Chesham is in the Chiltern Hills, England, 11 miles southeast of the county town of Aylesbury. Chesham is a civil parish designated a town council within Chiltern district, it is in the Chess Valley and surrounded by farmland. The earliest records of Chesham as a settlement are from the second half of the 10th century although there is archaeological evidence of people in this area from around 8000 BC. Henry III granted the town a royal charter for a weekly market in 1257. Chesham is known for its four Bs — boots, beer and Baptists. In the face of fierce competition from both home and abroad all these traditional industries declined; the ready availability of skilled labour encouraged new industries to the town both before and after the Second World War. Today, employment in the town is provided by small businesses engaged in light industry and professional services. From the early part of the 20th century, there has been a considerable expansion with new housing developments and civic infrastructure.
Chesham has become a commuter town with improved connection to London via the London Underground and road networks. The town centre has been progressively redeveloped since the 1960s and was pedestrianised in the 1990s; the population at the 2011 Census was 21,483. There is archaeological evidence of the earliest settlement during the Late Mesolithic period around 5000 BC in East Street, Chesham where a large quantity of Flint tools were found; the earliest farming evidence from the Neolithic era around 2500 BC. Bronze Age tribes settled in the valley around 1800 BC and they were succeeded by Iron Age Belgic people of the Catuvellauni tribe around 500 BC. Between 150–400 AD there is evidence of Romano-British farming and nearby at Latimer there is archaeological evidence of a Roman villa and the planting of grapevines; however the area was deserted until the Saxon period around the 7th century'. Contrary to popular belief, the town is not named after the river; the first recorded reference to Chesham is under the Old English name Cæstæleshamm meaning "the river-meadow at the pile of stones" around 970 in the will of Lady Ælfgifu, identified with the former wife of King Eadwig.
She held an estate here. Prior to 1066 there were three adjacent estates which comprised Caestreham which are recorded in the Domesday Book as being of 1 1⁄2, 4 and 8 1⁄2 hides, having four mills; the most important of these manors was held by the widow of Edward the Confessor. Other land having been returned to the Crown it was in the hands of Harold Godwinson and his brother Leofwine Godwinson. Part of these became Chesham Bois parish. After 1066 Edith kept her lands and William the Conqueror divided royal lands between his half brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux and Hugh de Bolbec; the Domesday Book records that there were one at nearby Latimer. William the Conqueror shared out the estates between four of his dependants; the vast majority of land was granted to Hugh de Bolebec and smaller parcels to Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, Toustain Mantel and Alsi. Before the 13th century the three Cestreham manors were known as Chesham Higham, Chesham Bury and Chesham Boys. In the 14th century they were first recorded as'the manors of Great Chesham'.
Collectively they extended beyond the current Chesham town boundary. Together with the manor at Latimer they were held by the Earls of Surrey. During the 16th century Greater Chesham was owned by the Seymour family who disposed of it to the Cavendish family who were the Earls and Dukes of Devonshire, it is from the 15th century that the earliest surviving properties survive and are to be found close by the church in an area called the Nap, along part of the present-day Church Street. Though disposing of land the Cavendishes maintained an influence in the town until the 19th century; the Lowndes family started purchasing land from the 16th century. William Lowndes was an influential politician and Secretary to the Treasury during the reigns of Mary II, William III and Queen Anne, he rebuilt the original Bury and manor house of Great Chesham in 1712. The Lowndes family settled in Chesham and over the next 200 years became influential both nationally through politics and the law and locally within the town as its principal benefactors.
No evidence remains of any church prior to the Norman Conquest. However, the siting of puddingstones beneath the present-day church suggests a wooden church was constructed on the site during the Anglo-Saxon period. During the 12th century two families of Norman descent, the de Bolebecs and the Sifrewasts, each held a share of the advowson assigned to the adjacent manors of Chesham Higham and Chesham Bury for the Church at Chesham which it is evidenced from about 1154 was dedicated to St Mary; these moieties were subsequently given by the families to two monasteries. In 1194 the de Bolbecs bestowed their advowson to the abbot and monks of Woburn Abbey and henceforth the parish of Chesham Higham was renamed'Chesham Woburn'. Meanwhile, sometime before 1199, the Sifrewast family granted their advowson to the convent of St Mary's de Pré Leicester; as a consequence the advowson for the parish of Chesham Bury became known as'Chesham Leicester'. In 1536 Henry VIII seized control of church property as part of the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
Subsequently, during Edward VI and Elizabeth I's reigns, first Chesham Woburn and Chesham Leicester advowsons became part of the estates of the Dukes of Bedford. Though there were two vicars appointed to the parish church of St Mary's from the 17th century a single incumbent was appointed. Jurisdiction was still sh
Anil Vij is an Indian politician belonging to the Bhartiya Janata Party and Cabinet Minister in the Government of Haryana. Vij joined Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, a student wing of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, while he was studying at S. D. College, Ambala Cantt. In 1970, he became General Secretary of ABVP. Vij joined the State Bank of India in 1974. In 1990, when Sushma Swaraj was elected to Rajya Sabha, the Ambala Cantonment seat became vacant. Vij was asked to contest a by-election by the BJP Party, he won. In 1991 he became State President Of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha. In 1996 and 2000, he won both times. In 2005, Vij lost re-election. In 2009, he was elected as Bhartiya Janata Party's Member of the Legislative Assembly from Ambala Cantonment constituency in the Haryana Legislative Assembly. In 2014, Vij was again elected as Bharatiya Janata Party's MLA Ambala Cantonment. In 2019, Vij was again elected for the sixth time as Bharatiya Janata Party's MLA Ambala Cantonment. On 26 October 2014, Vij was inducted in the Government of Haryana as a Cabinet Minister.
