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Chico, California

Chico is the most populous city in Butte County, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 86,187, reflecting an increase of 26,233 from the 59,954 counted in the 2000 Census. Following the 2018 Camp Fire that destroyed much of the neighboring town of Paradise, the population of Chico surged as many people who lost their homes in the fire moved to Chico. In 2018, the California Department of Finance estimated the population of Chico is 111,706, an increase of more than 20% from the 2018 population estimate. Chico is now the largest city in California north of Sacramento; the city is the cultural and educational center of the northern Sacramento Valley and home to both California State University and Bidwell Park, the country's 26th largest municipal park and the 13th largest municipally-owned park. Bidwell Park makes up over 17% of the city. Other cities in close proximity to the Chico Metropolitan Area include Paradise and Oroville, while local towns and villages include Durham, Dayton and Forest Ranch.

The Chico Metropolitan Area is the 14th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in California. The nickname "City of Roses" appears on the Seal of the City of Chico; the city has been designated a Tree City USA for 31 years by the National Arbor Day Foundation. The first known inhabitants of the area now known as Chico — a Spanish word meaning "little" — were the Mechoopda Maidu Native Americans; the City of Chico was founded in 1860 by John Bidwell, a member of one of the first wagon trains to reach California in 1843. During the American Civil War, Camp Bidwell, was established a mile outside Chico, by Lt. Col. A. E. Hooker with a company of cavalry and two of infantry, on August 26, 1863. By early 1865 it was being referred to as Camp Chico when a post called Camp Bidwell was established in northeast California to be Fort Bidwell; the city became incorporated January 8, 1872. Chico was home to a significant Chinese American community when it was first incorporated, but arsonists burned Chico's Chinatown in February 1886, driving Chinese Americans out of town.

Historian W. H. "Old Hutch" Hutchinson identified five events as the most seminal in Chico history. They included the arrival of John Bidwell in 1850, the arrival of the California and Oregon Railroad in 1870, the establishment in 1887 of the Northern Branch of the State Normal School, which became California State University, the purchase of the Sierra Lumber Company by the Diamond Match Company in 1900, the development of the Army Air Base, now the Chico Municipal Airport. Several other significant events have unfolded in Chico more recently; these include the construction and relocation of Route 99E through town in the early 1960s, the founding of Sierra Nevada Brewing Company in 1979—what would become one of the top breweries in the nation—and the establishment of a "Green Line" on the western city limits as protection of agricultural lands. Chico is at the northeast edge of the Sacramento Valley, one of the richest agricultural areas in the world; the Sierra Nevada mountains lie to the east and south, with Chico's city limits venturing several miles into the foothills.

To the west, the Sacramento River lies 5 miles from the city limits. Chico sits on the Sacramento Valley floor close to the foothills of the Cascade Range to the north and the Sierra Nevada range to the east and south. Big Chico Creek is the demarcation line between the ranges; the city's terrain is flat with hilly terrain beginning at the eastern city limits. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.8 square miles, of which 27.7 square miles is land and 0.04% is water. The city is bisected by Bidwell Park, which runs 5 miles from the flat city center deep into the foothills; the city is traversed by two creeks and a flood channel, which feeds the Sacramento River. They are named Big Chico Creek, Little Chico Creek, Lindo Channel. Downtown Chico is located between Big Chico Creek and Little Chico Creek; the downtown has a street grid offset 49.75° from the four cardinal directions. There are numbered streets and avenues, which run east-northeast to west-southwest.

Blocks are addressed in hundreds corresponding to the numbered streets and avenues. While the east-northeast to west-southwest streets and avenues are numbered, streets running north-northwest to south-southeast are named after trees; the part of the "tree" streets that intersect the Chico State campus spell the word "CHICO" at Chestnut, Ivy and Orange streets. The main thoroughfare running northwest–southeast through the city is State Route Business 99, not to be confused with Highway 99. Business 99 has several common names. From northwest to southeast, these are Esplanade, Main Street/Broadway, Main Street/Oroville Avenue, Park Avenue, Midway; the city streets are designated as "east" or "west" by their relation to this street. There are numbered avenues both of which flow east -- west; this fact can cause confusion. The "streets" are south of the Chico State campus through downtown, while the "avenues" are north of campus through The Esplanade. There are no left turns permitted onto any odd numbered avenue from The Esplanade, in either direction, with the exception of West 11th Avenue.

