A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and upper secondary education, but these can be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle and high school system. Secondary schools follow on from primary schools and lead into vocational and tertiary education. Attendance is compulsory in most countries for students between the ages of 11 and 16; the organisations and terminology are more or less unique in each country. Within the English speaking world, there are three used systems to describe the age of the child; the first is the'equivalent ages' countries that base their education systems on the'English model' use one of two methods to identify the year group, while countries that base their systems on the'American K-12 model' refer to their year groups as'grades'. This terminology extends into research literature. Below is a convenient comparison.
The building needs to accommodate: Curriculum content Teaching methods Costs Education within the political framework Use of school building Constraints imposed by the site Design philosophyEach country will have a different education system and priorities. Schools need to accommodate students, storage and electrical systems, support staff, ancillary staff and administration; the number of rooms required can be determined from the predicted roll of the school and the area needed. According to standards used in the United Kingdom, a general classroom for 30 students needs to be 55 m², or more generously 62 m². A general art room for 30 students needs to be 83 m ². A drama studio or a specialist science laboratory for 30 needs to be 90 m². Examples are given on, and 1,850 place secondary school. The building providing the education has to fulfil the needs of: The students, the teachers, the non-teaching support staff, the administrators and the community, it has to meet general government building guidelines, health requirements, minimal functional requirements for classrooms and showers, electricity and services and storage of textbooks and basic teaching aids.
An optimum secondary school will meet the minimum conditions and will have: adequately sized classrooms. Government accountants having read the advice publish minimum guidelines on schools; these enable environmental establishing building costs. Future design plans are audited to ensure. Government ministries continue to press for cost standards to be reduced; the UK government published this downwardly revised space formula in 2014. It said the floor area should be 1050m² + 6.3m²/pupil place for 11- to 16-year-olds + 7m²/pupil place for post-16s. The external finishes were to be downgraded to meet a build cost of £1113/m². A secondary school locally may be called high senior high school. In some countries there are two phases to secondary education and, here the junior high school, intermediate school, lower secondary school, or middle school occurs between the primary school and high school. Names for secondary schools by countryArgentina: secundaria or polimodal, escuela secundaria Australia: high school, secondary college Austria: Gymnasium, Hauptschule, Höhere Bundeslehranstalt, Höhere Technische Lehranstalt Azerbaijan: orta məktəb Bahamas, The: junior high, senior high Belgium: lagere school/école primaire, secundair onderwijs/école secondaire, humaniora/humanités Bolivia: educación primaria superior and educación secundaria and Herzegovina: srednja škola, gimnazija Brazil: ensino médio, segundo grau Brunei: sekolah menengah, a few maktab Bulgaria: cредно образование Canada: High school, junior high or middle school, secondary school, école secondaire, collegiate institute, polyvalente Chile: enseñanza media China: zhong xue, consisting of chu zhong from grades 7 to 9 and gao zhong from grades 10 to 12 Colombia: bachillerato, segunda enseñanza Croatia: srednja škola, gimnazija Cyprus: Γυμνάσιο, Ενιαίο Λύκειο Czech Republic: střední škola, gymnázium, střední odborné učiliště Denmark: gymnasium Dominican Republic: nivel medio, bachillerato Egypt: Thanawya Amma, Estonia: upper secondary school, Lyceum Finland: lukio gymnasium France: collège, lycée Germany: Gymnasium, Realschule, Fachoberschule Greece: Γυμνάσιο, Γενικό Λύκειο, Ενιαίο Λύκειο, Hong Kong: Secondary school Hungary: gimnázium, k
Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore was an American actress, best known for her roles in the television sitcoms The Mary Tyler Moore Show, in which she starred as Mary Richards, a single woman working as a local news producer in Minneapolis, The Dick Van Dyke Show, in which she played Laura Petrie, a former dancer turned Westchester homemaker and mother. Her film work includes 1967's Thoroughly Modern Millie and 1980's Ordinary People, in which she played roles that were different from the television characters she had portrayed, her work in Ordinary People earned her a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Thanks to her roles on both The Mary Tyler Moore Show and The Dick Van Dyke Show, in which her characters broke from stereotypical images of women and pushed gender norms, Moore became a cultural icon and served as an inspiration for many younger actresses, professional women, she was active in charity work and various political causes the issues of animal rights and diabetes. She was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes early in the run of The Mary Tyler Moore Show.
