Tulsa metropolitan area
The Tulsa Metropolitan Area defined as the Tulsa-Broken Arrow-Owasso Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area in northeastern Oklahoma centered around the city of Tulsa and encompassing Tulsa, Wagoner, Creek and Pawnee counties. It has an estimated population of 991,005 and 1,251,172 people in the larger Combined Statistical area as of 2015; the Tulsa Metropolitan Area consists of the following counties, listed in descending order of population: Tulsa County Rogers County Wagoner County Creek County Osage County Okmulgee County Pawnee CountyOsage County, the largest county by land area in Oklahoma comprises 36 percent of the TMA. Wagoner County, with 8 percent of the area, is the smallest county of the TMA. Tulsa County has the highest population density by far and Osage County has the lowest; the Tulsa Metropolitan Area's anchor city, Tulsa, is surrounded by two primary rings of suburbs. Connected by suburban sprawl, the cityscapes of Tulsa and its initial outlying ring of suburbs form to make the immediate Tulsa Urban Area, an area that sits apart from a second ring of noncontiguous suburbs.
Comprising the first ring of suburbs are: Catoosa, Broken Arrow, Owasso, Sand Springs and Turley. Cities and towns in the second ring of suburbs include, Okmulgee, Collinsville, Coweta and Inola. Tulsa, home to 413,906 people in 2017, is the principal cultural and economic hub of the Tulsa Metropolitan Area; the city, once known as the Oil Capital of the World, is still home to a large array of international oil-related industries, financial corporations, manufacturing bases. The city contains the region's only public two-year college Tulsa Community College, only private four-year universities, Oral Roberts University, the University of Tulsa; the Tulsa International Airport and Tulsa Port of Catoosa serve as the region's primary international travel and shipping hubs. Broken Arrow is the metropolitan area's second largest city. According to the 2010 US Census, Broken Arrow has a population of 98,850 residents and is the fourth largest city in the state. However, a July 2017, estimate reports that the population of the city is just under 112,000, making it the 280th-largest city in the United States.
Once a bedroom community for nearby Tulsa, Broken Arrow has emerged in recent decades as an economic center in its own right. In 2007, the city was rated the safest city in Oklahoma and 20th safest in the nation, as well as one of the nation's 100 best places to live. Bartlesville is an exurb of the city of Tulsa. With 35,750 people in 2010, the city is the third largest in the Tulsa-Bartlesville Combined Statistical Area, though it is not considered part of the immediate Tulsa Statistical Area by the Census Bureau, it is the county seat of Washington County, contains the only skyscraper built by famed architect Frank Lloyd Wright, the Price Tower. Oklahoma Wesleyan University, the only private four-year university in the outlying cities of the Tulsa regional area, is Bartlesville's primary institution of higher education. Owasso, a bedroom community of 28,915 people in 2010, is the third largest city in the Tulsa Metropolitan Area and one of the fastest-growing in the state. Situated just north of the Tulsa International Airport and the Tulsa Zoo in Tulsa and Rogers counties, the city is connected to Tulsa by Highway 169 and contains a large base of upscale retail.
Bixby, located south of Tulsa, is a growing city and the fourth largest city in the Tulsa Metropolitan Area. It had a population of 20,884 at a 58.6 percent increase from the 2000 census. It has the largest per capita income in the TMA. An agricultural community known as "The Garden Spot of Oklahoma", it has become a bedroom community in the Tulsa area. Jenks is another growing suburb of Tulsa, located southwest of Tulsa between the Arkansas River and U. S. Route 75. A portion of the Jenks Public School District extends east of the Arkansas River encompassing a part of the city of Tulsa south of 81st street, it is one of the fastest growing cities in Oklahoma. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 9,557, but by 2010, the population had grown to 16,924, an increase of 77.1 percent. Jenks is known as the "Antiques Capitol of Oklahoma" and is home to the Oklahoma Aquarium. Claremore is the county seat of Rogers County; the population was 18,581 at the 2010 census. It is home to Rogers State University, a public four-year university located on the city's west side.