In the numbered streets and avenues and most other streets that intersect The Esplanade and Park, the west addresses are all numbers whose last two digits are 0

Manukau City

Manukau City was a territorial authority district in Auckland, New Zealand, governed by the Manukau City Council. The area is sometimes referred to as "South Auckland", although this term never possessed official recognition and does not encompass areas such as East Auckland, within the city boundary, it was a young city, both in terms of legal status and large-scale settlement – though in June 2010, it was the third largest in New Zealand, the fastest growing. In 2010, the entire Auckland Region was amalgamated under Auckland Council; the name Manukau, originating from the Manukau Harbour west of the city, is of Māori origin, means "wading birds", although it has been suggested that the original name of the harbour was Mānuka, meaning a marker post with which an early chief is said to have claimed the area. Manukau City was formed by the amalgamation of Manukau County and Manurewa Borough in 1965; the city expanded in a 1989 New Zealand-wide re-organisation of local government, absorbing Papatoetoe City and Howick Borough, but losing some land to the newly formed Papakura District.

On 1 November 2010, Manukau City Council was abolished, the governed area was amalgamated into the Manukau, Manurewa-Papakura, Franklin wards of the new Auckland "super city". The Manukau City area is concentrated to the south of the Otahuhu isthmus, the narrowest connection between Auckland City and the Northland region and the rest of the North Island. At its narrowest, between the Otahuhu Creek arm of the Tamaki River in the east and the Mangere Inlet to the west, the isthmus is only some 1500 metres across; the area to the south of the isthmus contains the heart of Manukau, sprawled on either side of state highways 1 and 20, the latter of which approaches from the west after crossing Mangere Bridge. The area known as Manukau Central is located close to the junction of these two highways, some 20 kilometres southeast of the centre of Auckland city. Considerable rural and semi-rural land to the east of Manukau Central was within the city council district; this extended towards the Hunua Ranges close to the Firth of Thames, took in such communities as Clevedon and Maraetai.

Beyond Manukau City to the south is Papakura and the Franklin District, which are less urban, but still part of the Auckland Region, to some extent regarded as an integral part of Auckland's urban area. Auckland Airport is located in Mangere, in the west of Manukau, close to the waters of the Manukau Harbour. Manukau City includes the theme park Rainbow's End, one of the oldest shopping malls in the country, now called Westfield Manukau City. In 2009, work started on the Manukau Branch passenger railway line from the North Island Main Trunk at Puhinui; the branch line opened on 15 April 2012 with Manukau railway station as the terminus for Eastern Line services. The Manukau Institute of Technology university campus building is built over the top of the station, which serves the Manukau city centre. On 7 April 2018, a 23-bay bus station was opened on a lot adjacent to the train station to create a transport hub serving most of the southern Auckland Region. For some years before the 1989 re-organisation of local government, Manukau City had the highest population of any city or district in the country.

Like most of the rest of the region, Manukau is ethnically diverse, is home to many peoples Māori and members of Polynesian ethnicities, with a recent concentration of Asians in and near Howick. It is densely populated by New Zealand standards, despite having few apartments; as of the late 2000s less than 50% of the city's population identifies as European, with 17% as Māori, 27% as Pacific, 15% as Asian, with the balance made up of other groups. Manukau City was divided into seven wards. Manukau City had an elected Youth Council which acted as an advisory committee and advocate for youth in the city. Utsunomiya, Japan Official website until 1 November 2010 Manukau Directory and Info Manukau Street Map Manukau City Youth Council


WBZI "Real Roots Radio" is a daytime-only AM broadcasting station in Xenia, United States, at 1500 kHz operating with 500 watts. Its current owner Town and Country Broadcasting operates it with a country oldies format serving Greene, eastern Montgomery and surrounding counties, its downtown studios are located on West Second Street and transmitter on East Kinsey Road World news from Fox News Radio is aired at the top of the hour in addition to farm and agriculture news from the ABN throughout the day. Began operation in November 1963 by founder Xenia Broadcasting Inc. as WGIC It is Xenia and Greene County's first and oldest full service AM radio station. Crosstown competitor WHBM was the first Xenia FM station being founded one year earlier. Several format changes took place on the station during the 1970s, most noted as contemporary hit-formatted "G-15" using an automation package called "Stereo Rock" produced by Dallas-based TM Productions being used on FM stations at the time; the format was switched over to 95.3 FM in 1978 as "I-95" As a result, WGIC swapped contemporary hits for southern gospel competing with crosstown rival WELX.

