A chevra kadisha is an organization of Jewish men and women who see to it that the bodies of deceased Jews are prepared for burial according to Jewish tradition and are protected from desecration, willful or not, until burial. Two of the main requirements are the showing of proper respect for a corpse, the ritual cleansing of the body and subsequent dressing for burial, it is referred to as a burial society in English. The task of the chevra kadisha is considered a laudable one, as tending to the dead is a favour that the recipient cannot return, making it devoid of ulterior motives, its work is therefore referred to as a chesed shel emet, paraphrased from Genesis 47:30. At the heart of the society's function is the ritual of tahara, or purification; the body is first cleansed of dirt, bodily fluids and solids, anything else that may be on the skin, is ritually purified by immersion in, or a continuous flow of, water from the head over the entire body. Tahara may refer to the ritual purification.
Once the body is purified, the body is dressed in tachrichim, or shrouds, of white pure muslin or linen garments made up of ten pieces for a male and twelve for a female, which are identical for each Jew and which symbolically recalls the garments worn by the Kohen Gadol. Once the body is shrouded, the casket is closed. For burial in Israel, however, a casket is not used in most cemeteries; the society may provide shomrim, or watchers, to guard the body from theft, vermin, or desecration until burial. In some communities this is done by people close to the departed or by paid shomrim hired by the funeral home. At one time, the danger of theft of the body was real. A specific task of the burial society is tending to the dead; these are termed a meit mitzvah, as tending to a meit mitzvah overrides any other positive commandment of Torah law, an indication of the high premium the Torah places on the honor of the dead. Many burial societies hold one or two annual fast days and organise regular study sessions to remain up-to-date with the relevant articles of Jewish law.
In addition, most burial societies support families during the shiv'ah by arranging prayer services and other facilities. While burial societies were, in Europe a community function, in the United States it has become far more common for societies to be organized by each synagogue. However, not every synagogue has such a society. In the late 19th and early 20th century, chevra kadisha societies were formed as landsmanshaft fraternal societies in the United States; some landsmanshaftn were burial societies while others were "independent" groups split off from the chevras. There were 20,000 such landsmanshaftn in the U. S. at one time. Asra Kadisha Chesed Shel Emes Hebrew Free Burial Association Landsmanshaft Misaskim ZAKA Chesed Shel Emet: The Truest Act of Kindness, Rabbi Stuart Kelman, October, 2000, EKS Publishing Co. ISBN 0-939144-33-6. A Plain Pine Box: A Return to Simple Jewish Funerals and Eternal Traditions, Rabbi Arnold M. Goodman, 1981, 2003, KTAV Publishing House, ISBN 0-88125-787-7. Tahara Manual of Practices including Halacha Decisions of Hagaon Harav Moshe Feinstein, zt'l, Rabbi Mosha Epstein, 1995, 2000, 2005.
National Association of Chevra Kadisha Official Website
Abduction of the Wizard is a 1989 Soviet science fiction film directed by Viktor Kobzev and based on the novel of the same name by Kir Bulychev. The action takes place in Belarus in the 1980s; the young graduate student Anna comes to her native village to her grandmother's house which she has not visited in 12 years. In the peaceful village she is preparing to write her thesis. Two strangers appear in the house and claim that the landlady of this house rented it yesterday to them for two weeks. Events develop and it turns out that strangers got into the twentieth century from the future — the 28th century, with the help of a time machine. Historian Kin and physicist Jules are searching for unrecognized geniuses whose life ended before their time, their goal is to send such geniuses without changing the course of history. Here they have an intermediate stop and they need to go further, in the 13th century, to find there a certain boyar Roman, who lived at that time in these parts, take him with them to the future.
From the chronicles it is known that he invented gunpowder and the printing press, died when the city was taken by the Crusaders. From their point of view, he is a genius, according to his contemporaries he is a sorcerer. Involuntarily Anna becomes involved in an dangerous adventure. Jules and Kin, with the help of special equipment, receive an sound from the past, they see. After finding out the situation, Jules goes after the genius; the only one who can come to his rescue is Anna. She proposes to send herself to the past and using her similarity to princess Magdalena to help him escape from the prison; the true genius, as it turns out to be, is not Roman, but his ugly and at first inconspicuous assistant Akiplesha. He is saved before the final destruction of the city. Anna is safely transferred back in her time. Yulia Aug — Anna Mazurkiewicz / Princess Magdalena Romualdas Ramanauskas — Kin Vladimirovich, a historian from the future, he is a "restorer Terenty Ivanovich Vasiliev" Sergey Varchuk — Jules Valent, junior researcher from the future Vladimir Gostyukhin — Akiplesha Victor Soloviev — boyar Roman Andrei Boltnev — Landmaster Friedrich von Kockenhausen Lev Borisov — grandfather Gennady Andrei Zhagars — Prince Vyacheslav, son of Polotsk prince Boris Romanovich Vitaly Chetkov — the boy Gluzd, monk Sulev Luik — Bishop Albert of Riga Lyudmila Xenofontova — aunt of Magdalena Valentin Golubenko — The Mages Nartai Begalin — Polovets Abduction of the Wizard on IMDb
The Marshall Hotel is a historic residential hotel located at 1232 N. LaSalle Street in the Near North Side neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. Built in 1927, the hotel was one of several residential hotels built to house an influx of workers to Chicago in the 1920s. While the hotel offered rooms to both temporary and permanent residents, census records indicate that most of its residents were permanent. Architect Edmund Meles, who designed several hotels and apartment buildings in Chicago in the 1920s, designed the building in a mix of the Classical Revival and Renaissance Revival styles; the building has a brick exterior and features a limestone arched entrance, arched lintels with keystones around the first-floor windows, limestone quoins, a pediment with an urn. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 27, 2017