The city is home to many historical figures such as Will Rogers, a famous actor, Lynn Riggs, author of the novel that inspired the musical Oklahoma. Claremore is the setting of Oklahoma the musical. Country singer Garth Brooks lives just outside Claremore; the Will Rogers Memorial is located in Claremore. Sand Springs, a diverse urban community is one of the oldest suburbs of Tulsa; the population was 18,906 in the 2010 U. S. Census, it is located along the Arkansas River, just five miles west of downtown Tulsa. It is recognized as a hub of industrial activity. Attractions in Sand Springs include the Keystone Ancient Forest, Sand Springs Pogue Airport, the Canyons at Blackjack Ridge Golf Course and easy access to Keystone State Park; the city is connected to Tulsa by Highway 412/64, 41st Avery Drive. Sapulpa is a city in Creek and Tulsa counties, with its town center located 14 miles southwest of downtown Tulsa; the population was 20,544 at the 2010 United States census, making it the fourth largest city in the Tulsa Metropolitan Area.
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Adair County, Oklahoma
Adair County is a county located in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,286, its county seat is Stilwell. Adair County was named after the Adair family of the Cherokee tribe. One source says that the county was named for Watt Adair, one of the first Cherokees to settle in the area; the county was created in 1906 from the Flint districts of the Cherokee Nation. There was a decade-long struggle over what town would become the county seat between Stilwell and Westville; when the county was formed, Westville was identified as the county seat, due to its location at the intersection of two major railroads: the Kansas City Southern Railway and the St. Louis – San Francisco Railway; the county seat was moved to Stilwell in 1910. During the Great Depression and World War II, strawberries became a major crop in Adair County. In 1948, the first Stilwell Strawberry Festival was organized; the 2002 festival saw some 40,000 people in attendance. The 1910 census counted 10,535 residents.
By 1990, it was up to 18,421. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 577 square miles, of which 573 square miles is land and 3.6 square miles is water. The county is part of the tree-covered foothills of the Boston Mountains. North and central Adair County are drained by three creeks. Two more creeks lie near Stilwell. U. S. Highway 59 U. S. Highway 62 State Highway 51 Delaware County Benton County, Arkansas Washington County, Arkansas Crawford County, Arkansas Sequoyah County Cherokee County Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2010, Adair County had a small population relative to its surrounding counties, with only 21,038 people, a large percentage of them, 43.3 percent, Native American. The remainder of the population was 43 percent white, 10.5 percent of more than one race, 5.3 percent Hispanic or Latino. Less than 1 percent of the population was either Black or African American, Asian, or Pacific Islander, 2.3 percent were identified as other.
The median age of the population was 36.2 years and two-thirds of the county's population were either under the age of 18 or between the ages of 25 to 44. Of the remaining population, 25.9 percent were ages 45 to 64, 12.9 percent were 65 years of age or older, 13.2 percent were ages 18 to 24. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males. There were a total of 8,156 households and 5,982 families in the county in 2010. There were 9,142 housing units. Of the 8,156 households, 31.4 percent included children under the age of 18 and more than half included married couples living together. 26.7 percent were non-family, 14.2 percent had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8 percent contained a single individual of 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.25. The median income for a household in the county was $27,258, the median income for a family was $32,930. Males had a median income of $28,370 versus $23,384 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $13,560. About 25.3 percent of families and 27.8 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8 percent of those under age 18 and 18.7 percent of those age 65 or over. The county is home to food canning industries. Stilwell Watts Westville Ballard Baron Bunch Elohim City The following sites in Adair County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Adair County Courthouse, Stilwell Breadtown, Westville vicinity Ballard Creek Roadbed, Westville vicinity Buffington Hotel, Westville Golda's Mill, Stilwell Opera Block, Westville Rev. Jesse Bushyhead Grave, Westville Duncan Construction, Stilwell Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Adair County Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory Oklahoma Almanac, 2005 - Adair County
Delaware County, Oklahoma
Delaware County is a county located in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,487, its county seat is Jay. The county was named for the Delaware Indians who had established a village in the area prior to the arrival of the Cherokees in Indian Territory in the 1830s. Delaware County was created in 1907. Prior to becoming Delaware County, a large portion of the area was known as the Delaware District of the Cherokee Nation. Today, Delaware County continues to be recognized by the Cherokee Nation as the Delaware District. Archaeological studies have shown that at least three different periods of prehistoric people had lived in the area covered by Delaware County; these included 23 Archaic, 17 Woodland, 63 Eastern Villager sites. Artifacts date back between 2000 years from the present. Many of these sites have been submerged since the creation of Grand Lake o' the Cherokees. Few Native Americans lived in the area until the early nineteenth century, when the federal government began relocating tribes from the Eastern United States.
