The Lincoln Highway was one of the earliest transcontinental highways for automobiles across the United States of America. Conceived in 1912 by Indiana entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher, formally dedicated October 31, 1913, the Lincoln Highway ran coast-to-coast from Times Square in New York City west to Lincoln Park in San Francisco through 13 states: New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah and California. In 1915, the "Colorado Loop" was removed, in 1928, a realignment relocated the Lincoln Highway through the northern tip of West Virginia. Thus, there are a total of 14 states, 128 counties, more than 700 cities and villages through which the highway passed at some time in its history; the first recorded length of the entire Lincoln Highway in 1913 was 3,389 miles. Over the years, the road was improved and numerous realignments were made, by 1924 the highway had been shortened to 3,142 miles. Counting the original route and all of the subsequent realignments, there have been a grand total of 5,872 miles.
The Lincoln Highway was replaced with numbered designations after the establishment of the U. S. Numbered Highway System in 1926, with most of the route becoming part of U. S. Route 30 from Pennsylvania to Wyoming. After the Interstate Highway System was formed in the 1950s, the former alignments of the Lincoln Highway were superseded by Interstate 80 as the primary coast-to-coast route from the New York City area to San Francisco. Note: A interactive online map of the entire Lincoln Highway and all of its re-alignments, markers and points of interest can be viewed at the Lincoln Highway Association Official Map website. Google Maps prominently labels the 1928–30 route. Most of U. S. Route 30 from Philadelphia to western Wyoming, portions of Interstate 80 in the western United States, most of U. S. Route 50 in Nevada and California, most of old decommissioned U. S. Route 40 in California are alignments of the Lincoln Highway; the final alignment of the Lincoln Highway corresponds to the following roads: 42nd Street from the intersection of Broadway at Times Square in New York City westward 6 blocks to the Hudson River.
Holland Tunnel from New York City westward under the Hudson River to New Jersey. U. S. Route 1/9 Truck from Jersey City westward to New Jersey. New Jersey Route 27 from Newark southwestward to New Jersey. U. S. Route 206 from Princeton southwestward to New Jersey. U. S. Route 1 from Trenton southwestward to Pennsylvania. U. S. Route 30 from Philadelphia westward across Pennsylvania, the northern tip of West Virginia, westward across Ohio and Indiana, to Aurora, Illinois. Illinois Route 31 from Aurora northwestward to Illinois. Illinois Route 38 from Geneva westward to Illinois. Illinois Route 2 from Dixon westward to Illinois. U. S. Route 30 from Sterling westward across western Illinois, Iowa and Wyoming, to Granger, Wyoming. Interstate 80 from Granger westward to West Wendover, Nevada. U. S. Route 93 Alternate and U. S. Route 93 from West Wendover southward to Nevada. U. S. Route 50 from Ely to 9 miles west of Fallon, Nevada. From 9 miles west of Fallon to Sacramento, there are two Lincoln Highway routes over the Sierra Nevada: Sierra Nevada Northern Route: U.
S. Route 50 Alternate northwestward to Wadsworth, Nevada Interstate 80 & old U. S. Route 40 westward, through Reno and over Donner Pass and the Sierra Nevada to Sacramento. Sierra Nevada Southern Route: U. S. Route 50 westward, through Carson City, Nevada around Lake Tahoe and over Johnson Pass and the Sierra Nevada to Sacramento. Old U. S. Route 40 from Sacramento southwestward across California's Central Valley to the University Avenue exit in Berkeley, California. University Avenue from Interstate 80 westward to the Berkeley Pier. From the Hyde Street Pier in San Francisco, take: Hyde Street southward 2 blocks to North Point Street. North Point Street westward 3 blocks to Van Ness Avenue. Va
Interstate 55 is a major Interstate Highway in the central United States. As with most interstates that end in a five, it is a major cross-country, north-south route, connecting the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes; the highway travels from LaPlace, Louisiana, at I-10 to Chicago at U. S. Route 41, at McCormick Place; the major cities that I-55 connects to includes Mississippi. The section of I-55 between Chicago and St. Louis was built as an alternate route for US 66, it crosses the Mississippi River twice: once at Memphis, again at St. Louis; when it was realized that a national highway system was needed, the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 provided for a highway replacing the old Route 66 which I-55 filled. I-55 was constructed in the 1970s, to extend a section of Route 66 between I-294 and Gardner, converted into a freeway and had Interstate signage installed in 1960. During the rest of the 1960s, I-55 was built in portions throughout Illinois connecting St. Louis to Chicago where it became the fourth direct route between them.