She suffered from alcoholism, which she wrote about in her first of two memoirs. She died from cardiopulmonary arrest due to pneumonia at the age of 80 on January 25, 2017. Moore was born in Brooklyn, New York, to George Tyler Moore, a clerk, his wife Marjorie Hackett. Moore was the oldest of three children. Moore's family lived on Ocean Parkway in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn, her paternal great-grandfather, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, owned the house, now the Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum in Winchester, Virginia. When she was eight years old, Moore's family moved to Los Angeles at the recommendation of Moore's uncle, an MCA employee, she was raised Catholic, attended St. Rose of Lima Parochial School in Brooklyn until the third grade, she attended Saint Ambrose School in Los Angeles, followed by Immaculate Heart High School in Los Feliz, California. Moore's sister, died at age 21 "from a combination of... painkillers and alcohol", while her brother died at age 47 from kidney cancer.
Moore decided at age 17. Her television career began with Moore's first job as "Happy Hotpoint", a tiny elf dancing on Hotpoint appliances in TV commercials during the 1950s series Ozzie and Harriet. After appearing in 39 Hotpoint commercials in five days, she received $6,000, she became pregnant while still working as "Happy" and Hotpoint ended her work when it was too difficult to conceal her pregnancy with the elf costume. Moore modeled anonymously on the covers of a number of record albums and auditioned for the role of the older daughter of Danny Thomas for his long-running TV show, but was turned down. Much Thomas explained that "she missed it by a nose... no daughter of mine could have a nose that small". Moore's first regular television role was as a mysterious and glamorous telephone receptionist on Richard Diamond, Private Detective. On the show, Moore's voice was heard, but only her legs appeared on camera, adding to the character's mystique. About this time, she guest-starred on John Cassavetes's NBC detective series Johnny Staccato.
She guest-starred in Bachelor Father in the episode titled "Bentley and the Big Board". In 1960, she was featured in two episodes of the William Bendix-Doug McClure NBC western series, Overland Trail and several months in the first episode of NBC's one-season The Tab Hunter Show, a sitcom starring the former teen idol as a bachelor cartoonist. In 1961, Moore appeared in several big parts in movies and on television, including Bourbon Street Beat, 77 Sunset Strip, Surfside 6, Wanted: Dead or Alive, Steve Canyon, Hawaiian Eye and Lock-Up. In 1961, Carl Reiner cast Moore in The Dick Van Dyke Show, a weekly series based on Reiner's own life and career as a writer for Sid Caesar's television variety show Your Show of Shows, telling the cast from the outset that it would run for no more than five years; the show was produced by Danny Thomas' company, Thomas himself recommended her. He remembered Moore as "the girl with three names". Moore's energetic comic performances as Van Dyke's character's wife, begun at age 24, made both the actress and her signature tight capri pants popular, she became internationally known.
When she won her first Emmy Award for her portrayal of Laura Petrie, she said, "I know this will never happen again." In 1970, after having appeared earlier in a pivotal one-hour musical special called Dick Van Dyke and the Other Woman and husband Grant Tinker pitched a sitcom centered on Moore to CBS. The Mary Tyler Moore Show is a half-hour newsroom sitcom featuring Ed Asner as her gruff boss Lou Grant. Moore's show proved so popular that three other regular characters, Valerie Harper as Rhoda Morgenstern, Cloris Leachman as Phyllis Lindstrom and Ed Asner as Lou Grant were spun off into their own series; the premise of the single working woman's life, alternating during the program between work and home, became a television staple. After six years of ratings in the top 20, the show slipped to number 39 during season seven. Producers decided to cancel the series because of falling ratings, afraid that the show's legacy might be damaged if it were renewed for another season. Despite the decline in ratings, the 1977 season would go on to win an Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series, to add to the awards it had won in 1975 and 1976.
All in all, during its seven seasons, the program held the record for winning the most Emmys – 29. That record remained unbroken until 2002 when the NB
Elden Henson is an American actor. He is best known for playing Fulton Reed in The Mighty Ducks trilogy, Foggy Nelson in Daredevil, the wider Marvel Cinematic Universe television series, Pollux in The Hunger Games: Mockingjay - Part 1 and Part 2. Elden Ryan Ratliff was born August 30, 1977 in Rockville, Maryland, to a professional photographer mother, his siblings are actors Erick Ratliff. Henson has a younger half-brother, Ellington Ratliff, a member of the band R5. Elden's father George Ratliff was an actor and his mother took her young boys for commercial auditions, they lived for a number of years in New Jersey. Henson attended Emerson College. From 1992 to 1996, Henson played Fulton Reed in all three films in The Mighty Ducks trilogy: The Mighty Ducks, D2: The Mighty Ducks and D3: The Mighty Ducks, he told TV Guide. "What's funny is I still, more than anything, get recognized for The Mighty Ducks. I love it; when I was younger, I would get embarrassed. I played sports growing up and I'd be playing baseball and the other team would be quacking at me and stuff.