About 1820, a group of Delaware, who had allied with the Cherokee against the Osage, settled Delaware Town, about two miles south of the present town of Eucha. In 1828, the Western Cherokee moved from Arkansas Territory into the area just south of the present Delaware County. In 1832, the Seneca moved from Ohio into an area that included the northeastern part of Delaware County; the present day county was created at statehood in 1907. Grove, the only incorporated town in the county, was designated as the county seat. However, a large number of county residents wanted a more centrally located seat; this group founded the town of Jay, where they built a wooden courthouse and won an election to move the county seat. A court suit resolved the dispute in favor of the Jay location. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 792 square miles, of which 738 square miles is land and 54 square miles is water; the county lies on the western slope of the Ozark Plateau. There are no oil, gas or mineral resources of economic consequence, but the county has abundant water.
Lake Eucha, a man-made reservoir on Spavinaw Creek, completed in 1952, lies within Delaware County. Grand Lake o' the Cherokees, completed in 1940, Lake Spavinaw, completed in 1924, are within Delaware County; the Grand River and the Elk River drain the northern part of the county, while Flint Creek and the Illinois River drain the southern part. U. S. Highway 59 U. S. Highway 60 U. S. Highway 412 State Highway 10 State Highway 20 State Highway 25 State Highway 28 Ottawa County McDonald County, Missouri northeast) Benton County, Arkansas Adair County Cherokee County Mayes County Craig County As of the 2010 census, there were 41,487 people, up from 37,077 people in 2000. In 2000, there were 14,838 households, 10,772 families residing in the county; the population density was 50 people per square mile. There were 22,290 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.22% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 22.31% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, 6.53% from two or more races.
Self-identified Hispanic or Latino Americans made up 1.75% of the population. 93.8 % spoke 2.3 % Spanish as their first language. There were 14,838 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,996, the median income for a family was $33,093. Males had a median income of $25,758 versus $19,345 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $15,424. About 14.10% of families and 18.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.40% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over. Grove Jay Bernice Colcord Kansas Oaks West Siloam Springs Chloeta Eucha The following sites are in Delaware County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Bassett Grove Ceremonial Grounds, Grove Beattie's Prairie, Jay Corey House/Hotel, Grove Hildebrand Mill, Siloam Springs Polson Cemetery, Jay Saline Courthouse, Rose Splitlog Church, Grove Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Delaware County Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
Fort Gibson Dam
The Fort Gibson Dam is a gravity dam on the Grand River in Oklahoma, 5.4 mi north of Fort Gibson. The purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production, it was authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1941 and construction began the next year. During World War II construction was suspended and it recommenced in May 1946. In June 1949, the river was closed and the entire project was complete in September 1953 with the operation of the last of the power plant's four generators; the dam and power rights belonged to the Grand River Dam Authority but were seized by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1946. First Contract: Al Johnson construction co. Winston brothers co.. Minneapolis, Minnesota Second Contract: W. R. Grimshaw company. - Tulsa, Oklahoma
The Cherokee Nation known as the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, is the largest of three Cherokee federally recognized tribes in the United States. It was established in the 20th century and includes people descended from members of the Old Cherokee Nation who relocated from the Southeast due to increasing pressure to Indian Territory and Cherokee who were forced to relocate on the Trail of Tears; the tribe includes descendants of Cherokee Freedmen and Natchez Nation. Over 299,862 people are enrolled in the Cherokee Nation, with 189,228 living within the state of Oklahoma. According to Larry Echo Hawk, former head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the current Cherokee Nation is not the historical Cherokee tribe but instead a "successor in interest". Headquartered in Tahlequah, the Cherokee Nation has a tribal jurisdictional area spanning 14 counties in the northeastern corner of Oklahoma; these are Adair, Craig, Mayes, McIntosh, Nowata, Rogers, Tulsa and Washington counties. During 1898–1906, beginning with the Curtis Act of 1898, the US federal government all but dissolved the former Cherokee Nation's governmental and civic institutions, to make way for the incorporation of Indian Territory into the new state of Oklahoma.
