Cher is an American singer and television personality. Referred to by the media as the Goddess of Pop, she has been described as embodying female autonomy in a male-dominated industry. Cher is known for her distinctive contralto singing voice and for having worked in numerous areas of entertainment, as well as adopting a variety of styles and appearances during her six-decade-long career. Cher gained popularity in 1965 as one-half of the folk rock husband-wife duo Sonny & Cher after their song "I Got You Babe" reached number one on the American and British charts. By the end of 1967, they had sold 40 million records worldwide and had become, according to Time magazine, rock's "it" couple, she began her solo career releasing in 1966 her first million-seller song, "Bang Bang". She became a television personality in the 1970s with her shows The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour, watched by over 30 million viewers weekly during its three-year run, Cher, she emerged as a fashion trendsetter by wearing elaborate outfits on her television shows.
While working on television, Cher established herself as a solo artist with the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart-topping singles "Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves", "Half-Breed", "Dark Lady". After her divorce from Sonny Bono in 1975, she launched a comeback in 1979 with the disco album Take Me Home and earned $300,000 a week for her 1980–1982 concert residency in Las Vegas. In 1982, Cher made her Broadway debut in the play Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean and starred in its film adaptation, she subsequently received critical acclaim for her performances in films such as Silkwood, The Witches of Eastwick, Moonstruck, with the latter having earned her the Academy Award for Best Actress. She revived her musical career by recording the rock-inflected albums Cher, Heart of Stone, Love Hurts, all of which yielded successful singles such as "I Found Someone", "If I Could Turn Back Time", "Love and Understanding". Cher reached a new commercial peak in 1998 with the dance-pop album Believe, whose title track became the biggest-selling single of all time by a female artist in the UK.
It features the pioneering use of Auto-Tune known as the "Cher effect". Her 2002–2005 Living Proof: The Farewell Tour became one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time, earning $250 million. In 2008, she signed a $180 million deal to headline the Colosseum at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas for three years. In 2018, Cher returned to film for her first on-screen role since 2010's Burlesque, starring in the musical romantic comedy film Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again. Inspired by the film, the album Dancing Queen debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, tying with 2013's Closer to the Truth for Cher's highest-charting solo album in the U. S. Having sold 100 million records to date, Cher is one of the world's best-selling music artists, her achievements include a Grammy Award, an Emmy Award, an Academy Award, three Golden Globe Awards, a Cannes Film Festival Award, awards from the Kennedy Center Honors and the Council of Fashion Designers of America. She is the only artist to date to have a number-one single on a Billboard chart in six consecutive decades, from the 1960s to the 2010s.
Outside of her music and acting, she is noted for her political views, social media presence, philanthropic endeavors, social activism, including LGBT rights and HIV/AIDS prevention. Cher was born Cherilyn Sarkisian in El Centro, California, on May 20, 1946, her father, John Sarkisian, was an Armenian-American truck driver with gambling problems. Cher's father was home when she was an infant, her parents divorced when Cher was ten months old, her mother married actor John Southall, with whom she had another daughter, Cher's half-sister. Now living in Los Angeles, Cher's mother began acting, she played minor roles in films and on television. Holt secured acting parts for her daughters as extras on television shows like The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, her mother's relationship with Southall ended when Cher was nine years old, but she considers him her father and remembers him as a "good-natured man who turned belligerent when he drank too much". Holt remarried and divorced several more times, she moved her family around the country.
They had little money, Cher recounted having had to use rubber bands to hold her shoes together. At one point, her mother left Cher at an orphanage for several weeks. Although they met every day, both found the experience traumatic; when Cher was in fifth grade, she produced a performance of the musical Oklahoma! for her teacher and class. She organized a group of girls and choreographing their dance routines. Unable to convince boys to participate, she sang their songs. By age nine, she had developed an unusually low voice. Fascinated by film stars, Cher's role model was Audrey Hepburn due to her role in the 1961 film Breakfast at Tiffany's. Cher began to take after behavior of Hepburn's character, she was disappointed by the absence of dark-haired Hollywood actresses. She had wanted to be famous since childhood but felt unattractive and untalented commenting, "I couldn't think of anything that I could do... I didn't think I'd be a dancer. I just thought, well; that was my goal."In 1961, Holt married bank manager Gilbert
Ricochet is the second album, by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, their second album release of 1967, being released only four or five months after their first album, The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, released in February or March, 1967. It appears that this album may have been released rather after their first album because that album had been only the second Liberty Records release of 1967 to make the Billboard Top Pop Albums chart, the first being Gary Lewis & the Playboys You Don't Have To Paint Me A Picture LP, which charted in February. Ricochet would fail to make the charts. "Shadow Dream Song" - 3:50 "Ooh Po Pe Do Girl" - 3:20 "Coney Island Washboard" - 3:43 "Put a Bar in My Car" - 3:08 "It's Raining Here in Long Beach" - 3:36 "I'll Search the Sky" - 3:14 "Truly Right" - 3:27 "Tide of Love" - 3:06 "Happy Fat Annie" - 4:35 "I'll Never Forget What's Her Name" - 3:45 "Call Again" - 3:45 "The Teddy Bear's Picnic" - 3:45 Jeff Hanna – Guitar, washboard, vocals Jimmie Fadden – Guitar, washtub bass, vocals Ralph Barr – Guitar, vocals Les Thompson – Guitar, vocals Bruce Kunkel – Guitar, vocals John McEuen – Banjo, mandolin, washtub bass Producer - Dallas Smith "Shadow Dream Song" was written by Jackson Browne years before his first album.
