Donald J. Harlin
Donald J. Harlin was an American Air Force major general who served as Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force. A native of Flushing, New York where he was born in 1935, Harlin is an ordained Baptist pastor, he is a graduate of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. He died in February 2015 in hospital at Georgia. Harlin was stationed at Minot Air Force Base, he served in the Vietnam War from 1967 to 1968. Harlin became Command Chaplain of Air Training Command, the Air University and Tactical Air Command before being named Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force in 1988, he was promoted to Chief of Chaplains in 1991 and achieved the rank of Major General in 1992. Harlin remained Chief of Chaplains until his retirement in 1995. Awards he received include the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit with two oak leaf clusters, the Bronze Star Medal, the Meritorious Service Medal with three oak leaf clusters and the Air Force Commendation Medal with three oak leaf clusters
Cecil R. Richardson
Chaplain Cecil Roland Richardson, USAF, retired as the 16th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force, effective June 1, 2012, with an official retirement ceremony on May 30, 2012. He was appointed to that assignment on May 28, 2008. Richardson, a member of the Assemblies of God, was the first Pentecostal minister to be promoted to flag officer rank in the U. S. Air Force, he has said that his role was to be "a pastor to Christians, a chaplain to all." Before ordination, Richardson served in the Air Force as an enlisted man, working as a Russian interpreter and intercept operator. Richardson's educational background includes: 1973 Bachelor of Arts degree in Biblical studies, Evangel University, Springfield, Mo. 1976 Master of Divinity degree in Hebrew studies, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Ill. 1981 Squadron Officer School, by correspondence 1988 Air Command and Staff College, by correspondence 1992 Air War College, by seminar Richardson served as Deputy Air Force Chief of Chaplains from April 2004-May 2008, began serving as Chief of Chaplains May 2008.
Prior to these positions, his assignments included: June 1966 - May 1967, Russian language student, Syracuse University, N. Y. June 1967 - August 1967, electronic intercept student, Goodfellow AFB, Texas August 1967 - December 1968, Russian intercept operator, Karamursel Air Base, Turkey January 1969 - January 1970, Russian interpreter, National Security Agency, Fort George G. Meade, Md. April 1977 - June 1980, Protestant chaplain, 314th Tactical Airlift Wing, Little Rock AFB, Ark. June 1980 - July 1981, senior Protestant chaplain, 5073rd Air Base Group, Shemya AFB, Alaska July 1981 - July 1983, Protestant chaplain, 1606th Air Base Wing, Kirtland AFB, N. M. July 1983 - July 1984, Air Staff Training officer, Office of the Chief of Chaplains, Bolling AFB, D. C. July 1984 - June 1986, senior Protestant chaplain, 410th Bombardment Wing, K. I. Sawyer AFB, Mich. June 1986 - June 1988, installation staff chaplain, 7276th Air Base Group, Iraklion Air Station, Greece June 1988 - July 1991, Chief and Professional Development Division, Office of the Command Chaplain, Air Mobility Command, Scott AFB, Ill.
July 1991 - June 1993, senior chaplain, 62nd Airlift Wing, McChord AFB, Wash. June 1993 - August 1995, assignments officer, Office of the Chief of Chaplains, Bolling AFB, D. C. August 1995 - February 1997, Executive Director, Armed Forces Chaplains Board, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, the Pentagon, Washington, D. C. February 1997 - June 2000, Command Chaplain, U. S. Central Command, MacDill AFB, Fla. July 2000 - June 2003, Command Chaplain, Air Combat Command, Langley AFB, Va. July 2003 - April 2004, Director, USAF Chaplain Service Institute, Maxwell AFB, Ala. Among Richardson's numerous military awards and decorations are: Chiefs of Chaplains of the United States Armed Forces Chaplains Board
Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force
The Chief of Staff of the Air Force is a statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Air Force, is the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Air Force, as such is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the Air Force. The Chief of Staff is the highest-ranking officer on active duty in the Air Force unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are Air Force officers; the Chief of Staff of the Air Force is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, while the Chief of Staff does not have operational command authority over Air Force forces, the Chief of Staff does exercise supervision of Air Force units and organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Air Force. The current Chief of Staff of the Air Force is General David L. Goldfein. Under the authority and control of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Chief of Staff presides over the Air Staff, acts as the Secretary's executive agent in carrying out approved plans, exercises supervision, consistent with authority assigned to Commanders of the Combatant Commands, over organizations and members of the Air Force as determined by the Secretary.