From 1906 to 1938, the structure and function of the tribal government was not defined. After the dissolution of the tribal government of the Cherokee Nation in the 1900s and the death of William Charles Rogers in 1917, the Federal government began to appoint chiefs to the Cherokee Nation in 1919; the service time for each appointed chief was so brief that it became known as "Chief for a Day". Six men fell under this category, the first being A. B. Cunningham who served from November 8 to November 25; the short service times were just long enough to have one sign a treaty to cede more land. In the 1930s, the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration worked to improve conditions by supporting the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, which encouraged tribes to reconstitute their governments and write constitutions. On August 8, 1938, the tribe convened a general convention in Oklahoma to elect a Chief, they choose J. B. Milam as principal chief. President Franklin D. Roosevelt confirmed the election in 1941.
W. W. Keeler was appointed chief in 1949. After the U. S. government under President Richard Nixon had adopted a self-determination policy, the nation was able to rebuild its government. The people elected W. W. Keeler as chief. Keeler, the president of Phillips Petroleum, was succeeded by Ross Swimmer. In 1975 the tribe drafted a constitution, under the name Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, ratified on June 26, 1976; the tribe has conducted litigation using this name. In 1985 Wilma Mankiller was elected as the first female chief of the Cherokee Nation; the Cherokee Nation was destabilized in May 1997 in what was variously described as either a nationalist "uprising" or an "anti-constitutional coup" instigated by Joe Byrd, the Principal Chief. Elected in 1995, Byrd became locked in a battle of strength with the judicial branch of the Cherokee tribe; the crisis came to a head on March 22, 1997, when Byrd said in a press conference that he would decide which orders of the Cherokee Nation's Supreme Court were lawful and which were not.
A simmering crisis continued over Byrd's creation of a armed paramilitary force. On June 20, 1997 his private militia illegally seized custody of the Cherokee Nation Courthouse from its legal caretakers and occupants, the Cherokee Nation Marshals, the Judicial Appeals Tribunal and its court clerks, they ousted the lawful occupants at gunpoint. The court demanded that the courthouse be returned to the judicial branch of the Cherokee Nation, but these requests were ignored by Byrd; the Federal authorities of the United States refused to intervene because of potential breach of tribal sovereignty. The State of Oklahoma recognized. By August, it sent in state troopers and specialist anti-terrorist teams. Byrd was required to attend a meeting in Washington, DC with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, at which he was compelled to reopen the courts, he served the remainder of his elected term. In 1999 Byrd lost the election for Principal Chief to Chad Smith but was elected to the Tribal Council in 2013. A new constitution was drafted in 1999 that included mechanisms for voters to remove officials from offices, changed the structure of the tribal council, removed the need to ask the Bureau of Indian Affairs' permission to amend the constitution.
The tribe and Bureau of Indian Affairs negotiated changes to the new constitution and it was ratified in 2003. Confusion resulted. To overcome the impasse, the Cherokee Nation voted by referendum to amend its 1975/1976 Constitution "to remove Presidential approval authority," allowing the tribe to independently ratify and amend its own constitution; as of August 9, 2007, the BIA gave the Cherokee Nation consent to amend its Constitution without approval from the Department of the Interior. Certain non-Cherokee groups contest the viability of this constitution; the Cherokee freedmen, descendants of African American slaves owned by citizens of the Cherokee Nation during the Antebellum Period, were first guaranteed Cherokee citizenship under a treaty with the United States in 1866. This was in the wake of the American Civil War, when the US emancipated slaves and passed US constitutional amendments granting freedmen citizenship in the United States. In reaching peace with the Cherokee, who had sided with the Confederates, the US government required that they end s
Wagoner County, Oklahoma
Wagoner County is a county located in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 73,085, its county seat is Wagoner. Wagoner County is included in the OK Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to archaeological studies, this area was inhabited by Caddoan Mound Builders during the period A. D. 300 to 1200. The western area of Wagoner County was settled by the Creek after their forced removal in Alabama in the 1820s; the eastern portion of the county was settled by the Cherokee. During the Civil War in 1865, the present county was the scene of the Battle of Flat Rock. Confederate troops led by Brig. General Stand Watie and Brig. General Richard Gano captured 85 Union troops and killed more that were harvesting hay. In 1905, the Sequoyah Convention proposed creating two counties from this area; the western half would be named the eastern half would have been named Tumechichee. However, failure of the attempt to create the state of Sequoyah negated the proposal. In 1907 at Oklahoma Statehood, Wagoner County was organized.