The music features a fast, high guitar pattern, with violin playing long notes over it, a drum filling in the spaces. A flute adds accents in places; the lyrics describe events with and feeling about a girl in the court of princess and a prince. He describes her as "a laughing, dappled shadow". "Ooh Po Pe Do Girl" was written by band member Jeff Hanna. This is a 12 bar blues. Jimmie Fadden's harmonica plays over piano and drums, with harmonica & guitar solos at break; the lyrics woo the Ooh Po Pe Do Girl. "Coney Island Washboard" was written in 1926, is played here in that style. The song features a solos by washboard, scat vocal and washtub bass; the lyrics are about a woman who plays music on the washboard while doing laundry on the Coney Island boardwalk. "Put a Bar in My Car" lyric complain that everything is going wrong, so "I'm going to drive myself to drink". It has a double vocal. Guitar and drum provide most of the music. Harmonica plays over the second half. "It's Raining Here in Long Beach" was written by Jackson Browne.
It starts like a slow dirge with a Ringo like vocal. The second half speeds up like 20s popular song; the lyrics caution. Banjo is the dominant instrument. "I'll Search the Sky" has a funky riff behind the verses. The first verse is guitars, the second verse adds horns; the choruses and final verse include violin. The lyrics speak with regret and yearning for the "bird" who came, stayed for a while, but flew off on her own. "Truly Right" was written by Michael Brewer and Tom Shipley, who recorded it themselves the next year for their first album'Down in L. A.. They are best known for their 1970 top 10 hit "One Toke Over the Line"; the music is acoustic guitars, banjo and tambourine, with two vocalist. The lyrics admit that he let a relationship slip away, "right as rain". "Tide of Love" was written by Steve Noonan and Greg Copeland who wrote the hit "Buy For Me the Rain" on the first NGDB album. The tune is a ballad featuring a string quartet and oboe; the lyrics asks the object of his affection to join him in appreciation of the beauty in nature and to love him now without undue concern for the uncertain future.
"Happy Fat Annie" is another 1920s style song. The music is kazoos and banjo with tempo alternating between slow; the lyrics ask for one more try. "I'll Never Forget What's Her Name" was written by Harvey Gerst and Mike Kollander who were contemporary songwriters. The songs starts with a guitar intro, repeated in the middle; the rest of the song choppy quarter notes on drum. A trombone adds some accent notes; the lyrics are one long joke, I can't remember anything about you, but I can't forget you. "Call Again" was written by band member Bruce Kunkel. The song has a Ringo Starr vibe with drums up front. Guitar is accompanied by flute; the lyric implore you to disregard the thoughtless thing he may have said or done, please call again. "The Teddy Bear's Picnic" has been recorded many times. This version features silly vocals; the main lyrics are sung by Les Thompson in a normal voice. Nitty Gritty Dirt Band discography All information is from the album liner notes, unless otherwise noted
The Diocese of Banská Bystrica is a Roman Catholic diocese in central Slovakia. Its seat is in Banská Bystrica. On Tuesday, November 20, 2012, according to biographical information in a press release from the Holy See Press Office's Vatican Information Service, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Auxiliary Bishop Marián Chovanec of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Nitra, Titular Bishop of Massita, as Bishop-elect of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Banská Bystrica. Bishop Chovanec was born on September 1957 in Trenčin, Slovakia, a part of the Diocese of Nitra, he was expelled from the Seminary in Bratislava, because he had refused to cooperate with the Government-backed Association "Pacem in Terris". He worked as a laborer. After seven years, he was able to conclude his theological studies and be ordained a priest in 1989; the diocese was established on 13 March 1776 as a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Esztergom. On 30 December 1977, it was taken from the former and became part of the newly created Slovak ecclesiastical province with metropolitan being the Diocese of Trnava, renamed on 31 March 1995 to the Archdiocese of Bratislava-Trnava.
It covers western and central parts of the Banská Bystrica Region, eastern parts of the Trenčín Region and southern central parts of the Žilina Region. It covered an area of 5,424 km ² with 590,494 people. On 14 February 2008, as a part of the changes in Slovak dioceses, the diocese lost area around Martin to the newly created Diocese of Žilina and territory around Brezno to Diocese of Rožňava. On the other hand, it gained former eastern areas of the Archdiocese of Bratislava-Trnava (see e.g. this map, some other border changes occurred as well. Jozef Feranec held the title from 1973 until 1990. Bishops of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Banská Bystrica Official website "Diocese of Banská Bystrica". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Aldásy, Antal. "Diocese of Neusohl". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 10. New York: Robert Appleton Company