A cherry blossom is a flower of many trees of genus Prunus. The most well-known species is the Japanese cherry, Prunus serrulata, called sakura, they are distributed in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere including Japan, Korea, Mainland China, India, Afghanistan, Myanmar and West Siberia. Along with the chrysanthemum, the cherry blossom is considered the national flower of Japan. All varieties of cherry blossom trees produce edible cherries. Edible cherries come from cultivars of the related species Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus. "Hanami" is the centuries-old practice of drinking under a blooming ume tree. The custom is said to have started during the Nara period, when it was ume blossoms that people admired in the beginning, but by the Heian period cherry blossoms came to attract more attention, hanami was synonymous with sakura. From on, in both waka and haiku, "flowers" meant "cherry blossoms"; the custom was limited to the elite of the Imperial Court, but soon spread to samurai society and, by the Edo period, to the common people as well.
Tokugawa Yoshimune planted areas of cherry blossom trees to encourage this. Under the sakura trees, people had drank sake in cheerful feasts; every year the Japanese Meteorological Agency and the public track the sakura zensen as it moves northward up the archipelago with the approach of warmer weather via nightly forecasts following the weather segment of news programs. The blossoming begins in Okinawa in January, reaches Kyoto and Tokyo at the end of March or the beginning of April, it proceeds into areas at the higher altitudes and northward, arriving in Hokkaido a few weeks later. Japanese pay close attention to these forecasts and turn out in large numbers at parks and temples with family and friends to hold flower-viewing parties. Hanami festivals celebrate the beauty of the cherry blossom and for many are a chance to relax and enjoy the beautiful view; the custom of hanami dates back many centuries in Japan. The eighth-century chronicle Nihon Shoki records hanami festivals being held as early as the third century AD.
Most Japanese schools and public buildings have cherry blossom trees outside of them. Since the fiscal and school year both begin in April, in many parts of Honshu, the first day of work or school coincides with the cherry blossom season; the Japan Cherry Blossom Association developed a list of Japan's Top 100 Cherry Blossom Spots with at least one location in every prefecture. In Japan, cherry blossoms symbolize clouds due to their nature of blooming en masse, besides being an enduring metaphor for the ephemeral nature of life, an aspect of Japanese cultural tradition, associated with Buddhist influence, and, embodied in the concept of mono no aware; the association of the cherry blossom with mono no aware dates back to 18th-century scholar Motoori Norinaga. The transience of the blossoms, the exquisite beauty and volatility, has been associated with mortality and graceful and acceptance of destiny and karma. There is at least one popular folk song meant for the shakuhachi, titled "Sakura", several pop songs.
The flower is represented on all manner of consumer goods in Japan, including kimono and dishware. The Sakurakai or Cherry Blossom Society was the name chosen by young officers within the Imperial Japanese Army in September 1930 for their secret society established with the goal of reorganizing the state along totalitarian militaristic lines, via a military coup d'état if necessary. During World War II, the cherry blossom was used to motivate the Japanese people, to stoke nationalism and militarism among the populace. Prior to the war, they were used in propaganda to inspire "Japanese spirit", as in the "Song of Young Japan", exulting in "warriors" who were "ready like the myriad cherry blossoms to scatter". In 1932, Akiko Yosano's poetry urged Japanese soldiers to endure sufferings in China and compared the dead soldiers to cherry blossoms. Arguments that the plans for the Battle of Leyte Gulf, involving all Japanese ships, would expose Japan to serious danger if they failed, were countered with the plea that the Navy be permitted to "bloom as flowers of death".
The last message of the forces on Peleliu was "Sakura, Sakura" — cherry blossoms. Japanese pilots would paint them on the sides of their planes before embarking on a suicide mission, or take branches of the trees with them on their missions. A cherry blossom painted on the side of the bomber symbolized the intensity and ephemerality of life; the first kamikaze unit had a subunit called wild cherry blossom. The government encouraged the people to believe that the souls of downed warriors were reincarnated in the blossoms. In its colonial enterprises, imperial Japan planted cherry trees as a means of "claiming occupied territory as Japanese space". Cherry blossoms are a prevalent symbol in Irezumi, the traditional art of Japanese tattoos. In tattoo art, cherry blossoms are combined with other classic Japanese symbols like koi fish, dragons or tigers, it was used for the Tokyo 2020 Paralympics mascot Someity. Japan has a wide variety of cherry blossoms; the following species and vari
In the Beginning is a 2009 French drama film directed by Xavier Giannoli. The film competed in the main competition at the 62nd Cannes Film Festival; the film tells the dramatized true story of Philippe Berre, an actual Frenchman with a reputation as an impostor. In the film, much as actual events, Monsieur Berre goes to a small town, passing himself off as a civil engineer, claims that the government has decided to start scrapped plans for the construction of a highway, he commissions supplies, gains construction vehicles, brings jobs to the community and constructs a section of roadway in the process before being discovered. François Cluzet as Paul / Philippe Miller Emmanuelle Devos as Stéphane Brice Fournier as Louis Soko as Monika Vincent Rottiers as Nicolas Gérard Depardieu as Abel Corinne Masiero as Corinne Patrick Descamps as Bollard Thierry Godard as Michel Stéphan Wojtowicz as Marty In the Beginning on IMDb
The Only One is a 2006 Belgian comedy-drama film. The film was written by Jaak Boon and Enthoven, it was named best Belgian film of 2006 by the Belgian Film Critics Association winning the André Cavens Award, received two awards at the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg. Nand Buyl as Lucien Knops Marijke Pinoy as Sylvia Viviane de Muynck as Mathilde Lucien is a stubborn person in his eighties. After the death of his wife, his daughter Gerda convinced him to move to her house. Of course, there are many strugglings, his way of life interferes with the rest of the residents. Furthermore, Lucien neglects many requests of Gerda as he does not want to accept orders from his daughter. After the umpteenth incident, Gerda is overstrained and wants to put her father into a rest home. To her relief, Lucien announces; the displeasure is he will move back to his own house, lying his new girlfriend will move in. Gerda is frustrated as she thinks "the new girlfriend" will inherit and run away with the money Gerda budgetted to buy a luxurious campervan to visit Spain.
Gerda tried to haggle money from Lucien in which she failed. Lucien admits to his grandchild Julie. Mathilde, the wife of his best friend Felix, will do the housekeeping. Once moved, it is clear Lucien did had sexual affairs with Mathilde whilst his wife was still living, they promised each other eternal love, but must keep it a secret until both of their partners are dead. Living on his own seems to be tougher as he thought. Lucien is bored. Only the visits of Julie please him. Things changes, she is around 46 years intrigues Lucien. Thanks to her, Lucien revitalises, she teaches him. Gerda and Mathilde distrust Sylvia; when the friendship between Lucien and Sylvia is having its best time, Lucien takes a drastic decision and breaks with Sylvia in the advantage of his own family. The Only One on IMDb The Only One at AllMovie