click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Chet Atkins

Chester Burton Atkins, known as "Mr. Guitar" and "The Country Gentleman", was an American musician, occasional vocalist and record producer who, along with Owen Bradley, Bob Ferguson and others, created the country music style that came to be known as the Nashville sound, which expanded country music's appeal to adult pop music fans, he was known as a guitarist. He played the mandolin, fiddle and ukulele. Atkins's signature picking style was inspired by Merle Travis. Other major guitar influences were Django Reinhardt, George Barnes, Les Paul, Jerry Reed, his distinctive picking style and musicianship brought him admirers inside and outside the country scene, both in the United States and abroad. Atkins spent most of his career at RCA Victor and produced records for the Browns, Hank Snow, Porter Wagoner, Norma Jean, Dolly Parton, Dottie West, Perry Como, Floyd Cramer, Elvis Presley, the Everly Brothers, Eddy Arnold, Don Gibson, Jim Reeves, Jerry Reed, Skeeter Davis, Waylon Jennings, many others.

Rolling Stone credited Atkins with inventing the "popwise'Nashville sound' that rescued country music from a commercial slump," and ranked him number 21 on their list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists Of All Time." Among many other honors, Atkins received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. He received nine Country Music Association awards for Instrumentalist of the Year, he was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum. George Harrison was inspired by Chet Atkins. Atkins was born on June 20, 1924, in Luttrell, near Clinch Mountain, his parents divorced. He was the youngest of a girl, he started out on the ukulele moving on to the fiddle, but made a swap with his brother, when he was nine: an old pistol and some chores for a guitar. He stated in his 1974 autobiography, "We were so poor and everybody around us was so poor that it was the forties before anyone knew there had been a depression." Forced to relocate to Fortson, outside of Columbus, to live with his father because of a critical asthma condition, Atkins was a sensitive youth who made music his obsession.

Because of his illness, he was forced to sleep in a straight-back chair to breathe comfortably. On those nights, he played his guitar until he fell asleep holding it, a habit that lasted his whole life. While living in Fortson, he attended the historic Mountain Hill School, he returned in the 1990s to play a series of charity concerts to save the school from demolition. Stories have been told about the young Chet, when a friend or relative would come to visit and play guitar, would crowd in and put his ear so close to the instrument that it became difficult for the visitor to play. Atkins became an accomplished guitarist, he used the restroom in the school to practice. His first guitar was so bowed that only the first few frets could be used, he purchased a semi-acoustic electric guitar and amp, but he had to travel many miles to find an electrical outlet, since his home didn't have electricity. In life, he lightheartedly gave himself the honorary degree CGP. In 2011, his daughter Merle Atkins Russell bestowed the CGP degree on his longtime sideman Paul Yandell.

She declared no more CGPs would be allowed by the Atkins estate. His half-brother, was a successful guitarist who worked with the Les Paul Trio in New York. Atkins did not have a strong style of his own until 1939, when he heard Merle Travis picking over WLW radio; this early influence shaped his unique playing style. Whereas Travis's right hand used his index finger for the melody and thumb for bass notes, Atkins expanded his right-hand style to include picking with his first three fingers, with the thumb on bass. Chet Atkins was an amateur radio general class licensee. Using the call sign WA4CZD, he obtained the vanity call sign W4CGP in 1998 to include the CGP designation, which stood for "Certified Guitar Picker", he was a member of the American Radio Relay League. After dropping out of high school in 1942, Atkins landed a job at WNOX-AM radio in Knoxville, where he played fiddle and guitar with the singer Bill Carlisle and the comic Archie Campbell and became a member of the station's Dixieland Swingsters, a small swing instrumental combo.