As it goes southwards, most of the Interstate was purpose-built during the 70s. The entire length was completed in 1979. In Louisiana, I-55 runs nearly 66 miles from south to north, from I-10 near Laplace to the Mississippi state line near Kentwood, Louisiana. 1⁄3 of the distance consists of the Manchac Swamp Bridge, a nearly 23-mile causeway cited as the third-longest viaduct in the world. In Mississippi, I-55 runs 290.5 miles from the Louisiana border near Osyka, Mississippi to Southaven on the Tennessee border, just south of Memphis. Noteworthy cities and towns that I-55 passes through or close by to are McComb and Grenada; this highway parallels US 51 in its path through the center of Mississippi. The eight miles from Hernando to the Tennessee state line coincide with the newer I-69; the Mississippi section of I-55 is defined in the Mississippi Code § 65-3-3. I-55 in Tennessee lies within the city of Memphis, passing through the southern and western parts of the city and providing a bypass of downtown for motorists who do not want to take I-240 and I-40 through downtown to cross the Mississippi River.
The western portion of this highway, which passes through an industrialized section of the city, contains numerous low-clearance bridges, a tight 270-degree cloverleaf turn northbound at Crump Boulevard. The Tennessee Department of Transportation has an interchange improvement project for this portion. Heavy truck traffic heading to and from Arkansas in this area is hence directed to detour via I-240 and I-40. For the Tennessee stretch of the Interstate, the usual national freeway speed limit of 70 mph is reduced to 65 mph. I-255 was the former numbering of I-240 between I-55 and I-40 through Tennessee. I-55 enters Arkansas from Tennessee as it crosses the Mississippi River on the Memphis & Arkansas Bridge, it overlaps I-40 for 2.8 miles in West Memphis. After separating from I-40, I-55 turns northward and runs with US 61, US 63, US 64 until US 64 exits in through Marion. I-55/US 61/US 63 continue north through Crittenden County through rural farms of the Arkansas delta, including an interchange with I-555/US 63 in Turrell.
I-55 passes through Blytheville. I-55 parallels U. S. 61 in its path through Arkansas, which it continues to do after crossing into Missouri. In Missouri, I-55 runs from the southeastern part of the state, at the Arkansas border, to St. Louis. In this city, I-44 merges in with I-55, I-64, when crossing the Mississippi River into Illinois. Among the cities and towns served by I-55 in Missouri are Sikeston, Cape Girardeau, St. Louis; as noted above, I-55 parallels US 61 for most of its course through Missouri, from the Arkansas border to the southern portion of St. Louis County. Through Illinois, I-55 follows the 1940 alignment of the former US 66, now Historic US 66, it runs from the Poplar Street Bridge in East St. Louis to US 41 in Chicago, passing around the state capital of Springfield and the metro area of Bloomington-Normal. Within Illinois, I-55 goes by several names. Near the I-270/I-70 split, it is referred to as the Paul Simon Freeway after former U. S. Senator Paul Simon, who began his political career in this region.
Further north, between the St. Louis area and Springfield, I-55 is named the Vince Demuzio Expressway for former Illinois State Senator Vince Demuzio. In the Chicago area between the I-80 interchange near Joliet and I-55's eastern terminus at US 41 in Chicago, the expressway is referred to as the Adlai E. Stevenson Expressway in honor of former Illinois governor Adlai E. Stevenson II, a two-time Democratic nominee for President of the United States and the U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. In July 2018 the stretch of I-55 from I-294 to mile marker 202 near Pontiac was renamed as Barack Obama Presidential Expressway; when the stretch of I-55 through Illinois was being planned during the 1960s, the state's governor, Otto Kerner, Jr. made an effort to have it routed close to the larger city of Peoria instead of the straighter route through the Bloomington-Normal area. This failed plan was ridiculed in the press as the so-called "Kerner Curve."
