A chessboard is the type of gameboard used for the game of chess, on which the chess pawns and pieces are placed. A chessboard is square in shape, with an alternating pattern of squares in two colours. Traditionally wooden boards are made of dark brown woods. To reduce cost, many boards are made with veneers of more expensive woods glued to an inner piece of plywood or chipboard. A variety of colours combinations are used for plastic and silicone boards. Common dark-light combinations are black and white, as well as brown, green or blue with buff or cream. Materials vary widely. Decorative glass and marble boards are permitted for games conducted by national or international chess federations; when they are permitted, they must meet various criteria In western chess the board has a square shape, with its side being divided into eight parts, resulting in a total of sixty-four squares. For variants, the total number of squares may range from nine to twelve; each individual square of the board can be identified using chess notation, which may be descriptive, algebraic, or numeric.
For two-dimensional boards, each horizontal row of squares is called a rank, each vertical column of squares is called a file, each oblique line of squares of the same colour is called a diagonal. Board games have been known since ancient history, with the oldest records being paintings in mastabas of the First and Third Dynasties of Egypt; the first known version of chess appeared around the 6th century in India and was called chaturanga, played on a board of the game Ashtapada. This board was monochromatic and divided into eight columns by eight rows, with special marks called castles in the first, fourth and eighth squares of the a-, d-, e-, h-columns, which served a function in Ashtapada, but not in chaturanga. After arriving in Ancient Persia, the board was adapted to the new variants of chess, in which more columns and rows were included. One of the variants of the time, Tamerlane chess, had eleven columns by ten rows and two extra squares to the right side of the second row of the player, called citadels, which held a special function in the game.
In the 10th century, chess arrived in Europe and the board acquired its characteristic recognisable chequered pattern used at the time in draughts, which had a smaller 5×5 board. This change proved useful for diagonal movements, now highlighted by the continuous sequence of same-coloured squares in the diagonals, facilitating the movement of the added bishop and queen; the Libro de los juegos contains a description of the chessboard, mentioning eight rows and columns as the ideal number, with the 10×10 board being too tiresome and the 6×6 board being too quick for the practice of chess. Other innovations of the time were cylindrical boards for the practice of variants such as cylinder chess and the convention that the first square of the far right column should be light-coloured, endorsed by Pedro Damiano in the end of the 15th century. More some varieties have employed three-dimensional boards, in which the third dimension is another two-dimensional board; the Raumschach variant utilises five boards of twenty-five squares each.
Another noteworthy variant, Star Trek Chess, utilises a board of sixty-four squares divided into seven levels. In 2003, the ex-world champion Garry Kasparov faced the chess engine X3D Fritz in a series of four matches in a virtual environment, where the computer-generated board hovered in the air in front of Kasparov, who used special glasses; as such, this was the first man–machine game of chess performed in a simulated environment. Chessboards have been made from numerous materials over the years, such as ebony, marble, metal and plastic, they can be found as decorative elements in plazas and living rooms. For international or continental championships, FIDE's regulations state that wooden boards should be used. For other FIDE tournaments, plastic, or cardboard boards may be used, the board should be rigid in all instances; the board may be made of marble, as long as there is an appropriate contrast between the light and dark squares. The finishing should be frosted but never shiny; the squares should be from 5 to 6.5 cm in length and the proportion between the squares and the pieces should be so that the side of a square is twice the diameter of a pawn's base.