After three years, he moved to WLW-AM in Cincinnati, where Merle Travis had worked. After six months, he moved to Raleigh and worked with Johnnie and Jack before heading for Richmond, where he performed with Sunshine Sue Workman. Atkins's shy personality worked against him, as did the fact that his sophisticated style led many to doubt he was "country", he was fired but was soon able to land another job at another radio station on account of his unique playing ability. Atkins and Jethro Burns married twin sisters and Lois Johnson, who sang as Laverne and Fern Johnson, the Johnson Sisters. Leona Atkins outlived her husband by eight years, dying in 2009 at the age of 85. Travelling to Chicago, Atkins auditioned for Red Foley, leaving his star position on WLS-AM's National Barn Dance to join the Grand Ole Opry. Atkins made his first appearance at the Opry in 1946 as a member of Foley's band, he recorded a single for Nashville-based Bullet Records that year. That single, "Guitar Blues", was fairly

Jungle style (firearm magazines)

The term "jungle style" refers to the practice of securing two or more magazines together with tape, clamps or other means with the spare inverted in relation to the one fitted to the weapon. This jungle style configuration is used to speed up the process of reloading, since a loaded magazine is attached to the one in use. Disadvantages include an increase in the risk of stoppages due to the exposure of the rounds and magazine lips to dirt, possible loss of ammunition, that the extra length of two magazines together can raise the profile of a soldier in the prone position. To counter these drawbacks, some manufactures, such as SIG and Heckler & Koch, have designed magazines with studs and cradles which permit extra ammunition to be carried parallel mated in an upright position without the need for tape or clamps. Ram-Line high-capacity magazines for Ruger 10/22 semi-automatic.22 LR rifles are equipped with pins and sockets to allow them to be coupled together. The practice of "jungle style" magazines originated in World War II for the M1 carbine, M3 "Grease Gun" and Thompson submachine gun.

Audie Murphy, one of the most decorated American combat soldiers of World War II, was reported to have utilized taped M1 carbine magazines. Thompson submachine gun users taped two 20-round magazines together to speed reloads and compensate for the limited capacity; this spurred official development of the 30-round Thompson magazine, which included the experiment of welding two 20-round magazines face-to-face. The United Defense M42 submachine gun was issued with two 20-round magazines welded face-to-face. Taping magazines together in order to speed up reloading became so common among troops using the M1 Carbine that the U. S. military experimented with the "Holder, Magazine T3-A1", which came to be referred to by some infantrymen as the "Jungle Clip". This metal clamp holds two M1 Carbine 30-round magazines together without the need for tape

Insurgents' bodies incident

The Insurgents' bodies incident is an incident involving American soldiers and Afghan policemen who posed with body parts of dead insurgents during the War in Afghanistan. On April 18, 2012 the Los Angeles Times released photos of U. S. soldiers from the 82nd Airborne Division posing with body parts of dead insurgents, after a soldier in the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division gave the photos to the LA Times to draw attention to "a breakdown in security and professionalism" among U. S. troops operating in Afghanistan. The incident involved a paratrooper platoon from the 82nd Airborne Division, charged with two missions which involved the inspecting and identifying of the remains of insurgent suicide bombers; the first mission occurred in Afghanistan's Zabol province in February 2010. The platoon went to a police station in the provincial capital of Qalat where the Afghan police kept the mangled remains of a person whose legs were severed; the paratroopers were told by the police that the severed legs belonged to a suicide bomber whose explosives detonated as he tried to attack a police unit.

Posing with members of the Afghan police some paratroopers held the corpse's severed legs. The second mission led the platoon to the morgue in Qalat in late April or early May 2010 according to the Los Angeles Times. Here the paratroopers should identify three insurgents whose explosives had detonated accidentally as they were preparing a roadside bomb according to Afghan police; the soldiers obtained a few fingerprints and posed grinning and mugging for photographs next to the remains. The Los Angeles Times reports: "Two soldiers posed holding a dead man's hand with the middle finger raised. A soldier leaned over the bearded corpse. Someone placed an unofficial platoon patch reading "Zombie Hunter" next to other remains and took a picture." The Los Angeles Times showed copies of the whole 18 photos to the U. S. Army which launched an investigation into the incident. Army spokesman George Wright said that posing with corpses for photographs outside of sanctioned purposes is a violation of Army standards.

