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Chhattisgarh is one of the 28 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country. It is the ninth-largest state in India, with an area of 135,192 km2. With a 2011 population of 25.5 million, Chhattisgarh is the 16th-most populated state in the country. A resource-rich state, it is a source of electricity and steel for the country, accounting for 15% of the total steel produced as well as large contributor of coal. Chhattisgarh is one of the fastest-developing states in India; the state was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning ten Chhattisgarhi and six Gondi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh. The capital city is Raipur. Chhattisgarh borders the states of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in northeast, Maharashtra in the southwest and Andhra Pradesh in the south, Odisha in the southeast; the state comprises 30 districts. The Gross State Domestic Product of Chhattisgarh is ₹3.63 lakh crore and the per capita GSDP ₹102,762 There are several opinions as to the origin of the name Chhattisgarh, which in ancient times was known as Dakshina Kosala, The native place of bhagwan Rama as his mother name was Kausalya, daughter of Kaushal Naresh.

"Chhattisgarh" was popularised during the time of the Maratha Empire and was first used in an official document in 1795. It is claimed; the old state had 36 demesnes: Ratanpur, Kharound, Kautgarh, Sondhi, Padarbhatta, Champa, Chhuri, Matin, Pendra, Kurkuti-kandri, Patan, Singarpur, Omera, Saradha, Menhadi, Sirpur, Rajim, Suvarmar and Akaltara. However, experts do not agree with this explanation, as 36 forts cannot be archaeologically identified in this region. Another view, more popular with experts and historians, is that Chhattisgarh is the corrupted form of Chedisgarh meaning Raj or "Empire of the Chedis". In ancient times, Chhattisgarh region had been part of the Chedi dynasty of Kalinga, in modern Odisha. In the medieval period up to 1803, a major portion of present eastern Chhattisgarh was part of the Sambalpur Kingdom of Odisha; the northern and southern parts of the state are hilly. The highest point in the state is the Gaurlata. Deciduous forests of the Eastern Highlands Forests cover 44% of the state.

The state animal is wild Asian buffalo. The state bird is hill myna; the state tree is the Sal found in Bastar division. In the north lies the edge of the great Indo-Gangetic plain; the Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges, drains this area. The eastern end of the Satpura Range and the western edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau form an east-west belt of hills that divide the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain; the outline of Chhattisgarh is like a sea horse. The central part of the state lies in the fertile upper basin of the Mahanadi river and its tributaries; this area has extensive rice cultivation. The upper Mahanadi basin is separated from the upper Narmada basin to the west by the Maikal Hills and from the plains of Odisha to the east by ranges of hills; the southern part of the state lies on the Deccan plateau, in the watershed of the Godavari River and its tributary, the Indravati River. The Mahanadi is the chief river of the state; the other main rivers are Hasdeo, Indravati, Jonk and Shivnath.

It is situated in the east of Madhya Pradesh. The natural environment of Koriya in Chhattisgarh includes forests, mountains and waterfalls. Koriya was a princely state during the British rule in India. Koriya is known for its mineral deposits. Coal is found in this part of the country; the dense forests are rich in wildlife. The Amrit Dhara Waterfall, Koriya's main attraction, is a natural waterfall which originates from the Hasdeo River; the fall is situated seven kilometres from Koriya on the Manendragarh-Baikunthpur road. The Amrit Dhara Waterfall falls from a height of 27 m, it is 3–4.5 m wide. Chirimiri is one of the more popular places, known for its natural environment and climate, in Chhattisgarh; the climate of Chhattisgarh is tropical. It is hot and humid because of its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer and its dependence on the monsoons for rains. Summer temperatures in Chhattisgarh can reach up to 49 °C; the monsoon season is a welcome respite from the heat. Chhattisgarh receives an average of 1,292 millimetres of rain.

Winter is from November to January. Winters are pleasant with less humidity. Chhattisgarh has coverage of two-lane or one-lane roads which provides connectivity to major cities. Eleven national highways passing through the state which are together 3078.40 km in length. However, most national highways are in poor condition and provide only two lanes for slow moving traffic. Many national highways are on paper and not converted into four-lane highway; this includes 130A New, 130B New, 130C New, 130D New, 149B New, 163A New, 343 New, 930New.. Other national highway includes NH 6, NH 16, NH 43, NH 12A, NH 78, NH 111, NH 200, NH 202, NH 216, NH 217, NH 221, NH30NH 930 NEW; the state highways and major district roads constitute another network of 8,031 km. Chhattisgarh has one of the lowest densities of National Highway in Central and South India, similar to the North Eastern state of As

Mimi Haas

Miriam "Mimi" Lurie Haas is an American billionaire businesswoman, the widow of Peter E. Haas, the great-grandnephew of Levi Strauss, the founder of denim manufacturer Levi Strauss & Co, she was born Miriam Ruchwarger, the daughter of Jewish refugees from Yugoslavia, grew up in Washington, D. C. where her father was a psychiatrist. She attended Oxon Hill High School, in Oxon Hill, a suburb of Washington, DC, graduated in the class of 1964, she earned a degree in political science from George Washington University. Haas is president of the Miriam and Peter Haas Fund, since August 1981. In July 2004, Haas was elected as a director of Levi Strauss & Co, succeeding her husband, who stood down as chairman emeritus. Haas is vice chair of the board of trustees and chair of the committee on painting and sculpture of the New York Museum of Modern Art, vice chair of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Haas owns 16.7% of Levi Strauss & Co, making her a billionaire, following the February 2019 plan for the company to be publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange.

