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Chefchaouen known as Chaouen, is a city in northwest Morocco. It is the chief town of the province of the same name, is noted for its buildings in shades of blue. Chefchaouen is situated just inland from Tétouan; the city was founded in 1471 as a small kasbah by Moulay Ali ibn Rashid al-Alami, a descendant of Abd as-Salam al-Alami and Idris I, through them, of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Al-Alami founded the city to fight the Portuguese invasions of northern Morocco. Along with the Ghomara tribes of the region, many Moriscos and Jews settled here after the Spanish Reconquista in medieval times. In 1920, the Spanish seized Chaouen to form part of Spanish Morocco. Spanish troops imprisoned Abd el-Krim el-Khattabi in the kasbah from 1916 to 1917, after he talked with the German consul Dr. Walter Zechlin. In September 1925, in the middle of the Rif War, a rogue squadron of American volunteer pilots, including veterans of World War I, bombarded civilians in Chaouen. Colonel Charles Michael Sweeney had proposed the idea to French Prime Minister Paul Painlevé, who "warmly welcomed the Colonel’s request."After al-Khattabi was defeated with the help of the French, he was deported to Réunion in 1926.

Spain returned the city after the independence of Morocco in 1956. Chefchaouen – or Chaouen, as it is called by Moroccans – is a popular tourist destination because of its proximity to Tangier and the Spanish enclave of Ceuta. There are two hundred hotels catering to the summer influx of European tourists. One distinction possessed by Chefchaouen is its blue-rinsed buildings. Chefchaouen is a popular shopping destination as well, as it offers many native handicrafts that are not available elsewhere in Morocco, such as wool garments and woven blankets; the goat cheese native to the area is popular with tourists. The countryside around it has a reputation for being a prolific source of kief; the Chefchaouen region is one of the main producers of cannabis in Morocco. A nearby attraction is one of the deepest caves in Africa. Chefchaouen's blue walls are a popular subject of interest. There are several theories as to. One popular theory is that the blue keeps mosquitos away, another is that Jews introduced the blue when they took refuge from Hitler in the 1930s.

The blue is said to symbolize the sky and heaven, serve as a reminder to lead a spiritual life. However, according to some locals, the walls were mandated to be painted blue to attract tourists at some point in the 1970s; the growing tourist industry is geared towards Spanish tourists, who are numerous during great Catholic feasts like Semana Santa and Christmas. There are a number of blue distinct mosques in the town. Aside from the mosque at Place Uta Hammam in the medina, there is a mosque dedicated to the patron saint of northern Morocco's Jebalah region, Moulay Abdeslam Ben Mchich Alami, his tomb and the village surrounding it is by the way an hour's drive or so from Chefchaouen on the old road to Larache. There is a ruined mosque built by the Spanish, with stairs still in the tower; the beauty of Chefchaouen's mountainous surroundings are enhanced by the contrast of the brightly painted medina. It is this beauty and the relaxed atmosphere of the town that makes Chefchaouen attractive to visitors.

The main square in the medina is lined with cafes and filled to the brim with locals and tourist mingling easily. Another reason why backpackers love Chefchaouen is the easy availability of drugs. Tourism in Chaouen is driven by its reputation as center of the marijuana plantations region in north Morocco. During the summer 200 hotels cater to the influx of European tourists. Issaquah, United States Vejer de la Frontera, Spain Ronda, Spain Kunming, China Testour, Tunisia Mértola, Portugal Beni Mellal, Morocco The city is mentioned in Roselia's song Brave Jewel. Chaouen Info - Information about the city and province of Chefchaouen or Xauen Lexicorient Town Chefchaouen in the north of Morocco Photos of Chefchaouen's blue architecture The blue city - Chefchaouen

Glenbuchat Castle

Glenbuchat Castle is a historic Z plan Scottish castle built in 1590 for John Gordon of Cairnbarrow to mark his wedding. It is located near Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire; the building is roofless, but otherwise in good repair. The family sold the castle in 1738, it remained in private hands until the 20th century. James William Barclay bought the castle in 1901, Colonel James Barclay Milne, his grandson, placed it in state care in 1946. A local club purchased the surrounding parkland in 1948 and gave it to the state to ensure that the castle's surroundings would remain intact. Both the castle and the surrounding land are managed by Historic Scotland as a scheduled ancient monument. Historic Environment Scotland: Visitor guide

Sayamashi Station

Sayamashi Station is a railway station on the Seibu Shinjuku Line in Sayama, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Seibu Railway. Sayamashi Station is served by the Seibu Shinjuku Line between Seibu Shinjuku Station in Tokyo and Hon-Kawagoe Station in Kawagoe, is located 38.6 km from the Seibu Shinjuku terminus. All services stop at this station; the station consists of two side platforms serving two tracks, with an elevated station building located above the platforms. The station opened on 21 March 1895. Station numbering was introduced on all Seibu Railway lines during fiscal 2012, with Sayamashi Station becoming "SS26". In fiscal 2013, the station was the 22nd busiest on the Seibu network with an average of 41,463 passengers daily; the passenger figures for previous years are as shown below. Sayama City Office Sayama Central Library Sayama Technical High School Sayamashi Station information

Discaria toumatou

Discaria toumatou called matagouri, is a tangle-branched thorny plant endemic to New Zealand. An alternative but less used name for the plant is "wild Irishman"; the name matagouri is how speakers of English heard the South Island pronunciation of the Māori name "matakoura". It is known as tūmatakuru. Matagouri is a tangle-branched thorny, divaricating shrub or small tree up to five metres tall, it has small leathery leaves close to the thorns, which are only abundant in the shade. The flowers are white with no petals, it is the only New Zealand native plant. It is most common in stony areas and river beds, it is common in the eastern South Island, found in a few coastal localities in the North Island south from the mouth of the Waikato River. As with other Discaria species it fixes nitrogen from the atmosphere with the help of symbiotic bacteria of the genus Frankia in its roots, it grows in association with mingimingi, porcupine shrub, native brooms and the introduced sweet briar, the last a weed.