I love those movies. I feel like these things come once in a lifetime and to experience this stuff as a kid and as an adult, I just feel lucky."Since 2015, Henson has portrayed Foggy Nelson in the Netflix television series Daredevil. Henson spoke of his excitement for Foggy's role in the series, saying "I was excited as I was getting the scripts and reading that Foggy wasn't just a useless sidekick. He's not just comic relief. I mean, he is some of those things, he does have comic relief, but it was exciting to know that these other characters would have their own path and their own things that they're dealing with." In addition to Daredevil, Henson has portrayed Foggy in the crossover miniseries The Defenders and a cameo appearance in season 2 of Jessica Jones and Luke Cage. Elden Henson on IMDb
Thomas Griffin Dunne is an American actor, film producer, film director. Dunne studied acting at The Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre in New York City. Dunne was born Thomas Griffin Dunne in the son of Ellen Beatriz and Dominick Dunne, he is the older brother of Dominique Dunne. His mother founded the victims' rights organization Justice for Homicide Victims after Dominique's murder in 1982, his father was a producer and actor. He is the nephew of writers John Gregory Dunne and Joan Didion. Raised in Los Angeles, Dunne attended the Fay School in Southborough and went to high school in Colorado Springs, Colorado where he developed an interest in acting, appearing in many school plays, he was scheduled to perform in a school production of Othello when on the eve of a performance, Dunne was found smoking marijuana by a teacher. He was expelled and soon after, he moved back to New York to pursue his acting interests, he studied acting at HB Studio in New York City. Dunne began his professional acting career at age 19 with a small supporting role in The Other Side of the Mountain in 1975.
He has since appeared on both film and television, starring in An American Werewolf in London as Jack Goodman, Johnny Dangerously as Tommy Kelly, After Hours as Paul Hackett, Who's That Girl as Loudon Trott opposite Madonna, My Girl as Jake Bixler, Quiz Show as the Geritol Account Executive, Game 6 as Elliott Litvak, I Like It Like That as Stephen Price. Dunne played Dr. Vass, opposite Matthew McConaughey, in the Oscar-nominated 2013 film Dallas Buyers Club. Dunne's TV appearances include Frasier, Saturday Night Live and Law & Order: Criminal Intent, he portrayed Tony Mink in the comedy Trust Me on TNT. In 2012, Dunne guest-starred as management consultant Marco Pelios in seven episodes of the premiere season of the Showtime TV series House of Lies; as of Fall 2018, he guest stars on This is Us as Nicky Pearson, Jack Pearson's brother in Season 3. In 1995, Griffin Dunne was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film for Duke of Groove, which he directed and co-wrote, he shared the nomination with producer Thom Colwell.
Along with his producing partner, actress/producer Amy Robinson, he has produced several films including Baby It's You, After Hours, Running on Empty and Game 6 through their company, Double Play Productions. Dunne's directorial debut was the 1995 short film Duke of Groove. Since he has directed five feature films, including Addicted to Love and Practical Magic, he directed one segment of the 2012 anthology film Movie 43. Dunne produced and directed Joan Didion: The Center Will Not Hold, a documentary about his aunt, author Joan Didion, whom Dunne interviews and appears with on screen. From 1989 to 1995, he was married to American actress Carey Lowell, with whom he has one daughter, actress Hannah Dunne. In July 2009, he married Anna Bingemann, an Australian stylist. Griffin Dunne on IMDb Griffin Dunne at AllMovie
Jewel Belair Staite is a Canadian actress. She is known for her roles as Kaylee Frye in the Fox television series Firefly and its spin-off theatrical film Serenity, as Dr. Jennifer Keller on Sci-Fi Channel's science-fiction television series Stargate Atlantis. Staite starred in her youth as Catalina in Space Cases and as "Becca" Fisher in Flash Forward, more as Raquel Westbrook in the Canadian drama The L. A. Complex and Caroline Swift in AMC's crime drama The Killing. Staite was born in British Columbia; the youngest of seven children, she has acted since age six. She has stated that she is of British, French Canadian, Iroquois ancestry. Staite worked at the Vancouver Youth Theatre. Staite began her career as a child actress, with appearances in television movies such as CBC's Liar, Liar in 1993, ABC's The Only Way Out. In 1995, Staite had a key guest starring role in the third-season episode of The X-Files, "Oubliette". Staite's first co-starring role on a television series was as Catalina, the ship's engineer, in the first season of Nickelodeon science fiction television series Space Cases in 1996.
