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Cheers is an American sitcom television series that ran on NBC from September 30, 1982, to May 20, 1993, with a total of 275 half-hour episodes across eleven seasons. The show was produced by Charles/Burrows Productions in association with Paramount Network Television, was created by the team of James Burrows, Glen Charles, Les Charles; the show is set in a bar named Cheers in Boston, where a group of locals meet to drink and socialize. The show's main theme song, co-written and performed by Gary Portnoy, lent its refrain "Where Everybody Knows Your Name" as the show's catchphrase. After premiering on September 30, 1982, it was nearly canceled during its first season when it ranked last in ratings for its premiere. Cheers, however became a rated television show in the United States, earning a top-ten rating during eight of its eleven seasons, including one season at number one; the show spent most of its run on NBC's Thursday night "Must See TV" lineup. Its watched series finale was broadcast on May 20, 1993, the show's 275 episodes have been syndicated worldwide.

Nominated for Outstanding Comedy Series for all eleven of its seasons on the air, it earned 28 Primetime Emmy Awards from a record of 117 nominations. The character Frasier Crane was featured in his eponymous spin-off show, which aired until 2004 and included guest appearances by all of the major and minor Cheers characters. During its run, Cheers became one of the most popular series of all time and has received critical acclaim from its start to its end. In 1997, the episodes "Thanksgiving Orphans" and "Home Is the Sailor", aired in 1987, were ranked No. 7 and No. 45 on TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time. In 2002, Cheers was ranked No. 18 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time. In 2013, the Writers Guild of America ranked it as the eighth-best-written TV series and TV Guide ranked it No. 11 on their list of the 60 Greatest Shows of All Time. Before the Cheers pilot "Give Me a Ring Sometime" was completed and aired in 1982, the series consisted of four employees in the first script.

Neither Norm Peterson nor Cliff Clavin, regular customers of Cheers, were featured. In years, Woody Boyd replaced Coach, after the beloved character died off-screen in season four, following actor Nicholas Colasanto's death. Frasier Crane became a permanent one. In season six, new character Rebecca Howe was added, having been written into the show after the finale of the previous season. Lilith Sternin started as a one-time character in an episode of season four, "Second Time Around". After her second season five appearance, she became a recurring character, was featured as a permanent one during season ten. Ted Danson as Sam Malone: A bartender of Cheers. Sam is a lothario. Before the series began, he was a baseball relief pitcher for the Boston Red Sox nicknamed "Mayday Malone" until he became an alcoholic, harming his career, he has an on-again, off-again relationship with Diane Chambers, his class opposite, in the first five seasons. During their off-times, Sam has flings with many not-so-bright "sexy women", yet fails to pursue a meaningful relationship and fails to seduce other women, such as intellectuals.

After Diane is written out of the series, he tries to pursue Rebecca Howe, with varying results. At the end of the series, he is still unmarried and faces sexual addiction with the help of Dr. Robert Sutton's group meetings, advised by Frasier. Shelley Long as Diane Chambers: An academic, sophisticated graduate student attending Boston University. In the pilot, Diane is abandoned by her fiancé, leaving her without a man, or money. Realizing that one of her few practical skills is memorization, which comes in handy when dealing with drink orders, she reluctantly becomes a barmaid, she becomes a close friend of Coach and has an on-and-off relationship with bartender Sam Malone, her class opposite. During their off-relationship times, Diane dates men who fit her upper-class ideals, such as Frasier Crane. In 1987, she leaves Boston behind for a writing career and to live in California. Diane returns to Cheers to cure Sam of his drinking. Diane's biggest enemy is Carla but Diane doesn't insult Carla the way Carla does to Diane, which serves to annoy Carla more.