"Such actions fall short of what we expect of our uniformed service members in deployed areas." According to Wright, who said that after the end of the investigation the Army would "take appropriate action" against the involved persons. U. S. Army spokeswoman LTC Margaret Kageleiry told the L. A. Times that most of the soldiers which are seen on the photos have been identified. U. S. Secretary of Defense Leon E. Panetta called the soldiers behaviour unacceptable, promised a full investigation and said about the soldiers behaviour in comparison to the U. S. armed forces in general: "This is not who we are, it's not what we represent when it comes to the great majority of men and women in uniform." The actions of the soldiers were condemned by General John Allen, commander of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. US Ambassador to Afghanistan Ryan Crocker said: "The actions were morally repugnant, dishonor the sacrifices of hundreds of thousands of U. S. soldiers and civilians who have served with distinction in Afghanistan, do not represent the core values of the United States or our military."

The New York Times reported that according to White House sources President Obama called for an investigation of the matter and said that those responsible would be held accountable. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid called the pictures disrespectful, condemned both the U. S. soldiers involved in the pictures as well as the Afghan police featured in them. "We condemn these occupiers and their puppets who are without culture, who are brutal and inhumane," Mujahid said. "Next to these occupiers there are some Afghans—puppets—who were ordered to stand next to the bodies of the martyrs." Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that it is "a disgusting act to take photos with body parts and share it with others". As of 19 April 2012, there has been no news of mass protests by the Afghan people such as after the Quran burnings in February 2012, which Afghan lawmakers ascribe to the Afghan people's lack of sympathy for suicide bombers. Mohammad Naim Lalai Hamidzai, a parliamentarian from southern Kandahar, told the Associated Press that "the people of Afghanistan remember the killing of innocent people by suicide bombers and people do not have a good image of these suicide bombers.

The burning of Qurans and the killing of children create emotions in people, but there is no sympathy for suicide bombers who kill innocent people." Another reason for the muted reaction in Afghanistan was that evening TV bulletins did not show the photos, that many ordinary Afghans have no internet access

Selected Works: 1972–1999

Selected Works: 1972–1999 is a compilation box set by the Eagles, released in 2000. The box set consists of four CDs featuring their greatest hits, album tracks unreleased live performances recorded on 29–31st December 1999 in Las Vegas and Los Angeles and 44-page booklet; this set chronicles their work from their debut 1972 self-titled album Eagles to the 1999 millennium concert performed at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, December 31, 1999. Glenn Freyvocals, acoustic guitar, electric guitar, keyboards, synthesizer, clavinet, Wurlitzer electric piano, slide guitar Don Henley – vocals, percussion, acoustic guitar, electric guitar, synthesizer Randy Meisner – vocals, guitarron Bernie Leadon – vocals, electric guitar, acoustic guitar, mandolin, pedal steel guitar Don Felder – electric guitar, acoustic guitar, slide guitar, pedal steel guitar, Hammond organ, backing vocals Joe Walsh – vocals, electric guitar, acoustic guitar, Fender Rhodes, Hammond organ, piano, slide guitar Timothy B.

Schmit – vocals, bass Sidemen Jim Ed Norman – piano, string arrangements David Sanborn – alto saxophone Scott Cragodrums, percussionTechnical Glyn Johns – record production, engineer Bill Szymczyk – record production, engineer

John Clarke (Baptist minister)

John Clarke was a physician, Baptist minister, co-founder of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, author of its influential charter, a leading advocate of religious freedom in America. Clarke was born in Westhorpe, England, he received an extensive education, including a master's degree in England followed by medical training in Leiden, Holland. He arrived at the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1637 during the Antinomian Controversy and decided to go to Aquidneck Island with many exiles from the conflict, he became a co-founder of Portsmouth and Newport, Rhode Island, he established America's second Baptist church in Newport. Baptists were considered heretics and were banned from Massachusetts, but Clarke wanted to make inroads there and spent time in the Boston jail after making a mission trip to the town of Lynn, Massachusetts. Following his poor treatment in prison, he went to England where he published a book on the persecutions of the Baptists in Massachusetts and on his theological beliefs.

