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Chicago Stadium

Chicago Stadium was an indoor arena in Chicago, that opened in 1929 and closed in 1994. It was the home of the National Hockey League's Chicago Blackhawks and the National Basketball Association's Chicago Bulls; the Stadium hosted the Chicago Blackhawks of the NHL from 1929 to 1994 and the Chicago Bulls of the NBA from 1967 to 1994. The arena was the site of the first NFL playoff game in 1932; the stadium was first proposed by Chicago sports promoter Paddy Harmon. Harmon wanted to bring an NHL team to Chicago; this team would soon be known as the Chicago Black Hawks. Harmon went on to at least try to get some control over the team by building a stadium for the Blackhawks to play in, he spent $2.5 million and borrowed more funds from friends, including James E. Norris, in order to build the stadium. Opened on March 28, 1929 at a cost of $9.5 million, Chicago Stadium was the largest indoor arena in the world at the time. Detroit's Olympia stadium, built two years earlier, was a model for the Chicago Stadium and had a capacity of over 15,000 people.

It was the first arena with an air conditioning system. However, the system was rudimentary by modern standards, was memorably given to filling the arena with fog during late-season basketball and hockey games; the Stadium sat 17,317 for hockey at the time of closure, though standing room pushed the "actual" attendance beyond that figure. The official attendance figures in the published game summaries were given in round numbers, such as 18,500 or 20,000; the largest recorded crowd for an NHL game at the stadium was 20,069 for a playoff game between the Blackhawks and Minnesota North Stars on April 10, 1982. In addition to the close-quartered, triple-tiered, boxy layout of the building, much of the loud, ringing noise of the fans could be attributed to the fabled 3,663-pipe Barton organ, boasting the world's largest theater organ console with 6 manuals and over 800 stops, played by Al Melgard. Melgard played for decades during hockey games there, earning the Stadium the moniker "The Madhouse on Madison".

For years, it was known as "The Loudest Arena in the NBA", due to its barn-shaped features. When the Stadium closed in 1994 the organ was removed and prepared to be installed in the 19th hole museum. Soon after the museum closed, sending the organ along with another theatre organ to a warehouse in Phoenix Arizona. In October 1996, a propane tank explosion melted and destroyed both pipe organs, excluding the console; the organ is in the residence of Phil Maloof and is in good working condition with new pipes. In the Stanley Cup semifinals of 1971, when the Blackhawks scored a series-clinching empty-net goal in Game 7 against the New York Rangers, CBS announcer Dan Kelly reported, "I can feel our broadcast booth shaking! That's the kind of place Chicago Stadium is right now!" The dressing rooms at the Stadium were placed underneath the seats, the cramped corridor that led to the ice, with its twenty-two steps, became the stuff of legend. Legend has it a German Shepherd wandered the bowels at night as "the security team."

During the 1973 Stanley Cup Final against Montreal, Blackhawks owner Bill Wirtz had the horn of his yacht installed in the building, had it sound after Blackhawks goals. This practice would, in the ensuing years, become commonplace in professional hockey. Nancy Faust, organist for 40 years at Chicago White Sox games played indoors at the Stadium, at courtside for Chicago Bulls home games from 1976–84, on the pipe organ for Chicago Blackhawks hockey there from 1985-89, it became traditional for Blackhawk fans to cheer loudly throughout the singing of the national anthems when sung by Chicago favorite Wayne Messmer. Denizens of the second balcony added sparklers and flags to the occasion. Arguably, the most memorable of these was the singing before the 1991 NHL All-Star Game, which took place during the Gulf War; this tradition has continued at the United Center. Longtime PA announcer Harvey Wittenberg had a unique monotone style: "Blackhawk goal scored by #9, Bobby Hull, unassisted, at 6:13." The Chicago Stadium provided a unique fan experience.

On the west side of the building was the Players/Employee/VIP Visitors Parking Lot. It is where Teams/Bands/Politicians/Performers would enter the building through the legendary Gate 3 1/2. Although protected by fencing, it was where fans could see the talent get out of their cars or teams exit their buses before going into the building, it was a great autograph and informal "meet and greet" opportunity. In 1992, both the Blackhawks and the Bulls reached the finals in their respective leagues; the Blackhawks were swept in their finals by the Pittsburgh Penguins, losing at Chicago Stadium, while the Bulls won the second of their first of three straight NBA titles on their home floor against the Portland Trail Blazers. The next time the Bulls clinched the championship at home, was in the newly built United Center in 1996, their second season at the new arena, the Blackhawks would not reach the Stanley Cup Finals again until 2010, their 16th season in the new building, although they won their first championship since 1961 in Philadelphia.

The Blackhawks last won the Stanley Cup at the Stadium in 1938. It was the last NHL arena to retain the

Umar Shaikh Mirza I

Mu'iz-ud-din Umar Shaikh Mirza was a member of the Timurid dynasty and a son of its founder, the Central Asian conqueror Timur. Known for being a skilled soldier, Umar Shaikh was one of Timur's military commanders and served as a regional governor, he died in 1394. Umar Shaikh Mirza was one of four sons of Timur, his mother Tolun Agha was a concubine. There is some disagreement regarding whether Umar Shaikh or his brother Jahangir Mirza was the eldest of Timur's sons; the Mu'izz al-Ansab, the most important source regarding the structure of the Timurid royal family during this period, is contradictory on this point. It states that Jahangir was the eldest, but the family of Umar Shaikh is presented first in the genealogy itself, implying that he was born first. Narrative sources, such as the Zafarnama by Nizam-ud-din Shami, Yazdi's book of the same name support the notion that Umar Shaikh was older. Umar Shaikh proved himself an accomplished warrior and a skilled horseman, taking part in many of his father's campaigns.

