examinations taken awarded Distinction or Merit grades. Seventy-eight pupils achieved Distinctions in all subjects taken and twenty-one achieved the equivalent of A level A* grades in all their subjects. Twenty pupils were offered places at Cambridge. In 2007, Roy Hattersley, former Deputy Leader of the Labour Party and minister, reported on a visit to Charterhouse in the Guardian newspaper. After describing his impression that "'s geometric spires and minarets proclaim complete confidence that Charterhouse educates men who are destined to rule the universe", he said: "Academically and pastorally, it is near to beyond criticism, and after only a brief glimpse of the school, I have no doubt that I would have been ecstatically happy there. But its existence allows the rich and th

Wonders of Life

The Wonders of Life pavilion was an attraction at Epcot at Walt Disney World in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. It was devoted to health care, focusing on the human body, physical fitness and nutrition. Attractions included Body Wars and Cranium Command, it is located inside a golden colored dome between Mission: the Universe of Energy. It opened on October 19, 1989, closed on January 1, 2007. From 2007 to 2018, the Pavilion acted as EPCOT's Festival Center, before becoming a construction site in March 2019 in preparation for the upcoming Play! Pavilion to replace it; the original attractions within the building have been closed and removed. In February 2019, it was announced that a new Play! Pavilion would be built in the domed show building occupied by Wonders of Life, is scheduled to open in time for Walt Disney World's 50th anniversary in 2021; the idea of a pavilion devoted to health and fitness dates back to the original concept of the EPCOT Center theme park, but no corporate sponsor could be found to cover the costs.

It was not until MetLife signed on that the pavilion was constructed, it featured two main attractions: Cranium Command and Body Wars, the first thrill ride located in EPCOT. Featured was a theater and interactive attractions that evolved around the idea of health and wellness. MetLife ended its sponsorship in 2001. On January 4, 2004, Disney made the decision to make it seasonal operation only, it reopened when the park was projected to hit near capacity during the high spring months and Christmas season. Its most recent operational phase was November 26, 2006, through January 1, 2007. In 2007, the pavilion closed permanently, with no official reason given. While it is not operational to the public, it is still used for private and corporate events. In 2007, temporary walls were placed around the existing attractions when Epcot hosted the Food and Wine festival in the pavilion; the "Body Wars" sign was removed in 2008, replaced by a temporary Garden Town sign while the imprints from the original marquee were painted over.

By 2009, significant portions of the Body Wars attraction had been removed. The "Celebrate the Joy of Life" sign was removed following in 2009, while most of the exhibits left were removed; the pavilion received a paint job inside using mute colors such as white and light green. The pavilion operated seasonally as the center for the Epcot International Flower and Garden Festival and the Epcot International Food & Wine Festival as the Festival Center. For those events, it hosted seminars, videos and more, it was used as a central merchandise location during the two festivals as well. All attractions are shut down and their signs have been removed; as of November 2014, the Body Wars ride simulators have been dismantled. The queue still exists; as of 2017, Cranium Command has had its queue and pre-show dismantled, but the theater - including the animatronics, lighting and staging area - remains intact. The theater, used for The Making of Me is still used for various movies and presentations during the event.

On September 11, 2012, Walt Disney Imagineering filed a notice of commencement with the Orange County Comptroller’s office indicating the intentions for a "selective demolition" to take place at the pavilion. In February 2019, it was announced that a new interactive pavilion would be built in the dome occupied by Wonders of Life; the pavilion is scheduled to open in time for Walt Disney World's 50th anniversary in 2021. Cranium Command - A theater show with audio-animatronic actors and a movie; the show explained the functions of its interaction with the human body. Frontiers of Medicine - Listen to stories about medicine and the brain on small televisions. Body Wars - A motion simulator ride taking guests on a Fantastic Voyage-like trip through the heart and brain; the film shown was directed by Leonard Nimoy, starred actors Tim Matheson, Elisabeth Shue, Dakin Matthews. Compared to Star Tours at Disney's Hollywood Studios and Disneyland as its counterpart. Coach's Corner - Guests can swing a bat while a professional player gives tips Goofy About Health - A multimedia show about healthy living hosted by Goofy, using clips from his cartoons.

Fitness Fairgrounds - Tested guests' athletic abilities Sensory Funhouse - An interactive playground which tested guest's sensory abilities, including an Ames room Audio Antics - A listening skill game which involved regular sounds and sounds that were out of place, which the listener had to figure out. The Making of Me - A short movie about birth and life starring Martin Short. Wonder Cycles - Stationary bicycles with a television attached; the faster riders pedaled, the faster the video played. The bicycles would take the rider on a short tour, with a selection of: 100th Anniversary Rose Parade Pasadena, California Disneyland in California - The rider could see that day's park patrons watching the camera pass and moving out of the way for the operator. Take a Little Ride: Microworld Bigtown, U. S. A. Anacomical Players - A live show that featured improvisational skits on health and nutrition. Well and Goods Limited Pure & Simple Epcot Epcot attraction and entertainment history Wonders of Life Festival Center Photo Gallery "Erasing" Former Wonders of Life

Kurunegala Clock Tower

The Kurunegala Clock Tower is located in the heart of Kurunegala, Sri Lanka. The clock tower was built in 1922 in memory of the soldiers who participated in World War I and World War II from North Western Province and died; the Kurunegala Court of Law, The Central Market and the Central Bus Stand are near the clock tower. 11 soldiers from the North Western Province were killed in the First World War, including three Sri Lankans. Therefore, tower was erected to honor them, memorial plaque on the tower has the following inscribed: "This Clock Tower was erected in memory of those who went from the North Western province at the call of duty and gave their lives for the empire in the World War in 1914–1918" However, soon after 1945, the tower was dedicated to the valiant officers who sacrificed their lives in the Second World War. Quadrangular shape clock tower is constructed with granite stone and wood. Entire tower top appear like quadrangular castle; the tower has concrete and wood steps inside