The chief justice of the United States is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and the highest-ranking officer of the U. S. federal judiciary. Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the Constitution grants plenary power to the president of the United States to nominate, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate, appoint a chief justice, who serves until they resign, are impeached and convicted, or die; the chief justice has significant influence in the selection of cases for review, presides when oral arguments are held, leads the discussion of cases among the justices. Additionally, when the Court renders an opinion, the chief justice, if in the majority, chooses who writes the Court's opinion; when deciding a case, the chief justice's vote counts no more than that of any associate justice. Article I, Section 3, Clause 6 of the Constitution designates the chief justice to preside during presidential impeachment trials in the Senate. While nowhere mandated, the presidential oath of office is by tradition administered by the chief justice.
Additionally, the chief justice serves as a spokesperson for the federal government's judicial branch and acts as a chief administrative officer for the federal courts. The chief justice presides over the Judicial Conference and, in that capacity, appoints the director and deputy director of the Administrative Office; the chief justice is an ex officio member of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution and, by custom, is elected chancellor of the board. Since the Supreme Court was established in 1789, 17 people have served as chief justice, beginning with John Jay; the current chief justice is John Roberts. Five of the 17 chief justices—John Rutledge, Edward Douglass White, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan Fiske Stone, William Rehnquist—served as associate justice prior to becoming chief justice; the United States Constitution does not explicitly establish an office of chief justice, but presupposes its existence with a single reference in Article I, Section 3, Clause 6: "When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside."
Nothing more is said in the Constitution regarding the office. Article III, Section 1, which authorizes the establishment of the Supreme Court, refers to all members of the Court as "judges"; the Judiciary Act of 1789 created the distinctive titles of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1866, Salmon P. Chase assumed the title of Chief Justice of the United States and Congress began using the new title in subsequent legislation; the first person whose Supreme Court commission contained the modified title was Melville Fuller in 1888. The associate justices' title was not altered in 1866, remains as created; the chief justice, like all federal judges, is nominated by the president and confirmed to office by the U. S. Senate. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution specifies that they "shall hold their Offices during good Behavior"; this language means that the appointments are for life, that, once in office, justices' tenure ends only when they die, resign, or are removed from office through the impeachment process.
Since 1789, 15 presidents have made a total of 22 official nominations to the position. The salary of the chief justice is set by Congress; the practice of appointing an individual to serve as chief justice is grounded in tradition. There is no specific constitutional prohibition against using another method to select the chief justice from among those justices properly appointed and confirmed to the Supreme Court. Constitutional law scholar Todd Pettys has proposed that presidential appointment of chief justices should be done away with, replaced by a process that permits the justices to select their own chief justice. Three incumbent associate justices have been nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate as chief justice: Edward Douglass White in 1910, Harlan Fiske Stone in 1941, William Rehnquist in 1986. A fourth, Abe Fortas, was not confirmed; as an associate justice does not have to resign his or her seat on the Court in order to be nominated as chief justice, Fortas remained an associate justice.
When associate justice William Cushing was nominated and confirmed as chief justice in January 1796, but declined the office, he too remained on the Court. Two former associate justices subsequently returned to service on the Court as chief justice. John Rutledge was the first. President Washington gave him a recess appointment in 1795. However, his subsequent nomination to the office was not confirmed by the Senate, he left office and the Court. In 1930, former associate justice Charles Evans Hughes was confirmed as chief justice. Additionally, in December 1800, former chief justice John Jay was nominated and confirmed to the position a second time, but declined it, opening the way for the appointment of John Marshall. Along with his general responsibilities as a member of the Supreme Court, the chief justice has several unique duties to fulfill. Article I, section 3 of the U. S. Constitution stipulates that the chief justice shall preside over the Senate trial of an impeached president of the United States.
Three chief justices have presided over presidential impeachment trials: Salmon P. Chase, William Rehnquist, John Roberts (2
USCGC Acacia was built for service by the U. S. Army as a mine planter shortly after World War I and transferred to the U. S. Lighthouse Service, which became part of the U. S. Coast Guard in 1939, she was sunk in 1942 by a German U-boat. Acacia was laid down by Fabricated Shipbuilding Corporation and Coddington Engineering Company, Wisconsin, as the mine planter USAMP General John P. Story, for the U. S. Army, sometime around 1 October 1918, she was named for Major General John Patten Story, Chief of Artillery 1904–1905. She was launched on 15 September 1919 and was delivered around 1 May 1920 commissioned into the Army's Mine Planter Service at Milwaukee. Acacia was a mine planter, USAMP General John P. Story built for the U. S. Army in 1919. Although intended for the Coast Defenses of Pensacola, she never served there. Transferred in November 1920 to the Army Supply Base, New York. Transferred in April 1921 to Fort Totten, New York in the Coast Defenses of Eastern New York. Transferred in August 1921 to Fort Monroe, Virginia in the Coast Defenses of Chesapeake Bay.