The need for a freeway connection between Springfield and Peoria was filled by the spur route I-155. This connects with nearby Lincoln and Morton and for
Chicago Heights, Illinois
Chicago Heights is a city in Cook County, United States. The population was 30,276 at the 2010 census. In earlier years, Chicago Heights was nicknamed "The Crossroads of the Nation", it is nicknamed "The Heights". Chicago Heights lies on the high land of the Tinley Moraine, with the higher and older Valparaiso Moraine lying just to the south of the city. According to the 2010 census, Chicago Heights has a total area of 10.083 square miles, of which 10.07 square miles is land and 0.013 square miles is water. The city's major crossroads are at Lincoln Highway. Chicago Heights is about 30 miles south of the Chicago Loop; as of the census of 2010, there were 30,276 people, 9,587 households, 7,077 families in the city. The population density was 3,003.6 people per square mile. There were 11,060 housing units at an average density of 1,097.2 per square mile. The racial makeup was 38.0% White, 41.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 16.6% some other race, 2.9% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.9% of the population. There were 9,587 households, out of which 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were headed by married couples living together, 26.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.2% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09, the average family size was 3.62. The population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males. For the period 2009–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $43,941, the median income for a family was $46,463. Male full-time workers had a median income of $35,695 versus $30,039 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,548.
About 21.3% of families and 26.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.8% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over. Chicago Heights School District 170 operates eleven schools, with a student population of 3,600. Highland is the district's pre-school for children aged four. In 1901, the Board of Education decreed that the school day would run from 9:00 a.m. – 12 noon, from 1:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m. with a 15-minute recess each session. On July 30, 1903, the first telephone in School District 170 was placed in the office of the Superintendent of Schools at a cost of $18 per year. In May 1907, School District 170 students collected money for victims of the San Francisco earthquake. On October 1, 1908, telephones were ordered for Garfield and Franklin Schools, the first schools to have access to "this marvel of communication". In 1912, the Board of Education decreed that non-resident students "shall pay tuition in advance, at the rate of $2 per month" and required all its teachers to live in the district.
In December 1912, the Board of Education voted to authorize a reward of $10 for "evidence that will convict any parties who willfully deface or destroy school property." In 1913, School District 170 served 2,238 students. In January 1917, the Board of Education authorized the installation of electric gongs in three schools. In January 1917, the Board of Education endorsed a nationwide "Plan for Preparedness", setting aside specific times for girls and boys to drill under the supervision of a member of the National Guard. From October 22 to November 14, 1917, District 170 schools were closed because of an influenza outbreak. In 1919, the average enrollment of students per classroom was 44. In 1953, School District 170 served 2,833 students, in 2004 the district served 3,550 students. Chicago Heights is home to Bloom High School, which all students of District 170 attend after 8th grade, Bloom Trail High School, which shares its athletic programs with Bloom. Many students from neighboring communities including Steger, South Chicago Heights, Ford Heights, Sauk Village and Glenwood attend high school at Bloom.
Parts of Chicago Heights are included in Flossmoor School District 161 which includes Serena Hills Elementary School in Chicago Heights. After Serena, students attend Parker Jr. High School—also a part of Flossmoor School District 161. Only some students who went to Parker Jr. High School move on to Homewood-Flossmoor High School. Parts of Chicago Heights are served by Park Forest – Chicago Heights School District 163, Beacon Hill Primary Center is located in the Beacon Hill neighborhood. Students from this neighborhood attend Rich East High School, part of Rich Township High School District 227. Marian Catholic High School is a private high school located in city. Prairie State College is a community college located in Chicago Heights. There are many elementary schools that operate at church locations. On May 20, 1901, many Chicago Heights residents signed a petition asking for the mayor and aldermen to select a board of directors that would be responsible for founding and running a free public library in Chicago Heights.
