The Massif Central is a highland region in the middle of Southern France, consisting of mountains and plateaus. It covers about 15% of mainland France. Subject to volcanism that has subsided in the last 10,000 years, these central mountains are separated from the Alps by a deep north–south cleft created by the Rhône River and known in French as the sillon rhodanien; the region was a barrier to transport within France until the opening of the A75 motorway, which not only made north–south travel easier, but opened up the massif itself. The Massif Central is an old massif, formed during the Variscan orogeny, consisting of granitic and metamorphic rocks, it was powerfully raised and made to look geologically younger in the eastern section by the uplift of the Alps during the Paleogene period and in the southern section by the uplift of the Pyrenees. The massif thus presents a asymmetrical elevation profile with highlands in the south and in the east dominating the valley of the Rhône and the plains of Languedoc and by contrast, the less elevated region of Limousin in the northwest.
These tectonic movements may be the origin of the volcanism in the massif. In fact, above the crystalline foundation, one can observe many volcanoes of many different types and ages: volcanic plateaus and small recent monogenic volcanoes; the entire region contains a large concentration of around 450 extinct volcanoes. The Chaîne des Puys, a range running north to south and less than 160 km2 long, contains 115 of them; the Auvergne Volcanoes regional natural park is in the massif. In the south, one remarkable region, made up of features called causses in French, consists of raised chalky plateaus cut by deep canyons; the most famous of these is the Gorges du Tarn. Mountain ranges, with notable individual mountains, are: Chaîne des Puys Puy de Dôme Puy de Pariou Puy de Lassolas Puy de la Vache Monts Dore Puy de Sancy Monts du Lyonnais Pilat massif Crêt de la Perdrix Mounts of Cantal Plomb du Cantal Puy Mary Forez Pierre-sur-Haute L'Aubrac Signal de Mailhebiau Monts de La Margeride Signal de Randon Monts du Vivarais Mont Mézenc Mont Gerbier de Jonc Cévennes Mont Lozère, the highest non-volcanic summit Mont Aigoual, near Le Vigan, Florac Monts de Lacaune Montgrand Monts de l'Espinouse Sommet de l'Espinouse Montagne Noire Pic de Nore Causse du Larzac Plateau de Millevaches Plateau de Lévézou Causse du Comtal Causse de Sauveterre Causse de Sévérac Causse Méjean Causse Noir Causse de Blandas The following departments are considered as part of the Massif Central: Allier, Ardèche, Aveyron, Corrèze, Gard, Haute-Loire, Haute-Vienne, Hérault, Lot, Lozère, Puy-de-Dôme, Rhône, Tarn.
The largest cities in the region are Clermont-Ferrand and Saint-Étienne. Geography of France Media related to Massif Central at Wikimedia Commons
The Voueize is a 53.6 km long river in the Creuse département, central France. Its source is at La Chaussade, it flows northeast. It is a left tributary of the Tardes; this list is ordered from source to mouth: La Chaussade, Champagnat, Puy-Malsignat, Peyrat-la-Nonière, Saint-Julien-le-Châtel, Saint-Loup, Gouzon, Bord-Saint-Georges, Lussat, Lépaud, Chambon-sur-Voueize This article is based on the equivalent article from the French Wikipedia, consulted on 3 May 2009. Http://www.geoportail.fr
Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre River and Loire River. In 2016, it had a population of 606,223. Sometimes referred to as Touraine, the name of the historic region, it nowadays is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region, its prefecture is subprefectures are Chinon and Loches. Indre-et-Loire is a touristic destination for its numerous monuments that are part of the Châteaux of the Loire Valley. Indre-et-Loire is one of the original 83 departments established during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, it was created from the former province of Touraine. Its prefecture Tours was a centre of learning in the Early Middle Ages, having been a key focus of Christian evangelisation since St Martin became its first bishop around 375. From the mid-15th century, the royal court repaired with Tours as its capital. After the creation of the department it remained politically conservative, as Honoré de Balzac recorded in several of his novels. Conservative Tours refused to welcome the railways which instead were obliged to route their lines by way of Saint-Pierre-des-Corps on the city's eastern edge.
The moderate temper of the department's politics remained apparent after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870: sentiments remained predominantly pro-royalist during the early years of the Third Republic. For most of the nineteenth century, Indre-et-Loire was a rural department, but pockets of heavy-duty industrialisation began to appear towards the century's end, accompanied by left-wing politics. 1920 saw the birth of the French Communist Party at the Congress of Tours. By 1920, Saint-Pierre-des-Corps had become a major railway hub and a centre of railway workshops: it had acquired a reputation as a bastion of working class solidarity. Indre-et-Loire is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire; the President of the General Council is Marisol Touraine of the Socialist Party. Indre-et-Loire is home to numerous outstanding châteaux that are open to the public, among them are the following: Château d'Amboise Château of Azay-le-Rideau Château de la Bourdaisière Château de Chenonceau Château de Chinon Château de la Guerche Château de Langeais Château de Loches Château de Marçay Château de Montpoupon Château de Plessis-lez-Tours Château du Rivau Château de Tours Château de Villandry Château du Clos Lucé Château d'Ussé Cantons of the Indre-et-Loire department Communes of the Indre-et-Loire department Arrondissements of the Indre-et-Loire department Prefecture website General Council website Indre-et-Loire at Curlie Official tourist website of Touraine Loire Valley
The Arnon is a 150.5 km long river in central France. It is a left tributary of the river Cher, its source is near the village of Préveranges, west of Montluçon. The Arnon flows north, through the following departments and towns: Allier Cher: Culan, Lignières, Chârost Indre: ReuillyThe Arnon flows into the river Cher near Vierzon. Http://www.geoportail.fr
Crocq is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. An area of lakes and farming comprising the village and a couple of hamlets, some 13 miles southeast of Aubusson at the junction of the D10, D28 and the D996 roads; the Chavanon has its source in the southeastern part of the commune, near the hamlet le Montel-Guillaume. The river Tardes forms all of the commune's northeastern boundary; the remaining towers of a twelfth-century castle. A thirteenth-century church of St. John at Montel-Guillaume; the nineteenth-century church of St. Eloi; the twelfth-century chapel of Notre-Dame. A dolmen in the forest. Several 16th- and 17th-century houses A racing car museum at Mas du Clos. A display of machines and tools once used in the fur factory. Communes of the Creuse department Creuse INSEE Crocq on the Quid website
Selles-sur-Cher is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department of central France. The name of the commune is known internationally for its goat cheese, Selles-sur-Cher, first made in the village in the 19th century. Communes of the Loir-et-Cher department