Cher (river)

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Cher
Cher riviere.jpg
The Cher
Native nameLe Cher  (French)
Location
CountryFrance
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationMassif Central
 ⁃ elevation762 m (2,500 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Loire
 ⁃ coordinates
47°20′33″N 0°28′49″E / 47.34250°N 0.48028°E / 47.34250; 0.48028 (Loire-Cher)Coordinates: 47°20′33″N 0°28′49″E / 47.34250°N 0.48028°E / 47.34250; 0.48028 (Loire-Cher)
Length367.8 km (228.5 mi)
Basin size13,718 km2 (5,297 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average104 m3/s (3,700 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionLoireAtlantic Ocean

The Cher (Occitan: Char) is a river in central France, a left tributary of the Loire. It is 367.8 km (228.5 mi) long and its basin area is 13,718 km2 (5,297 sq mi).[1] Its source is in the Creuse department, north-east of Crocq, it joins the river Loire at Villandry, west of Tours.

The river suffered a devastating flood in 1940, which damaged the Château de Chenonceau, which spans the river, and other structures along the banks, it owes its name to the pre-Indo-European root kʰar 'stone'.

Departments and towns[edit]

The Cher flows through the following departments, and along the following towns:[2]

Tributaries[edit]

The main tributaries of the Cher are, from spring to mouth (L: left / R: right):

Navigation[edit]

The Cher was part of a network of waterways that linked the city of Tours to Nevers, where connections to other regions of France existed; as of 2018, only the 54 kilometres (34 mi) section between Larçay (southeast of Tours) and Noyers-sur-Cher is navigable for small boats (maximum draft 80 cm). It has 14 locks.[3] At Noyers-sur-Cher, it is connected with the Canal de Berry, of which only the westernmost 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) section until Selles-sur-Cher is navigable.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau - Cher (K---0090)".
  2. ^ "Geoportail Homepage". Geoportail.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  3. ^ Fluviacarte, Cher
  4. ^ Fluviacarte, Canal de Berry