Chiantla

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Chiantla
Municipality
Municipal palace of Chiantla
Municipal palace of Chiantla
Chiantla is located in Guatemala
Chiantla
Chiantla
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 15°21′0″N 91°27′0″W / 15.35000°N 91.45000°W / 15.35000; -91.45000
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Flag of Huehuetenango.gif Huehuetenango
Municipality Chiantla
Government
 • Type Municipal
 • Mayor Carlos Armando Alvarado Figueroa[2] (Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza)
Area
 • Municipality 536 km2 (207 sq mi)
Elevation 2,000 m (7,000 ft)
Highest elevation 3,800 m (12,500 ft)
Lowest elevation 1,900 m (6,200 ft)
Population ([1] Incluyendo Unión Cantinil)[3]
 • Municipality [1] Incluyendo Unión Cantinil
 • Urban [1] Incluyendo Unión Cantinil
 • Ethnicities Ladino, Mam
 • Religions Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Maya
Climate Cwb
Website http://www.inforpressca.com/chiantla/

Chiantla (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈtʃjantla]) is a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. It is situated at 2,000m above sea level. It covers a terrain of 536km2. The annual festival is on January 28.

History[edit]

Mercedarian doctrine[edit]


Mercedarian coat of arms.

After the Spanish conquest of Guatemala in the 1520s, the "Presentación de Guatemala" Mercedarian province was formed in 1565; originally, the order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy had gotten from bishop Francisco Marroquín several doctrines in the Sacatepéquez and Chimaltenango valleys, close to the capital Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, but they traded those with the Order of Preachers friars in exchange for the doctrines those had in the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes area.[4] During the first part of the 17th century they also had doctrine in four town close to the city of Santiago, which eventually became city neighborhoods: Espíritu Santo, Santiago, San Jerónimo and San Anton —which was the capital of the Mercedarians, where they had their convent and where their comendador lived.[4]

According to bishop Juan de las Cabezas memoir in 1613[5] and the bishop Pedro Cortés y Larraz parish visit minutes from 1770,[6] the Mercedarians came to have nine doctrines, and numerous annexes, which were: Santa Ana de Malacatán, Concepción de Huehuetenango, San Pedro de Solomá, Nuestra Señora de la Purificación de Jacaltenango, Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria de Chiantla, San Andrés de Cuilco, Santiago de Tejutla, San Pedro de Sacatepéquez, and San Juan de Ostuncalco.[7]

However, in 1754, due to the borbon reforms implemented by the Spanish kings, the Mercedarins -and the rest of the regular clergy for that matter-, had to transfer their doctrines to the secular clergy, thus losing their Chiantla convent and annexed doctrines.[8]

Climate[edit]

At an altitude of approximately 2000m, Chiantla has a climate similar to that of Antigua, though with the extra 600m above sea level it is often a little chillier in the night. The rainy season is from May to October, with mornings starting out warm and humid, followed by heavy rains - and even hail - in the afternoons, which usually dissipate by evening.

Population[edit]

The inhabitants of the city are mostly ladino, it is common to hear the languages of Popti, Canjobal, Chuj, and Mam being spoken by street venders, shoppers and residents.

Economy[edit]

Mining[edit]

Lead production was noted in the area in 1850.[9] Modern exploration of the Chiantla mining district by Firestone Ventures, a Canadian firm headquartered in Edmonton, has produced a promising prospect for a lead,zinc,silver open pit mine at its Torlon Hill Zinc-Lead-Silver Project west of Chiantla at the site of the Cinco Hermanos workings.[10]

Climate[edit]

Chiantla has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb).

Climate data for Chiantla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
25.2
(77.4)
24.4
(75.9)
23.0
(73.4)
22.7
(72.9)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73)
21.9
(71.4)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
15.3
(59.5)
17.3
(63.1)
18.1
(64.6)
18.2
(64.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.2
(63)
17.1
(62.8)
17.2
(63)
16.5
(61.7)
15.5
(59.9)
14.8
(58.6)
16.6
(61.9)
Average low °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
8.1
(46.6)
9.9
(49.8)
11.0
(51.8)
12.1
(53.8)
12.4
(54.3)
11.7
(53.1)
11.1
(52)
11.6
(52.9)
11.1
(52)
9.4
(48.9)
8.5
(47.3)
10.4
(50.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
11
(0.43)
24
(0.94)
47
(1.85)
112
(4.41)
224
(8.82)
140
(5.51)
139
(5.47)
203
(7.99)
150
(5.91)
38
(1.5)
11
(0.43)
1,110
(43.69)
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

Geographic location[edit]

Chiantla is almost completely surrounded by Huehuetenango Department municipalities.[12] The city of Chiantla is located within the Northwest sector of the department of Huehuetenango. It sits in the mountainside above the city of Huehuetenango, approximately 2 hours from the Mexican border.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://sistemas.segeplan.gob.gt/sideplanw/SDPPGDM$PRINCIPAL.VISUALIZAR?pID=POBLACION_PDF_1302
  2. ^ "Alcaldes electos en el departamento de Huehuetenango". Municipalidades de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala. 9 October 2015. Archived from the original on October 9, 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "XI Censo Nacional de Poblacion y VI de Habitación (Censo 2002)". INE. 2002. 
  4. ^ a b Juarros 1818, p. 336.
  5. ^ Pérez 1966, p. 44.
  6. ^ Cortés y Larraz 2001, p. 42, 105.
  7. ^ Pérez 1966, p. 44-45.
  8. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 338.
  9. ^ Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. London: Trelawney Saunders. p. 85. 
  10. ^ "FIRESTONE VENTURES IN GUATEMALA" (PDF). www.firestoneventures.com. Firestone Ventures, Inc. February 2011. Retrieved January 29, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Climate: Chiantla". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c SEGEPLAN. "Municipios del departamento de Huehuetenango" (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on July 7, 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°21′N 91°27′W / 15.350°N 91.450°W / 15.350; -91.450