Cheraman Juma Mosque

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Cheraman Juma Mosque
Cheraman Juma Masjid.jpg
The renovated Cheraman Juma Mosque
Cheraman Juma Mosque is located in Kerala
Cheraman Juma Mosque
Shown within Kerala
Basic information
Location Methala, Kodungalloor
Geographic coordinates 10°13′12″N 76°11′38″E / 10.22°N 76.194°E / 10.22; 76.194Coordinates: 10°13′12″N 76°11′38″E / 10.22°N 76.194°E / 10.22; 76.194
Affiliation Islam
District Thrissur
State Kerala
Completed 629 CE
Specifications
Length 61 m (200 ft)
Width 24 m (79 ft)

The Cheraman Juma Mosque is a mosque in Methala, Kodungallur Taluk, Thrissur District in the Indian state of Kerala.[1][2][3] Built in 629 AD, it is the first mosque in India.[4][5][6] It was built by Malik Deenar, an Arab propagator of Islam.[7][8][9][10] It is believed that this mosque was first renovated and reconstructed in the 11th century AD. Many non-Muslims conduct initiation ceremonies to the world of letters of their children here.[3]

History[edit]

Structure of the old mosque

Since ancient times, trade relations between Arabia and India were active. Even before the days of Muhammad, Arab traders visited the Malabari region, which was a major link between the ports of India and Southeast Asia. With the advent of Islam, the Arab merchants became carriers of the new[a] religion and they propagated it wherever they went.[14] One of the myths around the mosque is that Cheraman Perumal, the Chera king, went to Arabia, embraced Islam and changed his name to Tajuddin. He spent some time there, and died while returning in Dhufar, Oman.[15]

From there he had sent letters with Malik Ibn Dinar to his relatives in Kerala, asking them to be courteous to the latter.[16] See search of Burnell.[17]

The story of the conversion of Cheraman Perumal is widely disputed and it's authenticity is dubious. It is held to be an Indian muslim myth with little or no historical backing.[18]

In the 7th Century, a group of Arabs led by Malik Bin Deenar and Malik bin Habib arrived in Thrissur District constructed a Masjid at Kodungalloor, naming it after their contemporary Cheraman Perumal.[19]

The mosque has an ancient oil lamp which always burns and which is believed to be more than a thousand years old. People of all religions bring oil for the lamp as offering. Like most, this mosque allows entry for non-Muslims.[20] The then president of India Abdul Kalam is among the notable visitors to this mosque.

In April 2016, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi gifted a gold-plated replica of the Cheraman Juma Masjid to Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.[21][22][23]

Location[edit]

Masjid is located in the Paravur - Kodungalloor Road, NH-66 at Kodungalloor taluk, Thrissur District.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Assuming that Islam started with Muhammad. The orthodox Islamic position is that the religion did not start with him, but that it represents even previous Prophets, such as Jesus, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam.[11][12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oldest Indian mosque sets new precedent".
  2. ^ "1400-year-old mosque to be restored to its original form".
  3. ^ a b Kerala Tourism - Official Website Cheraman Juma Mosque
  4. ^ "Mosque in Kerala dates back to the Prophet's time".
  5. ^ "Tinkering with the past".
  6. ^ "Indian PM to visit centuries-old mosque in Kerala".
  7. ^ "Cheraman Juma Masjid: A 1,000-year-old lamp burns in this mosque".
  8. ^ "PM Narendra Modi likely to visit India's oldest mosque during Kerala trip".
  9. ^ "Solomon To Cheraman".
  10. ^ "'Cheraman Juma Masjid': The first mosque of India, built in 629".
  11. ^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9–12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
  12. ^ Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
  13. ^ Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
  14. ^ Hussein Randathani. "Genesis and Growth of the Mappila Community" 16 Dec. 2005 JAIHOON.COM [1]
  15. ^ Randathani, Dr.Hussain (2007). A study on society and anti colonial struggles. Calicut: other books. ISBN 81-903887-8-9.
  16. ^ Kerala Tourism - Official Website Cheraman Juma Masjid
  17. ^ Ittaman, KP. Amini Islanders New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 2003. Print. [2]
  18. ^ Qissat Shakarwati
  19. ^ Staff Reporter. "Kalam to visit oldest mosque in sub-continent". The Hindu [Chennai, Tamil Nadu] 23 Jul, 2005: Kerala - Thrissur. Web [3]
  20. ^ "ചേരമാന്‍ പള്ളിയിലേയ്‌ക്കു ഒരു ചരിത്രയാത്ര" (in Malayalam). Nostalgia Magazine. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
  21. ^ "PM Narendra Modi Gifts Saudi King Gold Replica Of Kerala Mosque".
  22. ^ "PM Modi Gift to Saudi King".
  23. ^ "PM Modi gifts gold-plated replica of ancient Kerala mosque to Saudi King".