click links in text for more info

Chevron (insignia)

A chevron is a V-shaped mark inverted. The word is used in reference to a kind of fret in architecture, or to a badge or insignia used in military or police uniforms to indicate rank or length of service, or in heraldry and the designs of flags; the chevron occurs in early art including designs on rock carvings. Examples can be found 1800 BC in archaeological recovery of pottery designs from the palace of Knossos on Crete in the modern day country of Greece. Sparta used a capital lambda on their shields. A chevron is one of the ordinaries in heraldry, one of the simple geometrical figures which are the chief images in many coat of arms, it can be subject to a number of modifications including inversion. When the ends are cut off in a way that looks like the splintered ends of a broken piece of wood, with an irregular zig-zag pattern, it is called éclaté; when shown as a smaller size than standard, it is a diminutive called a chevronel. Chevrons appeared early in the history of heraldry in Normandy.

In Scandinavia the chevron is known as sparre. Chevrons are found among the insignias and heraldries of many of the earliest higher education institutions in the United States and the United Kingdom. In areas observing Commonwealth of Nations or United States doctrine, chevrons are used as an insignia of enlisted or NCO rank by military forces and by police. One chevron designates a private or lance corporal, two a corporal, three a sergeant. One to four "rockers" may be incorporated to indicate various grades of sergeant. In the U. S. Army and Marine Corps, chevrons point towards the neck. S. Air Force and Coast Guard, in Commonwealth usage, they point away from the neck. In the Commonwealth, the correct terminology for rank chevrons includes the number of stripes, called "bars", the sergeants' insignia is properly termed a "3-bar chevron". Canadian and Australian Forces refer to chevrons as "hooks". In the Dutch armed forces they are nicknamed "bananas". In the British Army, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force, chevrons are worn point down to denote NCO rank, with one for lance corporal, two for corporal, three for sergeant, three with a crown for Staff Sergeant or Flight Sergeant.

Branch and tradition results in variations in rank spellings. Large chevrons are worn on the sleeves of Royal Navy sailors to denote good conduct rather than rank. Although associated with Non-Commissioned Officers, the chevron was used as an insignia to denote General Officer ranks in the British Army, it was adopted from the insignia worn by cavalry during the 18th Century, in particular the Household Cavalry. It was worn on the cuffs and tails of their coats, embroidered in gold bullion for the guards and silver for Dragoons Regiments. George III favoured the uniform of the Horse Guards, his Windsor Uniform followed a similar pattern. After 1768, A similar pattern uniform as worn the King was introduced to General Officers, with the number and spacing of the chevrons denoting rank. For example, a Major General would wear his chevrons in pairs: two on the sleeves, two on the tails. A Lieutenant General would wear them in groups of three, a full General's would be equidistant; this practice continued into the early Victorian Era.

In vexillology, a chevron is the term used for a triangle on the hoist of a flag. It is used in several national flags, including the flag of Cuba, the flag of the Czech Republic, the flag of Jordan, as a few examples. In some armies, small chevrons are worn on the lower left sleeve to indicate length of service, akin to service stripes in the U. S. military. The Israel Defense Forces use chevrons in various orientations as organizational designators on their vehicles which company within a battalion they belong to. French car maker, Citroën uses a double chevron as its logo. Chevrons on their side are used as road signs to denote bends. From the early 1950s until the early 2000s Simplex and many other companies manufactured the chevron series fire alarm manual pull station; the handle was shaped in a way were the handle looked like an inverted chevron

Wiley's Seaplane Port

Wiley's Seaplane Port is a seaplane base on the Willamette River in Lake Oswego, within the Portland metropolitan area. It was activated in March 1979, run by Dave Wiley for nearly 30 years. Wiley, a founder of the Columbia Seaplane Pilots Association, was one of two pilots killed in a Willamette River floatplane crash on July 28, 2007. After an investigation, the National Transportation Safety Board reported probable cause of the crash was "corrosion" and a "fatigue fracture" involving the left wing of the 67-year-old float-equipped Taylorcraft BF12 owned by Wiley. Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for 2OG3 AirNav airport information for 2OG3 FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for 2OG3 "Field Director Profile: Dave Wiley". Seaplane Pilots Association. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2011-01-23. History: Dave Wiley, 1999 SPA Pilot of the Year, from the website of the Columbia Seaplane Pilots Association

Mai Xuân Hợp

Mai Xuân Hợp is Vietnamese former player and football manager. He was a member of Vietnam U23 played at 2009 Southeast Asian Games, his favourite positions are full back. Mai Xuân Hợp came from a football family, his father Mai Xuân Thanh was an amateur footballer, His passion for football made him determined for his son to become a quality player. He brought him proper training equipments, he played for Thanh Hóa youth team in four years from 2001–2005. Later on he signed a professional contract with the club and became an important member of the team. In November 2008, a month after winning the 2008 Merdeka Cup with U22 Vietnam, Mai Xuân Hợp signed a three-year contract with Thể Công for a transfer fee of 3.5 billion Vietnamese đồng, selling transfer record of the club at that moment. At that time though Hợp never wanted to leave the club but due to financial crisis, Thanh Hóa is forced to sell their best players. Mai Xuân Hợp made his debut for Thể Công in the first match of 2009 season against Hà Nội T&T F.