If the table and the board are two separate pieces, the latter must be fixed as to avoid its movement during the match. The standard contemporary way to record moves and refer to the squares of the chessboard is algebraic chess notation The files are identified by the letters a to h, from left to right from the white player's point of view, the ranks by the numbers 1 to 8, with 1 being closest to the white player; each square on the board is identified by a unique coordinate pairing, from a1 to h8. In the older descriptive chess notation, the files are labelled by the piece occupying its first rank, ranks by the numbers 1 to 8 from each player's point of view, depending on the move being described; this method is no longer used. FIDE stopped using descriptive notation in 1981. Numeric notation assigns numbers to both files and ranks, with rank 1 being the one closest to the player with the white pieces; the file leftmost to the white player is file one and the rightmost to them i
BMI Healthcare is an independent provider of private healthcare, offering treatment to private patients, medically insured patients, NHS patients. As of 2019 it has 54 hospitals and healthcare facilities across the UK, with headquarters in London. In December 2019, it was acquired by Circle Health. BMI Healthcare was formed in 1970, when US hospital group AMI acquired its first hospital in the UK, the Harley Street Clinic. By 1983 the AMI group had grown to 13 hospitals and by 1988 had created a psychiatric division, health services division and floated on the London Stock Exchange. In 1990 AMI was purchased by Generale des Eaux. AMI was renamed its new corporate group named General Healthcare Group. In 1997 funds managed by Cinven Ltd acquired GHG. After a further period of expansion GHG merged with Amicus Healthcare group in 1998 and the group grew its portfolio to over 40 hospitals. In 2000 Cinven Ltd sold its investment to funds advised by BC Partners and in 2005 BMI Healthcare's health services, Occupational Health division was sold to the Capita Group Plc.
GHG was bought from BC Partners by a consortium led by Netcare, a large South African Healthcare company, in 2006. In April 2018 Netcare announced it was to sell its 57% stake because it had failed to conclude a rent reduction transaction with the largest landlord on 35 of its 59 hospital properties. In October 2018 it was announced that it had agreed a deal with its creditors and landlords, including Hospital Topco, which involved injecting capital of at least £58 million, extending the company's bank facilities to 2024 and reducing annual rent by £65 million; this would 35 hospitals back under common ownership. In 2011 Stephen Collier was appointed chief executive. BMI showed a strong performance in FY2013, with revenue up by 2.1%. In October 2017, Karen Prins was appointed Chief Executive Officer. Prins was an appointment from parent company Netcare based in South Africa. In November 2019 it was reported that Circle Health Ltd, a smaller competitor, planned to acquire the company; as a private healthcare provider, the bulk of BMI Healthcare's revenue is generated through the treatment of insured and self-pay patients, with many being surgical in nature.
As with other private healthcare providers in 2012/13, recessionary pressures led to declining numbers of private patients, an increased push towards securing NHS funded business. It offers health services to corporate clients, providing health assessments, on-site education days, physiotherapy, GP Services, occupational health services and flu clinics to company employees. In April 2019 the firm closed the Somerfield Hospital in Maidstone. Fernbrae Hospital in Dundee is to close in May 2019. In May 2014 Brent Clinical Commissioning Group awarded a £5.8m ophthalmology contract to BMI Healthcare after a two-year hold up caused by complaints about the CCG's procurement procedure. The Woodlands Hospital in Darlington is used by South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust to help with elective surgery capacity problems in the winter; this involves the same surgeon working on a Sunday. 70% of the hospital's work is NHS funded. In 2017 around £370 million of the firm's income, 42%, came from NHS-funded work.
BMI Healthcare has seen increased numbers of international patients in recent years, with most international patients receiving treatment at London-based hospitals. The majority of patients BMI Healthcare treats are government sponsored from the Gulf regions of the Middle East. Insured patients living or travelling in the UK and self-paying patients from abroad make up the remainder of the international market BMI Healthcare treats. University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust has a contract for cardiac surgery performed by the trust's own surgeons at the London Independent Hospital; this is valve replacements and coronary artery bypass grafts. Patients spend 5–8 days in hospital and are admitted the night before to take account of travelling. In 2013, BMI Healthcare launched the Big Health Pledge to raise awareness of the UK's five biggest preventable killers: lung disease, heart disease, liver disease and stroke, it sought to promote healthier living through a range of initiatives in order to lessen the impact these diseases have on the British population.
From 9 September to 27 September 2013 BMI Healthcare supported participants taking part in Ask Italian's Grand tour, raising money for Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. BMI Healthcare provided nurses and physiotherapists to ensure those taking part remained injury free for the length of the tour. At the 2013 Independent Healthcare Awards run by Laing & Buisson, consultants from BMI Healthcare were shortlisted in the Innovation, Outstanding Contribution, Risk Management and Nursing Practice categories. Annie Ollivierre-Smith, Cath lab manager and lead cardiac nurse at BMI The London Independent Hospital, won Nurse of the year 2013, at the Nursing Times awards, she was the first nurse from the private sector to win the award. In 2011, BMI Healthcare became the first private healthcare provider in the UK to be awarded VTE exemplar status across all of its sites, recognising its efforts to reduce the health risks associated with Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary embolism. BMI Healthcare benefited from the expertise of King's Thrombosis Centre, leading to the creation of a National Thrombosis Team tasked with the implementation of VTE prevention policies across BMI Healthcare Hospitals.