This was followed by her role as Rebecca "Becca" Fisher on the 1995–97 Disney Channel series Flash Forward, a series in which Staite was the co-lead with Ben Foster. In 2000, she was cast in a main role on the FOX Family Channel drama series Higher Ground, she was a voice actress in the animated TV series Mummies Alive! and Sabrina: The Animated Series for DIC Entertainment. Staite played Kaylee Frye in the short-lived television series Firefly and its subsequent 2005 film, Serenity, she wrote a chapter in the book Finding Serenity, called "Kaylee Speaks: Jewel Staite On Firefly". She played the recurring role of Heidi Gotts in the television series Wonderfalls in 2004. Staite played the role of head medical doctor Jennifer Keller in the Stargate SG-1 spinoff Stargate Atlantis, making her the third actor from the Firefly series to move on to appear in a Stargate series, the second to take a recurring role, she replaced Paul McGillion. In the fifth season of Stargate, her character was changed from recurring status to part of the main cast.
Before taking on the role as Dr. Keller she played the Wraith child Ellia in the Stargate Atlantis episode "Instinct", she appeared in the 2010 Sci-Fi film, under direction from Sheldon Wilson. In 2010, Staite guest starred in an episode of Warehouse 13 as the love interest of Sheldon, in 2011, she guest-starred on an episode of Supernatural as a former love-interest of Sam's. In 2012, Staite was a series regular on The L. A. Complex, in which she portrayed Raquel Westbrook, a struggling actress; the show aired in Canada on CTV and MuchMusic and in the U. S. on The CW. She appeared in an episode of The Listener. Staite appeared in 10 episodes of the AMC crime drama, The Killing, as Detective Stephen Holder's girlfriend Caroline Swift, from 2013–14. Staite was married to actor Matt Anderson from 2003 to 2011. In May 2015, she became engaged to her boyfriend Charlie Ritchie; the same month, she announced she was pregnant with her first child, a boy. On December 9, 2015 she announced the birth of her son Wilder Cathcart Ritchie.
She married Charlie Ritchie on July 23, 2016. Jewel Staite on IMDb Jewel Staite on Twitter Jewel Staite on Instagram
David Krumholtz is an American actor. He played Charlie Eppes in the CBS drama series Numb3rs from 2005 to 2010, he played Seth Goldstein in the Harold & Kumar film trilogy and Bernard the Elf in the Santa Clause film franchise. Krumholtz was born in New York City, he is the son of Judy Krumholtz. He grew up in a "very working-class poor" Jewish family, his paternal grandparents had emigrated from Poland, his mother moved from Hungary to the U. S. in 1956. At the age of 13, Krumholtz followed his friends to an open audition for the Broadway play Conversations with My Father; when he tried out, he won the role of Young Charlie, with Judd Hirsch, Tony Shalhoub and Jason Biggs, making his Broadway debut. Soon after his run on Broadway, Krumholtz co-starred in two feature films, Life With Mikey with Michael J. Fox and Addams Family Values with Christina Ricci. For his role in Mikey, David was nominated for a 1993 Young Artist Award. Although his work in these two films garnered him critical attention, David is best known by children as the sarcastic head elf Bernard from The Santa Clause and its first sequel The Santa Clause 2.
However, because of his filming schedule on "Numb3rs", which conflicted with the filming schedule on the second sequel, he could not reprise the role of Bernard in The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause. In 1994, Krumholtz co-starred in his first television series, with Henry Winkler. Krumholtz starred in several short-lived series over the years. Along the way, he had the opportunity to work with Jason Bateman, Tom Selleck, Jon Cryer, Rob Lowe. In 2005, he found television success with the CBS series Numbers. Along with his starring roles on television, Krumholtz made guest appearances on ER as schizophrenic patient Paul Sobriki, as well as on Law & Order, Undeclared and Freaks and Geeks, he broke out of the children's movie genre with The Ice Storm, directed by Ang Lee, Slums of Beverly Hills, starring Alan Arkin and Natasha Lyonne. In 1999, Krumholtz starred as Michael Eckman in the popular teen movie 10 Things I Hate About You with Larisa Oleynik, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Julia Stiles, Heath Ledger.