As a native plant matagouri has complete protection on public conservation land and a degree of protection on private land under the Resource Management Act 1991. In a notable case a 400 ha area of matagouri forest, including trees that may have been 150 years old, was illegally sprayed at the head of Lake Sumner in 2001

Farouk Abdul-Aziz

Farouq Abul-Aziz is a well known TV presenter, writer and director in the Arab World. The career of Farouk Abdulaziz had been quite multi-foliate since its inception some 45 years ago. Before obtaining his BA degree in English Literature from the Faculty of Arts in Cairo University, he was involved in writing comic strips for Disney's Middle East Arabic language franchise. Fresh from College in 1968 Farouk had managed to hammer his way up to the Arab world's most prestigious literary and art publication; the impact was immediate. Farouk got employment, albeit free lancing, to cover formative arts' activities in the Egyptian capital's unique evening newspaper; that is. In 1969 Al Majallah published Farouk's translation of 3 articles authored by Henry Moore, a writing rarity by the English landmark sculptor. Another English sculptor and painter. Farouk's contact with the Egyptian Radio was initiated during the finale of his college undergraduate years. Again it was the translation from English that helped him get through Program 2, a channel dedicated to presenting and discussing classical music, theatre, international literature and more.

His Arabic translations of short stories by Katherine Mansfield, William Saroyan and Henry James were aired. Farouq had shown an undercurrent skill in acting out Scott Fitzgerald in a Program 2 radio play written by Farouq. Farouk returned to write and present film shows on Kuwait Radio where his Cinema and the World and Comedian were received. Before obtaining his BA degree in English Literature from the Faculty of Arts – Cairo University, he was involved in writing comic strips for Disney's Middle East Arabic language franchise. Fresh from College in 1968 Farouq had managed to hammer his way up to the Arab world's most prestigious publication of art and literature; the impact was immediate. Farouq got employment, albeit free lancing, to cover formative arts' activities in the Egyptian capital's unique evening newspaper; that is. In 1969 Al Majallah published Farouq's translation of 3 articles authored by Henry Moore, a writing rarity by the English landmark sculptor. Another English sculptor and painter, Hubert Dalwood, was Farouq's guest in 1974 in an Egyptian Radio show as well as in live appearances in Cairo and Alexandria's Faculty of Fine Arts.

Abdul-Aziz's contribution to film criticism, which turned out to be the mainstream drive of his career since 1974, started by publishing critique of films produced by'national cinemas' of the world including Soviet, Hungarian and Arab marginal, as well as US independents. He contributed to editing a book on the Cine Nuevo of Brazil published by The Egyptian Film Critics' Association EFCA in 1975. Farouq's critique writings appeared regularly in Cairo Cine-Club's weekly Film Bulletin, the Al Massa daily. A few articles found their way to get published in several Arabic periodicals. By 1977 Farouq had become the film critic for two Kuwait dailies. In the following year he joined the Arabic language daily Al Watan till 1983 and the English language daily The Kuwait Times until 1990. A 4-year stint with the Arabic language daily Al Qabas followed Al Watan's engagement, he contributed to Britain's Arts & the Islamic World magazine, spring 1985 issue, an article on the status quo and history of media production in Kuwait that appeared in a book published by Kuwait's Ministry of Information in 1986.

Farouq's contribution to the pan-Arab popular monthly Al Arabi and Al Funoon of Kuwait, among others, has continued, although intermittently, for over 25 years. Farouk's TV debut took place when he shared the presentation of Egypt's weekly show Film Archive during the spring season of 1975, he took over writing and presenting the show by himself. The show hosted many a film personality including the'revolutionary' Cuban pioneering filmmaker Tomas Gotierrez Alea and the head of the Institute of Cuban Cinema ICAIC; the show had always boasted presenting avant-garde films from several national cinemas including Humberto Solas' Lucia and Alea's Memories of Underdevelopment from Cuba. The Cine-Club show debuted on Kuwait TV by October 1979 featuring Fred Zinnemann's 1967 period piece A Man for All Seasons; the show, written/produced and presented by Farouq, had scored an immediate popularity in Ku

Symphyotrichum lentum

Symphyotrichum lentum is a species of aster known by the common name Suisun Marsh aster. It is endemic to the marshes of Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta of Northern California including the Suisun Marsh, in Solano County, for which it is named. Symphyotrichum lentum is similar in appearance to Symphyotrichum chilense, which may be found in the same area, it is a colonial perennial herb producing a hairless stem 40 to 150 centimeters tall from a long rhizome. The leaves are linear or lance-shaped, up to 15 centimeters long near the base of the plant; the lower leaves wither by the time the plant flowers. The inflorescence is an open array of flower heads with a fringe of violet ray florets around a center of yellow disc florets; the fruit is a hairy achene with a long white pappus. Jepson Manual treatment Aster lentus in the CalPhotos Photo Database, University of California, Berkeley