The fledgling Rhode Island colony needed an agent in England, so he remained there for more than a decade handling the colony's interests. The other New England colonies were hostile to Rhode Island, both Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut Colony had made incursions into Rhode Island territory. After the restoration of the monarchy in England in 1660, it was imperative that Rhode Island receive a royal charter to protect its territorial integrity, it was Clarke's role to obtain such a document, he saw this as an opportunity to include religious freedoms never seen before in any constitutional charter. He wrote ten petitions and letters to King Charles II and negotiated for months with Connecticut over territorial boundaries, he drafted the Rhode Island Royal Charter and presented it to the king, it was approved with the king's seal on 8 July 1663. This charter granted unprecedented freedom and religious liberty to Rhode Islanders and remained in effect for 180 years, making it the longest-lasting constitutional charter in history.

Clarke returned to Rhode Island following his success at procuring the charter. He left an extensive will, he was an avid proponent of the notion of soul-liberty, included in the Rhode Island charter—and in the United States Constitution. John Clarke was born at Westhorpe in the county of Suffolk and was baptized there on 8 October 1609, he was one of seven children of Thomas Clarke and Rose Kerrich, six of whom left England and settled in New England. No definitive record has been found concerning his life in England other than the parish records of his baptism and those of his siblings. Clarke was highly educated, judging from the fact that he arrived in New England at the age of 28 qualified as both a physician and a Baptist minister, his many years of study become evident through a book that he wrote and published in 1652, through his masterful authorship of the Rhode Island Royal Charter of 1663. The difficulty with tracing Clarke's life in England stems from his common name. Rhode Island historian George Andrews Moriarty, Jr wrote that this was the same John Clarke who attended St Catharine's College, but he may have received a bachelor's degree from Brasenose College, Oxford in 1628 and a master's degree there in 1632.

Another clue to his education comes from a catalog of students from Leiden University in Holland, one of Europe's primary medical schools at the time. The school's ledger of graduates includes, in Latin, "Johannes Clarcq, Anglus, 17 July 1635-273", it is apparent that Clarke earned a master's degree from the concordance that he wrote, where the authorship is given as "John Clarke, Master of Arts". Clarke arrived in Boston in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in November 1637 when the colony was in the midst of the major theological and political crisis known as the Antinomian Controversy. A major division had occurred within the Boston church between proponents of so-called "covenant of grace" theology, led by John Cotton, proponents of so-called "covenant of works", led by John Wilson and others; the controversy resulted in many people leaving Massachusetts Bay Colony, either voluntarily or by banishment. Some went north in November 1637 to found the town of Exeter, New Hampshire, while a larger group were uncertain where to go.

They contacted Roger Williams, who suggested that they purchase land from the Narragansett people along the Narragansett Bay, near his settlement of Providence Plantations. John Clarke went with both groups, based on what he wrote in his book: "By reason of the suffocating heat of the summer before, I went to the North to be somewhat cooler, but the winter following proved so cold, that we were forced in the spring to make towards the South." Clarke joined a group of men at the Boston home of William Coddington on 7 March 1638, they drafted the Portsmouth Compact. Some historians suggest. 23 men signed the document, intended to form a "Bodie Politick" based on Christian principles, Coddington was chosen as the leader of the group. Roger Williams suggested two places where the exiles could settle on the Narraganset Bay: Sowams and Aquidneck Island. Williams was uncertain about English claims to these lands, so Cla