On June 28, 1901, the first library board members were sworn in, including Sam W. Lea, F. W. Schact, W. E
Calumet Park, Illinois
Calumet Park is a village in Cook County, Illinois. The population was 7,835 at the 2010 census. On May 13, 2010, Mayor Joseph DuPar and the Village Board approved renaming 127th Street as Obama Drive, in honor of the 44th President of the United States. On August 21, 2010, State Senator Emil Jones III read a proclamation of the Illinois Senate in honor of the dedication on the same date; this road became the first Obama Drive in the country and the first road named after President Barack Obama in his home state of Illinois. Calumet Park is located at 41°39′56″N 87°39′29″W. According to the 2010 census, Calumet Park has a total area of 1.146 square miles, of which 1.11 square miles is land and 0.036 square miles is water. As of the 2000 census, there were 8,516 people, 2,991 households, 2,150 families residing in the village; the population density was 7,695.4 people per square mile. There were 3,173 housing units at an average density of 2,867.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 12.14% White, 82.88% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.08% from other races, 1.51% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.74% of the population, including 7.0% of Mexican descent. There were 2,991 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 26.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families. 23.8% Of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.37. The village's population was distributed with 29.3% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males. The median income for a household in the village was $45,357, the median income for a family was $49,958. Males had a median income of $38,806 versus $31,318 for females; the per capita income for the village was $18,283.
About 10.2% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. Calumet Park is divided between two congressional districts; the area east of Interstate 57 and south of 123rd Street is in Illinois' 2nd Congressional District. Village of Calumet Park official website Community profile on Illinois Dept. of Commerce site
DuPage County, Illinois
DuPage County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois, one of the collar counties of the Chicago metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 916,924, its county seat is Wheaton. DuPage County has become developed and suburbanized, although some pockets of farmland remain in the county's western and northern parts; the county has a high socioeconomic profile and residents of Hinsdale and Oak Brook include some of the wealthiest people in the Midwest. On the whole, the county enjoys above average median household income levels and low overall poverty levels when compared to the national average. In 2018 Niche ranked two DuPage municipalities amongst the top 20 best places to live in America. DuPage County was formed on February 1839 out of Cook County; the county took its name from the DuPage River, which was, in turn, named after a French fur trapper, DuPage. The first written history to address the name, the 1882 History of DuPage County, Illinois, by Rufus Blanchard, relates: The DuPage River had, from time immemorial, been a stream well known.
It took its name from a French trader who settled on this stream below the fork previous to 1800. Hon. H. W. Blodgett, of Waukegan, informs the writer that J. B. Beaubien had spoken to him of the old Frenchman, Du Page, whose station was on the bank of the river, down toward its mouth, stated that the river took its name from him; the county name must have the same origin. Col Gurden S. Hubbard, who came into the country in 1818, informs the writer that the name DuPage, as applied to the river was universally known, but the trader for whom it was named lived there before his time. Mr. Beaubien says; this was in reply to Mr. Blodgett’s inquiry of him concerning the matter; the first white settler in DuPage County was Bailey Hobson, with Lewis Stewart, built a house in 1831 for the Hobson family at a site about 2 miles south of present-day downtown Naperville. Hobson built a mill to serve surrounding farmers. Today, the Hobson house still stands on Hobson Road in Naperville, the location of the mill is commemorated with a millstone and monument in today’s Pioneer Park.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 336 square miles, of which 327 square miles is land and 8.9 square miles is water. The DuPage River and the Salt Creek flow through DuPage County. According to the Forest Preserve District of DuPage County, the highest point in the county is located at the Mallard Lake Landfill, which at its highest point is 982 feet above mean sea level. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Wheaton have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F was recorded in July 1995. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.56 inches in February to 4.60 inches in August. Counties that are adjacent to DuPage include: Cook County Will County Kendall County Kane County I-55 I-88 I-290 I-294 I-355 US 20 US 34 IL 19 IL 38 IL 53 IL 56 IL 59 IL 64 IL 83 IL 390 DuPage County's population's distribution by race and ethnicity in the 2010 census was as follows: DuPage County has become more diverse.
The population of foreign-born residents increased from about 71,300 in 1990 to 171,000 by 2009 estimates. There were 325,601 households, out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present and 28.00% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.27. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64 and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females, age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $98,441 and the median income for a family was $113,086. Males had a median income of $60,909 versus $41,346 for females.