The ship was decommissioned on 10 November 1921. Six vessels of this type were transferred to the U. S. Lighthouse Service at no cost in 1921–1927 and redesignated as Speedwell-class lighthouse tenders functioning as buoy tenders; the original intent was for these vessels to serve a dual purpose: mine planter in case of a war, lighthouse tender during peacetime. This conversion proved to be impracticable and too expensive and they were modified for service as tenders at a cost of between $41,022 to $110,963; each had a turtleback forecastle installed and their anchors were mounted high to prevent the ship from being hung up on a buoy she was servicing. A steel main deck was added forward. All vessels were commissioned from 1923 to 1927 with new names. Acacia was assigned to the San Juan, Puerto Rico, area 21 April 1927; the ship’s field of operations included Puerto Rico and adjacent islands, Virgin Islands, Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. Although the ship was designated as a lighthouse tender she was used to perform construction and repair of stations, small structures, etc. in addition to her work of tending aids to navigation.
After the San Felipe hurricane on 13 September 1928, the crew nicknamed themselves "The Acacia Construction Company" because of the number of repairs they performed. She ran aground off Fajardo, Puerto Rico, in September 1932, during a hurricane the San Ciprian hurricane, but was safely refloated; the ship's main mission was in to place and repair aids to navigation equipment, in which they maintained 255 during her time in service. The crew supported shore lights, unwatched lights, lighted buoys, unlighted buoys and beacons, radio beacons on both the Panama Canals Atlantic and Pacific sides, the western Caribbean, Morro Puercas and the Jicarita Island Lights. In addition, Acacia rendered numerous salvage services involving persons in distress; the most notable was the rescue of the Brazilian training ship Almirante Saldanha. The vessel and its crew were given up for lost after the ship had run aground off San Juan Harbor Entrance 25 July 1938. Acacia rescued her crew, the rescue created a celebration in Brazil and gained the attention of international officials.
In June 1938, Boatswain Ora Doyle took command of the tender from Master John A. Anderson, who transferred to command Manzanita. In late 1939, Acacia and the cutter Unalga towed the seized Italian tanker Colorado, which had its engine room damaged through sabotage by its interned crew, from San Juan to Galveston, Texas for repairs, one of the longest towing operations in Coast Guard history to that time. On 15 March 1942, from 11:37 until 12:11, while en route alone from Curaçao, Netherlands West Indies to Antigua, British West Indies, Acacia was sunk by gunfire from the German submarine U-161 as part of Operation Neuland 150 mi south of Port-au-Prince, Haiti; the U-boat opened fire on the unarmed tender with 68 rounds from her 10.5-centimetre /45 caliber deck gun, 92 rounds from her 3.7-centimetre /83 caliber anti-aircraft gun, 70 rounds from her 2-centimetre /65 caliber AA gun. Acacia caught the entire crew of Acacia abandoned ship before she sank by the stern; the survivors picked up by Overton.
They were landed at San Juan 16 March 1942. She was the only U. S. buoy tender sunk by enemy action during the war. Acacia sank at about 80 mi southwest of Saint Kitts and Nevis. List of ships of the United States Army#Mine Planters USCGC Acacia at www.uboat.net
Sathyameva Jayathe is a 2001 Indian Malayalam action thriller film, directed by Viji Thampi. This film's Dialog was written by G A Lal; the film stars Suresh Gopi, Balachandramenon, Mini Nair and Siddique. This film became a superhit and the turning point of Siddique's career as the top villain in Malayalam films; the film had musical score by C. Rajamani and songs by M. Jayachandran. Suresh Gopi as Circle Inspector Chandrachoodan Siddique as Balasubhramanyan aka Balu Bhai Hemanth Ravan as Musharuf Ibrahim /Bharath Shah Balachandramenon as Basheer Aishwarya as Nancy Mullakkadan Mini Nair as Sharada, Bashir's Wife Rajan P Dev as Kochi City Police Commissioner Thomas Pattimattom IPS Devan as Mumbai City Police Commissioner Mathew Tharakan IPS Maniyanpilla Raju as Sub Inspector George N. F. Varghese as Joseph Mullakkadan Salim Kumar as petty thief Mattancherry Mammathu Krishna Kumar as Reji Mathew Bheeman Raghu as Sulaiman The music was composed by M. Jayachandran. Sathyameva Jayathe on IMDb