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Chelsea Bridge

Chelsea Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames in west London, connecting Chelsea on the north bank to Battersea on the south bank. There have been two Chelsea Bridges, on the site of; the first Chelsea Bridge was proposed in the 1840s as part of a major development of marshlands on the south bank of the Thames into the new Battersea Park. It was a suspension bridge intended to provide convenient access from the densely populated north bank to the new park. Although built and operated by the government, tolls were charged in an effort to recoup the cost of the bridge. Work on the nearby Chelsea Embankment delayed construction and so the bridge called Victoria Bridge, did not open until 1858. Although well-received architecturally, as a toll bridge it was unpopular with the public, Parliament felt obliged to make it toll-free on Sundays; the bridge was less of a commercial success than had been anticipated because of competition from the newly built Albert Bridge nearby. It was acquired by the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1877, the tolls were abolished in 1879.

The bridge was narrow and structurally unsound, leading the authorities to rename it Chelsea Bridge to avoid the Royal Family's association with a potential collapse. In 1926 it was proposed that the old bridge be rebuilt or replaced, due to the increased volume of users from population growth, the introduction of the automobile, it was demolished during 1934–1937, replaced by the current structure, which opened in 1937. The new bridge was the first self-anchored suspension bridge in Britain, was built with materials sourced from within the British Empire. During the early 1950s it became popular with motorcyclists, who staged regular races across the bridge. One such meeting in 1970 erupted into violence, resulting in the death of one man and the imprisonment of 20 others. Chelsea Bridge is floodlit from below during the hours of darkness, when the towers and cables are illuminated by 936 feet of light-emitting diodes. In 2008 it achieved. In 2004 a smaller bridge, Battersea Footbridge, was opened beneath the southern span, carrying the Thames Path beneath the main bridge.

The Red House Inn was an isolated inn on the south bank of the River Thames in the marshlands by Battersea fields, about one mile east of the developed street of the prosperous farming village of Battersea. Not on any major road, its isolation and lack of any police presence made it a popular destination for visitors from London and Westminster since the 16th century, who would travel to the Red House by wherry, attracted by Sunday dog fighting, bare-knuckle boxing bouts and illegal horse racing; because of its lawless nature, Battersea Fields was a popular area for duelling, was the venue for the 1829 duel between the Prime Minister the Duke of Wellington and the Earl of Winchilsea. The town of Chelsea, on the north bank of the Thames about three miles west of Westminster, was an important industrial centre. Although by the 19th century its role as the centre of the British porcelain industry had been overtaken by the West Midlands, its riverside location and good roads made it an important centre for the manufacture of goods to serve the nearby and growing London.

The Chelsea Waterworks Company occupied a site on the north bank of the Thames opposite the Red House Inn. Founded in 1723, the company pumped water from the Thames to reservoirs around Westminster through a network of hollow elm trunks; as London spread westwards, the former farmland to the west became populated, the Thames became polluted with sewage and animal carcasses. In 1852 Parliament banned water from being taken from the Thames downstream of Teddington, forcing the Chelsea Waterworks Company to move upstream to Seething Wells. Since 1771, Battersea and Chelsea had been linked by the modest wooden Battersea Bridge; as London grew following the advent of the railways, Chelsea began to become congested, in 1842 the Commission of Woods and Land Revenues recommended the building of an embankment at Chelsea to free new land for development, proposed the building of a new bridge downstream of Battersea Bridge and the replacement of Battersea Bridge with a more modern structure. In the early 1840s Thomas Cubitt and James Pennethorne had proposed a plan to use 150,000 tons of rocks and earth from the excavation of the Royal Victoria Dock to infill the marshy Battersea Fields and create a large public park to serve the growing population of Chelsea.