Wernberg is a municipality in the district of Villach-Land in the Austrian state of Carinthia. Wernberg lies on the Drava River at the foot of the Ossiach Tauern range, east of Villach, between Lake Ossiach on the north, Wörthersee on the east, Lake Faak in the southern part of the municipality, it is located at the northwestern rim of the traditional settlement area of Carinthian Slovenes. The municipal area comprises the cadastral communities of Neudorf, Trabenig and Wernberg. Archaeological findings indicate an early settlement of the area in Roman times. A castle near the village of Sternberg, today a ruin, was first mentioned in a deed issued at Saint Paul's Abbey about 1170/80. Wernberg itself first appeared in a document dated 17 November 1227 determining the demolition of a Drava bridge and the transfer of Werdenberch Castle to the Carinthian estates of the Bishopric of Bamberg; the castle, situated on arock above the Drava river, was built under the rule of Duke Bernhard of Carinthia, it passed to the Austrian Habsburgs.
Held by the Khevenhüller noble family from 1519 onwards, the present-day Renaissance building was erected at the behest of the Carinthian governor George Khevenhüller. Part of the Ossiach Abbey estates from 1672, it is since 1935 a possession of the Catholic Missionary Sisters of the Precious Blood; the municipality of Wernberg was established in 1850. Seats in the municipal council as of 2015 local elections: Social Democratic Party of Austria: 12 Austrian People's Party: 4 Freedom Party of Austria: 4 The Greens: 2 Wählergemeinschaft Wernberg: 1 Municipal site
Sid Meier's Civilization Revolution 2 is a 4X turn-based strategy video game for portable platforms, developed in 2014 by Firaxis Games with Sid Meier as designer. It is a sequel to Civilization Revolution; the game features returning leaders from the original Civilization Revolution, such as Abraham Lincoln and Napoleon Bonaparte, along with new leaders such as Winston Churchill and John F. Kennedy. Players are tasked with building an empire from one of several choices, including Japan, Russia. Once a player has founded their capital, one may start city production. Other civilizations are on the map, whom the player can discuss world leaders with and trade technologies. There are four ways to win the game: Domination, Economic and Science; each victory has different ways of achieving it. The iOS version of the game was released in July 2014. An Android version of the game was released on November 7, 2014. A PlayStation Vita version of the game, entitled Civilization Revolution 2 Plus, was announced in October 2015.
Adding exclusive scenarios and world leaders, the game was set for release globally on December 3, 2015. It only launched in Asia on that date, whereas the western release was delayed twice before coming out on late March 2016. A physical version, featuring box art designed by Hidari, is available in Asia in both local languages and English; the PS Vita version lacks multiplayer. The game was moderately received with a score of 66 out of 100 on Metacritic. In comparison to other games released however, this places Civilization Revolution 2 in the bottom quarter of games scored on Metacritic for the iOS platform in 2014. Official website Official website
FC Lviv is a Ukrainian football club from the city of Lviv. It was founded in 2006; the club was founded in May 2006. It entered the Persha Liha as a replacement for the bankrupt club FC Hazovyk-Skala Stryi, which represented Lviv Oblast; the new entity was registered on 22 May 2006 as a company with limited liability "Football Club "Lviv". In May 2006 the PFL Bureau session adopted a decision to recognize the club as a lawful successor of FC Hazovyk-Skala Stryi that played in Persha Liha; this fact was confirmed at a press-conference given at the Football Federation of Lviv Oblast on 26 May 2006. The new president of the new club Yuriy Kindzerskyi informed that his club was not created as a municipal club. In its debut season FC Lviv scored 45 goals. At the start of the next season, in the beginning of September 2007, the club moved to the newly built stadium Kniazha Arena in Dobromyl, west of Sambir; this arena was constructed by and named after Ukrainian insurance company Knyazha, the club's main sponsor.