The former WGIC and its news department played a huge role in relaying information and needed help between the listening public and the local residents in the aftermath of an F5 tornado which ravaged the city of Xenia and the neighboring communities of Beavercreek and Wilberforce on April 3, 1974. As such, WGIC operated on an emergency basis past its daytime hours-only license during this time. WBZI-FM switched to country in 1980 competing with the former WJAI-FM in Eaton. Several other format and call letter changes took place quite for the FM station throughout the 1980s and 1990s, it is Classic Rock WZLR. WBZI moved to AM 1500 in 1984 for about a year reassigned in 1988 and with it the country format It is managed by Joe Mullins, son of fiddler and Bluegrass personality Paul "Moon" Mullins who retired from radio broadcasting in 2005 due to the impact of Parkinson's disease. Moon died in 2008. Like his father, Joe is a bluegrass musician as well as a broadcaster. In addition to managing the station, Joe is the current afternoon personality with two programs, Hymns from the Hills and The Banjo Show.

The latter is a bluegrass program, which the radio station is tied to. In fact, Mullins is the lead singer of a local bluegrass band, The Radio Ramblers, who've since appeared on national programs in the last several years, in an attempt to spread their music beyond the southwestern Ohio region. Bucks Braun was morning personality from 6am until 10am Monday-Friday, until his death on January 4, 2018. Daniel Mullins took over at 10am. WBZI and its sister stations are known for the daily call-in classifieds show, Trading Post with Roy Hatfield and/or Greg Gabbard, where frequent call ins from normal people as well as the more popular callers such as "Junior Junior", "Waldo", "Chef Larry" and "Hillbilly Mel" among others. On the weekends from 9am until 4pm on Saturdays and 1pm to 5pm on Sundays, the airwaves are ruled by DJ/steel guitar musician, Chubby Howard, who appears at steel guitar events and at local venues throughout southwestern Ohio, he tells stories of his recording sessions, his love of steel guitar legends and pioneers, the several years he toured in Boxcar Willie's band in the early'80s.

WBZI is one of the few radio stations branded "classic country" that features music from the'50s through the'90s, with a few traditional sounding current country artists added in. A typical broadcast day could feature artists as diverse as Ernest Tubb, Josh Turner, Kitty Wells, Conway Twitty, Connie Smith, The Kendalls, George Jones, Hank Williams, Dolly Parton, Sonny James, Brad Paisley, others. Weekday morning DJ Bucks Braun has several features during his time-slot, including a comedy spot, where he picks out a comedy song or a comedy routine to there's a chance you can hear not only classic country artists and traditional modern country on his show but can hear a daily comedy recording from any number of comical personalities: Ray Stevens, Jerry Clower, Jeff Foxworthy, Brother Dave Gardner and Landry, Andy Griffith, Bill Cosby, spoonerism routines from Archie Campbell, Foster Brooks, among others. Their web-site features a listen live feature. On March 23, 2018, WBZI rebranded as "Real Roots Radio".

Real Roots Radio is heard on: AM repeaters WKFI 1090 in Wilmington, Ohio serving southwestern Ohio, metropolitan Cincinnati and portions of Northern Kentucky. WEDI 1130 in Eaton, Ohio serving Preble, western Montgomery and surrounding counties in Western Ohio and Eastern Indiana. FM translator W262BG 100.3 in nearby communities. WEDI Classic country Bluegrass music Christian country music Southern Gospel List of radio stations in Ohio Greater Cincinnati Radio Guide Dayton Daily News story of WBZI adding FM translator. Official site of "Real Roots Radio" WBZI, WKFI and WEDI Query the FCC's AM station database for WBZI Radio-Locator Information on WBZI Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WBZIQuery the FCC's FM station database for W262BG Radio-Locator information on W262BG

Karoo (novel)

Karoo is a novel by Steve Tesich, published by Chatto & Windus in 1998. Oscar-winning writer Tesich died shortly after finishing this novel in 1996 at the age of 53. Karoo was Tesich’s final work and was released posthumously in 1998; the novel is the story of a New York based movie script doctor, Saul'Doc' Karoo, whose job is to fix film scripts at the cost of the writer's originality and dignity, to ensure a movie does well at the box office. We follow Karoo through his privileged lifestyle as he tries to deal with alcoholism, divorce and show business. It’s the last Christmas party of 1980 in New York City, Saul Karoo, a script doctor - and the narrator - spends the Christmas party finding a way to avoid taking his adopted teenage son, home with him, he succeeds by bringing a younger, drunken woman home instead. It becomes apparent that Karoo struggles with intimacy and hypochondria, he believes. He believes no matter how much he drinks he is not able to become drunk. Karoo meets with his wife, Dinah, to make divorce arrangements.