In 1846 the Commissioners of Woods and Forests purchased the Red House Inn and 200 acres of surrounding land, work began on the development that would become Battersea Park. It was expected that with the opening of the park the volume of cross river traffic would increase putting further strain on the dilapidated Battersea Bridge. In 1846 an Act of Parliament authorised the building of a new toll bridge on the site of an ancient ford one mile downstream of Battersea Bridge; the approach road on the southern side was to run along the side of the new park, while that on the northern side was to run from Sloane Square, through the former Chelsea Waterworks site, to the new bridge. Although previous toll bridges in the area had been built and operated by private companies, the new bridge was to be built and operated by the government, under the control of the Metropolitan Improvement Commission, despite protests in Parliament from Radicals objecting to the Government profiting from a toll-paying bridge.

It was intended that the bridge would be made toll-free once the costs of building it had been recouped. Engineer Thomas Page was appointed to build the bridge, presented the Commission with several p

Peggy Rea

Peggy Jane Rea was a Los Angeles-born American actress known for her many roles in television playing matronly characters. Before she became an actress, Rea left UCLA to attend business school, she landed a job as a production secretary at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the 1940s. She was an assistant to writer-musician Kay Thompson until Thompson dropped her in April 1948; some of the points of discord included Rea's insistence on staying at the Algonquin Hotel, disappearing, on at least one occasion, on the eve of their New York opening to see Born Yesterday on Broadway without telling Thompson. The time had come for Peggy to make her mark as the character actress she was born to be, she landed on her feet with a supporting role in the National Road Company production of Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire starring Anthony Quinn. Thompson severed ties with Rea, however the younger woman kept in touch with other members of Thompson's family, including Thompson's mother and younger sister, with whom she enjoyed cordial relations.

She appeared in such television shows as I Love Lucy, Bonanza, Have Gun Will Travel, Sergeant Bilko, Burke's Law, Marcus Welby, M. D. All In The Family, The Odd Couple, Busting Loose, MacGyver, The Dukes of Hazzard and The Golden Girls, she appeared including Cold Turkey and In Country. She joined the cast of The Waltons in 1979 as Rose Burton, a cousin of Olivia Walton, as sort of a surrogate parental figure replacing Ellen Corby, Michael Learned, the following year, Ralph Waite, she previously appeared in a 1978 episode of The Waltons, playing a landlady. Rea remained with the series until the spring of 1981 when her character of Rose married her beau Stanley Perkins shortly before the show's cancellation. Rea's character of Rose appeared in the Walton's Thanksgiving Reunion in 1993. Rea appeared as a regular on the sitcom Grace Under Fire during the 1990s, her recurring roles included: Clubwoman I Love Lucy The Red Skelton Hour 1966–1971 Peggy on Have Gun Will Travel Miss Roniger on Gunsmoke 1962–1971 Cousin Bertha on All in the Family Martha Burkhorn on All in the Family Rose Burton on The Waltons Lulu Hogg on The Dukes of Hazzard 1979–1985 Ivy Baker on Step by Step 1991–1992 Jean Kelly on Grace Under Fire 1993–1998 Rea died in Toluca Lake, aged 89, from complications of heart failure on February 5, 2011.

Peggy Rea on IMDb


The Batobus is a boat service along the River Seine in the Paris region, with nine stops. The name is a trademark of Bateaux Parisiens. In 2006 –2007, it carried 843,000 passengers; the service was created by the Secretary of State for Transport in 1989, as part of the bicentennial celebrations of the French Revolution. The Paris Port Authority, took a biding monopoly contract. Between 1989 and 1996, the service had about 100,000 passengers annually. In 1997, the contract was renewed for eleven years, for the tourist season, under the commercial name of "Batobus". Six stops were planned, four on the left bank of the Seine, two on the right bank. In the end two more were added, at the Eiffel Tower. In 2001–2002, it had as many as 500,000 passengers. In 2005, after being extended, the service came to run throughout the year. In 2007, the Syndicat des transports d'Île-de-France bid to run the service, which Batobus won, to create a regular river boat service along the Seine; this service, named Voguéo, was tried out for thirty-one months, from 1 June 2008 to 31 December 2010.