Young Jessie

Obediah Donnell "Obie" Jessie, is an American R&B and jazz singer and songwriter. He recorded as Young Jessie in the 1950s and 1960s, was known for his solo career, work with The Flairs and a brief stint in The Coasters. More he has performed and recorded jazz as Obie Jessie. Jessie's father had no musical background, his mother, Malinda was musical, playing piano and other instruments. On his mother's side of the family, Jessie was kin to blues musician Blind Lemon Jefferson. In 1946, he moved with his family to Los Angeles, where he began studying music, formed a vocal group, The Debonaires, which included Richard Berry; the group recorded Jessie's song, "I Had A Love", in 1953, the single was released under the name of The Hollywood Blue Jays. They renamed themselves as The Flairs, won a recording contract with Modern Records. However, in 1954 Jessie signed a solo contract with producers Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, began recording as "Young Jessie", he said: " came about because I sounded like I was forty, like ancient for a boy of 17.

I had this deep baritone voice and the Biharis wanted me to get close to the rock'n' roll market. I could have called myself Obie Jessie but I didn't want people to think I was old."In 1955 he wrote and recorded the single "Mary Lou," covered by Ronnie Hawkins in 1959, Steve Miller Band in 1973, Bob Seger in 1976, Gene Clark in 1977, Frank Zappa in 1983 and The Oblivians in 1997. In 1956, he released "Hit Git And Split", co-written with Buck Ram and recorded in New York City with guitarist Mickey Baker, he briefly recorded with The Coasters in 1957, appeared on records by The Crescendos and Johnny Morisette, as well as being a writer for other artists' recordings, including The Chargers and Jimmy Norman. He released the single "Shuffle In the Gravel"/"Make Believe", again produced by Leiber and Stoller, on the Atco label in 1957. Jessie moved on to record jazz for the Capitol label, novelty records for Mercury in the early 1960s, soul ballads for the Vanessa label in 1963, but with little commercial success.

He recorded some unreleased material for Jake Porter in the 1960s. He did an album's worth of songs owned by Harvey Fuqua in the 1970s that never got released. In 1972, he recorded a single as Obe The Seeds Of Freedom for Stone Dogg Records, he formed a jazz group, the Obie Jessie Combo, which played club dates, in 1976 became musical director for Esther Phillips. In 1982 he toured in Europe and recorded jazz in Germany, in 1983 performed at an "R & B Jamboree" in London, where he "astonished the audience with a charismatic performance." He has performed with Leon Hughes' group of The Coasters. As Obie Jessie, he released several jazz albums, including What Happened To Jr. Here's To Life, New Atmosphere, he recorded with Atlanta-based saxophonist Bob Miles, performed on the song "People The Time Has Come" with lyrics by Nadim Sulaiman Ali. His younger brother DeWayne Jessie became an actor, became well known as Otis Day in the film National Lampoon's Animal House. Two of Young Jessie's four children sang in a group called Wizdom in the 1980s.

"I Smell A Rat" / "Lonesome Desert" "Mary Lou" / "Don't Think I Will" "Nothing Seems Right" / "Do You Love Me" "Hot Dog" "Hit Git And Split" / "It Don't Happen No More" "Oochie Coochie" / "Here Comes Henry" "Shuffle In The Gravel" / "Make Believe" "Shuffle In The Gravel" / "Make Believe" "Margie" / "That's Enough For Me" "Shuffle In The Gravel" / "Make Believe" "Lulu Belle" / "The Wrong Door" "Teacher, Gimme Back" / "My Country Cousin" "Be Bop Country Boy" / "Big Chief" "I’m A Lovin' Man" / "Too Fine For Cryin'2 "Mary Lou" / "You Were Meant For Me" "Make Me Feel A Little Good" / "Brown Eyes" "Young Jessie’s Bossanova Part 1" / "Part 2" "Who's The Blame" / "Beautiful Day My Brother" Chuck Jackson And Young Jessie R & B Jamboree Hit Git And Split Shuffle In The Gravel Shufflin And Jivin I’m Gone What Happened To Jr. Here’s To Life New Atmosphere Young Jessie on Myspace Young Jessie discography The Coasters Web Site Marv Goldberg's R&B Notebooks - The Flairs Allmusic - Young Jessie Allmusic - Obie Jessie