The Chief of Staff may perform other duties as assigned by either the President, the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the Air Force. The Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force a four-star general, is the Chief of Staff's principal deputy; the Chief of Staff of the Air Force is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as prescribed by 10 U. S. C. § 151. When performing his JCS duties the Chief of Staff is responsible directly to the Secretary of Defense. Like the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the CSAF is an administrative position, with no operational command authority over the United States Air Force; the CSAF is nominated for appointment by the President and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate. By statute, the CSAF is appointed as a four-star general; the Chief of Staff is authorized to wear a special service cap with clouds and lightning bolts around the band of the hat. This cap is different from those worn by other general officers of the Air Force and it is for use by the Chief of Staff and Air Force officers serving as Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Prior to the creation of this position, General Henry H. Arnold was designated first Chief of the Army Air Forces and Commanding General of the Army Air Forces during World War II. *Three former chiefs of staff would serve as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: Twining served as the Chairman from August 1957 to September 1960. Brown served as the Chairman from July 1974 to June 1978. Jones served as the Chairman from June 1978 to June 1982; the fourth Air Force officer to have served as the Chairman, General Richard B. Myers, did not serve as Chief of Staff of the Air Force. McPeak is the only Chief of Staff of the Air Force to date who has served as Acting Secretary of the Air Force, thus being the only uniformed Air Force officer to have been the "head of the Air Force". Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Department of Defense Key Officials 1947–2015. Washington, D. C.: Office of the Secretary of Defense, Historical Office. 2015. HAF MISSION DIRECTIVE 1-4 - CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE AIR FORCE.
Washington, D. C.: Secretary of the Air Force. 7 March 2012. Headquarters United States Air Force Key Personnel. Washington, D. C.: Air Force Historical Studies Office. January 2013. Air Force History Support Office: Air Force Chiefs of Staff
Terence P. Finnegan
Monsignor Terence Patrick Finnegan was Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force. Born in Norwich, Connecticut in 1904, Finnegan was an ordained Roman Catholic priest, he was St. Mary's Seminary and University. In 1956, he was given the title of Monsignor by Pope Pius XII. Finnegan was commissioned an officer in the United States Army Reserve in 1937, he was commissioned an officer in the Regular Army in 1940. On December 7, 1941, he was present for the attack on Pearl Harbor. During World War II, he served in the Guadalcanal Campaign and the Mediterranean Theater of Operations. In 1949, Finnegan transferred to the United States Air Force and was assigned to Headquarters Continental Air Command. From 1950 to 1952, he served in the Korean War. After returning to the United States, Finnegan was named Command Chaplain at Headquarters Air Training Command. In 1953, he became Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force, he achieved the rank of major general and was promoted to Chief of Chaplains in 1958.
He remained in that position until his retirement in 1962. Awards he received include the Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, the Bronze Star Medal, the American Defense Service Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, the World War II Victory Medal, the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Korea Medal, the National Defense Service Medal and the Air Force Longevity Service Award with silver oak leaf cluster. In addition, he was the second person honored with the Norwich Native Son Award in 1969
John P. McDonough (chaplain)
John P. McDonough is a former Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force. Born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1928, McDonough is an ordained Roman Catholic priest, he is a graduate of Saint John's Seminary. McDonough was stationed at Eglin Air Force Base. In 1982, McDonough became Command Chaplain at United States Air Forces in Europe. From there, he served as Command Chaplain at Headquarters, Tactical Air Command from 1984 until 1985, when he became Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force, he was promoted to Chief of Chaplains with the rank of Major General in 1988 and held the position until his retirement in 1991. Awards he received include the Legion of Merit, the Meritorious Service Medal with oak leaf cluster, the Air Force Commendation Medal with oak leaf cluster, the Army Commendation Medal and the Outstanding Unit Award
United States Air Force
The United States Air Force is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, one of the seven American uniformed services. Formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U. S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947, it is the youngest branch of the U. S. Armed Forces, the fourth in order of precedence; the USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, command and control; the U. S. Air Force is a military service branch organized within the Department of the Air Force, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense; the Air Force, through the Department of the Air Force, is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Air Force, who reports to the Secretary of Defense, is appointed by the President with Senate confirmation.