· The Batobus serves the following stops: Beaugrenelle/Île aux Cygnes, Eiffel Tower, Musée d'Orsay, Saint-Germain-des-Prés, Notre-Dame, Jardin des Plantes, Hôtel de Ville and Champs-Élysées. The service runs from 10.30am until 16.30pm from November to March and from 10am to 7pm from March to November. In July and August, the service was extended in the evenings until 9.30pm. In high season, the frequency was increased from 30 to 15 minutes; the service has eight boats, running at 6 nautical miles per hour at their fastest, the top speed being limited by the River Authority. Six trimarans, with two engines fore and aft, allowed 360° turns, essential to such a service. Boats could carry a dozen bicycles; the boats had an open back, with space for bikes at the front. They had the names Vendôme, Odéon, Trocadéro, Bastille and Dauphine; the Dauphine was launched in July 2005. Two other river boats, with the carrying capacity of 150 passengers, were launched soon after, to complete the fleet; the Batobus was a commercial service subject to commercial risk, but with controlled fares.

Various fare formulae were proposed, for two-day or five-day tickets. In 2009, the fares changed from €12 to €17 regardless of how many days, with half price for children under sixteen. With the introduction of the Voguéo, the Batobus refused to accept the common Paris travel tickets or the Passe Navigo, but gave discounts for those holding most of the common Paris tickets and for students. There was an annual season ticket, €55 in 2009, €35 euros for children under sixteen. Most passengers on the Batobus were tourists: passengers living in Paris got a reduced fare, but it was estimated this made up no more than 5% of the total traffic. Traffic continued to increase. Voguéo Le Patrimoine de la RATP. Flohic. 1996. ISBN 2-84234-007-8. Gaillard, Marc. Du Madeleine-Bastille à histoire des transports parisiens. Martelle. Official site

Thomas K. Harris

Thomas K. Harris was an American politician who represented Tennessee in the United States House of Representatives. After he had studied law, he was admitted to the bar, he practiced law in McMinnville, Tennessee. He was a soldier under General Andrew Jackson in the War of 1812. Harris served as a trustee of Priestly Academy in Tennessee, it was the first school of any importance in White County. The school was taught by a Presbyterian minister, it was established about 1815 in Sparta. Harris was a member of the Tennessee Senate during the 8th General A from 1809 until 1811. Having been elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Thirteenth Congress, He was a United States Representative during the Thirteenth Congress which lasted from March 4, 1813 to March 3, 1815. General John Simpson and General Harris were candidates for brigadier general; when General Harris was successful and commissioned on January 8, 1815, General Simpson claimed that he had been defeated because General Harris had withdrawn from the race, had it not been for this report, Simpson would have been chosen.

Bitter feelings arose between the two, when they met on the Public Square in Sparta, General Simpson struck General Harris with a heavy cane. At the time the generals were separated, Harris swore. On March 18, 1816, Harris and Simpson met for the first time at a ford in Caney Fork River, near Rock Island. Both were prepared for the meeting. Simpson wanted a witness to. Harris followed. Simpson fired, inflicting a mortal wound in the breast of Harris. Simpson helped to carry Harris into the house. Harris was about 39 years of age; the location of his interrment is unknown. General Simpson was commissioned as brigadier general of the Second Division of the State Militia on September 26, 1828; the pistol with which Simpson killed Harris was, in 1902, a possession of Dr. Charles Simpson, his grandson, of Waxahachie, Texas. United States Congress. "Thomas K. Harris". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Legends and Stories of White County, Tennessee

The Cat's Meow

The Cat's Meow is a 2001 Historical drama film directed by Peter Bogdanovich, starring Kirsten Dunst, Eddie Izzard, Edward Herrmann, Cary Elwes, Joanna Lumley and Jennifer Tilly. The screenplay by Steven Peros is based on his play of the same title, inspired by the mysterious death of film mogul Thomas H. Ince that occurred on William Randolph Hearst's yacht during a weekend cruise celebrating Ince's birthday in November 1924. Among those in attendance were Hearst's longtime companion and film actress Marion Davies, fellow actor Charlie Chaplin, writer Elinor Glyn, columnist Louella Parsons, actress Margaret Livingston; the film provides a speculative assessment on the unclear manner of Ince's death. An international co-production between the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, The Cat's Meow was shot in Greece, which served as a stand-in for coastal Southern California; the film premiered at the Locarno International Film Festival in 2001, was released theatrically in the United States by Lionsgate in April 2002.

