The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary in the U. S. states of Virginia. The Bay is located in the Mid-Atlantic region and is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the Delmarva Peninsula with its mouth located between Cape Henry and Cape Charles. With its northern portion in Maryland and the southern part in Virginia, the Chesapeake Bay is a important feature for the ecology and economy of those two states, as well as others. More than 150 major rivers and streams flow into the Bay's 64,299-square-mile drainage basin, which covers parts of six states and all of Washington, D. C; the Bay is 200 miles long from its northern headwaters in the Susquehanna River to its outlet in the Atlantic Ocean. It is 2.8 miles wide at 30 miles at its widest. Total shoreline including tributaries is 11,684 miles, circumnavigating a surface area of 4,479 square miles. Average depth is 21 feet; the Bay is spanned twice, in Maryland by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge from Sandy Point to Kent Island and in Virginia by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel connecting Virginia Beach to Cape Charles.
Known for both its beauty and bounty, the Bay has become "emptier", with fewer crabs and watermen in past years. Recent restoration efforts begun in the 1990s have been ongoing and show potential for growth of the native oyster population; the health of the Chesapeake Bay improved in 2015, marking three years of gains over the past four years, according to a new report by the University of Maryland. The word Chesepiooc is an Algonquian word referring to a village'at a big river', it is the seventh oldest surviving English place-name in the United States, first applied as Chesepiook by explorers heading north from the Roanoke Colony into a Chesapeake tributary in 1585 or 1586. The name may refer to the Chesapeake people or the Chesepian, a Native American tribe who inhabited the area now known as South Hampton Roads in the U. S. state of Virginia. They occupied an area, now the Norfolk, Portsmouth and Virginia Beach areas. In 2005, Algonquian linguist Blair Rudes "helped to dispel one of the area's most held beliefs: that'Chesapeake' means something like'great shellfish bay'.
It does not, Rudes said. The name might have meant something like'great water', or it might have just referred to a village location at the Bay's mouth." In addition, the name is always prefixed by the in usage by local residents: The Chesapeake, The Chesapeake Bay and The Bay. The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary to the North Atlantic, lying between the Delmarva Peninsula to the east and the North American mainland to the west, it is the ria, or drowned valley, of the Susquehanna River, meaning that it was the alluvial plain where the river flowed when the sea level was lower. It is not a fjord, because the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the Bay. North of Baltimore, the western shore borders the hilly Piedmont region of Maryland; the large rivers entering the Bay from the west have broad mouths and are extensions of the main ria for miles up the course of each river. The Bay's geology, its present form, its location were created by a bolide impact event at the end of the Eocene, forming the Chesapeake Bay impact crater and much the Susquehanna River valley.
The Bay was formed starting about 10,000 years ago when rising sea levels at the end of the last ice age flooded the Susquehanna River valley. Parts of the Bay the Calvert County, coastline, are lined by cliffs composed of deposits from receding waters millions of years ago; these cliffs known as Calvert Cliffs, are famous for their fossils fossilized shark teeth, which are found washed up on the beaches next to the cliffs. Scientists' Cliffs is a beach community in Calvert County named for the desire to create a retreat for scientists when the community was founded in 1935. Much of the Bay is shallow. At the point where the Susquehanna River flows into the Bay, the average depth is 30 feet, although this soon diminishes to an average of 10 feet southeast of the city of Havre de Grace, Maryland, to about 35 feet just north of Annapolis. On average, the depth of the Bay is 21 feet, including tributaries; because the Bay is an estuary, it has salt water and brackish water. Brackish water has three salinity zones: oligohaline and polyhaline.
The freshwater zone runs from the mouth of the Susquehanna River to north Baltimore. The oligohaline zone has little salt. Salinity varies from 0.5 ppt to 10 ppt, freshwater species can survive there. The north end of the oligohaline zone is north Baltimore and the south end is the Chesapeake Bay Bridge; the mesohaline zone has a medium amount of salt and runs from the Bay Bridge to the mouth of the Rappahannock River. Salinity there ranges from 10.7 ppt to 18 ppt. The polyhaline zone is the saltiest zone, some of the water can be as salty as sea water, it runs from the mouth of the Rappahannock River to the mouth of the Bay. The salinity ranges from 18.7 ppt to 36 ppt. The climate of the area surrounding the Bay is primarily
Quincy is a U. S. city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. It is the largest city in the county and a part of Metropolitan Boston as one of Boston's immediate southern suburbs, its population in 2010 was 92,271. Known as the "City of Presidents", Quincy is the birthplace of two U. S. presidents—John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams—as well as John Hancock, a President of the Continental Congress and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence, as well as being the first and third Governor of Massachusetts. First settled in 1625, Quincy was part of Dorchester and Boston before becoming the north precinct of Braintree in 1640. In 1792, Quincy was split off from Braintree. Quincy became a city in 1888. For more than a century, Quincy was home to a thriving granite industry. Shipbuilding at the Fore River Shipyard was another key part of the city's economy. In the 20th century, both Howard Johnson's and Dunkin' Donuts were founded in the city. Massachusett sachem Chickatawbut had his seat on a hill called Moswetuset Hummock prior to the settlement of the area by English colonists, situated east of the mouth of the Neponset River near what is now called Squantum.