The mean or average income for a family in DuPage County is $121,009, according to the 2005 census. The per capita income for the county was $38,458. About 2.40% of families and 3.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.90% of those under age 18 and 4.30% of those age 65 or over. DuPage County has several hundred Christian churches. Well-known churches include Community Christian Church of Naperville, College Church of Wheaton, Wheaton Bible Church, First Baptist Church of Wheaton. There is a large Catholic contingency, part of the Diocese of Joliet, a Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Glendale Heights; the Theosophical Society in America in Wheaton, the North American headquarters of the Theosophical Society Adyar, provides lectures and classes on theosophy, yoga and New Age spirituality. Islamic mosques are located in Villa Park, Glendale Heights, Westmont, Bolingbrook, Woodale, West Chicago, unincorporated Glen Ellyn. There are Hindu temples in Bartlett, Bloomingdale, Carol Stream and Medinah, an Arya Samaj center in West Chicago.
There is a Nichiren Shōshū Zen Buddhist temple in West Chicago and a Theravada Buddhist Temple, called the Budd
Tinley Park, Illinois
Tinley Park is a village located in Cook County, United States, with a small portion in Will County. The population was 56,703 at the 2010 census, it is one of the fastest growing suburbs south of Chicago. In 2009, Tinley Park was selected by BusinessWeek as the best place to raise a family in America. In 2017, Tinley Park was listed as one of the 50 safest cities in America. Records show that prior to European settlement, the area was occupied by the Potawatomi tribe. Settlement of the area which now comprises Tinley Park began in the 1820s by emigrants from the Eastern United States. German settlers became predominant in area by the 1840s, the village was established in 1853 as "Bremen". Irish, Scottish and other American settlers were common in the area. In the late 19th century, railroads expanded and the village happened to be located on the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad line; the influence of the railroad on Bremen was so great that, in 1890, its name was changed to Tinley Park in honor of the village's first railroad station agent, Samuel Tinley, Sr.
The village's official incorporation took place at the train depot on June 27, 1892. With the railroad came industry and commerce. 1905 saw. Local businessmen established an electric utility in 1909. A bottling facility for soda was operated in Tinley Park until the 1950s. Inventor John Rauhoff developed and manufactured a waterproofing additive for cement called Ironite used in the construction of Hoover Dam. In the latter part of the 20th century, Tinley Park was, remains to be, an area of rapid suburban expansion to the west and south of the original site, with over 11,000 housing units constructed between 1970 and 1994. After its centennial, Tinley Park from the late 20th century to the present has been focused on renovation of its downtown historic district; the historic district is made up of the village's original 1892 boundaries. In this district, landowners are encouraged to maintain the historic edifices or to create new friendly facades for otherwise non-historic buildings built in the last 30 years.
Downtown renovation projects include the creation of a park near the Oak Park Avenue Metra train station, as well as the recent South Street Project, a multimillion-dollar project that will create more than 220 apartments and 40,000 square feet of commercial retail space. The Hollywood Casino Amphitheatre, an outdoor venue which seats 28,000, is located in Tinley Park. Tinley Park was the site of the Tinley Park Lights, an anomalous multiple mass UFO sighting event in 2004, 2005 and 2006. Tinley Park is located at 41°34′26″N 87°48′14″W. According to the 2010 census, Tinley Park has a total area of 16.039 square miles, of which 16.02 square miles is land and 0.019 square miles is water. The village lies on the Tinley Moraine and/or the Valparaiso Moraine; as of the 2010 census, there were 56,703 people, 17,478 households, 12,793 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,236.9 people per square mile. There were 18,037 housing units at an average density of 1,206.2 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the village was 93.16% White, 1.92% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.13% of the population. The top five ancestries reported in Tinley Park as of the 2000 census were Irish, Polish and Dutch. There were 17,478 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.27. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median income for a household in the village was $61,648, the median income for a family was $71,858. Males had a median income of $50,595 versus $34,401 for females; the per capita income for the village was $25,207. About 1.1% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over. Tinley Park is divided between two congressional districts. Most of the village, including all the area in Bremen Township and Rich Township, as well as the area in Will County, is in Illinois's 1st congressional district. Tinley Park includes four public elementary school districts - Kirby School District 140, Community Consolidated School District 146, Summit Hill Elementary School District 161, Elementary School District 159; the town includes three parochial Pre-K through 8 elementary schools: St. George, Catholic. Victor J. Andrew High School (Consolidated
Oak Forest, Illinois
Oak Forest is a suburban city about 24 miles south-southwest of downtown Chicago in Bremen Township in Cook County, United States. The population was 27,962 at the 2010 census. Human habitation in Oak Forest began during the early Holocene; this is made evident by the remains of hunting camps on what would become the grounds of the city's hospital. Several millennia the final known indigenous settlement in Oak Forest, a Potawatomi longhouse village, was established nearby. However, it was abandoned by the 1620s; the origins of present-day Oak Forest begins with a railroad whistle stop on the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad 1 block south of the intersection of 167th street and Central Avenue which served area dairy farmers. This stop was located in a forested area of what was known as the Cooper's Grove Stand of Timber. By the 1880s this particular area of timber was being referred to as the "Oak Forest" due to its abundance of oak trees. A section of the former "Cooper's Grove Road" paralleling the railroad track from 66th Court to 167th Street in Tinley Park became known as "Oak Forest Avenue," because it was the road from the Village of Bremen/New Bremen that lead to this "Oak Forest."