It grossed $3.6 million worldwide, received favorable reviews from film critics. On November 15, 1924, various individuals board the luxury yacht Oneida in San Pedro, including its owner, publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst, his mistress, silent film star Marion Davies. Several of those participating in the weekend's festivities are at a crossroads in their lives and/or careers. Chaplin, still dealing with the critical and commercial failure of A Woman of Paris and rumors he has impregnated 16-year-old Lita Grey, is in the midst of preparing The Gold Rush. Davies longs to appear in a slapstick comedy rather than the somber costume dramas to which Hearst has kept her confined. Ince's eponymous film studio is in dire financial straits, so he hopes to convince Hearst to take him on as a partner in Cosmopolitan Pictures. Parsons would like to relocate from the East Coast to more glamorous Hollywood. Hearst suspects Davies and Chaplin have engaged in an affair, a suspicion shared by Ince, who seeks proof he can present to Hearst in order to curry favor with him.

In the wastepaper basket in Chaplin's stateroom, Ince discovers a discarded love letter to Davies and pockets it with plans to produce it at an opportune moment. When he does, Hearst is enraged, his anger is fueled further. Hearst concludes it was lost there during a romantic liaison, he rifles Marion's room for further evidence. Armed with a pistol, Hearst searches the yacht for Chaplin in the middle of the night. Ince, runs into Davies and the two sit and talk with Ince donning a hat Chaplin had worn. Davies explains to Ince her love for her regret at an earlier affair with Chaplin, she states "I never loved him". Thinking Davies is referring to him, mistaking Ince for Chaplin, a jealous Hearst shoots Ince; the assault went to investigate. Hearst arranges to have a waiting ambulance take the dying Ince home, he phones the injured man's wife and tells her Ince attempted suicide when Livingston tried to end their affair, assuring her the truth won't reach the media. To the rest of his guests he announces Ince's ulcer flared up and required immediate medical attention.

Davies, of course, knows the truth, confides in Chaplin. Armed with that knowledge is Parsons, who assures Hearst his secret will be safe in exchange for a lifetime contract with the Hearst Corporation, thus laying the groundwork for her lengthy career as one of Hollywood's most powerful gossip columnists. After seeing Ince off, Hearst confronts Chaplin, he is berated by Chaplin. Hearst, challenges Chaplin to guarantee Davies that he can promise her a happy life; when Chaplin fails to answer, Hearst informs Chaplin of the vow of silence he and the fellow guests have made to keep the weekend's activities a secret. Chaplin despairs; the film concludes with the guests leaving Ince's funeral, as Glyn relates what became of them: Livingston went on to star in a number of successful films and her film salary "inexplicably" went from $300 to $1000 a film. Davies starred in more of Hearst's films before being allowed to feature in a comedy The Hollywood Revue of 1929, a success, she stayed by Hearst's side until his death in 1951.

Chaplin married his teenage lover Lita Grey in Mexico and his film The Gold Rush was an overwhelming success. Parsons worked for Hearst for many years and subsequently became one of the most successful writers in the history of American journalism. Tom Ince was forgotten after the events of his death. Few newspapers reported it, no police action was taken, of all the people on board only one was questioned, it is concluded that in Hollywood, "the place just off the coast of the planet Earth," no two accounts of the story are the same. Film scholar Jonathan Rosenbaum, editor of the 1992 book This is Orson Welles — a record of interviews Peter Bogdanovich conducted with Orson Welles — began his April 2002 review of The Cat's Meow with this exchange about Citizen Kane: OW: In the original script we had a scene based on a notorious thing Hearst had done, whi