These have been taking place over a long period of time and has become as much a new kind of relationship as it is the end of an old, failing one. Jay Cromwell, a big shot movie producer, who Karoo has worked for, contacts Karoo to do some doctoring on a new script; this time on an Arthur Houseman -, considered a veteran director - script, Karoo is aware that a previous project he did with Cromwell ended in a directors suicide. But he is asked to “think about it” and is told there is “no rush”. Left with the tape as an incentive to change his mind, Karoo watches the movie, he realises now that the movie is a master piece, the movie doesn’t need editing. But things change, he believes that the actress voice shares the same voice of the young woman he had talked to over the phone when he spoke to Billy’s mother before his birth. Karoo heads to Venice Beach to track the actress down, it is confirmed that Leila Miller is in fact Billy’s biological mother. She doesn’t recognise Billy or Karoo as she hasn’t seen Billy since his birth and only had one phone conversation with Karoo years ago.

We find Leila is haunted by the memory of giving up her child and still unaware of the facts and Karoo fall in love. For this reason Karoo attempts to fix the Arthur Houseman movie to make Leila the star, at the price of ruining the master piece he considered the original cut to be. Billy and Leila started to fall for one another, still unaware of the true connection between them, but Karoo has a plan, at the first screening of the new movie as Leila becomes a star he will tell them both the truth about their relation to one another. On the morning of the screening they take a trip. With Karoo at the wheel, their car crashed into an oncoming vehicle, killing both Leila and Billy and leaving Karoo unconscious in a hospital bed for days. Upon waking Karoo learns that both his girlfriend and son are now dead and the movie was a hit. Leila, though posthumously, was now a star. Karoo at this point no longer narrates the book, he is spoken of in the third person now. Karoo is asked by the relentless Cromwell to turn is exposé about the accident into a screenplay for a move

Endon Mahmood

Tun Endon bin Mahmood Ambak was the first wife of the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. She died from breast cancer on 20 October 2005. Endon was born to Datuk Mahmood Ambak, a Malay man, Datin Mariam Abdullah, a Japanese woman. Endon had ten other siblings, including her twin sister Noraini as well as other sisters Nonni and Aizah, she was born in Klang, Selangor on 24 December 1940. Endon's father worked as a mining assistant in the Department of Mines, subsequently transferred to Perak to help oversee about 60 mines in the district of Kampar. Endon spent much of her childhood days in Kampar and received her early education at the Anglo-Chinese School, now Methodist National Type Primary School, she went on to attend St Mary's secondary school in Kuala Lumpur. Endon met Abdullah while she was working at the Federal Establishment Office in the 1960s and they were married in 1965. Endon retired from civil service in 1976. Together with Abdullah, Endon had two children: son Datuk Kamaluddin Abdullah, a business tycoon and a daughter, Nori Abdullah.

Both Abdullah and Endon had four grandchildren. Endon is noted for her contributions to traditional fabric art such as songket. For example, she launched Campaigns and exhibitions such as the "Batik Extravaganza", held in early December 2003 and the Malaysian Batik Movement, "Creation for the World", she was a patron of the theatre. Endon underwent a radical mastectomy on 18 April 2002, followed by 33 sessions of radiation and a series of physiotherapy sessions at St. John's Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, she discovered she had breast cancer in 2003 while her twin sister Noraini who had earlier been diagnosed with the disease died in January 2003. She left for St. John's Medical Center in Los Angeles, California for treatment, returning again in June 2005 for chemotherapy, she returned to Malaysia on 2 October 2005. She was brought home to Seri Perdana to be with her family after spending two weeks in Putrajaya Hospital. On 20 October 2005, aged 64, Endon died after a long battle with breast cancer.

The funeral was conducted both in Putrajaya. Endon was buried at the Muslim cemetery in Precinct 20, Putrajaya. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia conferred Endon Mahmood the Honorary Doctorate in Humanities in August 2004. Endon Mahmoud was conferred the Tun Fatimah Award by the National Council of Women's Organisations on 24 August 2004 for her service to the community, she was posthumously conferred the Seri Setia Mahkota Malaysia which carries the title'Tun' on 6 June 2009 in conjunction with the birthday of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin. Malaysia: Grand Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia Several places and honours were named after her, including: Kolej Datin Seri Endon, a residential college at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor. Piala Seri Endon and kebaya competition. Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia "Wonder years in Kampar"; the Star. 21 October 2005. Archived from the original on 20 January 2010. "Strength behind her gentleness". The Star.