The towns of Porter and Coweta vied with Wagoner as the county seat. The county was named after the town of Wagoner; the town was named after a Katy Railroad dispatcher from Parsons, Kansas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 591 square miles, of which 562 square miles is land and 29 square miles is water, it is part of the Ozark Highlands. The Verdigris River divides the west parts of the county; the Arkansas River forms part of the southern boundaries. Grand River flows south through the county, it was dammed in 1942 to create Fort Gibson Lake. Rogers County Mayes County Cherokee County Muskogee County Tulsa County As of the census of 2010, there were 73,085 people, in the county; the population density was 47.74/km². There were 29,694 housing units at an average density of 55.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 80.07% White, 3.75% Black or African American, 9.38% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, 5.41% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.50% of the population. There were 21,010 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.90% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.50% were non-families. 17.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, 10.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $56,819, the median income for a family was $62,997; the per capita income for the county was $24,976. About 8.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
Bixby Broken Arrow Catoosa Coweta Tulsa Wagoner Fair Oaks Okay Porter Redbird Tullahassee New Tulsa, Oklahoma - Dissolved in 2001. Now part of Broken Arrow; the following sites in Wagoner County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district
Oklahoma's Second Congressional District is one of five United States Congressional districts in Oklahoma and covers one-fourth of the state in the east. The district borders Arkansas, Kansas and Texas and includes a total of 24 counties; the district has supported conservative Democrats, was reckoned as a classic Yellow Dog Democrat district. However, the growing Republican trend in the state has overtaken the district since the start of the 21st century. In the last two elections, the Republican presidential candidate has carried it by the largest margin in the state. Urban voters represent a third of the district; the district is represented by Republican Markwayne Mullin, becoming only the second Republican after Tom Coburn to hold the seat since 1921. The district borders Kansas to the north and Arkansas to the east, Texas to the south, it covers all or part of 26 counties. It includes the remainder of Rogers County, not included in the 1st District, also, all of the following counties: Adair, Craig, Mayes, Cherokee, Muskogee, Okfuskee, McIntosh, Haskell, LeFlore, Pittsburg, Coal, Pushmataha, McCurtain, Bryan and Johnston.
Some of the principal cities in the district include Miami, Muskogee, Okmulgee, McAlester, Durant. The northern half of the district includes most of the area of Oklahoma referred to as Green Country, while the southern half of the district includes a part of Oklahoma referred to as Little Dixie. According to the 2000 U. S. Census, the district is 35.51 percent urban, 23.95 percent non-white, has a population, 2.40 percent Latino and 1.36 percent foreign-born. The district has a higher percentage of Native Americans than any other congressional district in Oklahoma, its representative, Markwayne Mullin, is one of two Native Americans serving in Congress. Presidential races Source: 2004 Election Results, via OK.gov Source: 2006 Election Results, via OK.gov Source: 2008 Election Results, via OK.gov Source: 2010 Election Results, via OK.gov The district favored conservative Democratic candidates, with only three Republicans taking the district. The district shifted Republican most notably in electing Tom Coburn, who vacated the seat due to a self-imposed term limit pledge.
It has since been held by Dan Boren. In 2012 the 2nd has again elected a Republican to the House and current Rep is Markwayne Mullin and a Pentecostal; the district's Democratic leanings stem from historic migration patterns into the state. The Little Dixie region of the district imported the people and culture of southern states such as Mississippi after Reconstruction. Voter registration in Little Dixie runs as high as 90 percent Democratic. Additionally, Native Americans in the region tend to vote for Democratic candidates and they have helped Democratic candidates win statewide elections; this is where Democratic presidential candidates perform best in the state. Bill Clinton carried the district in 1992 and 1996. However, the district has been swept up in the growing Republican trend in Oklahoma. George W. Bush received 59 percent of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain received 66 percent of the vote in this district in 2008. Muskogee has produced more than any other city in the district.
Tahlequah has produced the second most of any city in the district. Oklahoma's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present