The highest-ranking military officer in the Air Force is the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, who exercises supervision over Air Force units and serves as one of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Air Force components are assigned, as directed by the Secretary of Defense, to the combatant commands, neither the Secretary of the Air Force nor the Chief of Staff of the Air Force have operational command authority over them. Along with conducting independent air and space operations, the U. S. Air Force provides air support for land and naval forces and aids in the recovery of troops in the field; as of 2017, the service operates more than 5,369 military aircraft, 406 ICBMs and 170 military satellites. It has a $161 billion budget and is the second largest service branch, with 318,415 active duty airmen, 140,169 civilian personnel, 69,200 reserve airmen, 105,700 Air National Guard airmen. According to the National Security Act of 1947, which created the USAF: In general, the United States Air Force shall include aviation forces both combat and service not otherwise assigned.
It shall be organized and equipped for prompt and sustained offensive and defensive air operations. The Air Force shall be responsible for the preparation of the air forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war except as otherwise assigned and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Air Force to meet the needs of war. §8062 of Title 10 US Code defines the purpose of the USAF as: to preserve the peace and security, provide for the defense, of the United States, the Territories and possessions, any areas occupied by the United States. The stated mission of the USAF today is to "fly and win...in air and cyberspace". "The United States Air Force will be a trusted and reliable joint partner with our sister services known for integrity in all of our activities, including supporting the joint mission first and foremost. We will provide compelling air and cyber capabilities for use by the combatant commanders. We will excel as stewards of all Air Force resources in service to the American people, while providing precise and reliable Global Vigilance and Power for the nation".
The five core missions of the Air Force have not changed since the Air Force became independent in 1947, but they have evolved, are now articulated as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, command and control. The purpose of all of these core missions is to provide, what the Air Force states as, global vigilance, global reach, global power. Air superiority is "that degree of dominance in the air battle of one force over another which permits the conduct of operations by the former and its related land, sea and special operations forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force". Offensive Counterair is defined as "offensive operations to destroy, disrupt, or neutralize enemy aircraft, launch platforms, their supporting structures and systems both before and after launch, but as close to their source as possible". OCA is the preferred method of countering air and missile threats since it attempts to defeat the enemy closer to its source and enjoys the initiative.
OCA comprises attack operations, sweep and suppression/destruction of enemy air defense. Defensive Counter air is defined as "all the defensive measures designed to detect, identify and destroy or negate enemy forces attempting to penetrate or attack through friendly airspace". A major goal of DCA operations, in concert with OCA operations, is to provide an area from which forces can operate, secure from air and missile threats; the DCA mission comprises both passive defense measures. Active defense is "the employment of limited offensive action and counterattacks to deny a contested area or position to the enemy", it includes both ballistic missile defense and air-breathing threat defense, encompasses point defense, area defense, high-value airborne asset defense. Passive defense is "measures taken to reduce the probability of and to minimize the effects of damage caused by hostile action without the intention of taking the initiative", it includes warning.
Richard Carr (chaplain)
Richard Carr was Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force. Born in El Centro, California in 1925, Carr was an ordained minister in the United Church of Christ, he was a graduate of Fuller Theological Seminary. Carr married Jeanne Robertson, he is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Carr joined the United States Army Air Corps in 1943 and served with the 11th Bombardment Group during World War II, he was released from active duty following the war. In 1951, Carr was recalled to active duty as a member of the United States Air Force to serve in the Korean War as a crewman in air search and rescue, he was again released from active duty the following year before joining the Air Force Reserve in 1954. Carr was once again recalled to active duty in 1955. After serving in various locations around the world, he was assigned to The Pentagon in 1965. From there, he was stationed at Wheeler Air Force Base before becoming Chaplain of the 314th Air Division, he served at Shaw Air Force Base and Headquarters Tactical Air Command before being named Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force with the rank of brigadier general in 1976.
He was promoted to Chief of Chaplains and achieved the rank of major general in 1978 before retiring in 1982. Awards he received include the Legion of Merit, the Meritorious Service Medal with three oak leaf clusters and the Air Force Commendation Medal. Carr served a total of 32 years, of which 4 in the Army and 28 in the Air Force