Nicholas Colasanto as Coach Ernie Pantusso: A "borderline senile" co-bartender and retired baseball coach. Coach is a friend of Sam and a close friend of Diane, he has Lisa. Coach solves them. However, other people help resolve his own problems. In 1985, Coach died without explicit explanation. Rhea Perlman as Carla Tortelli: A "wisecracking, cynical" cocktail waitress, who treats customers badly, she is highly fertile and matrimonially inept. When the series premiered, she is the mother of four children by her ex-husband Nick Tortelli. Over the course of the series, she bears four more, the depiction of which incorporated Perlman's real-life pregnancies. All of her children are notoriously ill-behaved, except Ludlow, whose father is a prominent academic, she flirts with men, including ones who are not flattered by her ways, believes in superstitions. She marries Eddie LeBec, an ice hockey player, who becomes a penguin mascot for ice shows. After he died in an ice show accident by an ice resurfacer, Carla discovers that Eddie had committed bigamy with another woman, whom he had gotten pregnant.

Carla sleeps with Sam's

The Church in the Wildwood

"The Church in the Wildwood" is a song, written by Dr. William S. Pitts in 1857 following a coach ride that stopped in Bradford, Iowa, it is a song about a church in a valley near the town, though the church was not built until several years later. In the years since, the church has become known as "the Little Brown Church". During a stagecoach ride to visit his fiancée in Fredericksburg, the stage stopped at Bradford and allowed Pitts to wander in the area and enjoy the woodlands. Pitts found particular beauty in a wooded valley formed by the Cedar River. While viewing the spot, Pitts envisioned a church building there and could not seem to ease the vision from his mind. Returning to his home in Wisconsin, he wrote "The Church in the Wildwood" for his own sake saying of its completion, "only was I at peace with myself."By 1862 Pitts was married, he and his wife moved to Fredericksburg to be near her elderly parents. He was surprised upon his return to the area to find a church being erected where he had imagined it five years before.

The building was being painted brown, because, the least expensive color of paint to be found. During the winter of 1863-64, Pitts taught a singing class at Bradford Academy, he had his class sing the song at the dedication of the new church in 1864. This was the first time. In 1865, Pitts moved to Illinois, to enroll in Rush Medical College. To pay his enrollment fees, he sold the rights to the song to a music publisher for $25, he completed medical school, graduating in 1868. Nearing the twentieth century, small Bradford was in great decline; the village had been bypassed by a new railroad through Nashua, two miles west, the flour mill moved to New Hampton, Iowa to be on a bigger river. The town was once the county seat, but population was in steady decline, the church had grown neglected. In 1888, the church was closed. Shortly into the new century, the Society For The Preservation of The Little Brown Church was founded, by 1914, services were again held in the building. Shortly afterward, the small congregation experienced a revival that attracted new attention to it and to its song.

Among those who found and loved the song at this time was the Weatherwax Quartet. This group of traveling singers traveled throughout Canada and the United States in the 1920s and'30s and used as their trademark song "The Church in the Wildwood." They would quite talk about the little church during their travels. As the song grew in popularity, coupled with the development of the U. S. Highway system in the mid-1920s, many visitors came to the newly reopened little church. Since the church has become a popular tourist spot, remains so today, it attracts thousands of visitors every year to see or be married in "the little brown church in the vale." Official site of The Little Brown Church Website of the City of Nashua, Iowa historic places page Short biography of William Pitts on the Des Moines Register Encyclopædia Britannica article on the song

Pyromaia tuberculata

Pyromaia tuberculata is a species of crab in the family Inachoididae. Pyromaia tuberculata known as the fire crab, was first described by Lockington in 1877 off the coast of San Diego, California; the familial classification of pyromaia is still controversial. It was known as the Inachus tuberculata, has been referred to as Neorhynchus mexicanus, it is a member of the superfamily majoidea called “spider crabs”. P. tuberculata is a benthic dwelling crab species, with adults inhabiting continental shelves. Individuals of P. tuberculata have a granulate and tuberculate carapace, with a short, backwards facing spine on the first abdominal segment. The species undergoes nine post-larval stages each separated by brief periods of molting. Beginning at the third crab stage, mature females can be differentiated from males by the large rounded sodomites which make up their abdominal plates and form a cavity to hold eggs; the carapace length of adult specimens in the ninth crab stage can reach up to 20 mm while the carapace width can reach 18 mm.