C. however, he couldn't establish a regular stating position for the rest of the season. Mai Xuân Hợp made his debut for Vietnam in 2008. Mai Xuân Hợp at Nước mắt Mai Xuân Hợp

Love Song (M-Flo song)

"Love Song" is M-Flo's twenty-second single under Rhythm Zone. It contains 2 new songs for their next 2007 album, Cosmicolor, a remix of "Lotta Love", instrumentals, it was released on November 8, 2006. First pressings of the single will include CD-Extra footage of a live "Summer Time Love" performance. "Love Song" is Bonnie Pink's twenty-sixth single. M-Flo Loves Bonnie Pink – "Love Song" – 5:44 M-Flo Loves Doping Panda – "She Loves the Cream" – 6:45 M-Flo Loves Minmi – "Lotta Love: Yasutaka Nakata Capsule Mix" – 7:09 M-Flo Loves Bonnie Pink – "Love Song: Instrumental" – 5:44 M-Flo Loves Doping Panda – "She Loves the Cream: Instrumental" – 6:45

Trabecular cartilage

Trabecular cartilages are paired, rod-shaped cartilages, which develop in the head of the vertebrate embryo. They are the primordia of the anterior part of the cranial base, are derived from the cranial neural crest cells; the trabecular cartilages appear as a paired, rod-shaped cartilages at the ventral side of the forebrain and lateral side of the adenohypophysis in the vertebrate embryo. During development, their anterior ends form the trabecula communis, their posterior ends fuse with the caudal-most parachordal cartilages. Most skeletons are of mesodermal origin in vertebrates. Axial skeletal elements, such as the vertebrae, are derived from the paraxial mesoderm, regulated by molecular signals from the notochord. Trabecular cartilages, originate from the neural crest, since they are located anterior to the rostral tip of the notochord, they cannot receive signals from the notochord. Due to these specialisations, their essential role in cranial development, many comparative morphologists and embryologists have argued their developmental or evolutionary origins.

The general theory is that the trabecular cartilage is derived from the neural crest mesenchyme which fills anterior to the mandibular arch. As seen in the lamprey, Cyclostome has a pair of cartilaginous rods in the embryonic head, similar to the trabecular cartilages in jawed vertebrates. However, in 1916, Alexej Nikolajevich Sewertzoff pointed out that the cranial base of the lamprey is originated from the paraxial mesoderm. In 1948, Alf Johnels reported the detail of the skeletogenesis of the lamprey, showed that the “trabecular cartilages” in lamprey appear just beside the notochord, in a similar position to the parachordal cartilages in jawed vertebrates. Recent experimental studies showed that the cartilages are derived from the head mesoderm; the “trabecular cartilages” in the Cyclostome is no longer considered to be the homologue of the trabecular in the jawed vertebrates: the trabecular cartilages were firstly acquired in the Gnathostome lineage. The trabecular cartilages were first described in the grass snake by Martin Heinrich Rathke at 1839.

In 1874, Thomas Henry Huxley suggested that the trabecular cartilages are a modified part of the splanchnocranium: they arose as the serial homologues of the pharyngeal arches. The vertebrate jaw is thought to be the modification of the mandibular arch. Since the trabecular cartilages appear anterior to the mandibular arch, if the trabecular cartilages are serial homologues of the pharyngeal arches, ancestral vertebrates should possess more than one pharyngeal arch anterior to the mandibular arch; the existence of premandibular arch has been accepted by many comparative embryologists and morphologists. Moreover, Erik Stensio reported premandibular arches and the corresponding branchiomeric nerves by the reconstruction of the Osteostracans However, the existence of the premandibular arch has been rejected, the trabecular cartilages are no longer assumed to be one of the pharyngeal arches. Couly GF, Coltey PM, Le Douarin NM. 1993. The triple origin of skull in higher vertebrates: A study in quail-chick chimeras.

Development 117:409?429. de Beer GR. 1937. The Development of the Vertebrate Skull. Oxford University Press, London


Safita is a city in the Tartous Governorate, northwestern Syria, located to the southeast of Tartous and to the northwest of Krak des Chevaliers. It is situated on the tops of three hills and the valleys between them, in the Syrian Coastal Mountain Range. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Safita had a population of 20,301 in the 2004 census. Safita is located on a site; the archaeological remains at the site of Tell Kazel were identified as the Phoenician city of Sumur mentioned in the Amarna letters. Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse founded the County of Tripoli; the Knights Templar, to whom the lands of the region were given, built the fortress known today as the "Chastel Blanc". The fortress sits on a strategic observation point, from there it maintains eye contact with the network of fortresses of the Templar Order and Tartus on the coast in the northwest, Chastel Rouge in the southwest and Krak des Chevaliers in the southeast; the Mamluk Sultan Baibars managed to capture Safita in 1271 to become under Muslim rule.

The Crusader fortress "Chastel Blanc", a square tower built in 1202, is well preserved and rises to a height of 28 meters. It is 31 meters long. Among its walls, 3 meters high, is a chapel dedicated to St. Michael and serving the Greek Orthodox community of the city; the second floor of the building, which can be ascended in a stone staircase, was used as a dormitory and is illuminated by firing slits. Beneath the tower was a water cistern, used by the inhabitants of the fortress. Marrickville, New South Wales, Australia