21 October 2005. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. "Obituary: Endon Mahmood, wife of Malay leader". New York Times. 20 October 2005. 1,849 conferred royal awards on King's birthday The Star, 6 June 2009

Culture of Sri Lanka

The culture of Sri Lanka mixes modern elements with traditional aspects and is known for its regional diversity. Sri Lankan culture has long been influenced by the heritage of Theravada Buddhism passed on from India, the religion's legacy is strong in Sri Lanka's southern and central regions. South Indian cultural influences are pronounced in the northernmost reaches of the country; the history of colonial occupation has left a mark on Sri Lanka's identity, with Portuguese and British elements having intermingled with various traditional facets of Sri Lankan culture. Additionally, Indonesian culture has influenced certain aspects of Sri Lankan culture. Culturally, Sri Lanka the Sinhalese people, possesses strong links to both India and Southeast Asia; the country has a rich artistic tradition, with distinct creative forms that encompass music and the visual arts. Sri Lankan culture is internationally associated with cricket, a distinct cuisine, an indigenous holistic medicine practice, religious iconography such as the Buddhist flag, exports such as tea and gemstones, as well as a robust tourism industry.

Sri Lanka has longstanding ties with the Indian subcontinent. Sri Lanka's population is predominantly Sinhalese with sizable Sri Lankan Moor, Sri Lankan Tamil, Indian Tamil, Sri Lankan Malay and Burgher minorities. Sri Lanka has a documented history of over 2,000 years due to ancient historic scriptures like Mahawamsa, with the first stone objects dating back to 500,000 BC. Several centuries of intermittent foreign influence has transformed Sri Lankan culture to its present form; the ancient traditions and festivals are still celebrated on the island, together with other minorities that make up the Sri Lankan identity. One important aspect that differentiates Sri Lankan history is its view on women. Women and men in Sri Lanka have been viewed equal for thousands of years from ruling the country to how they dress. Both men and women had the chance to rule the land (Which is true for today; the world's first female prime minister, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, was from Sri Lanka. Though clothing today is much westernized and modest dressing has become the norm for everyone, ancient drawings and carvings such as'Sigiriya art', Isurumuniya Lovers show how the pre-colonial Sri Lankans used to dress, which shows identical amount of clothing and status for men and women.

The architecture of Sri Lanka displays a rich variety of architectural styles. Buddhism had a significant influence on Sri Lankan architecture, since it was introduced to the island in 3rd Century BCE. Techniques and styles developed in India and Europe, transported via colonialism, have played a major role in the architecture of Sri Lanka. Many forms of Sri Lankan arts and crafts take inspiration from the Island's long and lasting Buddhist culture which in turn has absorbed and adopted countless regional and local traditions. In most instances Sri Lankan art originates from religious beliefs, is represented in many forms such as painting and architecture. One of the most notable aspects of Sri Lankan art are caves and temple paintings, such as the frescoes found at Sigiriya, religious paintings found in temples in Dambulla and Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy. Other popular forms of art have been influenced by both natives as well as foreign settlers. For example, traditional wooden handicrafts and clay pottery are found around the hilly regions while Portuguese-inspired lacework and Indonesian-inspired Batik are notable.

Sri Lanka is home to a variety of dance styles including classical and dance drama, such as kandian dancing. The two single biggest influences on Sri Lankan music are from Portuguese colonizers. Buddhism arrived in Sri Lanka after the Buddha's visit in 300 BC, while the Portuguese arrived in the 15th century, bringing with them cantiga ballads, the ukulele, guitars, along with African slaves, who further diversified the musical roots of the island; these slaves were called kaffrinha, their dance music was called baila. Traditional Sri Lankan music includes the hypnotic Kandyan drums - drumming was and is much a part of music in both Buddhist and Hindu temples in Sri Lanka. Most western parts of Sri Lanka follow western music; the movie Kadawunu Poronduwa, produced by S. M. Nayagam of Chitra Kala Movietone, heralded the coming of Sri Lankan cinema in 1947. Ranmuthu Duwa marked the transition cinema from black-and-white to color. In recent years, Sri Lankan cinema has featured subjects such as family melodrama, social transformation, the years of conflict between the military and the LTTE.

Their cinematic style is similar to Bollywood movies. In 1979, movie attendance rose to an all-time high, but a gradual decline has been recorded since then. Undoubtedly, the most influential and revolutionary filmmaker in the history of Sri Lankan cinema is Lester James Peiris, who has directed a number of movies which received global acclaim, including Rekava, Gamperaliya and Golu Hadawatha There are many cinemas in the city areas; the cuisine of Sri Lanka is influenced by that of Southern India and the Netherlands. Rice is a staple and consumed daily, it can be found at any special occasion, while spicy curries are favourite dishes for lunch and dinner. A popular alcoholic drink is toddy or arrack, both made from palm tree sap. Rice and curry refers to a range of Sri Lankan dishes. Sri Lankans eat hoppers which can be found anywhere in Sri Lanka. More r