The life cycle of P. tuberculata is made up of three main stages: the egg and crab. The incubation time of P. tuberculata eggs has an inverse relationship to the temperature in which the ovigerous females live, with eggs hatching after 7 days at 26℃, 80 days at 8℃. Larvae are free floating and feed on brine shrimp and small plankton, undergoing regular intervals of molting. There are two zoeal and one megalopa stage for larval tuberculata, which can be distinguished through analysis of carapace spines and relative width. In the first zoeal stage the carapace has a singular dorsal spine and the eyes are sessile, whereas in the second zoeal stage there are multiple small dorsal spines and eyes are stalked. In the megalopa stage, the carapace is larger and more prominently lobed. After reaching the initial crab stage, it takes 3 months for P. tuberculata to reach adulthood. There is no clear difference in body weight between adult males and females. Males can begin to reproduce after 47 -- 81 days -- 79 days.

P. tuberculata is characterized by a low number of post-larval stages which results in a shorter life span than other benthic crab species. This species has a shorter larval phase, common in the Majidae family, represents a greater degree of ecological specialization, it has a short developmental stage and can reproduce year round. The ability of female crabs to carry fertilized eggs days after the puberty molt aids in shorter generation times. In combination with strategies leading to maximum offspring survival, such as a high larval dispersal area to areas of high oxygen, the year round reproduction of P. Tuberculata makes it so three generation cycles may take place each year. Females of the first generation lay eggs in early spring; this second generation releases eggs more due to the warmer average water temperature, allowing for the third generation to settle and release eggs until early winter. P. tuberculata is native to the pacific coast of North America from San Francisco Bay to Panama, but has spread to coastal waters of Argentina, Brazil and New Zealand.

Larvae float in coastal and estuarial waters up to 18 meters of depth. Adults live hidden on mud to sandy-mud bottoms up to depths of 412 meters. Adults and larvae were reported on the Atlantic Argentine continental shelf after only being observed in the Atlantic in the coastal waters of Brazil. P. tuberculata has now spread to the western Pacific, as specimens of P. tuberculata have been found along the southeast coast of Australia in Port Phillip Bay and Newcastle, along the western coast in Cockburn Sound. In the northwest pacific, populations of P. tuberculata have been established in the waters of China and Japan due to naval shipping after World War II. P. tuberculata is considered an invasive species due to its spreading to the southeast Atlantic and western Pacific. After arriving in Japanese waters, P. tuberculata has thrived due to its ability to recolonize waters following instances of summer hypoxia. Smaller, native crabs have limited breeding seasons which restrict their ability to compete with the invasive P. tuberculata.

In eutrophic waters such as Tokyo Bay, P. tuberculata is abundant from the intertidal zone up to 80 meters of depth, with inner-bay populations being replenished each fall with larvae from crabs in the outer-bay, which do not experience the hypoxic die offs. Populations of P. tuberculata are limited in the shallow waters of Port Phillip Bay Australia due to predation by globefish


STS-113 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour. During the 14-day mission in late 2002, Endeavour and its crew extended the ISS backbone with the P1 truss and exchanged the Expedition 5 and Expedition 6 crews aboard the station. With Commander Jim Wetherbee and Pilot Paul Lockhart at the controls, Endeavour docked with the station on 25 November 2002 to begin seven days of station assembly and crew and equipment transfers; this was Endeavour’s last flight before entering its Orbiter Major Modification period until STS-118 in 2007 which include modernizing the cockpit, the last shuttle mission before the Columbia disaster. STS-113 was an Assembly Mission to the International Space Station, delivering the P1 Truss segment, which provides structural support for the Space Station radiators. Mission Specialists John Herrington and Michael López-Alegría performed three spacewalks to activate and outfit the P1; the STS-113 crew and both Expedition crews transferred about 1,969 kilograms of cargo between the shuttle and station.