In 1376, Timur appointed him governor of Ferghana. In 1388, war broke out between Timur and his former mentee, the Khan of the Golden Horde, Tokhtamysh. By this point and Timur had engaged each other several times. Timur's lands were attacked on two fronts. At the same time, a rebellion erupted in the province of Khwarazm. Umar Shaikh was sent against Dughlat. Dughlat was defeated by the prince, prompting Tokhtamysh to flee from Timur's advance. Timur at this point diverted his attention to Khwarezm and brutally suppressed the rebellion, resulting in the devastation of the region. Tokhtamysh once more attempted to attack in the winter of that year but was again defeated, this time by Umar Shaikh. Timur in 1391 launched a counteroffensive against him; this culminated in the Battle of the Kondurcha River, which took place in the Golden Horde territory of Volga. Umar Shaikh led the left wing of the army, his brother Miran Shah the right, their nephew Muhammad Sultan the centre and Timur himself the rear.

While indecisive, the battle seemed to turn in the Khan's favour when Umar Shaikh's contingent was detached from the main army and nearly overwhelmed. However, this was averted when Tokhtamysh himself was forced to abandon the field while under attack by Timur, leading to confusion and panic among his troops; the Golden Horde's army was routed and forced to flee, the soldiers being chased and cut down by the Timurids. The death toll of the battle was estimated to have been 100,000 women. In 1393, Timur defeated the Persian Muzaffarid dynasty with the capture and execution of its final monarch, Shah Mansur. Timur bestowed the kingdom's former territory of Fars on Umar Shaikh to administer as governor; the prince's earlier post of Ferghana was given to his son Iskandar Mirza. However, Umar Shaikh was not able to hold this position for long. In 1394, whilst answering summons from his father, Umar Shaikh was killed after being shot in the neck by an arrow fired from the Kurdish fortress of Kharmatu, near the city of Baghdad.

Timur did not show any emotion upon learning of his son's death. Umar Shaikh's governorship was given to his eldest son Pir Muhammad, while his body was escorted by his wives and his younger son Iskandar to the city of Kesh. Here, he was buried alongside his brother in the Tomb of Jahangir, part of the Dorussaodat mausoleum complex. Presently, the tomb is the best surviving part of the structure. Malikat Agha: daughter of the Khan of Moghulistan, Khizr Khoja. Remarried to his brother Shah Rukh. Qutlugh Tarkhan Agha Mughal Sultan Agha Beg Malik Agha: daughter of Khwaja Yusuf Apardi Bakht Sultan: daughter of Yasaur Jalayir Tuglugh Sultan Jalayir: remarried to his nephew Pir Muhammad Mihr Khush Qutlugh Tarkhan Takish Khatun A daughter of Haji Beg Jauni Qurbani Sivinch Qutlugh Agha: daughter of Mu’ayyad Arlat by Timur's sister Shirin Beg Agha By Malikat Agha Pir Muhammad Iskandar. Lonely Planet Publications, ISBN 978-0-86442-358-0 Marozzi, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam, Conqueror of the World, HarperCollins Publishers, ISBN 978-0-00-736973-7 Woods, John E.

The Timurid dynasty, Indiana University, Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies

Överkalix Municipality

Överkalix Municipality is a municipality in Norrbotten County in northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Överkalix. In 1870 a part of old Överkalix Municipality was detached from it, forming a municipality called Korpilombolo; the municipality was not affected by the two subdivision reforms of the 20th century. The coat of arms was based on the arms of the parish, its exact meaning is not known. Överkalix Municipality is situated along the south-going Kalix River. The unmodified scenic nature along the river attracts fishers every year. Within the municipality one finds two of the river's most powerful waterfalls and Linafall. Continuing north along the Kalix River one finds the iron ore mines. Travelling south towards the coast one finds larger towns, with Luleå being the closest, located some 100 kilometres south. Transportation is reliable thanks to the E10 highway; the area otherwise contains much coniferous forests. Due to its proximity to Finland, Finnish is an official minority language in the municipality and most names have a Finn counterpart.

The local Swedish dialect is known as the Överkalix language. There are four localities in Överkalix Municipality: The municipal seat in bold These are the results of the elections to the Riksdag since the 1972 municipal reform. Norrbotten Party contested the 1994 election but due to the party's small size at a nationwide level SCB did not publish the party's results at a municipal level; the same applies to the Sweden Democrats between 1988 and 1998. "Turnout" denotes the percentage of eligible voters casting any ballots, whereas "Votes" denotes the number of actual valid ballots cast. Blocs This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991; the sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election.

New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party. The municipality itself is the largest employer with around 430 employees. Thereafter follows Isolamin AB, a company making wall and floor elements, with 110 employees. Other sectors: Service companies, 150 employees Forest and land companies, 45 employees Truck and bus companies, 35 employees Manufacturing companies, 20 employeesTraditionally the industry was dominated by forest industries, but this has decreased since the 1960s, it is estimated that the service sector will continue to expand and be the dominating sector some day. Many of those companies are in the field of telecommunication. Överkalix Municipality - Official site