In 1907, Cook County approved construction of a second county poor farm and infirmary on a site at the southeast corner of 159th Street and Cicero Avenue to address overcrowding conditions at the County Poor Farm in Dunning on the northwest side of Chicago. This location was near the Rock Island railroad and a new railroad station was constructed northwest of the present day intersection of 159th Street and Cicero Avenue, which provided convenient rail access to the facility. A railroad spur off of the Rock Island railroad line was constructed onto the Oak Forest Hospital site, used for both delivery of materials during its construction and delivery of coal for its heating plant and other goods used at the facility for many years; the Oak Forest Infirmary opened in 1910. Shortly after its opening, the facility accommodated close to 2,000 people suffering from poverty, mental illness and other problems; the residents of the Infirmary helped maintain farmlands around the facility. By 1932, the Infirmary was serving more than 4,000 patients, including over 500 with tuberculosis.
Over the ensuing years following the opening of the Oak Forest Infirmary, a small settlement developed near both the railroad stop and the Oak Forest Infirmary populated by both workers at the facility and relatives of individuals in the Oak Forest facility. By the 1920s there were several residential subdivisions developing near the facility; the 1940 census reflected 611 residents outside the hospital. The hospital provided other business opportunities. For example, several mortuaries/funeral homes were to be found just outside the facility. In the 1930s, there were some efforts made to rename the community "Arbor Park." The proposed name did not gain much momentum, but the name did become memorialized in the name of the Arbor Park School District 145. In 1947, with a population of 1,618, the residents voted to incorporate as the Village of Oak Forest, it was reincorporated as a City in 1971. Christian Goesel and several relatives settled near 147th and Oak Park Avenue beginning in about 1861.
In 1884, the Goeselville post office was established to continue to serve the small settlement in that general vicinity. This post office operated as a satellite of the New Bremen/Tinley Park post office until it was discontinued in 1903. At its peak there were about 30 residents in the Goeselville area, with a few general stores to supply the farmers. Parts of the former Goeselville settlement are now within the far northwestern boundaries of the City of Oak Forest. Although that post office has been closed for over 100 years, the Goeselville name continues to be found on current maps. Oak Forest is part of the Chicago metropolitan area, it is surrounded by Cook County Forest Preserves. Some neighboring communities of Oak Forest include Crestwood to the north, Midlothian to the northeast, Markham to the east, Country Club Hills to the southeast, Tinley Park to the southwest, Orland Park to the west, beyond Bachelor's Grove Cemetery and Forest Preserve is Palos Heights to the northwest. According to the 2010 census, Oak Forest has a total area of 5.998 square miles, of which 5.95 square miles is land and 0.048 square miles is water.
As of the 2000 census, there were 28,051 people, 9,785 households, 7,338 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,965.4 people per square mile. There were 10,022 housing units at an average density of 1,774.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.38% White, 3.64% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.65% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.86% of the population. The top five ancestries reported in Oak Forest as of the 2000 census were Irish, Polish and Dutch. There were 9,785 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.0% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.3