On June 12, 1968, she married Brian Lurie, who she had met in Israel when on an American Friends of the Hebrew University program. Rabbi Brian Lurie was head of the Jewish Community Federation for many years, now runs the progressive New Israel Foundation, they had Ari Lurie and Daniel Lurie, who runs Tipping Point Community. She was married to Peter E. Haas from 1981 until his death in 2005, she lives in San Francisco. In 2010, she bought one of the apartments owned by Charles R. Schwab at 834 Fifth Avenue, New York, for $12.5 million


Sky100 is a 360-degree indoor observation deck on the 100th floor of the International Commerce Centre, in West Kowloon, Hong Kong. The deck offers views of Hong Kong Island, Victoria Harbour, the Kowloon Peninsula and Tai Mo Shan in the background. Sky100 is located two floors below Hong Kong. Visitors reach the observation deck using high-speed lifts, which travel from the entrance on the second floor to the 100th floor in 60 seconds. Sun Hung Kai Properties held a naming contest for the new observation deck. Both the English and Chinese name were selected among 3,000 entries in May 2010. Sky100 opened on 17 April 2011. Aside from the view of Hong Kong, Sky100 contains several other attractions including a Paris-style eatery called Café 100 on the west side of the observation deck. Other features include a virtual reality attraction, augmented reality photo-taking, a photo booth. Sky100's Advanced Telescope provides "sunny day setting" and pre-recorded views from bright days, on-screen indicators point to landmarks.

Other settings include night fireworks. Interactive touch screens dot offering facts, tips and an itinerary planner. Since 2012, Sky100 has served as the finish point for the annual "Race to ICC-100—SHKP Vertical Run for the Chest", organised by Sun Hung Kai Properties and The Community Chest of Hong Kong; the race begins at Level 8 and winds its way up the building's staircases to Sky100. The event is held in early December. Official website Race to ICC-100—SHKP Vertical Run for the Chest

Szekely SR-3

Szekely aircraft engines were three-cylinder radial engines built in Holland, Michigan in the 1920s and 30s. They were used to power small aircraft such as the Rearwin Junior, Taylor H-2 and American Eagle Eaglet. Criticized for reliability issues and design flaws, many were replaced with better engines in their original airframes. Few examples still exist but a museum quality example is on display in the Holland Museum in Holland, Michigan. Data from:Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1931 SR-3 O Overhead valve combustion chamber, compression ratio 4.6:1, 45 hp at 1,750 rpm. SR-3 L Side-valve combustion chamber, compression ratio 5:1, 30 hp at 1,750 rpm. American Eagle Eaglet Curtiss-Wright Junior Lambach HL.1 Rearwin Junior Taylor H-2 Prest Baby Pursuit Data from American Engine Specifications, Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1938, Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1931 Type: Three-cylinder radial engine Bore: 4 1⁄8 in Stroke: 4 3⁄4 in Displacement: 191 cu in Length: 25 in overall Diameter: 36 in Dry weight: 147 lb Valvetrain: one camshaft per cylinder: pushrod-operated overhead inlet outlet valves, one each per cylinder.

Pyana River

Pyana is a river in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and the Republic of Mordovia, Russia. It is a tributary of the Sura River. Pyana translates from Russian into drunken; the original name of the river was Piana, like many other old Russian geographical names, might be of Finnish origin. The most reason for the transformation of Piana to Pyana was the Battle on Pyana River; the battle was fought on 2 August 1377 between the Blue Horde Khan Arapsha and joint Russian troops under Knyaz Ivan Dmitriyevich. Awaiting the battle, the Russian Army lost discipline with drunkenness being a norm, they were unexpectedly attacked from all sides and crushed by the Mongols, forcing retreat to and across the Pyana. Many soldiers, the Knyaz himself, drowned while crossing it; this explanation is further supported by the original text of the chronicles of the battle, where the writer first calls the river Piana notes the ironical similarity of the words piana and pyana and further uses Pyana as the river name. The river is 436 km long.

The average discharge 65 km from its mouth is 25 m³/s and it can vary between 10 and 1,500 m³/s. River banks contain numerous karst caves. Pyana is remarkable by its shape: it runs to the north-west and turns 180° south-east making a nearly closed loop before turning north and merging with the Sura; the towns of Perevoz and Sergach are located on the Pyana. The river is navigable in its lower reaches. On the river banks there is Ichalkovsky Natural Reserve of 936 ha area, protected by the state since 1963. There is a hydroelectric station near the village of Ichalkovo with the annual production of 600 MW, its construction was started after World War II, but completed only in the 1990s

Great Works River

The Great Works River is a 30.6-mile-long river in southwestern Maine in the United States. It rises in central York County and flows south past North Berwick to meet the tidal part of the Salmon Falls River at South Berwick; the native Newichawannock band of Abenaki called it the Asbenbedick. In July 1634, William Chadbourne, James Wall and John Goddard arrived from England aboard the ship Pied Cow with a commission to build a sawmill and gristmill at the river's Assabumbadoc Falls; the sawmill they built, thought to be the first over-shot water-powered site in America, was located in the "Rocky Gorge" below today's Brattle Street bridge. Their sawmill was rebuilt with up to 20 saws on what was the "Little River" in 1651 by Richard Leader, an engineer granted exclusive right to the water power, it was thereafter called the "Great mill workes," from which the Great Works River derives its present name. History of the Great Works Mills -- Old Berwick Historical Society History of North Berwick, Maine History of South Berwick, Maine Great Works River Watershed Coalition