It was visited in 1621 by a native guide. Four years a party led by Captain Wollaston established a post on a low hill near the south shore of Quincy Bay east of present-day Black's Creek; the settlers found the area suitable for farming, as Chickatawbut and his group had cleared much of the land of trees. This settlement was named Mount Wollaston in honor of the leader, who left the area soon after 1625, bound for Virginia; the Wollaston neighborhood in Quincy still retains Captain Wollaston's name. Upon the departure of Wollaston, Thomas Morton took over leadership of the post, the settlement proceeded to gain a reputation for debauchery with Indian women and drunkenness. Morton renamed the settlement Ma-re-Mount and wrote that the conservative separatists of Plymouth Colony to the south were "threatening to make it a woefull mount and not a merry mount", in reference to the fact that they disapproved of his libertine practices. In 1627, Morton was arrested by Standish for violating the code of conduct in a way harmful to the colony.
He was sent back to England, only to be arrested by Puritans the next year. The area of Quincy now called Merrymount is located on the site of the original English settlement of 1625 and takes its name from the punning name given by Morton; the area was first incorporated as part of Dorchester in 1630 and was annexed by Boston in 1634. The area became Braintree in 1640, bordered along the coast of Massachusetts Bay by Dorchester to the north and Weymouth to the east. Beginning in 1708, the modern border of Quincy first took shape as the North Precinct of Braintree. Following the American Revolution, Quincy was incorporated as a separate town named for Col. John Quincy in 1792, was made a city in 1888. In 1845 the Old Colony Railroad opened. Quincy became as accessible to Boston; the first suburban land company, Bellevue Land Co. had been organized in northern Quincy in 1870. Quincy's population grew by over 50 percent during the 1920s. Among the city's several firsts was the Granite Railway, the first commercial railroad in the United States.
It was constructed in 1826 to carry granite from a Quincy quarry to the Neponset River in Milton so that the stone could be taken by boat to erect the Bunker Hill Monument in Charlestown. Quincy granite became famous throughout the nation, stonecutting became the city's principal economic activity. Quincy was home to the first iron furnace in the United States, the John Winthrop Jr. Iron Furnace Site, from 1644 to 1653. In the 1870s, the city gave its name to the Quincy Method, an influential approach to education developed by Francis W. Parker while he served as Quincy's superintendent of schools. Parker, an early proponent of progressive education, put his ideas into practice in the city's underperforming schools. Quincy was additionally important as a shipbuilding center. Sailing ships were built in Quincy for many years, including the only seven-masted schooner built, Thomas W. Lawson; the Fore River area became a shipbuilding center in the 1880s. Amongst these were the aircraft carrier USS Lexington.
John J. Kilroy, reputed originator of the famous Kilroy was here graffiti, was a rivet inspector at Fore River. Quincy was an aviation pioneer thanks to Dennison Field. Located in the Squantum section of town it was one of the world's first airports and was developed by Amelia Earhart. In 1910, it was the site of the Harvard Aero Meet, the second air show in America, it was leased to the Navy for a
Dirty Deeds is a 2005 American comedy film directed by David Kendall, produced by Bill Civitella and Dan Kaplow. It was filmed in Los Angeles, California; the film was given a rating of PG-13 for "crude humor, sexual content, teen partying/sexual references, some violence". High school student Zach Harper sets out to complete the "Dirty Deeds" - an outrageous list of ten challenges that must be completed between dusk and dawn on the Friday night of his high school's homecoming weekend; the only student to complete the entire list, Duncan Rime, did so in 1989 when only 8 tasks composed the list. Rimes reveals that whenever someone completes the entire list, more are added to it. Zach attempts to complete the deeds for his classmates and George Cummings. Meg and George's younger brother, wants to do the challenge to earn the respect of the school's jocks, who are bullying him. Meg and George are concerned for their brother, insist that Zach stop him from trying to do something so foolish. While Meg and George had no intention of Zach attempting the deeds in place of their brother, Zach decides to take on the challenge.
The night begins, Zach checks off the first item on the list, drink beer in front of the cops, by pouring a beer into a coffee cup and consuming it in front of them. This way, the cops, who are determined to stop all those who attempt the deeds, have no idea of Zach's intentions of completing the list; as Zach attempts the nine remaining deeds, the jocks do everything in their power to prevent him from completing it. Throughout his crazy night, Zach enlists the help of those around him to accomplish the difficult tasks. Along the way, Zach meets Duncan Rime. Afterwards, Zach refuses to continue, but Dan and JD decide to try to ruin the carnival so that Zach will be blamed. With some last-minute help from Vincent Scarno, Zach is able to turn the tables in time. In the midst of everything, Zach and George begin to develop feelings for each other, Zach and Meg end up falling in love over the list of "Dirty Deeds". Milo Ventimiglia as Zach Harper Lacey Chabert as Meg Cummings David Collins as George Cummings Tom Amandes as Vice Principal Lester Fuchs Matthew Carey as Dan Lawton Wes Robinson as Kyle Cummings Mark Derwin as Vincent Scarno Charles Durning as Victor Rasdale Michael Milhoan as Officer Dill Keith Britton as Officer Bevins Billy L. Sullivan as Stash Zoe Saldana as Rachel Buff Arielle Kebbel as Alison Ray Santiago as Bobby D Erin Torpey as Jen, Dan's girlfriend who breaks up with him and falls in love with George in the end.
Alex Solowitz as JD Riplock Danso Gordon as Biggs Todd Zeile as Mullet / Duncan Rime Fred Meyers as Lockett Charles Noland as Blind Man Patrick Tatten as Student Brett Tabisel as Stick The following were some of the songs featured in the film. Bowling for Soup- “Almost” She Loves You- “The Beatles” Uptown Sinclair- “Face Down” Valley Lodge- “If It Takes All Night” The SmashUp- “Icarus Flies” Alex Solowitz- “Take it and Shove it” Bryan Datillo- “ICGM ” Grace & Manners- “9 By 9” Dirty Deeds on IMDb Dirty Deeds at Box Office Mojo Dirty Deeds at Rotten Tomatoes