Private hospital Private medicine in the UK
This is a list of alumni and faculty from the University of British Columbia. Bertram Brockhouse, BA 1947, Nobel laureate "for the development of neutron spectroscopy" Robert Mundell, BA 1953, Nobel laureate "for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas" Kanti Bajpai, former headmaster of The Doon School Amit Chakma, University of Western Ontario Patricia Churchland, philosopher John J. Clague, Geological Survey of Canada scientist and SFU professor Thomas Martin Franck, international law scholar. Louie, President and CEO of H. Y. Louie Co. Limited, Chairman of London Drugs Limited Kyle MacDonald and founder of the One red paperclip website John H. McArthur, BCom 1957, Dean Emeritus, Harvard Business School Henry McKinnell, CEO and Chairman of the Board, Pfizer Nadir Mohamed, BCom 1978, CEO, Rogers Communications Sarah Morgan-Silvester BCom 1982, former Chancellor, University of British Columbia Jim Pattison, Chief Executive Officer and sole owner of the Jim Pattison Group, the second largest held company in Canada Ben Rutledge, BCom 2006, Canadian rower and'08 Olympic gold medalist Gregg Saretsky, MBA 1984, President & CEO, WestJet William Sauder, BCom 1948, Chairman of International Forest Products Ltd. and Sauder Industries.
C. premier Lance Finch, Chief Justice of British Columbia John Fraser, former Speaker of the House of Commons and Progressive Conservative MP Garde Gardom, former Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia Robert Hampton Gray, awarded the Victoria Cross for heroism during World War II Mike Harcourt, former B. C. premier Nancy Heppner, Member of the Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly Russ Hiebert, Member of Parliament for South Surrey—White Rock—Cloverdale Frank Iacobucci, former Puisne Justice on the Supreme Court of Canada Ted Lee, former Head of the UN Economic and Social Affairs Section, former Ambassador to Israel, South Africa, former High Commissioner to Cypres, Swaziland, former Governor of Canada to the International Atomic Energy Agency Rob Marris, British Labour party MP Allan McEachern, former Chancellor of UBC and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia Michael Omolewa, historian and former President of UNESCO Gene
Shibakoen Station is a subway station on the Toei Mita Line in Minato, Japan, operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation. Shibakoen Station is served by the Toei Mita Line, lies 4.6 km from the starting point of the line at Meguro. It is numbered "I-05"; the station consists of two side platforms serving two tracks on the second basement level. The station opened on 27 November 1973. In fiscal 2011, the station was used by an average of 26,107 passengers daily. Shiba Park Jikei University School of Medicine Tokyo Tower Mielparque Tokyo National Route 15 List of railway stations in Japan Toei station information
Alfred William Parsons RA was an English artist: illustrator, landscape painter and garden designer. Alfred Parsons was well known for his English landscape paintings and fine botanical illustrations which brought him into contact with William Robinson, for whom he provided illustrations, he exhibited his art work from 1868 to 1919. He artistically designed significant gardens in England and some in Scotland and the United States. Parsons and his contemporaries believed that an artist could design better gardens, he won the Chantrey Bequest in 1887 and the published his book Notes From Japan in 1896. Parsons became President of the Society of Painters in Watercolours in 1905, among many other works, he illustrated Ellen Willmott's The Genus Rosa, he was a keen gardener and for the last six years of his life took care of his roses at Luggershill, Worcestershire, England. Alfred Parsons was born in Beckington near Frome, the son of Dr Joshua Parsons, a surgeon and dedicated gardener of alpines and correspondent of William Robinson, raised in London.