That same year, he portrayed a different teen character – that of Yussel, a young conflicted Jewish man in Liberty Heights. It was the role of Yussel that brought Krumholtz to the attention of actor and filmmaker Edward Burns, who cast him in the independent film Sidewalks of New York. Playing the romantic and obsessed Benny, Krumholtz was on a path to larger, more complex film roles, his first role as a leading man was in the romantic comedy. Although never released theatrically in the United States, You Stupid Man, directed by Edward Burns's brother Brian Burns, was released on DVD. Krumholtz carried his first leading role in a released American film when he starred Big Shot: Confessions of a Campus Bookie, which premiered on FX Networks. Big Shot was a true story based on the Arizona State University basketball fixing scandal in 1994. Krumholtz played Benny Silman, a college student and campus bookmaker, jailed for his part in shaving points off key Arizona State basketball games. Benny was unlike any character.
In 2005, Krumholtz played Max in My Suicidal Sweetheart, once again starring opposite actress Natasha Lyonne. Krumholtz returned to smaller key roles in the successful films Ray and Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle. In September 2005, he was seen in Joss Whedon's science fiction film Serenity as "Mr. Universe", a hacker and information broker. Most in early 2006, Krumholtz's 2003 film Kill the Poor screened in New York City at IFC Center and across the country on Comcast's On Demand cable service, he played Charlie Eppes, a mathematical genius who helped his brother Don, an FBI agent, solve crimes using mathematics, on CBS' show Numbers. The cast of Numbers included Judd Hirsch and Peter MacNicol, who appeared with him in Addams Family Values as a camp counselor. Television critic Matt Roush called Krumholtz's work on Numbers "probably his best TV work to date". Numbers was cancelled by CBS on May 18, 2010. In 2012, Krumholtz was cast opposite Michael Urie in CBS' comedy TV series Partners but the show was cancelled after six episodes.
He appeared in two documentaries on the Knocked Up DVD. "Gummy: The Sixth Roommate" tells the true story of how David dropped out of the film to play the lead part in a Woody Allen movie in Paris that got canceled before production, Apatow would not write him back into his script. He would have played one of the main character's five roommates. Friend and fellow Freaks actor Jason Segel appears with him in a short scene in Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny. On May 22, 2010, Krumholtz married actress Vanessa Britting, in New York City, they have a daughter, Pemma Mae Krumholtz, born in 2014, a son, born in 2016. In July 2011, Krumholtz was diagnosed with thyroid cancer, began a radioactive iodine treatment five months later. At the end of January 2012, he was diagnosed cancer-free. David Krumholtz on IMDb David Krumholtz at the Internet Broadway Database David Krumholtz's ch
Matthew William Lawrence is an American actor and singer best known for his roles in Mrs. Doubtfire and Boy Meets World. Lawrence starred in the series Brotherly Love with his real-life brothers Joey and Andrew. Lawrence was born in Abington Township, the son of Donna Lynn, a personnel manager, Joseph Lawrence, Sr. an insurance broker. His family's surname was changed to Lawrence from Mignogna, he is of half Italian descent. He is the middle-born of three boys. Lawrence attended classes at Abington Friends School. Lawrence began acting in his first role being that of Danny Carrington in Dynasty, he studied acting at HB Studio in New York City. He continued as a child actor through the early 1990s, appearing in many television and feature film roles, including the 1993 Robin Williams comedy Mrs. Doubtfire and the mid-1990s television series Superhuman Samurai Syber-Squad. In addition, he maintained starring roles in Brotherly Love, which starred his real life brothers, Boy Meets World where he played Jack Hunter.
Lawrence appeared alongside Rob Schneider in The Hot Chick. He reprised his role as Jack Hunter in Girl Meets World. Lawrence's singing debut was in 1986, when he and Joey performed at the 1986 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. Other musical Matt rarities can be found on two Gimme A Break episodes, two Brotherly Love episodes and his last musical moment on Boy Meets World. Except for Silent Night and This Dame, Matt played guitar on the remaining three. In 2011, Lawrence guest-starred on his brother's sitcom ABC Family's Joey. In 2015, he reprised his role as Jack Hunter in the series Girl Meets World, a spin-off/sequel of Boy Meets World. In 2017 Matt started a band with Andy called Still Three, they released their debut single "Lose Myself". He was engaged to Heidi Mueller from 2004 to 2006, he has been dating professional dancer Cheryl Burke since February 2017. On May 3, 2018, they got engaged. Matthew Lawrence on IMDb Matthew Lawrence on Twitter Matt Lawrence on Instagram Still 3 on SoundCloud