A chassis is the load-bearing framework of an artificial object, which structurally supports the object in its construction and function. An example of a chassis is a vehicle frame, the underpart of a motor vehicle, on which the body is mounted. In the case of vehicles, the term rolling chassis means the frame plus the "running gear" like engine, drive shaft and suspension. An underbody, not necessary for integrity of the structure, is built on the chassis to complete the vehicle. For commercial vehicles, a rolling chassis consists of an assembly of all the essential parts of a truck without the body to be ready for operation on the road. A car chassis will be different from one for commercial vehicles because of the heavier loads and constant work use. Commercial vehicle manufacturers sell "chassis only", "cowl and chassis", as well as "chassis cab" versions that can be outfitted with specialized bodies; these include motor homes, fire engines, box trucks, etc. In particular applications, such as school buses, a government agency like National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in the U.

S. defines the design standards of body conversions. An armoured fighting vehicle's hull serves as the chassis and comprises the bottom part of the AFV that includes the tracks, driver's seat, crew compartment; this describes the lower hull, although common usage might include the upper hull to mean the AFV without the turret. The hull serves as a basis for platforms on tanks, armoured personnel carriers, combat engineering vehicles, etc. In an electronic device, the chassis consists of a frame or other internal supporting structure on which the circuit boards and other electronics are mounted. In some designs, such as older sets, the chassis is mounted inside a heavy, rigid cabinet, while in other designs such as modern computer cases, lightweight covers or panels are attached to the chassis; the combination of chassis and outer covering is sometimes called an enclosure. In firearms, the chassis is a bedding frame on long guns such as rifles to replace the traditionally wooden stock, for the purpose of better accurizing the gun.

The chassis is made from hard metallic material such as aluminium alloy due to metals having superior stiffness and compressive strength compared with wood or synthetic polymer, which are used in conventional rifle stocks. The chassis functions as a more extensive pillar bedding, providing a metal-on-metal bearing surface that has reduced shifting potential under the stress of recoil. A barreled action bedded into a metal chassis would theoretically operate more during repeated firing, resulting in better precision. With the increasing availability of CNC machining, chassis have become more affordable and sophisticated, gained increasing popularity as it can be expanded to accommodate customizable "furnitures" and rail interface systems that provide mounting points for various accessories. Starry, Donn A. GEN. Mounted Combat in Vietnam. Vietnam Studies. C. 1978


Somniosus is a distributed genus of deepwater dogfish sharks in the family Somniosidae. Several members of the genus are believed to attain lengths up to 7 m, thus rank among the largest of sharks. Somniosus antarcticus Whitley, 1939 †Somniosus gonzalezi Welton & Goedert, 2016 – fossil, Oligocene Somniosus longus Tanaka, 1912 Somniosus microcephalus Bloch & J. G. Schneider, 1801 Somniosus pacificus Bigelow & Schroeder, 1944 Somniosus rostratus A. Risso, 1827 Somniosus sp. A Not yet described List of prehistoric cartilaginous fish

International Anticommunist Entente

The International Anticommunist Entente was an international anti-communist organisation based in Geneva, Switzerland. Prior to 1938, it was known as the International Entente Against the Third International; the organisation was founded by the Swiss advocate Théodore Aubert and Russian émigré Red Cross leader Georges Lodygensky as a response to the Communist International in 1924. Its objectives were to defend the "principles of order, family and nationality"; the entente had national chapters in over 20 countries, with the aim of influencing political and journalistic circles. The British chapter was the Central Council of the Economic Leagues. In Finland, the national chapter Suomen Suojelusliitto was founded by the prominent statesman Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim a year earlier in 1923 to do anti-communist education. According to some accounts, Francisco Franco's anti-communism was sparked by reading the entente's publications and he met Aubert. Other notable sympathizers included Franz von Papen.

EIA published Revue Anticommuniste. EIA opened an information centre in August 1937. After World War II, EIA's membership numbers decreased and its leaders considered the United States to be a better center for leading anti-communist activities than Europe; the organisation ceased operation in 1950