The previous home ground of the club was SKA Stadium in Lviv which fell out of favor with the FFU, PFL. In 2007–08 season FC Lviv finished 2nd in the Persha Liha and were promoted to the Premier Liha for the first time in their history, making the club one of the founders of the newly formed Premier League. In 2008–09 FC Lviv, despite a sensational opening 2–0 win against Shakhtar, were relegated to the Persha Liha; the decisive match for them happened in the last round against another Lviv team Karpaty in the Lviv derby when they lost 2–1. The club's first, only, season in the Premier League was spent at The Ukraina Stadium together with Karpaty under a lease contract. In 2009, the city of Lviv lent the former land property of LORTA Plant for rent to FC Lviv. Out of 3.0542 ha FC Lviv receives 2.9 ha in rent until the spring of 2019 and the rest for only five years. In 2016 the professional team of FC Lviv was renewed and its future participation in Druha Liha was announced. In May 2018, the club was promoted to the Ukrainian Premier League on pretence of merging with NK Veres Rivne and play in the 2018–19 Ukrainian Premier League.
As of 20 February 2020 Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. 2006–2009: Yuriy Kindzerskyi 2009–2012: Football Federation of Lviv Oblast 2016–2018: Roman Mykhayliv Since 2018: Bohdan Kopytko Since 2006 till 2012, the main sponsor was Knyazha, other sponsors were Dobromyl, Persha Pryvatna Brovarnia, the technical sponsor was Lotto. Ukrainian First LeagueRunners-up: 2007–08 Football Club Lviv-2 was a reserve team of FC Lviv that played in the Ukrainian Second League competition; the team was created based on a reserve team that played in reserve competitions of the Vyshcha Liha in 2008-09 season. FC Lviv-2 played in the 2009-10 PFL League Cup. FC Hazovyk-Skala Stryi FC Knyazha Shchaslyve The official Web Site
Ariel Sharon Park is an environmental park established on the former Hiriya waste dump located southeast of Tel Aviv, Israel. After accumulating 25 million tons of waste, the facility was shut down in August 1998, it is visible on approach into Ben Gurion International Airport as a flat-topped hill. Three recycling facilities have been established at the foot of the mountain: a waste separation center, a green waste facility that produces mulch and a building materials recycling plant; the waste dump and its surrounding area have been renovated into a large park, still under construction. The landfill is located on the lands of the Palestinian village of al-Khayriyya, from which the name Hiriya is derived; the village called Ibn Ibraq, preserving the name of the ancient biblical site Beneberak, was renamed al-Khayriyya in 1924. In the weeks prior to the outbreak of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, its residents fled the village before advancing Haganah forces. According to Rachelle Gershovitz of the Israel Venture Capital Journal, the British authorities designated the area as Crown Land and plans were drawn up to use it as a draining plain to solve the annual flooding problem during the British Mandate.
Earmarked as a dump in 1952, the site grew to be more than half a mile long and over 87 yards above sea level. The volume of waste was estimated at 16 million cubic meters. Calls to shut down the site mounted in the wake of the growing public awareness of environmental pollution, underground water contamination and the spread of noxious gases. Thousands of sea gulls and other birds attracted by the decomposing garbage created a hazard for commercial airliners taking off and landing at nearby Ben Gurion Airport. In 1988, Hiriya ceased functioning as a waste landfill. In 2004, an international competition was held calling for ideas on how to rehabilitate the mountain of garbage, turn it into a positive landmark and keep it from collapsing into the Ayalon riverbed. Hiriya is not under the jurisdiction of any municipality; the site is managed by the Dan Region Association of Towns Sanitation and Solid Waste Disposal board. A recycling facility operated by the Israeli company ArrowEcology has introduced a new technology known as ArrowBio that separates recyclable materials using water technology.
Eighty percent of the waste that enters the system is reused, while only 20 percent ends up in the landfill. As of 2007, Hiriya was housing the largest waste transfer station in Israel. Doron Saphir was Hiriya's chairman. Three recycling plants operated at the foot of the mound, grinding building waste into gravel and dry organic matter into mulch, a patented mechanical biological treatment demonstration facility where municipal solid waste was sorted utilising the properties of water; the facility was a form of materials recovery facility including upflow anaerobic sludge blanket digesters for the provision of biogas, in turn used to generate renewable energy utilising gas engines. Template:Fsct In 2007 garden waste was sorted, tree trunks were sent to the Hiriya carpentry shop to be recycled into wooden furniture such as benches and garden accessories for use in the park. Sixty gas wells have been drilled at the site to collect the methane gas trapped in the landfill; the plant generated all the electricity required by the Hiriya site and sold the excess to the Israel Electric Corporation.
Plans were subsequently drawn up to remediate the site and use the mountain and surrounding land as the centerpiece of Ariel Sharon Park. A 2,000-acre area was demarcated for the park during the term of Ariel Sharon, an avid supporter of the project; the planner is urban planner Peter Latz. The park was named for Sharon. Latz has invented a technique to protect future flowers and fruits from contaminants: The landscape is being covered with a “bioplastic” layer that blocks methane, topped with layers of gravel and a meter of clean soil; the park is under construction. When complete, it will be three times the size of New York's Central Park, will introduce many new ecological technologies. A 50,000-seat amphitheater will be built there. In 2011, a short film about the transformation of the site, The Hiriya Project: A Mountain of Change, won first prize in the Clean Development Mechanism Changing Lives Photo and Video Contest sponsored by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Durban.