STS-113 delivered the Expedition 6 crew to the station for a four-month increment. The Expedition 5 crew returned to Earth aboard STS-113. STS-113 came to a close, it was the 19th flight of Endeavour, the 112th shuttle mission, the 16th shuttle mission to the station. The landing was the first time. Carried aboard STS-113 was the Micro-Electromechanical System based Pico Satellite Inspector; this payload deployed two small satellites tether. STS-113 was the last successful mission before STS-107. Gus Loria was scheduled to fly as the pilot for this mission, but was replaced due to an injury, his replacement was Paul S. Lockhart. John Herrington, a member of the Chickasaw Nation, became the first enrolled member of a Native American tribe to fly in space. STS-113 was the final mission; because Endeavour entered its Orbiter Major Modification period after the Columbia disaster, this was the last shuttle mission to fly with an analog-style cockpit. Docked: 25 November 2002, 21:59:00 UTC Undocked: 2 December 2002, 20:50:00 UTC Time Docked: 6 days, 22 h, 51 min, 00 s List of human spaceflights List of International Space Station spacewalks List of Space Shuttle missions List of spacewalks and moonwalks 1965–1999 Outline of space science This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

NASA mission summary Status reports – Detailed NASA status reports for each day of the mission. STS-113 Video Highlights

2011 Durand Cup

The 2011 Durand Cup is the 124th edition of the Durand Cup, the third oldest association football competition in the world. Churchill Brothers won the 2011 Durand Cup at the Ambedkar Stadium with a 5-4 tie-break win over Prayag United; the 2010 Durand Cup Champions were Prayag United. The Durand Cup is scheduled from 24 September to 15 October 2011; the tournament will be conducted in two stages. Stage 1 will be the Qualifying Knock Out Round and Stage 2 will be Quarter Final League round. I-League clubs Mohun Bagan, Mumbai, HAL and East Bengal have decided to skip the tournament for various reasons like having to play in other tournaments, to prepare for the I-League or they just don't see worth in the cup. COSCO Platina FIFA approved; the cash award for the Winner, Runners up and the 3rd positions will be awarded with Rs. 20 Lakhs, 10 Lakhs and 5 Lakhs respectively. The Durand Cup started on September 24, 2011 with Delhi United FC beating MEG Bangalore 2-0; the second match of the day took place with Assam Rifles demolishing State Bank of Hyderabad 5-1.

The next day ARC Shillong beat State Bank of Travancore 2-1 while Indian Air Force F. C. beat Shahadra FC 4-3 on penalties after drawing 0-0. On September 26 BNR beat J & K Bank 4-3 on penalties after drawing 1-1. Bhowanipur SC beat Army Green 3-1 on penalties after drawing 0-0. On September 27 Indian Navy FC defeated FC Punjab Police 1-0 while Army Jr FC lost to CRPF 2-1. On September 28 BSF defeated Bhowanipur FC on penalties 5-3 after drawing 1-1. Delhi United lost 4-2 to Assam Rifles. Meanwhile, on September 30 BSF beat Tata Football Academy 2-0. All matches will be played in Delhi

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Theog

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Theog or JNV Theog, Shimla is a Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya school in district Shimla of Himachal Pradesh, India. Like every other Navodaya in the country, it too follows the same aim and regulation of administration and extracurricular development of rural children of the area of Shimla; the school was established in 1986, is a part of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya schools. The permanent campus of this school is located at village Theog; this school is monitored by Chandigarh regional office of Navodaya Vidyalaya Smiti. Admission to JNV Theog at class VI level is made through selection test conducted by Navodaya Vidyalaya Smiti; the information about test is disseminated and advertised in the district by the office of Shimla district magistrate, chairperson of Vidyalya Management Committee. JNV Shimla is affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education with affiliation number 640002, following the curriculum prescribed by CBSE. Courses available at secondary level. Hospitality and tourism Commerce Science Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya for unified scheme of purpose and function of a Navodaya Vidyalaya Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya and Spiti Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Kullu Official Website of JNV Shimla