After being educated he started work as a clerk in the Post Office in 1867. After two years, he left the unsuitable desk-job to pursue studies at the Kensington School of Art, went on to exhibit at various galleries including the Grosvenor Gallery and the Royal Academy, where he exhibited every year from 1874 to the end of his life. Parsons, whose interest in "Englishness" paralleled the tastes of upper-class American émigrés, joined the notable artistic community in the village of Broadway in the Cotswolds, his associates included the American artists Francis Davis Millet, who remained Parson's closest friend until he drowned aboard the Titanic, Edwin Austin Abbey, with whom he collaborated in illustrated books. Through American contacts made while at the artists' colony he became an illustrator for Harper's Magazine, provided illustrations for books – including short stories by Thomas Hardy and travel books. Henry James noted that Parson's images of English country life mirrored the aspirations of Americans: Was it there that Mr. Parsons learned so well how Americans would like England to appear?...
The England of his pencil... is the England that the American imagination, restricted to itself, constructs from the poets, the novelists, from all the delightful testimony it inherits". The three men, Parsons and Abbey, lived together and entertained sociably at 54, Bedford Gardens, London. William Robinson asked him to provide illustrations for The Wild Garden: Or, Our Groves and Shrubberies Made Beautiful by the Naturalisation of Hardy Exotic Plants led to Robinson's invitation for Parsons to lend advice at his Gravetye Manor. Several artists engraved Parsons' illustrations; as it was the custom, he never engraved himself. Parsons' first garden commission, came through the architect Philip Webb, designing Clouds in Wiltshire for Mr and Mrs Percy Wyndham, prominent figures among the aesthetic-minded group called "The Souls": Parsons provided an unostentatious planting of spring bulbs, Magnolia × soulangeana and lilies, in a framework of clipped yews, wedding new and old elements. Parsons' long-lasting association with the Anglo-American group centred in Broadway, began in 1885, when Parsons and his London friends rented a house facing the Green, where John Singer Sargent began painting Carnation, Lily, Rose.
Parsons first made a garden for himself and his friends at Russell House facing the Evesham road at the western entrance to Broadway a garden setting for Mary Anderson, Mrs Antonio de Navarro at Court Farm and for himself, at Luggershill. Parsons' fine illustrated book, his only published text, Notes in Japan came from his visit to that country between 1892 and 1894. Ellen Willmott's The Genus Rosa, published in two volumes between 1910 and 1914, includes 132 watercolours of roses painted by Parsons between 1890 and 1908, which are now held by the Lindley Library in London. Willmott commissioned Parsons to paint her three gardens; as a designer of gardens, Parsons went into partnership in 1898 with Captain Walter Croker St-Ives Partridge, as Parsons and Partridge of Newbury, Berkshire. In 1884 they took into the partnership Charles Clement Tudway. Parson's restorations of old gardens and designs of sympathetic settings for old houses can be appreciated at 15th-century Great Chalfield Manor and at Elizabethan Littlecote House, both in Wiltshire.
Alfred Parsons and Walter Partridge worked on the gardens at Welbeck Abbey, 1899—1905 and at Bryngarw, Glamorganshire. An early essay was Wightwick Manor, a reproduction black-and-white house, for which Parsons provided the garden in 1887, he was elected Associate Member of the Royal Academy in 1897 and Royal Academician in 1911. Illustrated by Alfred Parsons: Robinson, William; the Wild Garden. Abbey, Edwin Austin. Old Songs, with drawings. Dobson, Austin; the quiet life: certain verses by various hands Quiller-Couch, Arthur Thomas. The Warwickshire Avon. Parsons, Alfred. Notes in Japan. Wordsworth, William. A Selection from the Sonnets of William Wordsworth with numerous Illustrations by Alfred Parsons. Wordsworth, William. Wordsworth 23 paintings by or after Alfred Parsons at the Art UK site Alfred Parsons. Alfred Parsons
SNORD67 is a non-coding RNA molecule which functions in the biogenesis of other small nuclear RNAs. This type of modifying RNA is located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell, a major site of snRNA biogenesis, it is known as a small nucleolar RNA and often referred to as a guide RNA. HBII-166 belongs to the C/D box class of snoRNAs which contain the conserved sequence motifs known as the C box and the D box. Most of the members of the box C/D family function in directing site-specific 2'-O-methylation of substrate RNAs.snoRNA HBII-166 is the human orthologue of the mouse MBII-166 and is predicted to guide 2'O-ribose methylation of spliceosomal RNA U6 at residue C60. Page for Small nucleolar RNA SNORD67 at Rfam Entry for SNORD67 at snoRNABase