State Board of Administration of Florida

The statutory and fiduciary mandate of the State Board of Administration of Florida is to invest and safeguard assets of the Florida Retirement System Trust Fund as well as the assets of a variety of other funds. The SBA manages 25 different investment funds and trust clients. Trusts are investment responsibilities allowed under law and established pursuant to trust agreements or other forms of consent with individual clients. Three of the SBA's 25 funds are government investment pools that contain the assets of a variety of clients. Twenty-two clients have at least some of their assets in separately managed funds; the remaining clients are invested in one or more of the SBA's investment pool products. Pooling smaller portfolios into larger investment funds affords economies of scale and other investment management advantages, enhancing returns for participants; because the SBA is a constitutional entity, it would take a constitutional amendment to change the way the agency is governed. The SBA has other responsibilities including: Providing personalized retirement planning and financial counseling support to members of the Florida Retirement System through the MyFRS Financial Guidance Program Administering the Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund and its associated programs Serving as an investment consultant to retirement programs administered by other Florida state agencies, including the State of Florida Deferred Compensation Program and the State University System Optional Retirement Program Managing the corporate affairs of the Inland Protection Financing Corporation, a public-private entity created to raise funds to pay reimbursement claims for pollution cleanup Managing the corporate affairs of the Florida Water Pollution Control Financing Corporation, the state's revolving fund set up to finance clean water initiatives for local water and wastewater systems Administering debt service funds for bonds issued according to the State Bond Act, which allows the Division of Bond Finance to issue tax-exempt bonds to provide capital financing for state and selected government agencies.

The SBA serves as escrow agent for the bonds. Providing administrative support for the Division of Bond Finance and the Florida Prepaid College plans Generating annual and quarterly reports detailing performance and investment activities While financial specialists at the SBA handle day-to-day operations, the agency is governed by a three-member Board of Trustees, which includes Florida's elected governor, chief financial officer and attorney general; the current trustees are Governor Ron DeSantis, Chief Financial Officer Jimmy Patronis, Attorney General Ashley Moody. Each trustee appoints three people knowledgeable about financial markets to the Investment Advisory Council, which provides oversight of the SBA's funds and major investment responsibilities; the trustees appoint a three-member Audit Committee to serve as an independent and objective party to monitor SBA's processes for financial reporting, internal controls, risk assessment and review of the agency's independent auditors and the Office of Internal Audit.

The SBA is audited by two legislative entities: the Auditor General and the Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability. Each trustee appoints two members to the Participant Local Government Advisory Council, which reviews the administration of the local government investment pool known as Florida Prime; the PLGAC was statutorily created as an additional measure to ensure that the fund pool is operated and managed in the best interest of investors in the fund. The Board of Trustees appoints six members to serve on the PLGAC for four-year terms, subject to confirmation by the Florida Senate; the PLGAC reviews the administration of the trust fund and makes recommendations regarding such administration to the Trustees. The PLGAC prepares and submits a written biennial report to the Trustees, the Investment Advisory Council, the Joint Legislative Auditing Committee that describes the activities and recommendations of the council. By statute, the Board of Trustees appoints a nine-member Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund Advisory Council to provide the Board with information and advice in connection with its duties related to the Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund.

The Commission on Hurricane Loss Projection Methodology was statutorily created as a panel of experts to provide actuarially sophisticated guidelines and standards for the projection of hurricane losses. The Commission is administered by the State Board of Administration; the Commission consists of 11 members, the Board of Trustees annually appoints one of the members of the commission to serve as chair. The Florida Retirement System Pension Plan, a defined benefit plan, is one of the largest public retirement plans in the US. At year-end, it comprised over 80 percent of total assets under SBA management; the FRS Pension Plan serves a working and retired membership base of nearly one million public employees. In investing the FRS Pension Plan assets, the SBA follows statutory guidelines and a substantial body of internal policies and procedures; the Division of Retirement and the Florida Legislature is responsible for the administration of retirement benefits, the setting of benefit levels or the setting of contribution rates for participating employers.

The Investment Advisory Council provides independent oversight of the FRS Pension Plan's general objectives and strategies. The asset classes for the Florida Retirement System are Global Equities, Fixed Income, Private Equity, Strategic Investments, Real Estate and Cash. For the Florida Retirement System Pension Fund, the largest mandate for the SBA, h